ADB is helping upgrade key sections of Nepal’s East West Highway to allow year-round travel. The highway is the country’s busiest road and lies along a South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) corridor. The project will also upgrade feeder roads of the Mid-Hill Corridor, which will provide remote hill communities improved access to basic services and opportunities.
|Project Name||South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Road Connectivity Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||ADB and the Government of Nepal are working together to improve some of the most important roads in the country to help people and freight move more easily, and to increase trade with neighboring countries. The South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Road Connectivity Project is building alternative routes between the districts of Sunsari and Saptari to create year-round passable conditions along the East West Highway, especially across the Koshi River. This will include the repair of feeder roads that connect nearby villages to the highway, and improve people's access to government services and livelihood opportunities. The project, which is providing jobs for unskilled workers in the area, particularly women seeking employment, is upgrading 73 kilometers of bypass and border roads along the East-West Highway to two lanes, and improving 114 kilometers of another strategic roadway. The project is also providing training for people in the area to protect the environment and encourage tourism.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Landlocked and mountainous, Nepal relies on its road system as the life blood of its economy. Almost 90 percent of freight and passengers are moved by road and most of that traffic traverses a core _strategic road network_ of about 15,000 kilometers of interlocking highways and feeder roads. Only about a third of these key roads are paved. These main roads not only move people and freight around the country but they are vital for trade with Nepal''s economically vibrant neighbors, including India. The about 1,000 kilometer East-West Highway is one of the most important and heavily used roads in the country, but flooding and landslides sometimes require it to close. This forces travelers to take slower, less efficient alternative routs.|
|Impact||Enhanced local and regional connectivity|
|Description of Outcome||Improved road transport system in Nepal|
|Progress Toward Outcome||--|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Roads upgraded to all-weather standard with community participation
2. Improved capacity of MPIT in road maintenance and asset management and capacity of DOR in delivering GESI results.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Physical progress of 2 ICB contracts is on track with 79 to 89% physical progress.
Physical progress of five NCB varies. MR-01 work completed in mid Jan 2018. Physical progress for four remaining are HD-01: 90%; HD-02 and HD-03: 65%. and PN is 18%.
One NCB package (MB) was terminated effective May 2016.
Out of 325,099 person days employment generated, 18.35% were women.
57% are women from 2,394 total participants from project affected communities and contractors who participated awareness campaign in STI and human trafficking.
47% Women participation in road safety awareness campaign.
GESI guidelines approved by Minister, MPIT on 16 August 2017.
Draft final report (road maintenance and asset management) submitted by the consultant to DOR and ADB.
|Geographical Location||Bhojpur, Birtamod, Chandragadhi, Chatara, Diktel, Halesi, Janakpur Zone, Jhapachok, Kos Zone, Leguwaghat, Manthali, Mech Zone, Nadaha, Rmechhp, Sagarm Zone|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The DOR Project Directorate have an environmental focal person to coordinate and oversee proper implementation of environment safeguards in the project. Technical support is being provided by the Geo-Environment and Social Unit (GESU) that is responsible for implementing and monitoring social and environment safeguards for all DOR projects. GESU has received capacity building assistance from various international agencies including the ADB and hence, is well experienced. The Construction Supervisions Consultant's team will include an Environmental Expert that will supervise and guide proper implementation of the EMP by the contractor. Biodiversity enhancement activities for the EWH Koshi (Chatara) Bridge EWH will be implemented by a local NGO in close collaboration with the local Forestry department, and the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation. A training and coordination workshop will be conducted before project implementation to clarify roles and responsibilities of all project stakeholders. Semi-annual environmental monitoring reports for all the project roads will be prepared for disclosure on the ADB website in compliance with the ADB SPS 2009.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The Project will cause significant land acquisition and resettlement impacts. The combined involuntary resettlement and indigenous people plans outline the compensation entitlements and these have been endorsed by the EA and adequate budget will be allocated. Meaningful consultation and information disclosure were undertaken with (i) project-displaced persons, (ii) IP households in the project influence area and their leaders and (iii) the general public through the ADB website. If any changes or additional land requirements or involuntary resettlement impacts are identified, a new or updated resettlement plan will be prepared or modified according to the applicable laws referred to in the resettlement plan. ADB's approval will be obtained before further implementation of the relevant section of the project roads. The DOR Project Directorate will have a resettlement and safeguards focal person to coordinate and oversee proper implementation of combined indigenous peoples plan and resettlement plans. Technical support will be provided by GESU. The CSC team will include a Resettlement Expert that will guide and supervise implementation of the combined IPP and RPs. DOR will submit the monitoring reports to ADB on semiannual basis.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Government has declared 59 groups as indigenous peoples, or the _janjatis_, constituting about 37.2% of Nepal's population. Meaningful consultations with the concerned indigenous groups and their leaders were conducted in the project influence area as part of the social impact assessment and the census survey in an atmosphere free of coercion and in a culturally sensitive manner. This was to ensure a comprehensive perspective on the Project and its impacts, and to ascertain community response to the Project, their needs and demands from the Project, an estimate of losses that they would suffer, and steps to mitigate those losses. This is to ensure that indigenous peoples will not be affected more than the rest of the population and will have culturally appropriate benefits from the socioeconomic opportunities created by the Project. The project will not have adverse impacts on the identity, culture and customary livelihoods of the indigenous people.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Procurement||The government has promulgated the Public Procurement Act (2007) and Public Procurement Regulations (2007), both of which are generally acceptable to ADB and encompass best international procurement practices. The Public Procurement Monitoring Office has been assigned as the national procurement oversight body under the Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. The government will publish information on the project on the DOR's website, including business opportunities associated with the project, and information on procurement of goods, works, and consulting services. E-submission of bids which has substantially increased transparency and fairness in bidding competition of in the previous ADB road project will be adopted.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Pradhan, Naresh|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Nepal Resident Mission|
Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
|Concept Clearance||05 Dec 2011|
|Fact Finding||15 Jan 2013 to 15 Feb 2013|
|MRM||13 Mar 2013|
|Approval||30 Jul 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||17 Sep 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Jul 2013||20 Oct 2013||31 Jan 2014||30 Jun 2019||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||97.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||75.00||30 Jul 2013||49.77||0.00||91%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||30 Jul 2013||38.83||0.00||71%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Jul 2013||01 Oct 2013||01 Oct 2013||30 Jun 2015||30 Jun 2018||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,000,000.00||30 Jul 2013||888,488.22|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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ADB to Help Ensure Year-Round Travel on Nepal's Busiest HighwayADB is to help upgrade key sections of Nepal’s East West Highway to allow year-round travel along the country’s main transport route, which lies along a South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) corridor.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Loan No. 3012-NEP: South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Road Connectivity Project [SRCP/NCB/PN/01]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||26 Jun 2017||25 Jul 2017|
|NEP: SASEC Road Connectivity Project||Advance Notice||Archived||05 Apr 2013|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|CONSTRUCTION OF EWH-KOSHI BRIDGE-CHATARA-EWH (NADAHA-PAKALI ROAD, KM0 000 TO KM11 890)||Loan 3012||06 Dec 2017||M/S SWACHCHHANDA-DIWA JV||SATDOBATO LALITPUR NEPAL||Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport||CONSTRUCTION||5,639,918.00||5,639,918.00|
|CONSULTANCY SERVICES FOR PREPARATION OF DETAILED PROJECT REPORTS FOR PIPELINE PROJECTS IN ROAD TRANSPORT||Loan 3012||23 Oct 2017||KOREA ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS CORP.||KECC BLDG, SANGIL-RO 6-GIL GANGDONG-GU, SEOUL, 05288 KOREA, REPUBLIC OF||Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport||2,330,924.00||2,330,924.00|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8413||24 Mar 2017||Padeco Co. Ltd. (Japan)||Shin-Onarimon Bldg., 6-17-19 Shinbashi Minato-Ku, Tokyo 105-0004 Japan||Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport||799,781.00||—|
|NGO for Implementation of Social and Health Awareness, Livelihood Enhancement and Biodiversity Conservation Activities||Loan 3012||07 Feb 2017||M/S Integrated Development Society Nepal||Baluwatar-4, Tundaldevi Kathmandu Nepal||Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport||Consultancy||263,455.56||—|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Road Connectivity Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jun 2013|