India: MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program (Facility Concept)

Sovereign Project | 38412-013

The goal of the project is to support the economic and poverty reduction efforts of the state governments through integrated flood and riverbank erosion management (FREM) along the Brahmaputra river and its tributaries. The Project aims to promote people's livelihoods, through comprehensive FREM measures, which will provide protection from river erosion and floods, with a focus on the most vital areas of economic and national interests. An adaptive process approach is proposed that will protect critical reaches first, and then replicate suitable measures to other areas later. Nonstructural measures, including improved flood forecasting and warning, flood plain zoning, community preparedness, etc. will be adopted with intensive stakeholder participation.

The Project has the following components: (i) development of FRERM planning, institutional and knowledge bases; (ii) comprehensive FRERM infrastructure and non-structural measures; and (iii) multidisciplinary program management systems.

Project Name MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program (Facility Concept)
Project Number 38412-013
Country India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
MFF Facility Concept 0050-IND: MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and River Erosion Risk Management Investment Program (Facility Concept)
Ordinary capital resources US$ 120.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources / Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The goal of the project is to support the economic and poverty reduction efforts of the state governments through integrated flood and riverbank erosion management (FREM) along the Brahmaputra river and its tributaries. The Project aims to promote people's livelihoods, through comprehensive FREM measures, which will provide protection from river erosion and floods, with a focus on the most vital areas of economic and national interests. An adaptive process approach is proposed that will protect critical reaches first, and then replicate suitable measures to other areas later. Nonstructural measures, including improved flood forecasting and warning, flood plain zoning, community preparedness, etc. will be adopted with intensive stakeholder participation.

The Project has the following components: (i) development of FRERM planning, institutional and knowledge bases; (ii) comprehensive FRERM infrastructure and non-structural measures; and (iii) multidisciplinary program management systems.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The investment program is consistent with ADB's assistance strategy for India, which has extended its operation in water resources and rural infrastructure in states willing to pursue sector reforms in partnership with ADB. Primarily focused on infrastructure and associated software for flood and riverbank erosion risk management (FRERM), which are also needed for climate change adaptation, it is consistent with ADB's Strategy 20206 and Water for All Policy. From the perspective of the state, the investment program is needed as the first step toward statewide application of comprehensive FRERM over the longer term. The state set up AIFRERMA envisaging long-term partnership with ADB. Although designed as a project loan with three appraised subprojects, the MFF modality is most suitable because of the longer implementation period needed to provide a range of FRERM structures step by step, with strengthening of the state and local institutions and knowledge base, and verification of innovative measures. The multitranche financing facility also provides better opportunities in terms of (i) higher implementation quality as a result of its structure to commit the future tranche based on the performance of the ongoing tranche and the readiness of the new tranche, (ii) progressive improvement of the project design incorporating lessons and findings, and (iii) progress of incremental institutional reform actions that can be more strongly pursued during tranche processing with higher managerial attention. Longer-term sector involvement is also needed to develop sound capacities of the institutions concerned.
Impact Reduced economic vulnerability and social disruption caused by flood and riverbank erosion risks in Assam
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome FRERM systems in Assam provide enhanced resilience to flood and riverbank erosion risks in selected flood-prone areas along the Brahmaputra River, benefiting about 1 million people
Progress Toward Outcome Activities are on-going. Project activities under the first tranche is on-going, and the second tranche is being processed.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

3. Institutional and financial capacities of FRERM institutions in Assam developed and strengthened

1. Integrated FRERM planning, institutional and knowledge bases developed and effectively implemented in Assam

2. Comprehensive FRERM nonstructural and structural measures developed, implemented, and sustainably maintained in selected subproject areas, protecting flood-prone areas along 90 km critical reach of the Brahmaputra River having 97,500 ha of urban and productive agriculture land

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

FREMAA has been established and functioning. Institutional capacity strengthening activities for state agencies are ongoing under Project 1, and will be continued during Project 2.

Activities for structural and non-structural measures under Project 1 are ongoing in the Dibrugarh and Palasbari subproject areas. Construction of about 12 km of bank protection structures has largely been completed. Protection by pro-siltation screens at about 10km of banks have been completed. Construction/rehabilitation of about 14 km of flood embankments are ongoing. Community-based flood management capacity development was conducted in 32 villages. Project 2 will cover the Dibrugarh, Palasbari and Kaziranga subproject areas, and will continue similar activities towards the achievement of the anticipated MFF outputs.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) have been carried out for the three subproject areas covering their entire scope including Project-1 and Project-2. While no signficant negative environmental impacts are anticipated, ADB classified the Project-1 as environmental category A in consideration of the diverse riverine environment. Overall, the three subprojects are needed primarily to safeguard the people, property and environment from frequent floods of the Brahmaputra River, and strongly supported by the stakeholders. Positive environmental impacts include preservation of flora and fauna from the impacts of river erosion and flooding including wetlands, pond fisheries and agriculture land. Interventions near Kaziranga will preserve the wild life habitat by preventing the impacts of sudden flooding (from embankment breach). No damage is anticipated on endangered species like dolphin as well as Kaziranga National Park. Anticipated impacts on hydrology and morphology are also deemed insignificant, given that the Project will support the proper functioning of the existing flood embankment systems, whereas riverbank protection works will be provided taking an adaptive approach, i.e., providing protection along the naturally developed bank lines where and when necessary. Nevertheless, close monitoring will be operationalized so that any unforeseen impacts will be detected and mitigation measures provided. Possible negative impacts include those associated with construction, which are temporary and can be mitigated through prescribed mitigation measures under the environmental monitoring and management plan to be operationalized under the Project, with the necessary capacity building of the executing agency and outsourcing. The Project will also strengthen the capacities of SGOA to progressively cope with any possible impacts of climate change, which may increase the precipitation according to some global climate model.
Involuntary Resettlement The Project is classified as involuntary resettlement category A. While its structural measures primarily involve the renovation of existing flood embankments, strip acquisition of land is needed in association with their shifting to cope with riverbank erosion, widening, and extension. The majority of acquired lands are located along the eroding bank line, which would be lost without project works. Project 1 will require acquisition of no land in Dibrugarh (embankment widening on the existing right-of-way with squatters, affecting 310 households); 20.6 hectares in Kaziranga (for inner secondary dyke, affecting 80 households); and 29.9 hectares in Palasbari subproject (for shifting, affecting 274 households). Full resettlement plans for project 1 works of these subprojects were prepared and agreed. For safeguards issues for the subsequent project, a resettlement framework were prepared following central and state government laws and regulations, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous peoples issues have been found insignificant for project 1, and any negative impact is addressed in the resettlement plans. For safeguards issues for the subsequent project, an indigenous peoples development framework were prepared following central and state government laws and regulations, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

A participatory process was used during the project preparatory stage, and consultations and collaborative decision making were carried out with a particular focus on women, the landless, ST, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject area using participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques, along with other ordinary stakeholders. Focus group meetings were organized targeting the most vulnerable people, and an inventory of local needs was prepared, encompassing problems/constraints related to: (i) water resources and disaster management including flooding and river erosion, agriculture, fisheries, environment, and other uses; (ii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified; and (iii) appropriate institutional mechanisms to address those constraints. NGOs were engaged to facilitate this process.

In addition to the local consultative process, three state level workshops were organized at the mid-term (Dec 2007) and draft final (June 2008) stages of the PPTA to present and discuss key findings and prospective scope and issues of the proposed investment project, to seek the feedback of the central, state, and local governments, local and international experts, and a wide range of stakeholders including civil society organizations active in environmental and vulnerable groups development issues including tribal population. The third workshop was organized on 4 Feb 2009 at the time of the fact-finding mission to discuss the provisional scope, implementation arrangements, and associated policy and institutional strengthening approaches. Useful suggestions were provided, including the need for duly reflecting the interests of the marginal and poorest population who are often outside of the embankment systems including the embankment squatters displaced by river erosion, and the significant strengthening of the institutional basis and capacities of the relevant organizations.

During Project Implementation

The Project will strengthen and effectively utilizes the existing local participatory disaster management framework including district, sub-district, and village level DMCs. They will be empowered to take a lead role to plan and decide on implementing the concerned FRERM plans at the subproject and community levels, based on which the programs will be delivered by the designated organizations under the monitoring and supervision of the DMCs. This participatory process will be institutionalized after completion of the Project in the annual planning and implementation process of FRERM program delivery, and maintenance and adaptation of the infrastructure. Village DMCs and community groups will also be strengthened to take over the management of minor infrastructure such as flood proofing platforms, small sluice gates and drainage canals. NGOs will be engaged to facilitate the process.

In the context of the above, special efforts will be provided to the enhanced participation of women, ST, and SC in the subproject areas in the DMCs, with specific actions to be pursued during the further Project preparation process, including the institutional strengthening of WRD, promotional actions and training programs to enhance the vulnerable group participation, and group formation of vulnerable people and delivery of programs for their empowerment.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Investment Program provides for the consultancy package, including (i) institutional strengthening of integrated FRERM, (ii) program management including subsequent Project preparation (including safeguards aspects), and (iii) benefit monitoring and evaluation, for which 118 person-months of international and 753 person-months of national consultants are envisaged. NGOs will be engaged to support disaster management organization strengthening, to facilitate land acquisition and resettlement, and to support environmental monitoring. The PMU will select and engage the consultants and NGOs using ADB's quality- and cost-based selection procedures. In addition, NGOs, independent agencies, and institutions will be hired for survey, research and development (including knowledge management), and monitoring, while resource persons will be engaged for training. All consultants, NGOs, other institutions, and resource persons will be hired following the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time).
Procurement

The Investment Program will enhance resilience to the flood risks in the flood prone areas along the Brahmaputra River in Assam, in particular, in the three existing embankment systems protecting key urban, suburban, and productive rural and other strategic sites.

The Investment Program will establish sound institutional basis for the State to put into operation reliable and effective flood and riverbank erosion risk management (FRERM) systems; enhance their reliability and effectiveness in the three subproject areas with holistic structural and nonstructural measures and strengthening of the disaster management committees (DMCs) that provide a platform for community participation; and operate the Program management system through multi-disciplinary program management unit (PMU) and subproject implementation offices (SIOs). The State Government of Assam (SGOA) has established a special purpose vehicle titled Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Agency (AIFRERMA) for this purpose, and will implement the Program with SGOA and outsourced staff and experts, consultants for institutional strengthening and project management, and NGOs. The first tranche project has three components: (i) development of FRERM planning, institutional, and knowledge bases; (ii) comprehensive FRERM programs; and (iii) multidisciplinary program management systems.

ADB has approved the Government's request for advance contracting to expedite project implementation. Advance contracting will include, tentatively:

the consultancy packages for (i) institutional strengthening (70 person-months of international and 169 person-months of national consultants); (ii) project management (48 person-months of international and 451 person-months of national consultants); and (iii) monitoring and evaluation (63 person-months of national consultants);

the NGO packages for supporting (i) DMC strengthening and (ii) land acquisition and resettlement;

procurement of geo-textile bags (through international competitive bidding procedures), and equipment and supplies; and

procurement of civil works for riverbank protection works and embankment rehabilitation works in the three subproject areas (Dibrugarh, Kaziranga, and Palasbari) through national competitive bidding procedures.

Responsible ADB Officer Drieu, Olivier
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Oct 2008
Fact Finding 27 Jan 2009 to 07 Feb 2009
MRM 09 Oct 2009
Approval 19 Oct 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Feb 2006
Last PDS Update 30 Jan 2017

MFF Facility Concept 0050-IND

Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 150.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 120.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 30.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Indigenous Peoples Development Framework: Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Nov 2018
Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (Updated) Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Aug 2018
Multitranche Financing Facility - Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program: Updated Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Environmental Assessment and Review Framework May 2018
Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program (Facility Concept): Updated Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Aug 2017
Environmental Assessment and Review Framework for Small Scale Community Flood Risk Management Works Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Oct 2010
Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program: Indigenous Peoples Development Framework Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Sep 2010
Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Sep 2010
Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program: Resettlement Plans Resettlement Plans Sep 2010
Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program Summary Environmental Impact Assessments Jun 2009
Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jun 2009

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

None currently available.