fbpx 38558-013: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program | Asian Development Bank

Cambodia: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 38558-013 Status: Active

ADB is helping Cambodia improve the management of its water resources and upgrade irrigation services. The project will rehabilitate and upgrade about 15,000 hectares of small- and medium-sized irrigation schemes within the Tonle Sap basin. It will also strengthen the capacity of the government and communities to manage water resources.

Project Details

Project Officer
Piseth Long Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Cambodia
Modality
  • Grant
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Project Number 38558-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0220-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 2.80 million
Loan 2672-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Loan 2673-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Loan 8253-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 12.00 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector (2nd Supplementary)
Government of Australia US$ 4.55 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector (Supplementary)
Nordic Development Fund US$ 3.75 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will (i) strengthen the capacity of the Government and empower beneficiary communities to sustainably manage water resources; (ii) increase agrcultural production in a sustainable and participatory way; and (iii) enhance beneficiary livelihoods and market opportunities for surplus crop, livestock and fisheries production.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Cambodia''s economy is highly dependent on water. Its importance for food production, rural livelihoods and economic development is recognized in the Government's Rectangular Strategy on Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency (Phase 2, 2008), the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP, 2006-2013), and the Strategy for Agriculture and Water Resources (SAW, 2009-2013). Rainfall distribution and river discharges are highly seasonal, variable and unpredictable, with a natural pattern of wet and dry seasons, typhoons, floods and droughts. Coupled with this, the annual rise and fall of the Mekong River has both positive and negative effects - sustaining the critical water cycles of the Tonle Sap Lake and Lower Mekong delta necessary for agriculture and fisheries production, but with the potential to cause major flooding and damage to infrastructure and crops, and loss of life. It is anticipated that climate change will increase the challenges of water management; less rainfall is anticipated during the dry season and more during the wet season, with more frequent extreme weather events and potentially worse seasonal water shortages and floods.
Impact Enhanced food security
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved management of water resources in Cambodia and more efficient and sustainable irrigation systems in the proposed project area
Progress Toward Outcome The Project is on-track. Most of the project activities have been completed except additional works of two subprojects. By the end of Q2 2018, the physical progress was estimated at 98% against an elapsed time of 95% from the loan/grant effective date. Cumulative contract awards of ADF loan, OFID Loan and ADF grant were 88%; 100%; and 90% of the total loans and grant proceeds, respectively. Cumulative disbursements of the loans and grant were 87%; 100%; and 67% of the total loans and grant proceeds.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

A. Enhanced capacity of government to manage water resources

B. Enhanced capacity of MOWRAM to manage and deliver irrigation services

C. Sustainable rehabilitation of existing small- and medium-scale irrigation schemes in the Tonle Sap basin

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Out of 12 subprojects, construction of 10 subprojects has been completed and completion certificates were issued. Defect liability certificates have been issued to nine subprojects. The contractor of Spean Sraing Trapaing Ambel (SS-TA) is still correcting the identified defects despite the fact that the defect liability period already ended in September 2017. In addition, completion of construction works for Trapaing Russey subproject have been significantly delayed. The completion date was 31 January 2018. The EA is advised to send an official warning to the contractor to ensure that their obligations of the contract provisions are fully executed by mid-July 2018; otherwise appropriate actions including liquidated damages shall be applied.

All sup-projects completed the FWUC committee election and their registrations are at about 100% completed, with 27% women member.

The FWUC formation and development in the 3 core subprojects, 7 core non-subprojects, and Trapaing Russey,* one of additional subprojects, had been completed and obtained the MOWRAM registration within the first half of 2018. Remaining activity s the implementation of training courses for capacity building of FWUC in Trapaing Russey, SS-TA, Prasat Pram and Kampong Thkov.

* Trapaing Russey is included within the SS-TA as one of the FWUGs.

By the end of June 2018, some 6,155 farmers (1,375 or 22% were women) in 10 FWUCs had participated in various trainings on FWUC committee development and O&M of irrigation systems. By the end of Q2 2018, only the exchange visits of Spen Sreng, Trapaing Ambel, Trapaing Russey, Kampong Thkov and Prasat Pram FWUCs remained to be implemented; these are expected to be completed within Q3 2018.

The FWUCs Sub-decree was approved on 12 March 2015.

River Basin Management Sub-decree was approved on 10 July 2015.

Prakas for water licensing and national drinking water quality standards were issued in July 2015.

Report on Institutional Arrangements for the Management of Water Resources in Cambodia' identifies no coordination issues between CNMC, TSA & MOWRAM. Previously, the CNMC and the TSA were quite separate organizations, but now they are chaired by the MOWRAM Minister and operate under the same control and budgeting process as MOWRAM.

Coordination with RBCs is described in the recently approved RBM SD.

The Chairman of the NRBMC is to issue a letter which clarifies coordination and cooperation mechanisms.

Stung Sen river basin committee is informally formed and will soon be legalized following the recent approval of the RBM sub-decree.

The committee in other basin, Stung Sen River Basin, is also established informally. The first meeting of SSRBC was held in December 2014.

Traning plan has been adopted. 120 student, including 30% women, have been enrolled in four batchs starting from Sep 2011. The target of 100 students annually was over ambitious and was revised later on to 30 per year.

Comprehensive O&M plan completed in October 2014 and integrated with Policy and Implementation Manual (including Guidelines) for O&M of Irrigation schemes. Plan implementation commenced from early 2014 and resulted in an MEF approved budget for 2015 of $8.0 million for O&M in 131 irrigation schemes. Training to support PDWRAMs for implementation of O&M undertaken in Q1 2015. By 30 June 2018, the training on administrative strengthening of provincial and district-level staff of PDWRAMs was virtually 100% complete.

(a) Trainings delivered at provincial level in the project area (Battambang, Banteay Meancheay, Pursat and Kampong Thom) from 2012 to 2017 (3 phases) under Component C- Project loan.

6,155 participants (1,375 women (22%)) attended trainings on O&M, budget preparation, accounting, climate change, CISIS, IWRM and gender issues conducted by CDTA. (b) TSC training courses were prepared in cooperation with FWUC Department. Training materials were updated to include new FWUC SD and new funding modality for FWUCs (referring to Guidelines for Sustainable FWUCs).

Guidelines complete on the division of asset responsibility between the Government and FWUCs.

Implementation of the guidelines to establish legal status of irrigation works and assigned rights has been demonstrated in the project provinces (as part of NWISP).

(a) The report on Institutional Arrangements for the Management of Water Resources in Cambodia (including review of MOWRAM's organizational structure) was completed in February 2015.

(b) The report describes clearly the demarcation of responsibilities within MOWRAM for water resource management and irrigation service delivery. The report concludes that separation of responsibilities for water resource management and irrigation service delivery is clear under the present arrangements department roles are well understood.' The report also makes recommendations for structures which would further strengthen separation.

Geographical Location Banteay Meanchey, Kampong Thom, O Mean, O Tuk, Phumi Angk Khmau, Phumi Sleng Spean, Prasat Pram, Siem Reap
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An environmental assessment was conducted for the policy and project interventions. It indicates that the proposed policy interventions focusing on improved water resource management and institutional strengthening are likely to have major positive impacts and significantly contribute to water conservation and environmental protection. An initial environmental examination was conducted for a sample subproject to identify potential impacts, appropriate mitigation measures and monitoring mechanisms. It confirmed that the proposed investment component of the sector development program is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental impacts. Subprojects will follow environmental assessment procedures stipulated in the environmental assessment and review framework.
Involuntary Resettlement Limited involuntary resettlement was foreseen under the sector development program. For the project loan, subproject selection criteria limit the inclusion of any activities that would cause involuntary resettlement. Rehabilitation of irrigation systems did not cause significant resettlement impacts because the works are along existing rights of way and mainly require, if any, the acquisition of minor amounts of land, relocation of persons living in areas to be flooded or inundated (within existing or former reservoir areas), and minor compensation for trees, crops or possibly small buildings. The government has prepared and endorsed a resettlement framework. Resettlement costs will be financed by the government.
Indigenous Peoples Ethnic minorities, mainly Kouy, live and derive their livelihoods in upland areas of the watersheds. Field studies indicate that they are not likely to be affected or directly benefit from the rehabilitation of irrigation schemes, since they live outside the proposed subproject areas.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultation comprised (i) an extensive round of meetings with ministries, agencies, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and farmers in selected scheme areas; (ii) an introductory national workshop; (iii) multi-stakeholder group focus discussions on four key areas; and (iv) a final workshop. Discussions were held by ADB with the Ministers for Water Resources and Agriculture, senior officials of the Council of Agriculture and Rural Development, MOWRAM and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and Ministry of Finance in respect of key policy issues and financing proposals. In addition to national and provincial agencies, beneficiary consultations, using participatory rural appraisal was conducted for all 24 potential subproject schemes and 4 core schemes.
During Project Implementation The design of the Program incorporates a number of mechanisms to ensure participation by a wide range of government and non-government stakeholders, including farmers' involvement through FWUCs. These include regular consultations with stakeholders, along with continuous collaborative efforts in the decision-making process.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants have been recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. An international consulting firm in association with a national consulting firm was engaged under quality and cost based selection (QCBS, 80:20), as well as individual specialist consultants, as required, to support the implementation of the Project Loan and Grant. Approximately 54 person months of international and 447 person months of national consulting inputs have been identified in the fields of irrigation engineering, procurement, operation and maintenance, construction supervision, irrigation organizations, agronomy, economics and finance, accounting, environment, social safeguards and resettlement, monitoring and evaluation and capacity building.
Procurement

Goods (vehicles, motorcycles, furniture, equipment)

Estimated cumulative value = $690,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB/shopping

Rehabilitation of Schemes (civil works):

Estimated cumulative value = $15,400,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB

Responsible ADB Officer Piseth Long
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology
H.E. Veng Sakhon
[email protected]
#47 Norodom Blvd, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Sep 2006
Fact Finding 23 Feb 2010 to 05 Mar 2010
MRM 31 Aug 2010
Approval 23 Sep 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2018

Grant 0220-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 30 Jun 2019 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 2.80 23 Sep 2010 2.67 0.00 95%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 2.68 0.00 96%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 2672-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 30 Jun 2019 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 17.12 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 23 Sep 2010 9.10 0.00 96%
Counterpart 7.12 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 9.03 0.00 95%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 2673-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2013 30 Jun 2017 23 Jun 2017
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 20.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 23 Sep 2010 19.47 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 19.47 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8253-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Sep 2010 23 Feb 2011 03 Jun 2011 15 Sep 2015 30 Jun 2018 19 Jun 2018
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 12.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 12.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 12.00 100%

TA 7610-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 08 Jun 2011 08 Jun 2011 30 Sep 2015 31 Dec 2019 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 8,300,000.00 1,860,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11,160,000.00 23 Sep 2010 7,356,641.55
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: O Leu Irrigation System Updated Safeguards Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Jun 2019
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: O Leu Irrigation System Safeguards Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Feb 2019
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Prasat Pram Irrigation System Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Dec 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Krapeu Main Canal Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Dec 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Safeguard Monitoring Report (April-July 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Aug 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Environmental Safeguard Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Jun 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Safeguard Monitoring Report (January-April 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Apr 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (October 2017-January 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-September 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2018
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Annual Environmental Monitoring Report (2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-October 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (April-July 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-April 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Apr 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Environmental Monitoring Report (2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (October 2016-January 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-September 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Nov 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Spean Sreng Trapaing Ambel and Kampong Thkov Subprojects Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Nov 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-October 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (April-July 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-April 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Apr 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Annual Environmental Monitoring Report 2015 Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Environmental Monitoring Report (2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (October 2015-January 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2016
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: O-Mean Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Nov 2015
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Tumnub O-Neak Takair, Tumnob O-Chik, Tumnub O-Andeng, Tumnub Krahamkor, and Tumnub Kbal Khmauch Subprojects Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Nov 2015
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: O-Touk, and Prasat Pram Subprojects Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Nov 2015
Water Resources Management Sector Development Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-October 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2015
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Social Monitoring Report (April-July 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2015
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Social Monitoring Report (January-April 2015) Social Monitoring Reports May 2015
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Social Monitoring Report (October 2014-January 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2015
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Social Monitoring Report (July-October 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Tumnub O Neak Takae Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Prasat Pram Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: O Touk Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Spean Sraeng-Trapeang Ambel Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Tumnum Kampong Thkov Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Tumnub Kraham Kor Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Tumnub Kbal Khmauch Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Tumnub O Andeng Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Tumnub O Chik Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: O Mean Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2014
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Sep 2010
Water Resources Management Sector Development Program: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Sep 2010

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan