38558-013: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program | Asian Development Bank

Cambodia: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 38558-013 Status: Active

ADB is helping Cambodia improve the management of its water resources and upgrade irrigation services. The project will rehabilitate and upgrade about 15,000 hectares of small- and medium-sized irrigation schemes within the Tonle Sap basin. It will also strengthen the capacity of the government and communities to manage water resources.

Project Details

Project Officer
Long, Piseth Vou Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Cambodia
Modality
  • Grant
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Project Number 38558-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0220-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 2.80 million
Loan 2672-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Loan 2673-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Loan 8253-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 12.00 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector (2nd Supplementary)
Government of Australia US$ 4.55 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector (Supplementary)
Nordic Development Fund US$ 3.75 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will (i) strengthen the capacity of the Government and empower beneficiary communities to sustainably manage water resources; (ii) increase agrcultural production in a sustainable and participatory way; and (iii) enhance beneficiary livelihoods and market opportunities for surplus crop, livestock and fisheries production.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Cambodia''s economy is highly dependent on water. Its importance for food production, rural livelihoods and economic development is recognized in the Government's Rectangular Strategy on Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency (Phase 2, 2008), the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP, 2006-2013), and the Strategy for Agriculture and Water Resources (SAW, 2009-2013). Rainfall distribution and river discharges are highly seasonal, variable and unpredictable, with a natural pattern of wet and dry seasons, typhoons, floods and droughts. Coupled with this, the annual rise and fall of the Mekong River has both positive and negative effects - sustaining the critical water cycles of the Tonle Sap Lake and Lower Mekong delta necessary for agriculture and fisheries production, but with the potential to cause major flooding and damage to infrastructure and crops, and loss of life. It is anticipated that climate change will increase the challenges of water management; less rainfall is anticipated during the dry season and more during the wet season, with more frequent extreme weather events and potentially worse seasonal water shortages and floods.
Impact Enhanced food security
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved management of water resources in Cambodia and more efficient and sustainable irrigation systems in the proposed project area
Progress Toward Outcome

Out of 12 policy conditions, the Government has complied with 9, substantially complied with 2, and partly complied with 1. The partly complied condition requires issuing for sub-decrees/prakas of which Government has already issued 2 sub-decrees and requested waiver of the remaining 2. An extension of the program loan closing date to 30 June 2017 was approved to (i) process the approval of the partial waiver of the policy condition requiring sub-decrees on water licensing and water quality monitoring, and (ii) process release of the second tranche.

ADB is reviewing/processing the Government's request for partial waiver of two sub-decrees relating to water quality monitoring and water licensing.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

A. Enhanced capacity of government to manage water resources

B. Enhanced capacity of MOWRAM to manage and deliver irrigation services

C. Sustainable rehabilitation of existing small- and medium-scale irrigation schemes in the Tonle Sap basin

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Overall physicall Progress is estimated about about 90 against the elapsed time of 83%. As of 28 February 2017, cumulative contract awards of ADB Loan, OFID Loan and ADF grant were $8.44 million, $12.00 million; and $1.68 million, equivalent to 89%; 100%; and 60% of the total loans and grant proceeds, respectively. Cumulative disbursements of the loans and grant including advance to the imprest accounts and interest charged by ADB were $7.09 million; $11.74 million and $1.60 million, about 75%; 98%; and 57% of the total loan and grant proceeds.

Construction of all 11 ten sub-project (SPs) has been now completed. All ten SPs had been issued completion certificate from November 2015 to September 2016. Defect liability certificate has already been issued to five non-core sub-project in Kampong Thom province.

Five other SPs remained under the Defect liability period until September 2017 for SSTA and January-February 2018 for other four SPs.

FWUC formulation and development: To date, all SPs completed the election of the FWUC committee, and the remaining activities involved the registration of the FWUC with MOWRAM and capacity building strenthening of the FWUCs. The progress of this Component was slowdown in quarter 1-3 partly because of the slow release of funding to support the provicial implementation unit (PIUs) to enable them to deliver the traiing modules.

Continuing assistance to FWUCs in Northestern Irrigation Sector and Stung Chinit Project: This involved providing of assistance to 12 FWUCs in five provinces which includes i) initianl operation budget (IOB); ii) on demand technical suport (OTS); and iii) repair of damages caused by the floods in 2013 as a subcomponent of OTS.

Geographical Location Banteay Meanchey, Kampong Thom, O Mean, O Tuk, Phumi Angk Khmau, Phumi Sleng Spean, Prasat Pram, Siem Reap
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An environmental assessment was conducted for the policy and project interventions. It indicates that the proposed policy interventions focusing on improved water resource management and institutional strengthening are likely to have major positive impacts and significantly contribute to water conservation and environmental protection. An initial environmental examination was conducted for a sample subproject to identify potential impacts, appropriate mitigation measures and monitoring mechanisms. It confirmed that the proposed investment component of the sector development program is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental impacts. Subprojects will follow environmental assessment procedures stipulated in the environmental assessment and review framework.
Involuntary Resettlement Limited involuntary resettlement was foreseen under the sector development program. For the project loan, subproject selection criteria limit the inclusion of any activities that would cause involuntary resettlement. Rehabilitation of irrigation systems did not cause significant resettlement impacts because the works are along existing rights of way and mainly require, if any, the acquisition of minor amounts of land, relocation of persons living in areas to be flooded or inundated (within existing or former reservoir areas), and minor compensation for trees, crops or possibly small buildings. The government has prepared and endorsed a resettlement framework. Resettlement costs will be financed by the government.
Indigenous Peoples Ethnic minorities, mainly Kouy, live and derive their livelihoods in upland areas of the watersheds. Field studies indicate that they are not likely to be affected or directly benefit from the rehabilitation of irrigation schemes, since they live outside the proposed subproject areas.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultation comprised (i) an extensive round of meetings with ministries, agencies, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and farmers in selected scheme areas; (ii) an introductory national workshop; (iii) multi-stakeholder group focus discussions on four key areas; and (iv) a final workshop. Discussions were held by ADB with the Ministers for Water Resources and Agriculture, senior officials of the Council of Agriculture and Rural Development, MOWRAM and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and Ministry of Finance in respect of key policy issues and financing proposals. In addition to national and provincial agencies, beneficiary consultations, using participatory rural appraisal was conducted for all 24 potential subproject schemes and 4 core schemes.
During Project Implementation The design of the Program incorporates a number of mechanisms to ensure participation by a wide range of government and non-government stakeholders, including farmers' involvement through FWUCs. These include regular consultations with stakeholders, along with continuous collaborative efforts in the decision-making process.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants have been recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. An international consulting firm in association with a national consulting firm was engaged under quality and cost based selection (QCBS, 80:20), as well as individual specialist consultants, as required, to support the implementation of the Project Loan and Grant. Approximately 54 person months of international and 447 person months of national consulting inputs have been identified in the fields of irrigation engineering, procurement, operation and maintenance, construction supervision, irrigation organizations, agronomy, economics and finance, accounting, environment, social safeguards and resettlement, monitoring and evaluation and capacity building.
Procurement

Goods (vehicles, motorcycles, furniture, equipment)

Estimated cumulative value = $690,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB/shopping

Rehabilitation of Schemes (civil works):

Estimated cumulative value = $15,400,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB

Responsible ADB Officer Long, Piseth Vou
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology
H.E. Veng Sakhon
[email protected]
#47 Norodom Blvd, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Sep 2006
Fact Finding 23 Feb 2010 to 05 Mar 2010
MRM 31 Aug 2010
Approval 23 Sep 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 20 Mar 2017

Grant 0220-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 2.80 23 Sep 2010 1.97 0.00 70%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 2.14 0.00 76%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 2672-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 17.12 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 23 Sep 2010 7.77 0.00 82%
Counterpart 7.12 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 8.06 0.00 85%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 2673-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2013 30 Jun 2017 23 Jun 2017
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 20.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 23 Sep 2010 19.47 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 19.47 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8253-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Sep 2010 23 Feb 2011 03 Jun 2011 15 Sep 2015 30 Jun 2018 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 12.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 12.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 11.79 98%

TA 7610-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 08 Jun 2011 08 Jun 2011 30 Sep 2015 31 Dec 2018 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 8,300,000.00 1,860,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11,160,000.00 23 Sep 2010 7,082,107.55
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Unsatisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan