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Cambodia: Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 38560-022 Status: Closed

ADB is supporting Cambodia's efforts to deliver improved rural water supply and sanitation to some of the poorest areas around the Tonle Sap Basin. The project will expand access to improved services in the villages of six provinces - Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Pursat, and, Siem Reap. It will upgrade facilities and improve community health and hygiene practices.  

Project Details

Project Officer
Hasanah, Siti Southeast Asia Department Request for information
  • Cambodia
  • Grant
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project Number 38560-022
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0156-CAM: Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 21.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Project is designed to expand access to improved rural water supply and sanitation (RWSS), and improve health of rural residents in 6 project provinces around the Tonle Sap basin in Cambodia.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Cambodia is almost entirely rural, with more than 80% of the total population living in rural areas. A focus on rural development, infrastructure, and delivery of basic services is the first step in accelerating poverty reduction, reducing regional inequalities, and supporting inclusive growth. In 2007, about 55.4% of the rural population had access to improved sources of water, while only 19.6% had access to improved sanitation facilities. Rural residents spend considerabletime, energy, and financial resources acquiring their daily drinking water from distant water sources, rainwater collection, or having it delivered to their homes. The type of water supply and sanitation facilities available to households are important determinants of the health status of household members and children. Diarrhea is a major cause of child morbidity and mortality, which can be reduced through safe and clean water and proper hygienic and sanitation practices. An intensified focus on RWSS will help improve health and accelerate poverty reduction, especially around the Tonle Sap Basin, where most of Cambodia's poorest live. An integrated approach to RWSS will also contribute to gender equity and livelihood improvements.
Impact Expanded access to improved rural water supply and sanitation nationwide, and improved health for rural households in the project provinces
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased access to improved RWSS in selected communes of six provinces in the Tonle Sap Basin
Progress Toward Outcome Project activities completed by end 2016 with desired outcome achieved.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Improved community health and hygiene practices

Rehabilitated, upgraded, and developed water facilities

Improved public and household sanitation

Strengthened sector planning and development

Improved capacity for project implementation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The Project is performing well and rated on track, with cumulative contract awards amounting to $21 million and cumulative disbursements amounting to $21 million. ADB approved a cumulative extension of 12 months to (i) complete latrine building works, and (ii) process additional financing. The performance of the executing agency (MRD), implementing agency and consultants has been consistently satisfactory. Targets for contract awards and disbursements were met annually and MRD substantially complied with grant covenants.

Project activities under the grant were completed end of 2016 and financial closing of the grant is in process. Project activities are continuing under additional financing loan (38560-024 - Loan 3433-CAM).

Geographical Location Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Peam Bang, Phumi Ampil Toek, Phumi Bak Sna Khang Kaeut, Phumi Banteay Chhmar, Phumi Baos Sbov, Phumi Bay Damram, Phumi Boeng (1), Phumi Chant Sar Khang Cheung, Phumi Chikreng, Phumi Don Penh, Phumi Kbal Trach, Phumi Khvav, Phumi Kokir Thum, Phumi Kouk Romiet, Phumi Krava, Phumi Nam Tau, Phumi Ngon, Phumi O Ta Paong, Phumi Phkoam, Phumi Phnum Sampou, Phumi Popel, Phumi Sala Kraom, Phumi Snoeng, Phumi Ta Kream, Phumi Ta Pho, Pralay Meas, Pursat, Siem Reap, Srok Sameakki Mean Chey, Srok Sandan, Svay Chek, Ta Lou
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination (IEE) and an environmental assessment and review framework (EARF) for the Project has been prepared in accordance with the ADB safeguard policy and Government regulations. Most environmental impacts of the Project are positive and few potential negative impacts, which will be temporary and short-term and can be mitigated to an acceptable level with the proposed mitigation and water quality monitoring measures.
Involuntary Resettlement A land aquisition and resettlement framework has been prepared for the Project in accordance with ADB safeguard policy and Government regulations. The scope of land acquisition for the Project is insignificant and resettlement is not required. New communal water facilities (hand pumps) are constructed on private land donated to the village in agreements with the Village Development Committees (VDCs). No land acquisition is required for community ponds, since these are existing facilities which are being rehabilitated.
Indigenous Peoples The proportion of ethnic and religious minorities in the project area is very small. Specific actions are included in the project to ensure rural residents, including ethnic and religious minorities, have equal access to project benefits, training, and meetings.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Extensive consultation and participation involved detailed stakeholder analysis and subsequent consultation with identified groups ranging from national level government officials, development partners, and non-government organizations (NGOs) to provincial, commune, and village level officials and project beneficiaries. A series of focus group discussions was undertaken as part of the poverty and social analysis. The village level participatory process was field tested during project preparation. A multidisciplinary team conducted a participatory and interactive RWSSH assessment in all villages of each commune, including planning with community members and village officials. Village water supply and sanitation plans were formulated on the basis of the actual village situation, needs, and preferences of participating households.
During Project Implementation Stakeholder participation and decision-making is a core project activity and continuing during project implementation. The Project was designed as a community-driven project, whereby project funds will only be applied in those communes which have submitted an expression of interest. Similar participatory approaches (as described above) are being applied during implementation with a range of stakeholders at different levels (central, provincial, district, commune and village). Feedback from recipients of the project infrastructure has been fed into the design to allow a process of continuous improvement.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consultants financed from the proceeds of the grant will be recruited in line with ADB Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Consulting services will include recruitment of (i) a consulting firm for project implementation assistance, (ii) an international or national NGO to supply national facilitators for community development and project implementation assistance, (iii) service contracts for 12 specialists in RWSS and community development (as needed), and (iv) an international NGO for monitoring and evaluation. The firm will include consulting services for 338 personmonths, of which 56 person-months (4 international specialists) and 282 person-months (14 national specialists) to assist in project management,

design and construction supervision of water supply and sanitation infrastructure, social development, community driven development, and resettlement and environment safeguards. The firm will be hired using quality- and cost-based selection and following the standard quality-ratio of 80:20. The PCU will also recruit an international or national NGO for 756 person-months to supply 18 national facilitators, and an international NGO for monitoring and evaluation for 24 person-months.

Procurement Goods, works, and services financed by ADB will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time) and national competitive bidding procedures acceptable to ADB and those described in the agreed procurement plan. Equipment and material packages valued at $100,000 equivalent or more may be procured under national competitive bidding, and those below $100,000 through shopping. Works contracts will be awarded under national competitive bidding procedures, due to the small size of contracts. Works contracts for household sanitation with a total value of $5,000 equivalent or less can be procured at thecommune level and will follow community participation in procurement in accordance with ADB procedure in implementing small projects with community participation.
Responsible ADB Officer Hasanah, Siti
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Development
Dr. Mao Saray
[email protected]
Ministry of Rural Development
Concept Clearance 19 May 2009
Fact Finding 25 May 2009 to 08 Jun 2009
MRM 03 Jul 2009
Approval 15 Sep 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Jul 2009
Last PDS Update 27 Apr 2017

Grant 0156-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Sep 2009 17 Sep 2009 27 Nov 2009 31 Dec 2015 31 Dec 2016 24 Aug 2017
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 26.10 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 21.00 15 Sep 2009 21.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 5.10 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 15 Sep 2009 21.00 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - Satisfactory - -

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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