||The Project aims to ensure the establishment of a long-term comprehensive water sector development plan that can be implemented within the capabilities of Guiyang Municipal Government (GMG) and policy framework for the sector. The outcome of the technical assistance is to assist GMG in developing an investment proposal to contribute to the development of the water resources sector within the context of a long-term, comprehensive plan for the establishment of an Integrated Water Resource Management system. The main outputs of the TA will be an investment proposal suitable for ADB financing, comprising (a) an outline long-term water sector investment plan for GMG for further development during Project implementation, (b) assessment of institutional capabilities to implement the investment plan, (c) training plan to strengthen institutional capacity, (d) criteria for the selection and appraisal of subprojects to undergo feasibility studies during Project implementation, and (e) a set of practical and operational guidelines for a range of participatory soil and water conservation measures and water saving practices, including an assessment of the potential of using economic pricing as an allocation tool. The TA will critically assess the local systems for determining technical, environmental, financial, economic and social feasibility of the investment plan, and suggest improvements to contribute to the overall development goals of GMG in relation to its long-term development plans for the water sector.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Water resources and availability in China vary significantly across regions and by season, which represents a major development challenge as the demand for water is rising with rapid economic development and increased urbanization. In rural areas, well-developed and maintained infrastructure, including irrigation facilities, is a precondition for reasonable living standards and is critical for poverty alleviation. Effective water resource allocation and management is needed to maximize the benefits of water usage. With the development objective of promoting equitable and inclusive growth, ADB's strategy for assistance and operations in China includes support for integrated water resources management (IWRM) to minimize damage from droughts and floods in poor provinces, and protect the fragile ecosystems that many of the poor depend on for livelihoods.
Both the urban and rural areas of GM are on the mountainous ridge of the watershed boundary between the Yangtze River Basin to the north and the Pearl River Basin to the south. The total annual freshwater resource available to GM is estimated at 9.0 billion m3, of which about half evaporates under conditions of limited vegetation cover and the rocky terrain of the catchment areas. The remaining half drains into rivers as rapid surface flows through numerous short creeks and streams that run deep in valleys, or through fast-flowing, deep aquifers through the limestone layer of karst formation that spreads beneath GM.
Rapidly increasing urban population has seriously stretched the existing water supply capacity, resulting in reduced water pressure and water rationing, and shortage of irrigation water in dry periods. Based on the projected growth of the GM population from 3.6 million in 2005 to 3.9 million in 2010, GM forecasts its annual water demand will be 1.46 and 1.77 billion m3 in 2010 and 2020, respectively, and a consequent annual water shortage of 420 and 642 million m3 in these years.