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Indonesia: Metropolitan Sanitation Management and Health Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 39071-013 Status: Active

ADB is helping Indonesia rehabilitate and expand sanitation facilities in the cities of Medan and Yogyakarta. The project will build communal sanitation facilities in poor areas and provide support to mobilize community involvement in the planning, operation, and maintenance of these facilllities. It will build wastewater treatment and rehabilitate and expand sewerage systems.

Project Details

Project Officer
Carolina, Anastasia Southeast Asia Department Request for information
  • Indonesia
  • Loan
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Metropolitan Sanitation Management and Health Project
Project Number 39071-013
Country Indonesia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2654-INO: Metropolitan Sanitation Management and Health Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 35.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban sewerage

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will provide improved urban wastewater services in two regional governmtns (RGs): Kota Medan (provicne of North Sumatra) and Kota Yogyakarta (province of Yogyakarta) including neighboring Kabupaten Sleman and Kabupaten Bantul.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Indonesia has a population of approximately 230 million people, of which over 100 million are living in urban areas. By 2015, the population will have increased to about 250 million, and the share of the urban population is expected to approach 60%, with more than 140 million living in urban areas.

Following decentralization in 2001 provision of basic urban services is the responsibility of RGs. The responsibility for off-site wastewater management (sewerage) in large and metropolitan cities is shared with the central government. Currently only about 2% of the urban population has access to off-site wastewater services.

Indonesia is lagging behnd many other countries in the region in the provision and management of basic urban services. In particular, the situation in the wastewater sector is considered to be of serious concern. The main issues include: (i) the low coverage and efficiency of the wastewater sector, and (ii) the acute environmental problem of gross pollution of water resources in urban areas caused by poor management of wastewater and human waste. The Project will address these issues by responding to wastewater discharge needs of the urban population (including low-income households) in both participating RGs, where inadequate service delivery continues to negatively affect human development outcomes.

Impact Improved public health and reduced environmental pollution in the participating cities.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased access to improved wastewater in the participating cities.
Progress Toward Outcome The outcome target for the project is increase in population with access to sewer connections in Medan (from 2.6% in 2008 to 5% in 2020) and in Yogyakarta agglomeration that consist of Yogyakarta, Sleman and Bantul (from 6% to 13% in 2020). This target is likely to be achieved through the construction of a city-wide sanitation system and wastewater treatment plant upgrading/optimization financed by the project which compliment by construction of housing connection and community based sanitation system by local government as part of local government contribution to the project
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Community Mobilization for Improved Health and Hygiene

2. Infrastructure development for sewerage completed.

3. Project implementation and capacity development support completed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

OUTPUT 1. Under output 1, the achievement in measured by the number of community-based sanitation constructed and women participation rate under the project. A total of 90 communal sanitation facilities have been completed; 13 of which are in Kota Yogyakarta, 19 in Sleman, 20 in Bantul, and 38 in Medan. The achievement is below the target of 100 units, but the rating is on track (above 85% of the target). Furthermore, A report prepared by the gender specialist under the project submitted in 2014 indicated that the number of women participation rate reached 35% or 17 out of 49 community facilitators/socialization team (target met).

OUTPUT 2. Under output 2, the achievement in measured by the number of household connections. In Yogyakarta, the target for construction of connections is achieved where 25,131 HH are already connected to the off-site sewerage system (exceeding the target of 24,800 connections). In Medan, the potential achievement is 12,607 connections (1,043 connections are to be financed under the project) which is below the target, but the rating is on track (above 85% of the target).

OUTPUT 3. Project closing date is 31 December 2020. Due to the COVID-19 which slow down the ongoing construction works in Medan city, the EA will closely monitor and assess project timeline and progress towards loan closing date to ensure that the remaining period towards loan closing date is sufficient for the completion of works. A capacity development has been conducted in the form of training and comparative study. Out of 68 participants, 27 (40%) were women (target met).

Geographical Location Kabupaten Bantul, Kabupaten Sleman, Kota Medan, Kotamadya Yogyakarta
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects While the activity in Yogyakarta is completed, for Medan subproject, the IEE was prepared in 2009. In compliance with the government requirements for environmental management, the project has prepared AMDAL reports which have been approved by the Environmental Agency of Medan and endorsed by the Mayor of Medan City. Approval of the AMDAL was given in 2014 through the Decree of the Governor of North Sumatra (No. 188.44/559/KPTS/2014). The decree was issued at the provincial level because the project area covers more than one administrative unit, i.e. Medan city and Kabupaten Deli Serdang. Another related environmental document such as ANDAL, RKL, RPL, izin lingkungan have been submitted by the DGHS to the ADB. The semi-annual environmental monitoring report is prepared by the EA and submitted to ADB periodically
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement is involved in Yogyakarta subproject. For the pumping site location of the Medan Sewerage system (Zone 10 and 11) in Kelurahan Sido Rukun, three street vendors, four farmers and one household are affected. The North Sumatra province acquired the land for the pumping station in 2013 without any resettlement plan. To address this incompliance issue, a draft due diligence report has been submitted to ADB and obtained ADB approval on 10 December 2019.
Indigenous Peoples The project is not expected to have impact on indigenous peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The Ministry of Public Works and Housing, through the Directorate General of Human Settlements (DGHS), is the EA of the Project. DGHS to establish a Central Project Management Unit (CPMU) composed of technical and administrative staff. A Project Implementation Unit (PIU) to be established at the provincial level (Balai/working unit) to manage project activities and monitor the implementation progress in Yogyakarta and Medan. A consultant team based in Jakarta and also in each city is hired to assist the EA, CPMU, LPMUs and PIUs to manage and monitor the implementation of the project. The consultant team is also responsible for facilitating communication and consultation with the community to ensure that the households within targeted area agree to be connected to the centralized sanitation system facilitated under this project as beneficiaries.
During Project Implementation The stakeholder participation as described in the above organizational structure during implementation is in accordance with the project design. Communication and consultation are carried out as agreed during project design.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Project Implementation Support:

1. Advisory services to the Central Project Management Unit (CPMU), Provincial Project Management Units (PPMUs) and Local Project Management Units (LPMUs);

2. Procurement support for goods and works contracts;

3. Construction supervision of sewerage works, and

4. Assistance for compliance with social safeguard and gender mainstreaming requirements, including but not limited to the preparation of documentation for environmental impact assessments (EIA), involuntary resettlement plans (RP), and implementation support to gender action plan, as required.


1. Sewerage system Medan - WWTP (ICB)

2. Sewerage system Medan - optimization (ICB)

3. Sewerage system Medan - expansion (zone 9) (NCB

4. Sewerage system Medan - expansion (zone 10 and 11) (NCB)

5. Sewerage system Medan - expansion (zone 12) (ICB)

6. Sewerage system Yogyakarta, Phase 2 (ICB)

7. Sewerage system Yogyakarta, Phase 3 (NCB)

8. Sewerage system Kota Yogyakarta, CCTV (NCB)

9. Decentralized wastewater treatment plants for twin blocks (NCB)

Responsible ADB Officer Carolina, Anastasia
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Indonesia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Directorate General of Human Settlements, Ministry of Public Works and Housing
[email protected]
Jl. Pattimura No. 20
Kebayoran Baru
Jakarta, Indonesia
Concept Clearance 01 Oct 2009
Fact Finding 18 May 2009 to 28 May 2009
MRM 11 Nov 2009
Approval 19 Jul 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Jan 2010
Last PDS Update 29 Jul 2020

Loan 2654-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Jul 2010 21 Sep 2010 22 Nov 2010 30 Jun 2015 31 Dec 2020 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 69.28 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 35.00 19 Jul 2010 32.83 0.00 98%
Counterpart 34.28 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Jul 2010 28.80 0.00 86%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Project Management and Contruction Supervision for Sewerage System Medan Optimization Zone 10 and 11 Firm - Consulting Closed 12 Jul 2017 23 Jul 2017
2654-INO Metropolitan Sanitation Management and Health Project [MSMHP SSMOZP_MDN] Invitation for prequalification Closed 31 Jul 2017 26 Aug 2017
Loan No. 2654-INO: Metropolitan Sanitation Management and Health Project [MSMHP SSMOZP_MDN] Invitation for Bids Closed 30 Apr 2018 18 May 2018

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)

Procurement Plan