ADB is helping Bhutan improve the road network in its southern region. The project will upgrade or construct critical sections (about 180 kilometers) of the southern East-West Highway. This is expected to improve transport efficiency and safety in the region.
|Project Name||Road Network Project II|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
The Project will upgrade or construct five critical sections (about 180 kilometers [km]) of the southern east-west highway, including (i) Manitar-Raidak, (ii) Raidak-Lhamoizingkha, (iii) Pangbang-Amshingwoong (Nganglam), (iv) Tsebar-Mikuri-Durung Ri, and (v) Samdrupcholing-Samrang. Consulting services will be provided to prepare detailed design and support implementation of the civil works. These proposed road sections provide access to the border crossings and have significant regional implications. Road improvement and construction works under the Project include construction of roadways, including longitudinal drainage structures, installation of culverts and bridges, construction of new bridges and cross-drainage structures, and structures for resettlement and rehabilitation.
The Project will also enhance overall sector management capacity by providing (i) equipment necessary for the Royal Government of Bhutan to enhance sector capacity in areas such as (a) quality survey, design, and construction, (b) road safety, and (c) control of overloading and vehicle emissions; (ii) on-the-job training for social and environmental requirements through detailed design and construction supervision consultants; and (iii) technical assistance (TA) to support the capacity building of the Department of Roads (DoR), including (a) enhancing knowledge of and skills in modern road technologies, especially with environmental considerations; and (b) enhancing and optimizing the road asset management systems.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Accessibility is Bhutan's key development issue-the trunk road network is dependent on a single east-west national highway running through the northern part of the country. The absence of a similar east-west highway running through the south has constrained travel in the southern part and hence development opportunities, including potential trade with India. Limited provision of feeder roads adds to the isolation of remote southern rural areas. The proposed Project will construct critical sections of the southern east-west highway, which will facilitate industrial development in the southern areas and integrate them more effectively with their primary markets in India.
The DoR, which is in charge of road development and management, is limited by traditional road-building technologies, which often lead to cost and time overruns in project delivery. For efficient and effective road asset development and management, the DoR needs to be equipped with knowledge skills, and tools for the use of modern technologies in planning, survey, design, and construction, especially with regard to environmental considerations. Improved road safety and control of overloading and vehicle emissions are also required for the safe and efficient use of road assets with minimal adverse environmental impacts.
|Impact||Industrial development promoted in the southern economic hubs and increased regional trade through increased passenger and freight transport on the country's road network and regional transport and distribution system|
|Description of Outcome||Expanded road transport capacity in the southern region, facilitating efficient and safe transport in the southern region of the country and with India and through India to Bangladesh and Nepal|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Physical works have been completed for all 5 national highways and 2 feeder roads.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Critical sections connected along the southern east-west corridor
2. Strengthened capacity of road engineering technologies and road asset management
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Physical works have been completed for all 5 national highways and 2 feeder roads.|
|Geographical Location||Southern areas of Bhutan|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||The Project has been classified as category A under ADB's Environment Policy (2002) as some of the road segments fall inside environmentally sensitive areas. Most of the impacts are short term, reversible and confined to the construction stage of the Project. Most of the impacts can be minimized and addressed through mitigation measures that have been included in the engineering design and the EMP, which follows the principles of environmentally friendly road construction advocated by the Dept. of Roads. Hence, all neessary mitigation costs have already been included in the engineering works. Both the EMP and the engineering costs were further updated after the detailed design studies were carried out and the updated EMPs were approved by ADB in July 2011. Environmental Clearances for all contract packages have been received by ADB. The first annal external monitoring was carried out in October 2012.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The updated resettlement plans have been uploaded to the ADB website in May 2011. Proof of compensation for some of the contracts have been approved by ADB before civil works commencement of relevant sections.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No impact on indigenous people is envisaged.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Group discussions were undertaken with different stakeholders.|
|During Project Implementation||Continuous consultation with different stakeholders.|
|Consulting Services||Two international consulting firms were recruited for (i) detailed design and procurement assistance and (ii) construction supervision of civil works under the Project.|
|Procurement||The civil works contracts are being undertaken in 10 contract packages ranging between $2.4 million - $8.5 million. All these contracts have been procured through international competitive bidding procedures with domestic margin of preference. ADB standard bidding documents with postqualification under the two-envelope system were adopted. The NCB Annex drafted by COSO has been agreed.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Hoelscher, Guenter|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
Department of Roads
Mr. Tenzin Jamstho
Department of Roads, Thimphu Bhutan
|Concept Clearance||03 Jun 2009|
|Fact Finding||22 Jun 2009 to 03 Aug 2011|
|MRM||18 May 2005|
|Approval||10 Nov 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||18 Jan 2010|
|Last PDS Update||09 Mar 2016|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|10 Nov 2009||14 Dec 2009||19 Jan 2010||30 Jun 2015||30 Jun 2016||30 Jun 2016|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||38.76||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||38.76||10 Nov 2009||38.76||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||10 Nov 2009||38.76||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|10 Nov 2009||27 Jan 2010||27 Jan 2010||31 Jul 2010||30 Dec 2011||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|400,000.00||0.00||100,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||500,000.00||10 Nov 2009||388,739.31|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Road Network Project II||Procurement Plans||Mar 2014|
|Road Network Project II||Project/Program Administration Manual||Jan 2010|
|Grant Agreement (Special Operations) for Road Network Project II between Kingdom of Bhutan and Asian Development Bank dated 14 December 2009||Grant Agreement||Dec 2009|
|Road Network Project II||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Oct 2009|
|Road Network Project II||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Aug 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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