fbpx 39293-037: Education Sector Development Program | Asian Development Bank

Sri Lanka: Education Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 39293-037 Status: Closed

ADB is helping Sri Lanka revamp its secondary school system through a results-based lending (RBL) program. The project will help integrate school assessments with external exams to improve pass rates, introduce a technology stream to enable graduates to move more easily into vocational courses, and upgrade the quality of teaching, training institutions, and learning facilities.

 
Project Name Education Sector Development Program
Project Number 39293-037
Country Sri Lanka
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3008-SRI: Education Sector Development Program
Ordinary capital resources US$ 90.00 million
Loan 3009-SRI: Education Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 87.49 million
Loan: Education Sector Development Program
World Bank US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description ADB and the Government of Sri Lanka are working together to revamp the country's secondary school system in order to reduce youth unemployment and meet the country's urgent need for skilled workers. The Education Sector Development Program is ADB's first results-based lending, which links loan payments to the achievement of results, such as increase in number of schools offering advanced level science and commerce education, and increase in pass rates among secondary education graduates. It is also introducing technology courses that allow secondary school graduates to move more easily into vocational courses. Classrooms and laboratories are being upgraded, and teachers are being trained, to increase the number of students studying science and commerce. The program is also helping educators and school administrators improve the financing, management and planning at schools.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Sri Lanka has made impressive gains in education. The country has high literacy rates and has achieved universal primary enrollment at the elementary level and gender parity in all levels. Students generally attend school for about 10 years, compared to 6 years in neighboring South Asian countries. This success has been the result of the government's strong commitment to education. This has included investing heavily in modernizing secondary schools, and offering scholarships, as well as free textbooks and uniforms. But the education sector in Sri Lanka continues to face significant challenges. Many students are not able to move from secondary school to college. Others enter the labor market without adequate academic qualifications or skills training. Many schools, particularly in rural areas, do not offer advanced level science education, and student learning outcomes are poor in science, mathematics, and English, which makes it difficult for graduates to move into post-secondary education. Many schools also lack modern facilities such as fully equipped classrooms or science laboratories.
Impact Enhanced youth employability in Sri Lanka
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome A modernized secondary education school system developed
Progress Toward Outcome 2018 is the sixth year of implementation, and 33 out of 37 DLIs (including 7 sub DLIs) were achieved by end of Feb 2019. Originally there were 33 DLIs, however additional sub DLIs were introduced to Year June 2017 targets of DLRs 7,8 and 9 at the MTR. In the revised DLR matrix, there are 37 DLIs. In the areas of improved student learning, the Ministry of Education has introduced the Technology Stream at the senior secondary level, with detailed curricula developed and resources mobilized to begin rolling out the stream in 285 schools, exceeding the target of 100 schools. Three batches were sat for the A/L examination and achieved around 60.79% combined pass rate. The MTR revised the target for 2017 towards the quality improvement of the stream. The quality improvement plan was prepared, approved by MoE in 2017. TEC stream was introduced to 382 schools and 285 schools have fully equipped with laboratory facilities (furniture and equipment) and Teachers. The implementation is ongoing. For improved equity and efficiency of the school system, the plan to upgrade at least 250 secondary schools to offer all streams was implemented and achieved the target. Principal and school leadership training program was successful and exceeded the targets up to 2016. The MTR revised the target for 2017 towards the quality and sustainability of the training program. (NCFSLM) was developed, approved by MoE for implementation and the implementation is ongoing. The first batch of principal training was completed and provincial level BPP (Basic Principals Program) trainings are ongoing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved student learning

2. Improved equity and efficiency of the school system

3. Strengthened school leadership

4. Strengthened capacity for effective program planning and implementation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1) A draft NSAPF was prepared by NEC in December 2014. The objective is, MOE to consider a review of the purposes of different high-stake exams (i.e., grade 5 exam, A/L and O/L exams) to assess validity of the exam contents and practices in view of the new education policy and program. A circular was issued on 1 June 2017, to enable the implementation of SBA for grades 6-13 from 2017 and onwards.

Awareness program on SBA implementation has completed. The provinces have already started implementation process at school level. MoE is preparing SBA guideline and operational manual.

GCE A/L technology stream commenced in 285 schools with in the program period and Student demands for the technology stream shows increasing trend in various provinces.

19,437 students were enrolled at the end of December 2018 (30% Female). As of December 2018, 1,506, teachers were available for Engineering, Bio Systems and Science for Technology and 50% of them are female.

Technology stream quality improvement plan was prepared and approved by MoE as per the revised DLR target (DLR3) for 2017. The implementation was started, and additional financial support will be provided from OPEC fund for International Development (OFID).

Initial stage has completed. Learning Management System for the mathematics from grade 1-11 has been developed (i.e e-thaksalawa). Grade 1-5 completed and interactive lessons are available in the web. Online-LMS (e-thaksalawa) for schools are opened for all students. Lessons from grade 1-11 are available for Mathematics.

2) 255 schools upgraded. Student enrollment for upgraded schools are increasing gradually. (3,883 students were enrolled for 2018 and 56% are female). Revisions for some modules are being started after the changes of Syllabus.

321 science and math teachers recruited initially.

Recruitment of another 5,000 teachers in science, math and English was approved in June 2016, some of them were recruited at present (58.5% of them are female teachers). Provincial level graduate teacher recruitment process is in progress. Also, MoE started teacher recruitment process for the graduates who are currently working in the public sector. 731 teachers are available in the upgraded schools for Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Combine mathematics as per the recent statistics.

The new teacher deployment policy has been drafted by MOE and submitted to the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs. Recruitment is in progress after all these efforts, as of Dec 2018, there are 1503 teachers in the tech stream (50% of them are female teachers)

3) Human Resource Development (HRD) and staffing plans for NIE, CELD and NCOEs have progressed well with 68% of 1,133 vacant positions filled. New teacher educator's cadre positions for (NCOEs) approved in July 2015, 314 recruitments were completed as of January 2018. 913 vacancies filled out of 982 approved carder positions. HRD and staffing plan for central training institutions are in progress.

Training Program designed. 692 principals (173 female) and 783 deputy principals (336 female) have been trained as of 31 December 2017, the target was revised at the MTR and turned towards the quality improvement

The National Competency Framework for School Leadership and Management Development was prepared, approved by MoE and started implementation.

Awareness program has been conducted for MoE and Provincial levels. The TOT programs were completed in all provinces.

After preparation of training manual for BPP (Basic Principal ship Program), the first batch of school principals (representing Uva, Sabaragamuwa and Central provincial schools) was completed in October 2018 achieving the last DLI under ESDP.

The grant manual prepared and approved by MoE, Implementation started in 2015. Beneficiary schools were receiving LKR160,000 annually and program is continuing.

Later, FEMF has been changed its granting mechanism from initial amount to performance- based funding program. The new program was started to implement in 30th September 2018.

Presently, allocation for the school grant was done based on the performance of the last year. So far Rs. 32.35Mn was granted for 281 schools as of December 2018. Grant program has been continuing in line with the annual budget and schools are benefitted from this financial allocation every year.

4) SMTSU Established.

Agreements with all 9 provinces signed for 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018.

2016 expenditures amounted to 81% of initially approved budget as per the audited financial statements 2016.

2017 expenditures will be assessed once central and provincial accounts are finalized for submission to Ministry.

Total Capital budget for education 53.62billion for 2016 this is an increase of 120% compared to the capital budget of 2015 (24.37billion)

Revised targets for 2017 were achieved.

AFR recommendation for major areas are taken into annual actions plans

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The program is designed to exclude activities with significant environmental impacts. Within the program scope, there will be construction of science / technology laboratories and technology faculty buildings, which may have temporary, limited adverse environmental impact during the construction. (category B).

Adequate measures to mitigate such impacts and improve compliance are outlined in the assessment, including assurance that all activities comply with ADBs Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and all applicable environmental laws and regulations of Sri Lanka. An action plan to improve safeguards compliance and monitoring has been prepared.

Preparation of EMPs for 250 schools is in progress. By 15 April 2015, 234 EMPs received by SMTSU and 77 progress reports received by CEBC.

Provincial level awareness workshops conducted in 9 provinces.

Involuntary Resettlement The program will exclude activities that have involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples impact (Category C for both the involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples).
Indigenous Peoples The program will exclude activities that have involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples impact (Category C for both the involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples).
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Preparation of the program included detailed consultations based on focus group discussions, workshops, and field visits.
During Project Implementation School community and parental participation is built into the program and is institutionalized with School Development Committees taking a lead role in identification and implementation of school development plans. The program will build on these and strengthen the consultation process. Additionally the program has strong social and economic benefits, and these will help to strengthen stakeholder ownership. The program also includes capacity building for provincial staff and school heads, which will also help strengthen stakeholder participation. Grievance redressed mechanisms will be based on government's existing systems, and access to these will be included in the program (Ministry of Education website).
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Results-based lending modality/implementation will rely on DMCs' program systems, including for procurement of goods, works, and services.
Procurement Results-based lending modality/implementation will rely on DMCs' program systems, including for procurement of goods, works, and services.
Responsible ADB Officer Jayasundara, Herathbanda
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Sri Lanka Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education
Ground Floor
Isurupaya, Battaramulla
Sri Lanka
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Jun 2012
Fact Finding 09 Jan 2013 to 07 Feb 2013
MRM 11 Apr 2013
Approval 27 Jun 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 18 Mar 2019

Loan 3008-SRI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Jun 2013 19 Aug 2013 23 Aug 2013 28 Feb 2019 - 01 Apr 2019
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 4,791.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 90.00 27 Jun 2013 90.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 4,601.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 100.00 27 Jun 2013 90.00 0.00 100%

Loan 3009-SRI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Jun 2013 19 Aug 2013 23 Aug 2013 28 Feb 2019 - 01 Apr 2019
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 87.49 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 87.49 27 Jun 2013 87.49 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 27 Jun 2013 87.49 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - -

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Education Sector Development Program: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Oct 2019
Education Sector Development Program: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Sep 2018
Education Sector Development Program - Provincial Level: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2016) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2017
Amendment to the Loan Agreement for Loan 3008-SRI: Education Sector Development Program - Results-Based Lending Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Oct 2017
Amendment to the Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Loan 3009-SRI: Education Sector Development Program - Results-Based Lending Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Oct 2017
Education Sector Development Program - Central Level: Audited Project Financial Statement (January-December 2015) Audited Project Financial Statements Aug 2016
Education Sector Development Program - Provincial Level: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2014) Audited Project Financial Statements Sep 2015
Education Sector Development Program - Central Level: Audited Project Financial Statement (January-December 2014) Audited Project Financial Statements Aug 2015
Education Sector Development Program - Central Level: Audited Project Financial Statements (August-December 2013) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2014
Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for the Education Sector Development Program - Results-Based Lending Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Aug 2013
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for the Education Sector Development Program - Results-Based Lending Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Aug 2013
Education Sector Development Program Reports and Recommendations of the President Jun 2013
Education Sector Development Program Concept Papers Jun 2012

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

Title Document Type Document Date
Sri Lanka: Education Sector Development Program Papers and Briefs May 2015

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
DISBURSEMENT FOR DLR9-DLI5 (I) FOR JUNE 2017 Loan 3008 19 Jun 2018 VARIOUS VARIOUS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 1,000,000.00 1,000,000.00
DISBURSEMENT FOR DLR2=DLI4 FOR 2016 AND DLR2=DLI5 FOR 2017 Loan 3009 24 Jan 2018 OTHERS OTHERS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 4,800,839.00 4,800,839.00
DISBURSEMENT FOR DLR2=DLI4 FOR 2016 AND DLR2=DLI5 FOR 2017 Loan 3008 22 Jan 2018 VARIOUS VARIOUS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 5,000,000.00 5,000,000.00
DLR1,DLR3,DLR4,DLR7-DLI(I) DLI(II),DLR8-DLI(I) DLI(II),FOR JUNE 2017 Loan 3008 15 Dec 2017 VARIOUS VARIOUS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 10,000,000.00 10,000,000.00
FOR DLR9-DLI 5(II) (JUNE 2017) Loan 3008 15 Dec 2017 VARIOUS VARIOUS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 1,000,000.00 1,000,000.00
DLR1,DLR3,DLR4,DLR7-DLI(I) DLI(II),DLR8-DLI(I) DLI(II),FOR JUNE 2017 Loan 3009 15 Dec 2017 VARIOUS VARIOUS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 9,384,401.00 9,383,695.00
VARIOUS Loan 3009 23 Nov 2017 VARIOUS VARIOUS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 1,874,860.00 1,874,860.00
DISBURSEMENT FOR YEAR 4, DLR4 Loan 3008 22 Nov 2017 VARIOUS VARIOUS SRI LANKA Ministry of Education OTHERS 2,000,000.00 2,000,000.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.