Bangladesh: Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan)

Sovereign Project | 39305-013 Status: Active

Summary

ADB is helping Bangladesh improve the living standards of city dwellers, especially the poor. The project will help reduce child mortality and morbidity by decreasing the prevalence of waterborne and food-related diseases in six cities - Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet. It will improve waste management and food safety regulation, and strengthen institutions.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices See also: CMS

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Procurement Notices See also: Operational Procurement

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
Project Number 39305-013
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2554-BAN: Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
Asian Development Fund US$ 70.00 million
Loan 2555-BAN: Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Project Loan)
Asian Development Fund US$ 60.00 million
TA 7354-BAN: Capacity Development of Urban Public and Environmental Health
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade

Health - Health sector development and reform

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The overall impact of the Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (UPEHSDP) is to improve the public and environmental health conditions in the urban areas of Bangladesh, particularly in the six city corporations (Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet). The successful implementation of the UPEHSDP will help reduce child mortality and morbidity by reducing the prevalence of waterborne and food-related diseases, increase productivity by reducing overall morbidity, and improve the quality of life of urban inhabitants. UPEHSDP will improve the health status of the poor in urban areas and assist Bangladesh to make progress on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) relating to child and maternal health care and communicable diseases (MDGs 4, 5, and 6), and improve urban sanitation (MDG 7). The program and project loans under the UPEHSDP are designed to complement each other in achieving progress towards these key goals.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Rapidly urbanizing Bangladesh has one of the highest population densities in the world. Crowded and poor hygienic living conditions have increased the vulnerability of urban poor people to economic shocks from ill-health. A burgeoning urban population is only going to make the situation for public and environmental health more challenging. Urban local bodies that are mandated to provide public and environmental health-related services have limited institutional and financial capacities. Nationally, the Local Government Division (LGD) of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives (MOLGRDC) needs to take a stronger stewardship role in urban public and environmental health (UPEH). The Government of Bangladesh needs to make use of various instruments at its disposal such as regulations, taxation, information, and investments to address the growing challenges of UPEH with the help of the private sector and civil society.

A sector development program (SDP) will address a wide range of complex but interlinked UPEH challenges. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) in many ways is uniquely placed to help the Government address these daunting multidimensional challenges. The SDP builds on more than a decade of ADB's strong engagement in urban development in Bangladesh, and makes a concerted effort to mainstream valuable lessons learned and good practices which have evolved from ADB-supported projects, such as urban governance and infrastructure improvement projects and urban primary health care projects.

Impact Improved public and environmental health of urban inhabitants

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Sustainable public and environmental health services established in the six city corporations
Progress Toward Outcome

For the Project, all three consulting teams were mobilized and are now fully operational, supporting the Project Office: (i) Package A: Program Support Consultancy; (ii) Package B: Financial Management and Municipal Finance Consultant; and (iii) Package C: Design Supervision and Construction consultants. Three civil works packages on: (i) the Construction of Food Laboratories, Service Delivery and Supply of Equipment in Dhaka and Chittagong City Corporations, and Renovation of Food Laboratory Training Center in Dhaka City Corporation (Package 1); and (ii) the Construction of Secondary Transfer Stations (STSs) in seven City Corporations (Packages 2 and 3) have been awarded and ongoing. Tendering of Package 4-Construction of Controlled Landfill and Medical Waste Facility, Service Delivery and Supply of Equipment in Barisal, Rajshahi and Sylhet CCs and Construction of Medical Waste Facility in Dhaka City Corporation; and Package 5-Construction of Integrated Sanitary Landfill and Medical Facility, Service Delivery and Supply of Equipment in Khulna City Corporation have been cancelled. The Urban Development Wing under the Local Government Division was created in June 2013 and positions have been filled up.

For the Program, all three tranches were already released to the Government.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Strengthened institutional arrangements for urban public and environmental health (UPEH) in place (policy reform area 1)

2. Improved financial sustainability of urban public and environmental health interventions are operational (policy reform area 2 and project component C)

3. Improved public and environmental health service delivery are operational (policy reform area 3 and project components A and B)

4. Strengthened UPEH governance and management (policy reform area 4 and project component C)

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. UPEHU established. Core civil servant of UPEHU are supported from revenue budget - Ongoing. Formation of the NUPEHC is completed. Meeting of NUPEHC is an ongoing activity. City corporation health departments and city corporation conservancy departments have been initiated. Resources have been mobilized for two city corporations (Dhaka and Chittagong).

2. Collection of 2008 level of holding tax arrears increased by 25% - Achieved by six city corporations (Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal and Sylhet). Updating of the city corporations' assessment of holding taxes is ongoing. Introduction of modernized and computerized financing management systems is an ongoing activity. Introduction of performance-based grant mechanism to all CCs done and adopted by the CCs. Operations Guidelines on Performance-Based Targeted Grant Mechanism for City Corporations circulated to CCs by LGD on 6 March 2014.

3. National waste reduce, reuse and recycle (3R) strategy and standards introduced and being implemented. Waste treatment facilities (landfill and compost) cancelled. Medical waste disposal facilities also cancelled. Inter-ministerial committee for food safety meets regularly. Model bylaws on Medical Waste Management for CCs have been finalized. LGD has approved this and sent to CCs to take necessary action for getting formal approval in the name of particular CCs. Five CCs (CCC, KCC, RCC, BCC and SCC) have already submitted the bylaws on medical waste management to LGD. Draft model bylaws on Food Safety for CCs has been prepared on the basis of Safe Food Act 2013 and sent to CCs. This will be finalized after finalizing the draft rules on safe food at the national level. All CCs have deposited an amount equivalent to 1% of their budget into their respective Urban Primary Health Care Sustainability Fund bank accounts.

4. In 2010, the Prime Minister's office issued Policy and Strategy Guidelines on Public-Private Partnership. Guidelines were circulated to all CCs for implementation. Guidelines for citizens participation in the delivery of UPEH services have also been circulated for implementation. All poor and very poor people in the city corporation areas have been provided with entitlement cards, done by the Urban Primary Health Care Service Delivery Project. Same has been done for Maternal and child health care.

Geographical Location Bangladesh

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects Environmental assessments are being prepared as part of the detailed design of subprojects in accordance with the agreed Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF). The EARF covers both ADB and government policy requirements.
Involuntary Resettlement Involuntary resettlement assessments are being prepared as part of the detailed design of subprojects in accordance with the agreed Resettlement Framework (RF). The RF covers both ADB and government policy requirements.
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultation is an ongoing process which is being undertaken during project planning and design stages.
During Project Implementation Community consultation will be an ongoing process and will continue througout project implementation.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services Consultants were already mobilized under the Project in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Three international consultant firms were already engaged following ADB's quality- and cost-based selection procedures: (i) design supervision and construction consultants; (ii) financial management and municipal finance consultants; and (iii) program support consultants.
Procurement Procurement of all goods and services to be financed under the Project will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time). All civil works contracts estimated to cost the equivalent of $1 million or more will be procured through international competitive bidding. Civil works contracts estimated to cost less than $1 million will be procured using national competitive bidding (NCB). To the extent practicable, goods will be grouped into procurement packages larger than $500,000 to be suitable for international competitive bidding procedures. Goods that cannot be grouped into larger contracts and are estimated to cost less than $500,000 per contract will be procured through NCB. A third-party, pre shipment inspection provision will be adopted to ensure quality of goods and equipment. NCB procedures applicable to the Project are specified in the Government's Public Procurement Rules 2008, (once the Public Procurement Rules 2008 in English are formally adopted) and the procurement plan. Miscellaneous minor goods expected to cost less than the equivalent of $100,000 will be purchased using shopping procedures. NCB packages valued at more than $100,000 each will be subject to prior review by ADB.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Keiichi Tamaki
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Local Govt Div,Min of Local Govt Rural Devt & Coop
Mr. Monzur Hossain
MOLGRDC, Building # 7, Dhaka Secretariat, Bangladesh

Timetable

Concept Clearance 13 Apr 2009
Fact Finding 15 Apr 2009 to 27 Apr 2009
MRM 17 Jun 2009
Approval 28 Sep 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Jul 2008
Last PDS Update 13 Sep 2016

Loan 2554-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2009 14 Oct 2009 06 May 2010 30 Jun 2017 - 08 Oct 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 70.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 70.00 28 Sep 2009 68.93 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2009 68.93 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - Satisfactory - - Partly satisfactory

Loan 2555-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2009 14 Oct 2009 06 May 2010 30 Jun 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 80.13 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 60.00 28 Sep 2009 21.47 0.00 59%
Counterpart 20.13 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2009 12.47 0.00 34%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - Satisfactory - - Partly satisfactory

TA 7354-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2009 09 Feb 2010 09 Feb 2010 31 Dec 2011 30 Nov 2012 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 28 Sep 2009 301,418.61
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - Satisfactory - - Partly satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
UPEHSDP - Dhaka South, Dhaka North, Chittagong, Barisal, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2016
UPEHSDP - Dhaka South, Dhaka North, Chittagong, Barisal, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2015
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chittagong, Barisal, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet - Social Monitoring Report (July-September 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2015
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program - Dhaka, Chittagong, Barisal, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Sylhet: Environmental Monitoring Report (October 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Oct 2014
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Sanitary Landfill in Khulna City Corporation Resettlement Plans Jun 2014
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan): Sylhet Controlled Landfill Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2014
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan): Medical Waste Treatment Facility in Dhaka Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2014
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan): Barisal Controlled Landfill Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2014
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan): Chittagong Controlled Landfill Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2014
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Program Loan): Rajshahi Controlled Landfill Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2014
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Khulna Sanitary Landfill (Draft) Initial Environmental Examination May 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Dhaka Secondary Transfer Stations Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Rajshahi Secondary Transfer Stations Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Sylhet Secondary Transfer Stations Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Barisal Secondary Transfer Stations (Draft) Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Khulna Secondary Transfer Stations (Draft) Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Chittagong Secondary Transfer Stations Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Chittagong Food Testing Laboratory Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Dhaka Food Testing Laboratory Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Khulna Integrated Waste Treatment and Small Transfer Station Subproject (Draft) Resettlement Plans Jun 2009
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program (Draft) Resettlement Frameworks Jun 2009
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Khulna Integrated Waste Treatment and Small Transfer Station Subproject Resettlement Plans Jun 2009
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Resettlement Framework (Draft) Resettlement Frameworks May 2009
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Draft Short Resettlement Plan for Khulna Integrated Waste Treatment and Small Transfer Station Subproject Resettlement Plans May 2009
Urban Public and Environmental Health Sector Development Program: Draft Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Environmental Assessment and Review Framework May 2009

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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