China, People's Republic of : Shaanxi-Qinling Mountains Integrated Ecosystem Management Project

Sovereign Project | 39321-012

The Project aims to improve biodiversity conservation and reduce land degradation. To achieve this, the TA will design a demonstration investment project for the establishment of a commercially sustainable initiative for biodiversity conservation and tourism at Louguantai.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Bruce Carrad
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Shaanxi-Qinling Mountains Integrated Ecosystem Management Project
Project Number 39321-012
Country / Economy China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 4721-PRC: Shaanxi-Qinling Mountains Integrated Ecosystem Management Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
TA 4721-PRC: Shaanxi Qinling Mountains Integrated Ecosystem Management Project (Supplementary)
Global Environment Facility US$ 280,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management

Gender No gender elements
Description The Project aims to improve biodiversity conservation and reduce land degradation. To achieve this, the TA will design a demonstration investment project for the establishment of a commercially sustainable initiative for biodiversity conservation and tourism at Louguantai.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

a. Background/linkage to country/regional strategy: The Qinling Mountains (QM) are located immediately to the south of the capital, Xi'an, of Shaanxi Province (SP). The QM is a temperate forest of global importance. A biologically rich locality, it has a moist temperate climate where many endangered plant & animal species occur. The QM forms the dividing line between south and north PRC and has a major influence on the climate of northern PRC, and the water resources of both the Yellow and Yangtze rivers. Approximately 5 million people live in the QM, many of whom are poor, make their living from agriculture, and live in isolated areas with very limited infrastructure or links to the modern economy. However, there is no overall strategy for sustainable livelihoods or a coordinated approach to monitoring or conserving natural resources. Over 90% of the QM lies within SP, and 70% of the total range (about 40,000 square kms of the total mountain range area of about 57,000 square kms) has been highly degraded through inappropriate farming practices, logging, overuse of natural resources and encroachment over many decades; water runoff to the dry north of the PRC is decreasing as a result.

Despite its degraded condition, the QM offers very significant ecological, cultural and historical opportunities. The QM contains the highest wild panda population density in the PRC, being home to approximately 20% of PRC's total wild pandas. Over 15 animal species have been listed in the national priority protection wildlife list, including Golden Monkey, Golden Takin, Leopard, and Crested Ibis (Japan's national bird and extinct there in the wild). The QM is also typical of the biodiversity conservation challenges faced by the PRC. If successfully developed and promoted, selected sites could both attract high tourist numbers and generate revenues for conserving biodiversity and increasing rural incomes. In 2005 Xi'an received 61 million tourists, of whom about 1 million were from overseas. Over 2 million tourists visited the world famous Terracotta Warriors site, with tourist receipts of $4 billion, and revenues are increasing annually by about 10%. Xi'an hotels and tourist operators offer excellent services, and the proposed main site is a 1-hour drive south on excellent roads and so is highly convenient for tourism.

To address such vital concerns in a structured and comprehensive way, ADB has supported the Government to develop a long-term country programming framework (CPF) for the PRC-Global Environment Facility (GEF) Partnership on Land Degradation. It is an integral part of ADB's Country Program and Strategy (2004-06), addressing the interface between pro-poor economic growth and sustainable environmental management. The CPF covers a 10-year period (2003-2012) and seeks to combat land degradation, reduce poverty, and conserve biodiversity through capacity-building investments and developing viable model investment projects, consistent with GEF's Operational Program 12 on integrated ecosystem management. The proposed project will also greatly assist the PRC in demonstrating the market-based approach to biodiversity conservation; this has significant potential use throughout the country, with importance for the ongoing PRC Biodiversity Partnership.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

A total of 50 person-months of consulting services, comprising 11 person-months of international and 39 person-months of domestic consultants. The international consultants will have expertise in best international practices with respect to biodiversity conservation management and tourism, project economics and finance. The domestic consultants will have expertise in biodiversity conservation, rural livelihoods, business management, tourism, social development, environmental assessment, civil engineering, surveys and information technology, project economics and finance, data coordination, and legal and institutional aspects.

A firm will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the engagement of domestic consultants. Consultants with special expertise such as biodiversity conservation management and tourism may be engaged as individuals. The selection process will follow ADB quality- and cost-based selection method, following simplified technical proposal procedures. Equipment for the TA will be procured by the consultants in accordance with ADB Guidelines for Procurement.

Responsible ADB Officer Bruce Carrad
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Shaanxi Provincial People's Government
Concept Clearance 28 Apr 2005
Fact Finding 28 Feb 2005 to 18 Mar 2005
Approval 09 Dec 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 31 Mar 2006
Last PDS Update 22 Jan 2009

TA 4721-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
09 Dec 2005 22 Feb 2006 22 Feb 2006 30 Nov 2006 31 Mar 2009 20 Jan 2009
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 280,000.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 980,000.00 17 Jun 2022 658,300.19

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

None currently available.