The Project aims to improve biodiversity conservation and reduce land degradation. To achieve this, the TA will design a demonstration investment project for the establishment of a commercially sustainable initiative for biodiversity conservation and tourism at Louguantai.
|Project Name||Shaanxi-Qinling Mountains Integrated Ecosystem Management Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The Project aims to improve biodiversity conservation and reduce land degradation. To achieve this, the TA will design a demonstration investment project for the establishment of a commercially sustainable initiative for biodiversity conservation and tourism at Louguantai.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
a. Background/linkage to country/regional strategy: The Qinling Mountains (QM) are located immediately to the south of the capital, Xi'an, of Shaanxi Province (SP). The QM is a temperate forest of global importance. A biologically rich locality, it has a moist temperate climate where many endangered plant & animal species occur. The QM forms the dividing line between south and north PRC and has a major influence on the climate of northern PRC, and the water resources of both the Yellow and Yangtze rivers. Approximately 5 million people live in the QM, many of whom are poor, make their living from agriculture, and live in isolated areas with very limited infrastructure or links to the modern economy. However, there is no overall strategy for sustainable livelihoods or a coordinated approach to monitoring or conserving natural resources. Over 90% of the QM lies within SP, and 70% of the total range (about 40,000 square kms of the total mountain range area of about 57,000 square kms) has been highly degraded through inappropriate farming practices, logging, overuse of natural resources and encroachment over many decades; water runoff to the dry north of the PRC is decreasing as a result.
Despite its degraded condition, the QM offers very significant ecological, cultural and historical opportunities. The QM contains the highest wild panda population density in the PRC, being home to approximately 20% of PRC's total wild pandas. Over 15 animal species have been listed in the national priority protection wildlife list, including Golden Monkey, Golden Takin, Leopard, and Crested Ibis (Japan's national bird and extinct there in the wild). The QM is also typical of the biodiversity conservation challenges faced by the PRC. If successfully developed and promoted, selected sites could both attract high tourist numbers and generate revenues for conserving biodiversity and increasing rural incomes. In 2005 Xi'an received 61 million tourists, of whom about 1 million were from overseas. Over 2 million tourists visited the world famous Terracotta Warriors site, with tourist receipts of $4 billion, and revenues are increasing annually by about 10%. Xi'an hotels and tourist operators offer excellent services, and the proposed main site is a 1-hour drive south on excellent roads and so is highly convenient for tourism.
To address such vital concerns in a structured and comprehensive way, ADB has supported the Government to develop a long-term country programming framework (CPF) for the PRC-Global Environment Facility (GEF) Partnership on Land Degradation. It is an integral part of ADB's Country Program and Strategy (2004-06), addressing the interface between pro-poor economic growth and sustainable environmental management. The CPF covers a 10-year period (2003-2012) and seeks to combat land degradation, reduce poverty, and conserve biodiversity through capacity-building investments and developing viable model investment projects, consistent with GEF's Operational Program 12 on integrated ecosystem management. The proposed project will also greatly assist the PRC in demonstrating the market-based approach to biodiversity conservation; this has significant potential use throughout the country, with importance for the ongoing PRC Biodiversity Partnership.
|Description of Outcome|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
A total of 50 person-months of consulting services, comprising 11 person-months of international and 39 person-months of domestic consultants. The international consultants will have expertise in best international practices with respect to biodiversity conservation management and tourism, project economics and finance. The domestic consultants will have expertise in biodiversity conservation, rural livelihoods, business management, tourism, social development, environmental assessment, civil engineering, surveys and information technology, project economics and finance, data coordination, and legal and institutional aspects.
A firm will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the engagement of domestic consultants. Consultants with special expertise such as biodiversity conservation management and tourism may be engaged as individuals. The selection process will follow ADB quality- and cost-based selection method, following simplified technical proposal procedures. Equipment for the TA will be procured by the consultants in accordance with ADB Guidelines for Procurement.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Bruce Carrad|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Shaanxi Provincial Government
Madam Yu Zhengzhi, Deputy Director
Foreign Loan Support Office, Xian Provincial Government
|Concept Clearance||28 Apr 2005|
|Fact Finding||28 Feb 2005 to 18 Mar 2005|
|Approval||09 Dec 2005|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||31 Mar 2006|
|Last PDS Update||22 Jan 2009|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|09 Dec 2005||22 Feb 2006||22 Feb 2006||30 Nov 2006||31 Mar 2009||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|500,000.00||280,000.00||200,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||980,000.00||09 Dec 2005||658,300.19|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Preparing the Shaanxi-Qinling Mountains Integrated Ecosystem Management Project||Consultants' Reports||Jun 2008|
|Preparing the Shaanxi-Qinling Mountains Integrated Ecosystem Management Project||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2005|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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