Bangladesh: Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 39432-013

ADB is helping Bangladesh establish sustainable small-scale water resources management systems. The project will develop 230 subprojects in the areas of flood control, drainage, and irrigation. It will strengthen the capability of agencies overseeing the sector, and develop water management cooperative associations that will undertake the day-to-day operations of small-scale water services.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Das, Amrita Kumar
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Bangladesh
  • Modality
    • Loan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project
Project Number 39432-013
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2542-BAN: Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 55.00 million
Loan 8248-BAN: Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project
International Fund for Agricultural Development US$ 22.00 million
Loan 8250-BAN: Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project
International Fund for Agricultural Development US$ 10.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural drainage - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Irrigation - Rural flood protection

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

The Project builds on lessons from previous ADB investments in the small-scale (less than 1,000 hectare [ha]) water resources sector; specifically, the Small-Scale Water

Resources Development Sector Project (SSW 1), which was implemented from 1996 to 2002 and developed 280 subprojects in the western part of the country. Also, the ongoing Second Small-Scale Water Resources Development Sector Project (SSW 2), which commenced in 2002 and is due to be completed in 2009. This has developed 275 subprojects

in 61 of 64 districts of Bangladesh. The Project will support the development of inclusive water management cooperative associations (WMCAS) that include landowners, land operators, women, fishers, and other vulnerable groups. The WMCAS should have sufficient social and technical capital to undertake small-scale water resources (SSWR) subprojects and to improve system operations. They should have clear financing partnerships and/or cost-sharing mechanisms so they can carry out sustainable maintenance. Within an enabling institutional framework, they should be capable of maximizing their collective potential to increase agriculture production in the subproject areas. The Project will have three outputs: (i) institutional strengthening of government agencies at all levels to support SSWR development; (ii) participatory subprojects, which will include poor and vulnerable groups, and which will enable WMCAs to plan, implement, operate, and maintain subprojects; and (iii) construction and maintenance of up to 270 SSWR subprojects and performance enhancement of up to 150 subprojects (out of 560 completed) from SSW 1 and 2 projects.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Project will support the National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II of the Government of Bangladesh, which identifies water resources development and management as a critical sector for pro-poor economic growth and food security through agricultural development. The Project implements key elements of ADB's Water Policy including institutional strengthening and socially inclusive development principles, including stakeholder consultation and participation at all levels. It also supports core areas of operations defined in ADB's Strategy 2020, including investing in rural infrastructure for water management, building capacity for better infrastructure management, and promoting institutional reforms that enhance operational efficiency and sustainability of infrastructure projects.
Impact The impact of the Project will be enhanced productivity and sustainability in agriculture in subproject areas.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The outcome of the Project will be sustainable small-scale water resources management systems in subproject areas.
Progress Toward Outcome All new (265) and enhancement (147) are completed
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1: Institutional Strengthening: Enhanced institutional capacity and capability of government agencies at all levels that support SSWR development

Output 2: Participatory Subproject Development: Refinement of subproject development process for

sustainable WMCA that are performing well.

Output 3: Small-Scale Water Resources Infrastructure and Project Implementation Support

Construction and maintenance of smallscale water resources subprojects

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed

ongoing

420 WMCAs are established and being provided with all required support

Ongoing

160 new and 128 enhancement subprojects (SP) are completed

Ongoing

270 WMCA registered

253 WMCA audited

435 request approved

Members of 270 WMCA contributed to the required O&M fund, which is a pre-condition for Implementation Agreement

This will be monitored after handing over of the sub-projects to the WMCAs

Geographical Location Nation-wide, Bauphal, Cox's Bazar, Gosinga, Kanakdia, Purba Sarail
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Category B. Initial environmental examinations were undertaken for three sample subprojects and environmental assessment and review procedures prepared. These were endorsed by the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED), the executing agency, on 29 October 2008 and uploaded to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) website on 9 February 2009. Overall, this project has complied with the environmental provisions of the loan covenant. It has complied the integration of the construction-phase environmental management plan (EMP) into the bidding documents. The EMP attached in the Initial Environmental Assessment (IEE) is prepared for all the identified environmental impacts during construction and operation stages due to implementation of various project activities and associated development. The mitigation measures are designed either to prevent impacts or by mitigating those to reduce the effect to an acceptable level that complies with the environmental guidelines of DOE and with the guidelines of the ADB's SPS (2009) by adopting the most suitable cost-effective options. The EMP also ensures that the positive environmental impacts are conserved and enhanced.
Involuntary Resettlement The project has been categorized B for Involuntary Resettlement (IR) impacts. Out of 265 subprojects (SPs) in 43 districts, 34 SPs have prepared and implemented Resettlement Plans (RPs) for 2109 households. The RPs were prepared under the Involuntary resettlement Policy (1998) and Indigenous policy (1995). In addition to land acquisition, the total area of land involved in lease agreements for 10 sub-projects with respective WMCAs was 17.430 acres. Total (142) impacted households were involved in the agreements on voluntary basis. In addition to other entitlements, 23 vulnerable individuals received additional cash grant, out of the group of vulnerable individuals 11 were female. The project performance has been satisfactory with respect to social safeguards.
Indigenous Peoples Since the project interventions have been implemented in several districts inhabited by Indigenous People, the project has been also categorized B for IP to ensure inclusion of IP as project beneficiaries. No Negative impact has been reported by the project on any small ethnic communities.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The Project has been designed through extensive consultation with all stakeholders. The Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives were consulted. The executing agency Local Government Engineering Department (LGED), Department of Cooperatives (DOC), Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE), Department of Fisheries (DOF), and the Department of Environment were part of the design. The beneficiaries of SSW 1 and SSW 2 and selected subproject areas were extensively consulted. Household survey and focus group discussions were undertaken in selected subproject areas.
During Project Implementation Key features and resources provided to implement the C&P plan (including budget, consultant input, etc.). The entire project design is based on participatory development principles ensuring beneficiary participation at all stages of the subproject cycle. The Project is a sector project and involves extensive consultation and participation while selecting and implementing the subprojects. At the subproject level, the stakeholders include landowners; large, small and marginal farmers; landless people; and local governments. Local NGOs were also have a stake in the project. Agencies of the Government, including DAE, DOF, and DOC were involved to provide services to the WMCAs and the project beneficiaries. Different types of consultation and participation were undertaken, including community mobilization. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques were applied to identify subprojects. Consultation and workshops were required for social, gender, and environmental assessments. Based on the lessons from the existing participation methods in the small-scale water development sector, an effective community mobilization strategy was followed during the implementation phase. The participatory development component of the Project improve beneficiary participation in small-scale water resource development by the establishment and strengthening of WMCAs. Continued refinement of critical aspects of the participatory process and value addition to performing WMCAs through structural and nonstructural intervention were ensured. Project support to WMCAs consisted of management training for the elected management committees, as well as for the general membership. Training content took into account the lessons from SSW 2, paying particular attention to WMCA performance. WMCA and labor contracting society training events included legal empowerment issues following the recommendations of the ADB regional TA project on legal empowerment. While funding for WMCA training is a government responsibility, LGED recognizes that available funds are insufficient to meet WMCA training needs. The Project supplemented government funding of WMCA training to a defined and appropriate level as per the project capacity development plan. Some of the key factors supporting WMCA performance include strong leadership and appropriate levels of support from partner agencies. The capacity development plan includes capacity development activities for partner agencies like the Department of Environment, DOC, and DOF.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consultants will be selected and engaged in accordance with ADB Guidelines ont he use of consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Firms carrying out project implementation consulting services willb e selected through international competition using the quality- and cost-based selection method. A total of 1,319 staff-months of consulting services including 68 months of international and 1,251 months of national consultants will be required for the Project.
Procurement Procurement of goods and services under the Project will be carried out in accordance with ADB?s Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time) and the Government?s Public Procurement Regulations of 2008 as acceptable to ADB. With clarifications and modifications described in NCB Annex for Bangladesh which provides requirements for compliance with the provisions of the Procurement Guidelines. National Competitive Bidding (NCB) procedures will be applied for contract works below $2.0 million. NCB will be the major mode for civil works contract given the small size of subprojects. Equipment and materials will be procured under international competitive bidding where the estimated cost is more than $500,000 equivalent. Shopping procedure will be used for contracts with estimated cost between $10,000 and $100,000. Bidding of NCB contracts estimated at $500,000 or more for goods and related services or $1,000,000 or more for civil works shall be advertised concurrently with the general procurement notices on ADB?s website. Earthworks contracts costing less than Tk 330,000 (about $5,000) may be awarded directly to the subproject specific Labour Contracting Society (LCS) as a community works contract following relevant provisions of ADB guidelines regarding community participation.
Responsible ADB Officer Das, Amrita Kumar
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Local Government Engineering Department
Mr Shahidul Haque
[email protected]
LGED Bhaban, Sher e Bangla Nagar, Dhaka
Timetable
Concept Clearance 16 Sep 2008
Fact Finding 17 Sep 2008 to 28 Sep 2008
MRM 23 Feb 2009
Approval 22 Apr 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 29 Sep 2020

Loan 2542-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Sep 2009 10 Sep 2009 12 Nov 2009 30 Jun 2018 - 19 Nov 2020
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 85.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 55.00 18 Nov 2021 44.73 0.00 100%
Counterpart 30.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2021 44.73 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8248-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Sep 2009 06 Nov 2009 06 Nov 2009 31 Dec 2017 31 Dec 2018 30 Jul 2020
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 22.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 17.90 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 22.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 17.90 100%

Loan 8250-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Apr 2010 18 Oct 2010 18 Oct 2010 31 Dec 2017 31 Dec 2018 30 Jul 2020
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 8.39 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 10.00 18 Nov 2021 0.00 8.39 100%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Indigenous People Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (June 2018-December 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Nakai Beel Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2019
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2019
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Semi-annual Indigenous Peoples Plan Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2019
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2019
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Semi-annual Indigenous Peoples Plan Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2018
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2018
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2018
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Chayani Khal Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans May 2018
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Sonai Chhara Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2018
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2017
Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Indigenous Peoples Plan Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Harinmara Dusrikhal Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Harinmara Paner Chhara Purbakul Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Kahani Beel Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Feb 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Sannashipara Khal Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Feb 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Indigenous Peoples Impact Categorization Report (July-December 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Kishore Beel Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jan 2017
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Revised Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Indigenous Peoples Plan Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Mundail Khal Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Chambi Khal Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Charbhuta Hatem Ali Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project - Khulna, Barisal and Rangpur Division: Indigenous Peoples Plan Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project - Dhaka, Chittagong and Rajshahi Division: Indigenous Peoples Plan Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Bradar Mokam Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jan 2016
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Indigenous Peoples Plan Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project - Hangor Khal Subproject: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Oct 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project - Karam Ali Chara Subproject: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Oct 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project - Kul Pagli Subproject: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Oct 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2014
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2014
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Gouripur Subproject Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jan 2014
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Volda Beel Canal/Khal Sub-project Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Dec 2013
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January - June 2013) Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2013
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Initial Environmental Examination for the Goshinga Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Feb 2009
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Initial Environmental Examination for the Kanakdia Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Feb 2009
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Initial Environmental Examination for the Purba Sarail-Madai Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Feb 2009
Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project: Indigenous Peoples Development Framework (Draft) Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Oct 2008

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
Bangladesh: Participatory Small-Scale Water Resources Sector Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Aug 2021

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.


Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Expenditure Related to Maintenance of Vehicle, Equipment under WA0089 Loan 2542 09 Apr 2017 Various | Various Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 152,975.90 119,628.14
Earthwork under SP-46257, SP-46264, SP-46254 and SP-46263 in Satkhira, Laxmipur, Barguna District Loan 2542 06 Mar 2017 Various | Various Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 304,810.80 264,422.55
Construction Works under Khal Ghat Basundia Subproject (SP-46265(ADB)), Upazila: Sadar, District: Jeeore Loan 2542 06 Mar 2017 Md. Noor Hossain | Puratan Kashba Jessore Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 105,108.04 90,881.59
Construction Works under Garur Khal Subproject (SP-44128(ADB)), Upazila: Sadar, District: Laxmipur Loan 2542 05 Mar 2017 Mohammed Eunus and Brothers Pvt. Ltd. | Chittagong Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 209,593.23 185,399.61
Construction Works under Tulshi Trimohoni Bhaduria Khal Subproject (SP-46244(ADB)), Upazila: Nawa Bgonj, District: Dinajpur Loan 2542 05 Mar 2017 Md. Nurul Islam | Dinajpur Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 256,706.91 224,499.75
Construction Works under Ramanadi-Kutubpur Subproject (SP-45202(ADB)), Upazila: Sadar, District: Laxmipur Loan 2542 05 Mar 2017 Mohammed Eunus and Brothers Pvt. Ltd. | Chittagong Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 193,722.27 171,159.90
Construction Works under Tulshigonga Khal Subproject (SP-45208(ADB)), Upazila: Birampur, District: Dinajpur Loan 2542 05 Mar 2017 M/S. Rafiqul Islam | North Balubari Dinajpur Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 201,212.96 177,759.07
Supply of Fuel Bill, Car Maintanance, Motorcyale Maintanance for FY 2014-15 to FY 2015-16 Loan 2542 05 Feb 2017 Various | Various Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 168,601.35 131,874.38
Different Training Activities from September 2016 to January 2017 Loan 2542 05 Feb 2017 Various | Various Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department 538,259.79 244,456.79

Procurement Plan