ADB is helping Viet Nam build a second mass rapid transit line (MRT2) in Ho Chi Minh City. The project involves the construction of construction of MRT2 main line and depot. It is expected to help reduce traffic congestion and accidents, and improve the city's air quality.
|Project Name||Ho Chi Minh City Urban Mass Rapid Transit Line 2 Investment Program - Tranche 2|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban public transport
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
The purpose of the project is to support the local economic development in HCMC by initiating the first stage of a mass transit transport system, that will improve urban livability due to constant urban degradation and traffic congestion, reduce traffic accidents, and improve the city's air quality.
Viet Nam's economy is growing rapidly. This is especially the case in large cities, most notably Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), which are the primary centers of economic growth and will remain so for the foreseeable future. The large cities have grown rapidly over the last 15 years and are expected to continue to grow relative to the rest of the country, both in terms of population and economy. HCMC is the largest city in Viet Nam with an area of about 2,100 sq. km. and a population that has grown at an average of 2.4% over the last 15 years, to about 5.5 million in 2003, or approximately 6% of Viet Nam's total population. On current trends, the city's population is forecast to reach 7.2 million by 2020.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Although cars are becoming more common, motorcycles dominate transport in HCMC, and serve the population well, providing the poor with mobility than experienced by many non-motorized citizens in richer countries. Inspite of explosive growth in motorcycle ownership, congestion has remained tolerable. Traffic accidents, however, have become a serious concern. Increasing vehicle numbers have also lead to air quality degradation that will intensify with increasing congestion.
The People's Committee in HCMC is aware of these challenges and has developed plans for the orderly development of the city based on designated satellite growth areas and rapid development of public transport to cater for a much lager share of passenger traffic, from about 5% today to 45% in 2020.
The CSP for Viet Nam includes sustainable growth as one of the strategic priorities. If the economy is to continue growing then the major engines of this growth must not be starved of adequate transport infrastructure.
|Impact||Competitive MRT2 services along the project corridor|
|Description of Outcome||MRT2 operations and maintenance system effectively implemented|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Due to changes in design and delayed approval of PAD by the National Assembly, all the contracts for civil works (CP3a, CP3b, CP4, and CP6) are expected to be awarded during Q4 2020.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Construction of MRT2 main line and depot
MRT2 E&M systems and rolling stock installed and operation of metro services
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Due to changes in design and delayed approval of Project Adjustment Document (PAD) by the Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee, following the Government's endorsement, all contracts for civil works (CP3a and CP3b - Tunnels and Underground Stations, CP4 - Transition, Elevated Station, Viaduct and Spur Line) are expected to be awarded only in 2020.|
|Geographical Location||Ho Chi Minh City, Quan Ba, Quan Mot, Quan Muoi, Quan Muoi Hai, Quan Tan Binh, Tan Phu|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Existing Environmental Conditions: (i) Air Quality: current dust levels exceed GOV limits, (ii) Noise and Vibration: ambient noise exceeds GOV limits, (iii) Surface Water: Tham Luong Canal is contaminated, and (iv) Groundwater & Soil: nearly all parameters within GOV limits.Impacts from Construction: (i) Air Quality - Construction Equipment creating dust and emissions through building removal and excavation; Mitigation thru Dust control plan, enclosing site, watering/sweeping, emission control system, dust covers, (ii) Noise and Vibration - Increase during construction; Mitigation thru Noise control plan, enclosing site, muffled equipment, day only construction, (iii) Geology and Soils - 1.9 million m3 of soil to be removed; Mitigation thru Spoils disposal plan, 1.45 million m3 recycled and sold, 0.45 million m3 to approved spoils disposal site, (iv) Hydrogeology Groundwater contamination, blocking groundwater flows, loss of wells; Mitigation thru avoidance of excessive pressure, testing for quality monitoring, non-toxic soil additives, local wells at spoils disposal site > 200m deep, (v) Subsidence and settlement Expected 10mm at centerline and 16mm edge of tunnel; Mitigation thru monitoring program for buildings and roads, retaining wall for deep excavation, (vi) Water and Vegetation Resources Pollution of Tham Luong canal, loss of trees, spoils site vegetation loss; Mitigation thru Piers either side of canal, trees replaced, (vii) Traffic and Accessibility - blockage of traffic lanes at stations, equipment and materials impede traffic flows; Mitigation thru Traffic plan, public information program, materials stored on site or used immediately, (viii) Health and Safety - workers and public risks; Mitigation thru Occupational and Community Health and Safety Plan, Emergency Response Plan, public information program.Operational Impacts: (i) Viaduct Noise and vibration: Mitigation thru noise shield along viaduct, noise barrier at Tan Binh station, continuously welded track, (ii) Underground tunnel noise telegraphing , site clearance for station building; Mitigation thru Noise attenuation at tunnel portal, (iii) Depot train movements, maintenance noise; Mitigation thru Slow travel (5-20 km/h), maintenance inside workshopsCumulative Impacts: the project is (i) contributing to environmental sustainability initiatives by reducing vehicle trips and need to expand road network, (ii) preserving community livability and green space, (iii) encouraging pedestrian and bicycle traffic along the corridor, and (iv) reducing greenhouse gas emissions Induced impacts: It is expected that there will be land use changes around the stations and the Depot, re- development around the interchange stations and positive community and economic benefits to HCMC.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Mainline: Affected land: A total estimated 43 Ha of land will be acquired for the activities of tranche 2 project. It comprises of 20 Ha of residential land and 23 Ha of public, commercial and agricultural lands for the constructions of underground and elevated stations as well as the depot in 6 Districts (District 1, 3, 10,12, Tanh Bhin and Tan Phu). Affected persons: A total of 519 households and organizations/business entities will be affected by land acquisition. Of these, 106 households and 10 organizations will be physically displaced. 452 business and 79 public organization will also be affected from permanent land acquisitions. Updated Resettlement Plans (UPRs) for the six districts have been prepared for mitigating the identified involuntary resettlement impacts of the project. Grievance redress mechanism was prepared in accordance to the current national regulation.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No indigenous people's identified within the project area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Environmental: (a) MRT Alignment: Identified traffic, air and noise quality concerns during construction and overwhelming support for the project at all sessions. (b) Spoils Disposal Site: It is expected that there will be no significant adverse impacts with proper spoils disposal. Resettlement:Mainline resettlement Surveys were conducted from June to July 2011, including (i) Inventory of Losses, (ii) Census, (iii) Socio-Economic Survey, and (iv) Replacement Cost Study. Consultations with affected households conducted in August 2011. Key information related to project and contents of resettlement plan mitigation measures was disclosed to affected households December 2011. Depot area assessment was conducted September 2011 to February 2012 consisting of (i) site visits, (ii) review and analysis of recorded losses (land and non-land assets) and individual compensation plans, (iii) interview of District 12 Compensation Board, (iv) interview of 22 affected households (27% sample), (v) conduct of socio-economic survey of 22 households, and (vi) review to assess if compensation paid for lost assets was at replacement cost.|
|During Project Implementation||HCMC PC, MAUR, relevant departments of HCMC PC, government, and donors have been frequently discussing the project implementation schedule, investment costs, financing arrangements, and so on, to expedite the project implementation progress and ensure the compliance with all requirements.|
CP3a and CP3b: Tunnels and underground stations
CP4: Transition, elevated station, viaduct and spur line
|Responsible ADB Officer||Mizusawa, Daisuke|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Viet Nam Resident Mission|
Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee
Dao Trong Tho
86 Le Thanh Ton Street, Ben Nghe Ward,
District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
|Concept Clearance||01 Oct 2009|
|Fact Finding||10 May 2012 to 17 May 2012|
|MRM||15 Aug 2012|
|Approval||27 Nov 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||17 Jul 2007|
|Last PDS Update||03 Oct 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|27 Nov 2012||04 Jul 2013||02 Jan 2014||30 Jun 2018||13 Dec 2020||14 Dec 2020|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1,270.20||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||500.00||27 Nov 2012||5.67||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||471.60||27 Nov 2012||5.67||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|2956-VIE: Ho Chi Minh City Urban Mass Rapid Transit Line 2 Investment Program [CP3a]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||26 Dec 2017||30 Nov 2018|
|2956-VIE: Ho Chi Minh City Urban Mass Rapid Transit Line 2 Investment Program [CP3b]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||26 Dec 2017||30 Nov 2018|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Ho Chi Minh City Urban Mass Rapid Transit Line 2 Investment Program - Tranche 2: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Sep 2017|