ADB is helping the People's Republic of China develop a more efficient national and regional transport system in the northwestern province of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The project will improve the east-west road transport corridor by upgrading the Korla-Kuqa section of the national highway as well as the local road network and road connection to neighboring countries.
|Project Name||Xinjiang Regional Road Improvement Project (Korla-Kuqa Section)|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
The Project will facilitate development of a more efficient national and regional transport system in Xinjiang. The Project will result in a more sustainable east-west road corridor in Xinjiang that is economically and socially more efficient, is safer and cleaner, and is better integrated with eastern China, the neighboring countries in the west and the local road network.
The Project improves the east-west road transport corridor in Xinjiang, as well as the local road network and road connection to neighboring countries. The Project will comprise of the following components: (i) highway improvement; (ii) local roads improvement; (iii) cross-border transport facilitation; (iv) freight terminals efficiency; (v) rural transport services; (vi) road safety; and (vii) capacity development.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The economic development in eastern China has significantly outpaced development in the western region. Xinjiang is one of the less developed provinces. The net income per capita for farmers is 76% of the national average. The poverty incidence of 18% (2004) is higher than the national average of 10%, and is concentrated in the southern Xinjiang where 80% of the poor population resides and where the Project is located. The Project expressway is part of the Government's Western Development Plan to address the needs of 12 western provinces and includes development of road network to (i) provide stronger links with the eastern provinces, and (ii) accessibility to its population spread over a large area.
Xinjiang shares a 5,600 km border with eight neighboring countries that are mostly member of the ADB's CAREC program. The cross-border trade of $7.9 billion is growing at 28.5% per annum. However, cross-border transportation is affected by (i) poor condition of border roads, and (ii) lack of unified transport regulations among the Central Asia region including PRC (Xinjiang).
The Project improves border roads and facilitates harmonization of cross-border procedures agreed by the CAREC member countries.
While PRC has achieved rapid economic development, the rural areas have lagged behind leading to widening income inequalities. One reasons for this disparity is lack of access to rural areas. To address this, the Government has embarked on a major national rural roads construction program. The Project supports this and provides (i) financing for development of selected rural roads in the poorest and remotest areas of Xinjiang, and (ii) pilot test policy reforms to improve rural transport services.
The Project supports the Government's Western Region Development Plan (WRDP) and National Expressway Development Plan (NEDP) of building expressways to provide stronger links with the eastern provinces and improve accessibility for the western region's population. The project expressway is part of one of eight major road corridors under the WRDP and one of 34 expressways under the NEDP. By improving priority local roads in the poorest and remotest area of Xinjiang, the Project also supplements Government's Rural Roads Construction Program. The upgrade of local roads will facilitate easier and safer access to schools, hospitals, and markets for mainly of poor and ethnic minorities.
The Project reflects ADB's Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy, which aims for accelerating of economic growth and reducing poverty by upgrading key transport corridors across CAREC region. The Korla-Kuqa expressway will serve as an important transport corridor ensuring efficient and safe movement of goods and passengers, and will play a critical role in furthering trade and regional cooperation. The Project will foster economic development and promote interregional trade, thereby supporting the key objective of poverty reduction through sustainable development.
|Impact||A more efficient national and regional transport system supports sustainable economic growth in Xinjiang.|
|Description of Outcome||Road transport capacity and safety improved in the regional road corridor and the local roads in southern Xinjiang.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The project has been implemented in a satisfactory manner following the schedule envisaged at appraisal. The project objectives will be likely attainable.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. National highway G314 improved and related facilities provided.
2. Local roads improved in the project area.
3. Rural transport services improved in the project area.
4. Operational efficiency of freight terminals improved in Urumqi.
5. The capacity of XCD strengthened in road transport.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Substantially completed, except for two sections
To be assessed at project completion
To be assessed at project completion
Not yet due
To be assessed at project completion
To be assessed at project completion
Over 170 people had been trained in various subjects
|Geographical Location||Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified as ADB envionmenatl category A. There are no protected envionmental areas along the alignment of the project roads. The detailed environmental impacts and proposed mitigation measures are in the EMP of the summary environmental impact assessment (SEIA) report. The major potential environmental impacts includes (i) noise and dust during construction;(ii) three designated county-level historic protection sites on the Korla-Kuqa expressway that will require close construction supervision and barriers to mitigate impacts; and (iii) possible soil erosion during construction. The temporary and permanant environmental protection measures are included in the civil works contracts.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||XCD has prepared a resettlement plan for the expressway component and one short resettlement plan for upgrading the local road in Kuqa. The local roads upgrading in Qiemo will not have resettlement impacts. The project expressway will cross 29 villages and two state farms in Korla city, Luntai city, and Kuqa county. The local road in Kuqa county only requires 4 ha of land to be acquired, and this is collectively owned grassland, no structures will be demolished. XCCAB, in conjunction with the local land administration bureaus, will be responsible for implementing resettlement for the expressway and the local road in Kuqa county. In addition, an independent monitor will be contracted by XCCAB to carry out external monitoring and evaluation.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Ethnic minorities in the project area comprise 63.1% of the total population and most of the absolute poor. The main ethnic group is the Uygur. Ethnic minorities will be one of the primary beneficiaries of the project, but due to their vulnerability they also bear some of the social risks. The Uygur will be targeted for enhancement mearsures, including priority for construction employment and provision of services, small business promotion, and skill training. Enhancement measures are specified in the EMDPs and resettlement plans; priority will be given to woman to enhance direct and indirect project benefits and to ensure tht social risks, including community impacts, health, and road safety, are minimized.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||More than 1,650 people were interviewed during the course of public opinion surveys, social and environmental assessments, and resettlement planning. The consultation and participation process has influenced the project design and alignment and the formulation of the EMP, RPs, and EMDPs, including measures to address some of the needs of the poor and women.|
|During Project Implementation||More intensive consultation and participation will take place during 2008-2010.|
|Consulting Services||The ADB loan will finance 52 person-months of international consulting services involving (i) administration of construction contracts and establishing a contract management system, (ii) road safety audits, (iii) establishing a PPMS, (iv) improving freight terminals operations, and (v) pilot project for improving rural transport services. All consultants to be financed under the ADB loan will be selected and engaged based on the quality- and cost-based selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). In addition, about 5,510 person-months of consulting services, primarily for construction supervision, will be undertaken by national consultants under Government financing. The national consultants will be recruited in accordance with the Government procedures acceptable to ADB.|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works shall be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Contracts for goods estimated to exceed $1.0 million and contracts for works estimated to exceed $10.0 million shall be procured using international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures. Contracts for goods and contracts for works estimated to cost equal or less than the above ICB values but more than $100,000 shall be procured on the basis of national competitive bidding procedures in accordance with the PRC Tendering and Bidding Law (1999), subject to modifications agreed with ADB. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost $100,000 or less shall be procured using shopping procedures. ADB approved advance contracting on 6 June 2007, this includes prequalification of contractors, bidding, bid evaluation, and contract awards. ADB also approved retroactive financing not exceeding 20% of the total ADB loan, or $30 million, on 2 July 2007 for two expressway civil works contract packages and international consulting services.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chu, Chenglong|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Xinjiang Communications Department
48 Huanghe Road, Urumqi 830 000, Xinjiang, PRC
|Concept Clearance||31 Aug 2006|
|Fact Finding||10 Oct 2006 to 23 Oct 2006|
|MRM||02 Jul 2007|
|Approval||13 Dec 2007|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||19 Dec 2007|
|Last PDS Update||25 Mar 2014|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Dec 2007||26 May 2008||26 Aug 2008||31 Dec 2012||31 Dec 2013||30 Apr 2014|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||406.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||13 Dec 2007||150.00||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||13 Dec 2007||150.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|People’s Republic of China: Xinjiang Regional Road Improvement Project (Korla–Kuqa Section)||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Aug 2015|
None currently available.
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