ADB is helping improve a key section of road in one of India's least-developed states, Jharkhand. The project will upgrade a 311-kilometer, two-lane road that will connect the state's northeastern region to the national highway network. It will also enhance the project management skills of the state's Road Construction Department.
|Project Name||Jharkhand State Roads Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
The Project will rehabilitate and improve a 311 kilometer (km) state road from Govindpur to Sahebganj (via Jamtara, Dumka, and Barhet) to a two-lane standard. The improved road will become a backbone of the northeastern part of the state, and connect it to National Highway 2 (NH2), the state's main highway, and to the larger national highway network.
The Project will also enhance the project management skills of the officials of the Road Construction Department (RCD) of the state government of Jharkhand (GOJH) through involvement in activities that are central to project management, such as project design, implementation planning, procurement, land acquisition, resettlement and rehabilitation, environmental management, utility shifting, contract management, and financial management. This will be replicated by RCD for future road improvement projects.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Jharkhand is one of four states in India with a poverty incidence above 40%. It was created in 2000 out of the southern half of the state of Bihar, and a high proportion of its population is tribal. Socioeconomic indicators reveal that significant improvements are needed in terms of income, literacy, health, and access to basic amenities.
Jharkhand has prominent industrial cities, due to its abundant natural and mineral resources, but also has the highest rural poverty incidence in India. Industrial activities are concentrated in the area south of NH2, which connects Delhi to Kolkata and forms part of the core national transport network called the golden quadrilateral. The area to the north of NH2 lacks major industrial activities despite its rich mineral reserves. The poor quality of the road infrastructure is one factor constraining the development of this part of the state.
The Project proposes to address the disparities within Jharkhand by providing a good transportation network in a hitherto neglected area, and will contribute to reducing interstate disparities in India, which is one of the key goals of the Government's 11th Five Year Plan for 2007-2012.
|Impact||Improved surface transport accessibility in the State of Jharkhand|
|Description of Outcome||Improved mobility and accessibility in the project area|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Travel time and vehicle operating costs will be reduced once the project roads are completed.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Rehabilitated and improved state roads
Systems for improved project management
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The overall progress has improved. Past slow progress was mainly due to acute cash flow of contractors. Government of Jharkhand has implemented certain measures, with approval of State Cabinet, for easing cash flow and accelerating the progress of project.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests issued Stage I clearance in January 2013, Stage II clearance in October 2013 and the final Stage III Clearance in August 2014. Permissions for 2 Railway Over Bridges are granted by railway authorities. The project is nearing completion.
The management information system (MIS) is operational.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||Forestry clearance for removal of trees in forest areas is also received by RCD, tree feeling is also complete. The consultants are monitoring the implementation of EMP.|
(i) Two RP implementation NGOs have been mobilized. The NGOs have submitted the inception reports for all the four packages.
(ii) The activities of land acquisition and resettlement are in near completion.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultations and meetings with the project communities were organized during the course of the social analysis to ascertain their response to the construction of roads, their needs and demands from the Project, and any risks or concerns emerging from the Project. A total of 14 focus group discussions were organized during the course of the social assessment with local communities, and included men, women, farmers, indigenous people, Scheduled Castes, high-income groups, the poor, shopkeepers, truckers, etc., to ensure a comprehensive perspective was obtained on the Project and its impacts. Other key stakeholders, such as Panchayati Raj (local government) members (e.g., village head, village health workers, block development officers, health workers, and school teachers) were also consulted by means of key stakeholder discussions. In addition, consultations were also undertaken with the affected households and communities during the course of the resettlement census surveys undertaken for each of the Project's four packages. Details of these consultations are provided in the respective resettlement plans.|
|During Project Implementation||Social indicators, such as the number of households below poverty line, and improved access of the rural poor to social services and markets, will be monitored as part of reporting requirements under the project performance monitoring system.|
|Consulting Services||Consultants under the Project was recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). The Road Construction Department (RCD) hired SMEC Intl Pty Ltd. in Assoc with SMEC (India) Pvt Ltd and RODIC Consultnat Pvt Ltd as the Construction Supervision Consultant (CSC) to assume the role of the "Engineer" for the civil works Contracts and designated one of its full time directors for this purpose. CSC was selected using quality- and cost-based selection procedure with a quality cost ratio of 80:20.|
|Procurement||All procurement financed under the loan was carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). International competitive bidding (ICB) was used for all four civil works contracts. National competitive bidding (NCB) for goods will be used for supply contracts estimated at $100,000 to $1.0 million and Shopping will be used for contracts worth less than $100,000. Advanced contracting and retroactive financing was used to facilitate rapid implementation.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Bajaj, Arun|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||India Resident Mission|
Road Construction Department, Gov't. of Jharkhand
Room No. 222, Project Building
HEC Campus, Ranchi
|Concept Clearance||28 Jul 2008|
|Fact Finding||30 Jul 2008 to 01 Aug 2008|
|MRM||27 Mar 2009|
|Approval||02 Dec 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||06 Mar 2009|
|Last PDS Update||15 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|02 Dec 2009||16 Jul 2010||21 Sep 2010||31 Dec 2014||31 Jul 2017||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||214.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||174.00||02 Dec 2009||173.92||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||02 Dec 2009||156.29||0.00||90%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Jharkhand State Roads Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jun 2016|
|Loan Agreement for Jharkhand State Roads Project between India and Asian Development Bank dated 16 July 2010||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Jul 2010|
|Project Agreement for Jharkhand State Roads Project between Asian Development Bank and State of Jharkhand dated 16 July 2010||Project/Program Agreements||Jul 2010|
|Jharkhand State Roads Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2009|
|Jharkhand State Roads Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Mar 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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