China, People's Republic of: Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection

Sovereign Project | 40017-013 Status: Active

Summary

ADB is helping revive key water sources and wetlands in and around Qingdao municipality in eastern People's Republic of China. The project will integrate water and ecosystem management and strengthen pollution control to protect the coastal wetlands of Jiaozhou Bay, the most important marine ecosystem in the area. It will also improve wastewater, sewerage, and flood management facilities.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices See also: CMS

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Procurement Notices See also: Operational Procurement

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection
Project Number 40017-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2494-PRC: Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection
Ordinary capital resources US$ 45.00 million
TA 7219-PRC: Enabling the Protection of Jiaozhou Bay Water Quality and Wetland Ecosystem
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 350,000.00
Multi-Donor Trust Fund under the Water Financing Partnership Facility US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban flood protection - Urban sewerage

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description Most of the water management problems in the People's Republic of China (PRC), particularly for coastal cities, are the result of a fragmented approach to development. There is a need to move towards a more integrated management approach whereby the different tasks associated with water management (water supply, wastewater management, drainage) and ecosystem rehabilitation are managed together in close coordination with land use planning, coastal zone management and water resource management, and pollution control at the river basin level. To reduce pollution in the country's coastal waters and sustain ecosystems, a number of specific actions are needed, including (i) adopting a holistic approach to water management in river basins and coastal zones, (ii) reducing land-based pollution sources particularly industrial and urban point sources, and (iii) continuing institutional and financial management reforms to facilitate sustainable environment management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The coastal wetlands of Jiaozhou Bay surrounded by Qingdao Municipality (including the city of Jiazhou situated at the head of the Bay) are vital, representing the most important marine ecosystem of the Qingdao coastal region and the Shandong Peninsula. They provide breeding grounds for many types of fish and shellfish, a resting place for migratory birds, as well as maintaining coastal biological diversity. In addition, they play a key role in absorbing excessive nutrients from land-based activities, before they enter the waters of the bay proper, thereby helping to prevent eutrophication in the bay. Finally, the wetlands play a key role in flood management and coastal protection which will become of increasing significance to coastal cities as sea levels continue to rise as a result of global warming. Since the 1950s, the coastal wetlands around Jiaozhou Bay have been severely impacted by human activities, notably in relation to excessive pollution generation; it is estimated since 1950 that the wetland area has shrunk by 30%. Moreover, the area of natural wetlands has decreased with artificial wetlands such as salt and aquaculture ponds doubling in area. These observations indicate that effective upstream environmental and water resources management (reducing pollution loads, preserving river regimes) together with effective coastal zone management zoning is required to reduce further wetlands loss and degradation, and thereby ensuring the preservation of the Jiaozhou Bay environment.
Impact Improved water quality in the Jiaozhou Bay area

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Improved condition of water resources and environment in Jiaozhou City and the downstream wetlands area
Progress Toward Outcome To be assessed at project completion.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Major river courses rehabilitated/upgraded

Flood retention facilities improved

Urban storm drainage network installed/upgraded

Urban wastewater drainage network upgraded

Shaohai Lake and Jiaozhou Bay ecosystem protection measures developed

Water resources and flood management strengthened in Jiaozhou

Environmental management and pollution control strengthened in Jiaozhou

Project management support provided

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

(i) Component 1: Improving water resources and flood management. Erli River retention facility rehabilitation was completed. Yunxi River, Hucheng River, and Wushui River rehabilitation (15.4 kilometers [km]) will be fully completed by 30 September 2016. Hucheng River branch rehabilitation (1.7 km) will be completed during September 2016 January 2017. Construction of 11.4 km urban storm water drainage network was completed.

(ii) Component 2: Strengthening wastewater management and pollution control. Construction of 15.9 km urban interceptor sewer and 11.8 km additional trunk sewer was completed.

(iii) Component 3: Improving integrated water and ecosystem management. An integrated information system for flood, water, and wastewater management will be developed. Participation of local communities and surrounding industries in the environmental management and pollution control will be strengthened; waste water services in Jiaozhou City will be corporatized and strengthened, and wastewater tariff reform will be conducted; and the environmental monitoring plan is being/will be further enforced. Artificial wetlands were constructed and habitats were enhanced in Shaohai Lake, and the monitoring of Shaohai Lake will be strengthened. The strategic environmental assessment for Jiaozhou Bay has been developed.

Geographical Location Qingdao Municipality Government (QMG) and Jiaozhou City Government (JCG)

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations have been held with government agencies, including National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Qingdao Development and Reform Commission, and Qingdao Finance Bureau. Various meetings have been held with senior representatives (Vice Mayor) of JCG, and relevant Jiaozhou government agencies. The poverty and social assessment (PSA) utilized a number of participation processes to solicit the input of a cross section of stakeholders. Stakeholder analysis was conducted during the PSA. Various methods and approaches have been conducted, including 400 households sampling socioeconomic survey, stakeholder consultation meetings and workshops, 8 focus group discussion, and 28 key informant interviews. The main stakeholder groups include women, poor, enterprise owner, and local decision makers including relevant government agencies at county/committee levels, project management office, project implementation agencies, and private sector. Formulation of the Short Resettlement Plan has utilized separate socio-economic surveys, community meetings, opinion surveys, and specific impact studies in May 2008.
During Project Implementation

Public consultation and participation, which have been key elements of the project design, will continue during project implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. Ongoing consultations also will be carried out by the PMO to (i) meet the evolving needs and expectations of the users, (ii) increase the awareness of the public about the benefits of the

Project, (iii) encourage the active involvement of local communities to maximize their support for the Project, (iv) promote environmental protection, and (v) raise the social acceptance of tariff increases.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services About 31 person-months of international consulting and 100 person-months of national consulting, to be funded under the Project, will be required for project management support and implementation of non-structural measures. Consulting services will be provided in the following specific areas: (i) development of an integrated information system for management of drainage and wastewater assets in Jiaozhou, (ii) ecological upgrading of the Shaohai Lake wetlands, (iii) construction supervision and quality control, (iv) financial management and corporate governance, and (v) operation and maintenance improvements. The international consultants will also provide training and capacity building in wastewater management and treatment planning, industrial pollution control, hydrological and hydraulic analysis, storm water source control financial management, and environmental monitoring and management. Contract for consulting services will be awarded to consulting firms using the quality-and cost-based selection procedures (80:20), in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement of goods and works shall be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). Contracts for goods estimated to exceed $1.0 million and contracts for works estimated to exceed $10.0 million shall be procured using international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost equal or less than the above ICB values but more than $100,000 shall be procured through national competitive bidding procedures in accordance with the PRC Tendering and Bidding Law (1999), subject to modifications agreed with ADB. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost $100,000 or less shall be procured using shopping procedures. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy (1998 as amended to date) will be included in all procurement documents and contracts.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Osti, Rabindra P.
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Jiaozhou City Government
Jiaozhou Development and Reform Bureau
The 7th Floor, City Administration Bldg,
Beijing Road, New Town District

Timetable

Concept Clearance 24 Jul 2008
Fact Finding 28 Jul 2008 to 02 Aug 2008
MRM 29 Aug 2008
Approval 17 Dec 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 19 Feb 2008
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2016

Loan 2494-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Dec 2008 25 May 2009 03 Sep 2009 30 Sep 2014 31 Mar 2017 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 105.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.00 17 Dec 2008 43.30 0.00 96%
Counterpart 60.80 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Dec 2008 45.00 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory

TA 7219-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Dec 2008 27 Jan 2009 27 Jan 2009 31 Jul 2010 30 Sep 2012 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
350,000.00 400,000.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 17 Dec 2008 697,805.25
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: External Resettlement Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: External Resettlement Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Aug 2016
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Addendum Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans May 2016
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2015
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Updated Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2015
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-December 2013) Environmental Monitoring Reports Mar 2014
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-December 2012) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2013
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January 2011-January 2012) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2012
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (December 2010-January 2011) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project Resettlement Plans Mar 2010
PRC: Qingdao Water Resources and Wetland Protection Project: Updated Resettlement Plan (Chinese) Resettlement Plans Mar 2010

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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