The Asian Development Bank is working with Bhutan to support vocational training programs. The project is addressing an acute shortage of trained personnel at all skill levels and improving the efficiency and productivity of public and private agencies.
|Project Name||Rural Skills Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change|
|Sector / Subsector||
Education - Education sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The goal of the proposed JFPR Project is to improve the living standard of rural Bhutanese. Rural population with improved living standard will have better nutrition and health conditions, better productivity which gains large returns. These goals will be achieved by an increase in net income, with increased net income, rural Bhutanese will have financial capacity to spend more money on essential goods and services, or to invest their savings into better lifestyle and productivity. The Project aims to (i) minimize household and village expenditures, and (ii) increase earning opportunities. The Project will (i) develop a new training program, Geog Skills Development Program (GSDP), for rural areas focusing more on construction and some essential skills; (ii) train trainers; (iii) provide GSDP in geogs (groups of villages) during off-farm seasons; and (iv) computerize graduates registration system. The training programs will be implemented on a pilot basis in 25 geogs in 3 dzongkhags (districts) during the Project, to establish a systematic approach to skills development in rural areas. The Government will replicate the approach in the remaining 175 geogs after the Project.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The project objective is in line with ADB's country strategy and program (CSP) for Bhutan, which aims at poverty reduction through economic diversification as an overarching goal. The CSP puts emphasis on ADB?s loan assistance in core sectors, which are (i) transport; (ii) power, including rural electrification; (iii) urban development; and (iv) financial and private sector development. The Project supports the core sectors by means of skills development in rural areas, which provides the rural population with opportunities to participate in the development and operation activities of the core sectors during the off-farm seasons.
The recent CSP 2006-2010 for Bhutan (ADB, September 2005) identified dearth of employment opportunities outside of subsistence agriculture, especially during the off-farm period, as still one of the key causes of rural poverty. Poverty reduction is the main theme of the next 5-year plan of the Government, namely the Tenth Five Year Plan. The Project fully addresses the key causes of rural poverty and supports the forthcoming Tenth Five Year Plan.
|Impact||Contribution to mitigating the degree of poverty in rural Bhutan through diversification of income opportunities, increased employment opportunities, and better housing standard.|
|Description of Outcome||Increased net income of trained villagers through cost savings and diversified income opportunities.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Overall, the Project was found effective in achieving its objective of increasing the net income among poor villages in pilot gewogs through the use of basic modern construction skills. Direct beneficiaries of the Project were 842 villagers (225% of the original target) of which 34.4% were women and mostly between the age 18 - 37. A total of 66 toilets (88% of the target) in 8 gewogs in 3 target districts were completed without any additional costs, signifying that the Project was very cost efficient.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
30 trainers recruited from the graduates of ADB-financed vocational training institutes.
5 School children's hostels or equivalent structures constructed by on-the-job training program of GSDP.
Majority of villagers in pilot geogs aware of availability of trained persons in their villages.
All graduates of GSDP have higher awareness of environmental consideration and occupational safety.
At least 10% households in pilot geogs received GSDP.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Project is completed.
Under Component A: (i) GSDP curriculum, training manuals, and textbooks have been developed and delivered to each pilot gewog; (ii) 30 trainers were recruited and trained at the outset of the Project (16 trainers have been employed on completion of training, 12 trainers have been recruited by the Ministry of Education as trainers for the new school-based vocational skills education, 4 others have been employed by other government agencies and corporation. The Project provider trainers' employment opportunities and contributed to creating a cadre of trainers that can be utilized for other vocational skills training programs); (iii) of the target 375 trainees, 842 villagers completed stages 1&2 training, while 282 trainees completed stage 3 training (OJT through hostel construction); (iv) 25 gewog centers were used for GSDP training; (v) registration database of all trainees has been developed; (vi) of the target 75 toilets for construction as part of training, 66 were constructed, and (vii) a total of 8 school hostels out of the target of 5 were completed by project end.
Under Component B: (i) procurement of training materials has been completed; (ii) identification of project sites followed consultative processes; (iii) importance of environmental protection had been institutionalized during training; (iv) requisite occupational health and safety plan and workshops have been prepared and completed; and (v) rigorous impact evaluation study had been completed.
|Geographical Location||25 geogs (groups of villages) in 3 dzongkhags (districts) in Bhutan|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||No major environment issues were envisaged in the Project.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No major social issues were envisaged in the Project.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No major social issues were envisaged in the Project.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The Project was developed in close consultation with the beneficiaries as well as Japan International Cooperation Agency who provided their volunteers to help implement the Project.|
|During Project Implementation||All training will be designed in close consultation with each of the 25 geogs. The geogs will be continually consulted to gauge their interest, concerns, suggestions, and commitment, and to ensure project ownership and involvement in skills development. The Project will follow the existing participatory decision-making procedure, as spelled out in the 2004 Manual for the Implementation of Geog Yargay Tshogchhung (GYT, Development Committee) Charthrim (Act). In extensive consultation with its constituency, the GYT in each pilot geog will select (i) trainees, and (ii) types of additional training in a geog.|
|Consulting Services||An architect/project management specialist (international) and a training management specialist (national) will be recruited as individual consultants by ADB in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants to provide services for implementing, managing, and monitoring progress of the JFPR grant. A household survey specialist (national) and an environment specialist (national) will be contracted as individual consultants by the PMU in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Van Dael, Rudi Louis Hendrikus|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Human and Social Development Division, SARD|
Ministry of Labour and Human Resources
Mr. Nidup Tshering
Department of Human Resources, Thongsel Lam, P.O. Box 835, Thimphu
|Concept Clearance||05 Jun 2006|
|Fact Finding||13 Jul 2006 to 27 Jul 2006|
|Approval||15 Jan 2007|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||31 Jan 2007|
|Last PDS Update||24 Aug 2011|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|15 Jan 2007||27 Feb 2007||27 Feb 2007||31 Dec 2010||-||31 Jul 2012|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1.99||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||15 Jan 2007||0.00||1.87||94%|
|Cofinancing||1.99||15 Jan 2007||0.00||1.87||94%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Rural Skills Development Project||Grant Implementation Manuals||May 2007|
|Rural Skills Development Project (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction)||Grant Assistance Reports||Dec 2006|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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Promoting Vocational Training in BhutanExpanded vocational training fills a yawning gap in indigenous skills, so that vulnerable people can earn the expertise to keep pace with Bhutan's fast-growing economy.