ADB is helping Viet Nam provide farmers with reliable irrigation services to boost yields, rural income, and food security in Thanh Hoa province. The project will build and upgrade about 58 kilometers of main canals and lower order canal distribution systems to supply existing pumped irrigation schemes, which draw water from the Chu and Ma rivers. It will also improve management of irrigation systems.
|Project Name||Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project is part of a wider government investment to deliver water from the Cua Dat reservoir to the command area. It will finance the construction and upgrading of about 58 km of main canals (the north and south main canals of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System--NCSMRIS) and lower order canal distribution systems to supply existing pumped irrigation schemes which presently draw water from the Chu and Ma rivers. It will also to develop presently rainfed areas to serve an irrigation service area of about 23,900 hectares. The project will support capacity building of the irrigation management companies and water user associations to improve operation and management (O&M) of the irrigation system, and provide extension services to farmers. The project will benefit about 120,000 farm families. The government has agreed to comply with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement for the whole investment program to strengthen the application of social and environmental safeguard procedures.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System (NCSMRIS) will provide farmers with reliable irrigation services, increasing agricultural productivity and the incomes of the rural poor, to enhance food security within the irrigation command area. Situated within Thanh Hoa Province in North Central Vietnam, the NCSMISP command area is presently served by one large and many small pumped schemes, drawing water from the Chu and Ma Rivers. With the recent completion of the Cua Dat reservoir and multi-purpose project, these pumped schemes will be converted to gravity irrigation supplied from the reservoir. The government's investment program, of which the project is part, will develop new main and distribution canals rehabilitate existing irrigation and drainage facilities, improve water management, enhance operation and maintenance (O&M), and mitigate the effects of climate change. The government's NCSMRIS investment program covers an overall service area of 31,100 ha.|
|Impact||Improved water and land productivity of irrigated cropping systems within the NCSMRIS|
|Description of Outcome||NCSMRIS provides effective and timely irrigation services|
|Progress Toward Outcome||All 30 civil works contracts have been awarded. A total of 8 contracts completed in Q1 2017; 13 in Q2, 2 in Q3 and 7 in Q4 2017.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Improved water resources management, delivery of irrigation services and irrigation system O&M
2. Improved irrigation infrastructure
3. Improved access to and use of rural support services, agricultural inputs and information
4. Effective project management
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Output 1: Consultants mobilized to train and enhance capacity of irrigation management companies to prepare business plans (A.2.1) and support water user groups in rural development (A.4.1)
Output 2: The Main Canal, km 5 - 16.5 was completed in 2016. Construction of the new north and south main canals comprising of 30 packages is ongoing of which 8 were completed in Q1 2017; 13 in Q2, 2 in Q3 and 7 in Q4.
Output 3: The consultants have been mobilized to support agricultural extension services (C.1.1 - training on improved rural support services; C.2.1 - implementation and support for irrigation pilot site for maize).
Output 4: Project implementation consultants provide technical support for project management, implementation and monitoring. A training plan in also in in place for staff involved in project management and implementation.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||Principal issues identified in the initial environmental examination were the scale of land acquisition and displacement of affected households for main canal infrastructure, and the need to relocate about 157 graves. Inter-commune and district roads will be severed, requiring new bridges, and some 46 ha of forest land will cleared and an equivalent area of forest will be established within the vicinity. During construction, air and water pollution, soil erosion, and traffic congestion will need to be managed through strict control of construction contracts; the health and safety of construction workers and the community must also be addressed. Post-construction impacts include potential increases in agricultural waste, fertilizer, and pesticide residues. The Cua Dat reservoir will implement operational rules to ensure that minimum water flows are maintained to address salinity concerns within the river delta while ensuring adequate irrigation water supplies. An environmental management plan has been prepared for the NCSMRIS investment program to mitigate and monitor these potential impacts.|
The government has prepared (i) a resettlement framework for the entire NCSMRIS investment, (ii) a resettlement plan for the government-financed main canal, and (iii) a resettlement plan for the north and south main canal construction, which have been approved by government, endorsed by ADB and posted on the ADB website. Loan-financed consultants will prepare resettlement plans for the remaining works (such as lower-order canals) in accordance with the resettlement framework upon completion of detailed designs. ADB will finance resettlement allowances for the project, and the government has agreed to finance all remaining land acquisition and resettlement costs. District-level resettlement units have been established by the provincial people's committee to undertake resettlement work, as described in the resettlement framework. The project will engage an independent resettlement monitor. A due diligence study of resettlement activities on the main canal (initiated in December 2010) has been prepared and the government has agreed with the corrective action plan.
Under the NCSMRIS investment program, a total of approximately 5,218 households will be affected as a result of land acquisition or resettlement associated with construction of the main, north main, south main, and lower-order canals, based on social surveys and initial
engineering designs. Of these, 1,343 households are considered vulnerable (about 381 are headed by women), and 3,043 households are considered severely affected, losing more than 10% of their total landholding, and 439 are ethnic minority households.
Within the project area (phase 2 of the NCSMRIS investment program), approximately 3,856 households will be affected, including 945 vulnerable and 2,426 severely affected households.
|Indigenous Peoples||The project directly and indirectly affects the customary rights of use, access to land and natural resources, and livelihood systems of ethnic people in project communes. Of the 119,495 households benefited by the project, 11,448 households comprise Thai and Muong ethnic minorities. There is broad ethnic minority community support for the project, as documented in meetings with communities during project preparation. An indigenous peoples plan (locally termed an ethnic peoples development plan) has been prepared covering the entire NCSMRIS investment program to address ethnic minority impacts of the investments.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholders participated in the investment program preparation, including: (i) public consultation workshops to present/discuss development issues, project identification/priority criteria, feasibility study recommendations; (ii) focus group discussions; (iii) meetings with government officials (central and provincial and district levels); and (iv) questionnaire-based surveys.|
|During Project Implementation||
The updated public information brochures (PIBs) have been distributed to AHs. AHs were consulted on the updated compensation in the updated resettlement plans. Income generation strategy for severely affected households and relocation options will also be discussed with AHs and local authorities during the public consultations meetings.
During construction, subproject designs were revised based on actual geological conditions to ensure safety of the local community and the commuters.
Quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method is applied for selecting and engaging consultants for project management, and construction supervision and policy, training, and capacity buidling preparation and implementation.
Other selection methods applied are: (i) consultant qualification selection (CQS); (ii) individual consultant selection (ICS); (iii) fixed budget selection (FBS); and (iv) least cost selection.
|Procurement||The ceiling for NCB for civil works is at $5 million, although NCB packages larger than $2 million will require pre-award review by ADB. The limit for NCB for goods and services will be $500,000. ICB will be the preferred contracting arrangement for new canal construction, with optimal packages sized to attract suitably qualified bidders and to facilitate contract management and project supervision. NCB will be used for rehabilitation works.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Matsuda, Hideki|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD|
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Central Project Office_(CPO)
23 Hang Tre St.
Hanoi, Viet Nam
|Concept Clearance||07 Jul 2011|
|Fact Finding||07 Jul 2011 to 22 Jul 2011|
|MRM||18 Oct 2011|
|Approval||12 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|12 Dec 2011||09 Mar 2012||10 Jul 2012||31 Dec 2017||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||143.05||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||110.00||12 Dec 2011||82.39||0.00||84%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||12 Dec 2011||69.72||0.00||71%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jul 2016|
|Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Development of Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project||Loan Agreement (Special Operations)||Mar 2012|
|Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project||Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies||Nov 2011|
|Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Gender Action Plans||Gender Action Plans||Nov 2011|
|Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2011|
|Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Oct 2011|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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