The Asian Development Bank is helping Viet Nam strengthen sustainable management of biodiversity conservation corridors in the Greater Mekong Subregion. The project is funding ecosystem infrastructure and services, community management, and livelihood development in communities in Quang Nam, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue. The additional finance supports habitat restoration for endangered species.
|Project Name||Greater Mekong Subregion Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project (Additional Financing)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources / Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The grant is an additional financing to the ongoing loan of Biodiversity Conservation Corridors (BCC) Project, to be funded under the Global Environment Facility (GEF). It is expected to address the ongoing fragmentation of the forest landscape and its ability to provide critical ecosystem services such as carbon storage, sustainable biodiversity and local livelihoods.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Greater Annamite eco-region has been recognized as a priority landscape for its outstanding global biological value, high level of threat and great need for conservation action. The Central sub-region of the Greater Annamite region, which is known locally in Viet Nam as the Trung Truong Son landscape, extends from Lao PDR in the West into central Viet Nam, and is an area that existed as continual forest despite the previous climatic fluctuations. This has encouraged high degrees of speciation and endemism. A significant number of species of global importance, including the critically endangered grey-shanked douc langur (Pygathrix nemaeus cinerea), black-crowned barwing (Actinodura sodangorum) and the conifer Amentotaxus poilanei are known only within the Trung Truong Son Landscape.
Protecting of and maintaining as much as possible the remaining natural forests and restoring and expanding habitats is considered essential to conserve the remaining rich and globally important biodiversity in the region. Within the Trung Truong Son landscape most of the natural forests remains within the protected areas (PAs) and their immediate surroundings, which are also under serious threat from the expanding economy. The Additional Financing will, therefore, target critical gaps in the protection, management and restoration of eight protected areas and the forest and agricultural landscapes in between with the intent of maintaining and consolidating the biological and ecological viability and vitality of the Trung Truong Son landscape. In particular, the Additional Financing will link the protected areas and their buffer zones and intervening biological corridors as an effective and extensive large landscape that continues to protect and maintain the rich biodiversity, ecosystem services, watershed process, enhance carbon stocks and strengthen climate resilience at the landscape level.
Climate resilient sustainable forest ecosystems in the Central Annamites benefiting local livelihoods and downstream users
|Description of Outcome||
Biodiversity conservation corridors established in Quang Nam, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien Hue with enabling policy, regulatory framework and management regimes
Sustainably managed biodiversity conservation landscapes in Quang Nam, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien Hue with enabling policy, regulatory framework and management regimes
|Progress Toward Outcome||Too early to assess|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Institutions and communities strengthened in biodiversity corridor management
Institutions and communities strengthened in conservation of the Central Annamite landscape
2. Biodiversity corridors restored, and ecosystem services protected and maintained
Biodiversity conservation landscape managed with ecosystem services protected and maintained
3. Livelihoods improved and small-scale infrastructure support provided in target communes
Livelihoods improved, small-scale infrastructure support provided and financial sustainability obtained in target villages with reduced greenhouse gas emissions
4. Project management and support services provided
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1a. 4 year delay. Mapping is underway. Final figures will be updated when provincial pilot plans for establishment and management of provincial biodiversity corridors are approved by PPCs.
1b. PLUPs completed in 2015 and final results approved in 2016. CIPs prepared for 35 communes in 2015 and final CIPs approved in 2016 and 2017.
1c. 03 year delay. Revised total number of villages is now 37 instead of 40, and 32/37 CFM boards established (13 villages in TTH, 9 villages in QN, 10 villages in QT). The remaining 5 expected within Q2/2018. By Q3 2018, LUC expected to be issued to 13,997.94ha (i/o target of 10,000ha) of community forest.
1d. 03 year delay. LUC is just now being done for households. Figure of 2,000 LUCs may be changed. Forest planting achieved for 4,330.8 ha vs 4,517.1 ha agreed in AM of April 2018 Mission (vs 6,000ha of DMF target). Underachievement is due to (i) maximum forest areas identified for plantation in TTH, (ii) low interest of local residents to participate in the project in Quang Tri due to long delay of the activities; and (iii) short remaining time of project.
1e. Achieved (11,211 trainees) with 42% of trainees are female, 85% from ethnic minorities.
1f. To date, 25,7% of CFM committee members in 32 established boards are women (18,8 in QN, 32,7% in TTH, 20% in QT).
1g: No new PA established due to unavailability of an eligible one (Ho Chi Minh Legend Trail PA in Quang Tri would not be established following the final decision of Quang Tri PPC).
1h: One new PAMB will be established: (i) HCM Legend Trail PA could not be established, and (ii) Ngoc Linh PAMB is in process to be established.
1i: There will be seven PAs under GEF support, i/o eight at design. Training is being provided.
2a. To date, total CFM area is 13,997.94ha, including an increase of 3,188.5ha in Nam Giang (854,82 ha in Ngoi village is compensated for reduction of 854.82ha in Tay Giang of Quang Nam as agreed in AM of April 2018 Mission and 2,333.7ha is additional area). Finalization and approval of community forest management plans are expected in Q3 2018. Demarcation completion is expected in Q4 2018.
2b. Patrolling has been implemented since 2013. However, the objective and scope of this activitiy was changed since MTR in 2014. At the moment, it's expected to start patrolling activities in Q3/2018.
2c. Implementation is expected to start from Q3/ 2018 when land use certification is completed.
2d: Not yet due. Gender target will be monitored.
2e: O&M plans for seven PAs are being developed (Ho Chi Minh Legend Trail was removed from the project).
2f: Three priority species were identified for three provinces. Management and Conservation plans are being developed.
3a. Fully achieved. As of 30 June 2018, 1,110 households (362 hhs in QN, 477 hhs in QT, 271 hhs in TTH) received support.
3b. Fully achieved. To date, areas for forest-based livelihood plantations at 3 provinces are 1,332.6 hectares (349.7ha in QT, 550ha in TTH, 432.9ha in QN).
3c. Done. To date, all 35 CDFs are still operating well. 1,560 hhs were accessed to the loan. Most of people received loan from CDFs are women and ethnic minorities (QT: women are 100%, ethnic minorities are 93%; TTH: women are 69% and ethnic minorities are 85%). However, MOF instructed CDFs, seed capital with interests, to be returned to the government budget after the project is completion in Sep 2019.
3d. Complied with 42% of female members
3e. On track. 77 SSI subprojects proposed in 3 provinces, of which 41 completed and handed over to communities (23 in Quang Nam, 14 in Quang Tri and 4 in TTH).
3f: On going: 40 Village Conservation Plans are being developed for conducting conservation activities and benefit sharing.
3g: Will be assessed and updated by end of 2018.
3h: Delayed. Consultant being recruited. The correct pilot SFM/REDD+ area should be 2,000ha i/o 20,000ha as in the GEF document. This was likely an error inputted during GEF designing stage. An area of 2,000ha has been selected in Quang Nam province for this purpose.
3i: Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV) system not yet developed. Consultant being recruited.
4a. Completed timely for CPMU and PPMUs. PAMBs operational for seven existing PAs. (HCM Legend Trail will not be established).
4b. Completed for loan project.
4c. Achieved for overall project. First tranche of loan received in imprest accounts since November 2012. Initial advance for GEF achieved in Q3 2016.
4d. Completed in 2015 for BCC loan project.
4e. On going, achieved with some insignificant delays.
4f. Completed. Project Performance and Monitoring System incorporated indicators of both BCC and BCC-GEF projects.
4g. On going.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Additional Financing will generate overwhelmingly positive environmental impacts. Biodiversity conservation in the protected areas and their buffer zones is of global significance and the Additional Financing will support conservation of several critically endangered species through the conservation and restoration of habitats essential to their survival. Some of the Additional Financing activities may have a potential for generating localized, manageable negative environmental impacts, including the buffer zone sustainable forestry activities, and the support to livelihoods development and improvement. Identification and design of all of these activities will be finalized during implementation. All Additional Financing activities that will be defined during implementation will be subject to review for environmental impact during the planning stage and further if and as required during detailed design, implementation and operation. The design, location and other characteristics of the project activities will be amended to minimize any negative environmental impact.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Among seven sub-components of the Additional Financing, one activity of sub-component 1.1 establishment of one new protected area (Ngoc Linh) could have minor potential impact as it might trigger restriction of land use or restriction of access to natural resources. However this can be mitigated as livelihoods of ethnic minority people/population in the area are no longer subject to the natural resources on account of the National Program of settled cultivation and resettlement for ethnic minority people.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Additional Financing aims at providing incentives, funding, and technical assistance enabling local people to sustainably utilize forest and other natural resources, improve livelihood alternative income opportunities, grow trees of their choice in their homestead plantations and community forests for subsistence needs as well as for fuel wood consumption and construction and use. No negative changes are anticipated in the ethnic minorities' farming and livelihood system or their cultural practice and ancestral domains.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Project stakeholders consist of poor upland farmers, ethnic minorities, and women who are largely dependent on the forest ecosystem. Their participation in project design was ensured by conducting community consultations and focus group discussions to identify appropriate livelihoods, community-infrastructure, and areas for forest management. Interviews with key informants such as village heads, leaders of ethnic minorities, and civil society organizations knowledgeable of the project areas have beeen conducted to tailor project interventions according to the unique needs of farmers, ethnic minorities, and women. Consultations, focus group discussions, and key informant interviewing have also been used to help minimize negative impacts and identify effective mitigating measure should the impacts be encountered. Results of socio-economic surveys done at the community level with household heads as the respondents were used to shape the project design.|
|During Project Implementation||Project activities in the protected areas and buffer zones will be defined through a participatory village planning process to ensure ownership and sustainability. Central to the process is the involvement of the Protected Area Management Boards, households, and vulenerable segments of the community such as the poor, women, and ethnic minorities. Together, they will (i) assess the key environmental, social, and economic threats to the protection of biodiversity in their localities; (ii) discuss the relation between community activity and biodiversity degradation; and (iii) build an understanding of the linkages between biodiversity conservation and the potential for improving individual and community livelihood outcomes. The process culminates into a village conservation plan featuring prioritized project interventions for sustainable forest management and use and livelihood improvement linked to conservation outcomes; outlining responsibilities and commitments of each stakeholder and a framework for monitoring their commitments; and a plan for meeting the technical support and capacity development needs of the community in achieving their targets.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Huong Thi Lan Khuc|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Viet Nam Resident Mission|
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
Department of Water Resources Management
68 Bui Thi Xuan Str., Hai Ba Trung
District, Hanoi, Viet Nam
|Concept Clearance||21 Oct 2014|
|Fact Finding||22 Apr 2014 to 04 May 2014|
|MRM||28 Nov 2014|
|Approval||24 Jun 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Sep 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|24 Jun 2015||04 Sep 2015||23 Feb 2016||30 Sep 2019||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||4.54||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||24 Jun 2015||0.00||1.36||36%|
|Cofinancing||3.79||24 Jun 2015||0.00||1.71||45%|
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Accounting Assistant (BCC GEF)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||17 Mar 2018||23 Mar 2018|
|Species Specialist in Quang Tri (National)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Mar 2018||25 Mar 2018|
|Species Specialist in Quang Nam (National)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Mar 2018||25 Mar 2018|
|Species Specialist in Thua Thien Hue (National)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Mar 2018||25 Mar 2018|
|Assistant Accountant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||08 Mar 2018||17 Mar 2018|
|PAMBs Protected area planning and Community participation facilitators||Individual - Consulting||Closed||10 Aug 2017||19 Aug 2017|
|Protected Area Institutional Specialists (National)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||05 Aug 2017||15 Aug 2017|
|Biodiversity and Protected Area Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||04 Aug 2017||10 Aug 2017|
|Investment Planning for the Proposed Ngoc Linh Nature Reserve||Firm - Consulting||Closed||13 Jul 2017||23 Jul 2017|
|SFM/REDD+ and MRV development||Firm - Consulting||Closed||12 Jul 2017||10 Aug 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|EMO AUDIT SPECIES SPECIALIST CQS NGOC LINH||Grant 0433||01 Oct 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS VIET NAM SOC REP OF||Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment||Consulting Services||174,819.00||—|
|Biodiversity And Protected Area Management||Grant 0433||23 Jun 2017||Green Field Consulting And Development Ltd||Suite 705 14 Tran Hung Dao Phan Chu Tr Inh Hoan Kiem Ha Noi Viet Nam Soc Rep Of||Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment||503,927.00||—|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Greater Mekong Subregion Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project (Additional Financing): Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jul 2019|