The RETA will promote increased incorporation of Gender and Governance design features within ADB loans. Its outcome will be to identify sustainable strategies and mechanisms to increase women's participation in decentralized decision making processes and structures. The proposed TA will help: (i) stregthen policy and legal regulatory frameworks that support women's participation in decentralized decision making processess and structures (ii) assess the range and potential impact of ongoing and emerging gender reponsive budget initiatives (iii) develop mechanisms for interface among female representatives, and national women's organizations for lobbying and advocacy (iv) support the capacity of women elected nominated representative to perform their roles and responsibilities in local governments. Countries covered under the TA may include: CAM, NEP, INO and PAK.
|Project Name||Gender-Responsive Decentralized Governance in Asia|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Regional integration
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Public sector management / Decentralization
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The RETA will promote increased incorporation of Gender and Governance design features within ADB loans. Its outcome will be to identify sustainable strategies and mechanisms to increase women's participation in decentralized decision making processes and structures. The proposed TA will help: (i) stregthen policy and legal regulatory frameworks that support women's participation in decentralized decision making processess and structures (ii) assess the range and potential impact of ongoing and emerging gender reponsive budget initiatives (iii) develop mechanisms for interface among female representatives, and national women's organizations for lobbying and advocacy (iv) support the capacity of women elected nominated representative to perform their roles and responsibilities in local governments. Countries covered under the TA may include: CAM, NEP, INO and PAK. The good practice outputs of the TA would be put to immediate application in ongoing and upcoming ADB governance program loans such as the Commune Council Development project in CAM the Decentralization Support Program in PAK the governance Reform Program in NEP, and so on.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy|
|Impact||More transparent, gender-equitable, and socially inclusive governance at decentralized level in the participating countries.|
|Description of Outcome||DMC officials and ADB staff access lessons and good practices to improve the gender responsiveness of policy, planning, budgeting, and project design|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Technical Advisory Groups (chaired by Senior Officials from relevant Government agencies) have been established in each country to provide guidance and direction for overall RETA implementation to ensure national ownership and effectiveness. TAG representatives have attended all 3 RETA workshops (inception, mid-term and final) and endorsed their resepective Country Reports.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Actions to address inconsistencies and gaps in policy, legal, and intergovernmental fiscal frameworks submitted to relevant authorities
2. Gender-responsive budgeting initiatives in decentralized governance piloted
3. Capacity of selected women representatives and groups to effectively participate in local government enhanced
4. TA products endorsed by DMC and ADB and disseminated
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Policy Actions. The subproject conducted a situation analysis on how Cambodia and Nepal are currently addressing gender equality in policy, planning, and budgeting and decentralization policy and legal frameworks. It found that there are sufficient policies, laws, and regulations but successful implementation of national commitments to gender equality, especially at subnational level are hampered by low capacity and low resources, which needed to be addressed. Other key recommendations for Nepal included: quotas for the All Party Mechanism and monitoring of women's participation in decision making; simplifying gender responsive budgeting (GRB) indicators across government; continued development of sector GRB indicators; and strengthened gender responsiveness in the monitoring and evaluation of compliance mechanisms.
Gender Budgeting Pilots. A pilot GRB activity focused on education sector in Cambodia, housing infrastructure in Indonesia, and agricultural roads in Nepal. This resulted in building the capacity of local stakeholders to analyze the district budget with a gender lens, and enhanced women's awareness and participation in budget planning and decision-making processes.
Enhanced Capacity of Selected Women Representatives. In Cambodia, 70% of training participants were women. For Nepal, training was provided to 429 citizen forum executive members of Village Citizen Forums (VCF) and Ward Citizen Forums (WCF) (210 women and 219 men) and to 1134 ordinary members (594 women and 540 men). General orientation was provided to 2224 WCF members and other citizens (1144 women and 1080 men). Four advocacy training sessions were also provided to 113 participants from 46 CBOs/NGOs in Chitwan (90 women and 23 men).
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||An international NGO will be engaged under the Quality and Cost based Selection Method as a firm to undertake consulting services under this project, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the use of Consultants and the satisfactory procedures for engagement of national consultants. The implemetation team fielded by the internation NGO will be composed of: international experts (team leader and field coordinator, gender budgeting experts and research coordinator), and sub contracted National Research Institutes and Women's NGOs.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Hung, Samantha J.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDSC-TRA|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||27 Jul 2006|
|Fact Finding||27 May 2008 to 12 Jun 2008|
|Approval||10 Oct 2008|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||23 Oct 2008|
|Last PDS Update||06 Feb 2012|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|10 Oct 2008||-||10 Oct 2008||31 Dec 2010||28 Feb 2012||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||500,000.00||10 Oct 2008||431,346.85|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Gender-Responsive Decentralized Governance in Asia||TA Completion Reports||Aug 2013|
|Gender-Responsive Decentralized Governance in Asia: Final Report||Consultants' Reports||Mar 2013|
|Gender-Responsive Decentralized Governance in Asia: Administrative Report (January 2011-July 2011)||Consultants' Reports||Feb 2012|
|Gender-Responsive Decentralized Governance in Asia: Administrative Report (May 2009-December 2010)||Consultants' Reports||Dec 2010|
|Gender-Responsive Decentralized Governance in Asia||Technical Assistance Reports||Oct 2008|
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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