Afghanistan: Road Network Development Project I ( Bala Murghab to Leman)

Sovereign Project | 40333-022 Status: Active


ADB is helping Afghanistan complete the construction of the Ring Road highway, which loops the country and connects its cities. The project will build the 143 kilometer section from Bala Murghab to Leman. The new all-weather road will link northern Afghanistan with the country's western region. It will help cut travel times and transport costs.

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Project Name Road Network Development Project I ( Bala Murghab to Leman)
Project Number 40333-022
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0081-AFG: Road Network Development Project I ( Bala Murghab to Leman)
Concessional ordinary capital resources / Asian Development Fund US$ 176.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The Project will help complete the improvements to the national ring road by constructing a 143 km section from Laman to Bala Murghab.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Due to the terrain and the pattern of human settlement, road transport is the only technically and economically feasible mode of transport in many parts of Afghanistan. Since 2002, the international community has provided over $2 billion to improve and pave 96% of the regional road network (the Ring Road and links from it to the international borders) and 35% of the national road network (roads connecting provincial capitals). ADB has contributed $1 billion towards this objective. However, without the road from Bala Murghab to Laman, the Ring Road is unable to fully perform its intended role as the backbone of the national transportation system and principal conduit for national and international passenger and freight traffic. This is part of ADB's road infrastructure development strategy in Afghanistan, and the road is the remaining link to connect to western Afghanistan to major regional trade corridors.
Impact Increased domestic and international trade and personal travel.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Higher level of mobility and increase in freight volumes and passenger transport services.
Progress Toward Outcome The implementation of strategy and action plan to repackage and re-procure the works and resolve issues on implementation delays are ongoing. A consulting firm will be recruited to carry out the detailed design of Sections 3-6 while the civil works for these sections will be repackaged and retendered.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Construction of part of the last missing link of the regional Ring Road

2. Emergency and ancillary works on Andkhoy-Qaisar road completed.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Will be assessed after completion of road construction.

Work suspension and contract termination hindered timely achievement of targets/results.


Geographical Location North Western Afghanistan ( Bala Murghab to Leman)

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects Based on the initial environmental examination (IEE) conducted in accordance with ADB's Environmental Assessment Guidelines (2003) during preparation, the Project has been classified according to ADB's Environment Policy (2002) as category B. Given that civil works in the Project were procured under design-build contract as envisaged, an environment management plan (EMP) will be prepared during detailed engineering design of the road. The plan will define measures to mitigate the minimal short-term environmental impacts expected from related civil works and maintenance. Sufficient funding has been allocated for mitigating potential short-term impacts. MPW will monitor implementation of environmental management plans through its own staff and supervision consultants, and report to ADB on a quarterly basis. Potential long-term negative environmental impacts (including changes in land-use, emission levels, and natural resources usage) due to the Project will be addressed during implementation.
Involuntary Resettlement In accordance with ADB's Involuntary Resettlement Policy (1995), which was in effect at the time of project approval, MPW has prepared a draft resettlement plan for the strategically and economically important Bala Murghab Laman road, and disclosed this to persons that are likely to be affected, some of who have migrated into the area since then due to the continuing conflict in adjacent areas. The resettlement plan does not fully meet the requirements of ADB''s policy, partially due to incomplete data on affected persons, which was difficult to gather due to some security related restrictions in Bala Murghab area. Moreover, impacts cannot be fully ascertained until the final alignment of the road is established. This situation has arisen because construction works on the road have to be procured on a design-build basis to expedite completion. The design-build method allows contractors to undertake unobtrusive preconstruction works while detailed designs are prepared. Accordingly, as detailed engineering design progresses, MPW will gather specific socioeconomic data, update the resettlement plan, and take all actions sequentially outlined therein to ensure complete adherence to ADB's resettlement policy and national safeguard requirements. The updated resettlement plan will specify sections of the road where land acquisition and resettlement are required. ADB will work with MPW to ensure that (i) all compensation is paid before land acquisition and demolition of property occurs, and (ii) MPW's contracts with the design and construction firms contain specific clauses precluding commencement of physical works in sections with resettlement impacts until all key resettlement activities are completed. The supervision consultant's contracts will contain specific monitoring provisions, including (i) retaining resettlement specialists in the team, (ii) ensuring that contractors comply fully with the legal and policy requirements, and (iii) that the contractors' work programs are not approved unless schedules allow adequate time for resettlement activities to be completed. Adequate funds for land acquisition and resettlement are defined in the project budget.
Indigenous Peoples An assessment of impact of the Project on indigenous peoples has been performed in accordance with ADB's Policy on Indigenous Peoples (1998). It has been found that the there are no indigenous peoples in the project influence zone and that the Project in general will not have an impact on indigenous peoples. The Project is accordingly classified as category C.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design In order to ensure the extensive participation of all types of stakeholders during project preparation, discussions were held with persons in the areas, particularly those below the poverty level, project affected persons, and other beneficiaries, local bodies, and government departments through consultative workshops, meetings, focus-group discussions, and structured interviews. The Executing Agency (EA) undertook consultations with local officials, villagers, and other stakeholders that raised the level of awareness, built local support, and enabled affected people to voice opinions and suggestions for project design and implementation. Household census surveys were conducted where security threats were low. Participation, consultation, and information dissemination was incorporated at several levels during planning of the Project. To ensure that community support is obtained and that the Project supports the needs of the people, public consultations were carried out as an integral component of project preparation.
During Project Implementation Participation, consultation, and information dissemination was incorporated at several levels during implementation of the Project.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services Selection and engagement of consultants are in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time) using the quality-cost based selection (QBS) method.
Procurement All procurement activities are undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010), as amended from time to time, and as outlined in the procurement plan.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Tawisook, Witoon
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works
Abdul Qudus Hamidi
Ministry of Public Works, Kabul


Concept Clearance 02 May 2007
Fact Finding 07 May 2007 to 20 May 2007
MRM 06 Jun 2007
Approval 28 Sep 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 18 Jan 2008
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2016

Grant 0081-AFG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2007 06 Nov 2007 26 Nov 2007 30 Jun 2013 31 Dec 2020 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 180.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 176.00 28 Sep 2007 86.76 0.00 49%
Counterpart 4.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2007 79.24 0.00 45%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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