ADB is helping Viet Nam provide clean water and hygienic toilets to 350,000 people in six central coast provinces. Following a community-based approach, the project will construct piped water supply systems; build or rehabilitate hygienic toilets in homes, schools, and health centers; conduct hygiene awareness activities; and strengthen water supply management.
|Project Name||Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The project will increase access to water supply and sanitation, improving the health and quality of life of the rural population in six selected provinces in the central coastal region of Viet Nam. The project will support the government in implementing its Socioeconomic Development Plan, 2006-2010, including reducing poverty to 10%-11% of households by 2010. In so doing, it will help the government to achieve the Vietnamese Millennium Development Goals. The project will provide piped water and hygienic sanitation to about 350,000 people living in rural areas. The project has a strong poverty focus and its design is based on lessons from previous interventions in the sector. The implementation will follow a community-based approach and will focus on (i) improving hygienic behavior, (ii) strengthening operation and maintenance of the water supply works, and (iii) monitoring and evaluation of the outputs and impacts of rural water supply and sanitation investments.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||In 2006, about 46% of the rural population of Viet Nam had access to clean water, although at quantities barely sufficient to support their basic needs and not continuously throughout the year. About 83% of the population had latrines, but only 48% of these could be considered hygienic. About 37% of the rural population still practiced open defecation. In 2006, about 72% of public schools had latrines but only 12% of them were hygienic. Only 21% of commune health centers had latrines. Knowledge of individual sanitation was still poor. In 2006 only 2.3% of the rural population knew that hand washing with soap may prevent some communicable diseases, and only 13% of households and 11% of the students washed their hands with soap before meals and after urination or defecation. Better access to clean water and hygienic sanitation will improve public health. This in turn will reduce poverty by reducing medical expenses and productive days lost. In addition, the project will also reduce the burden on women and girls, who are traditionally tasked with water collection and caring for sick family members.|
|Impact||Improved health and living conditions for the rural population in the project provinces.|
|Description of Outcome||Access to clean water and hygienic sanitation for the rural population of selected communities in the project area.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Construction is on-going for first batch sub-projects. Second batch sub-projects have been selected and design is on-going.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Sustainable piped water supply systems.
household and public
3. Improved hygiene practices.
4. Strengthened sector planning and implementation capacity.
5. Improved project management capacity.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Construction on-going|
|Geographical Location||Six provinces of the central coastal region of Viet Nam: Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Binh Dinh|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The environmental classification of the Project is category B. Base on the results of the initial environmental examinations (IEE), the subprojects are unlikely to cause significant adverse environmental impacts since it is intended to improve the quality of environment and living standards of rural communities in the subproject areas. Some of the benefits include availability of house connected clean and reliable water supply for drinking and sanitation, minimized or eliminated flooding and stagnation of wastewater and improved personal sanitation. The potential adverse environmental impacts that are associated with design, construction and operation of the subprojects will be mostly of low magnitude and localized which could be readily mitigated through proper engineering design and implementation of mitigation and monitoring measures identified in the IEEs. An environmental assessment and review framework has been prepared for future subprojects.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||A central project management unit is established within the National Center for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation of MARD to coordinate project implementation. The provincial Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development have set up a provincial project management unit. The provincial Viet Nam women's unions is responsible for managing the revolving funds for sanitation improvement. At the commune level, water and sanitation commune committees are established and sanitation and health promoters identified to ensure community participation in project implementation and implement hygiene awareness activities.|
|Consulting Services||Services for Project Implementation Assistance have been procured.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||van Klaveren, Paulus B.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SERD|
Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (MARD)
C10 Nguyen Hong Street
Dong Ha, Hanoi Viet Nam
|Concept Clearance||20 Jul 2009|
|Fact Finding||13 Jul 2009 to 28 Jul 2009|
|MRM||27 Aug 2009|
|Approval||17 Dec 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||24 Jul 2009|
|Last PDS Update||29 Jul 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|17 Dec 2009||02 Feb 2010||02 Jun 2010||30 Jun 2017||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||50.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||45.00||17 Dec 2009||37.35||0.00||93%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||17 Dec 2009||36.15||0.00||90%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project||Procurement Plans||Aug 2012|
|Loan Agreement for Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project between Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and Asian Development Bank dated 2 February 2010||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Feb 2010|
|Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Nov 2009|
|Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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