||Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Loan 2609-VIE: Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project|
|Asian Development Fund
||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change
||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
- Urban sanitation
- Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Gender equity
||The project will increase access to water supply and sanitation, improving the health and quality of life of the rural population in six selected provinces in the central coastal region of Viet Nam. The project will support the government in implementing its Socioeconomic Development Plan, 2006-2010, including reducing poverty to 10%-11% of households by 2010. In so doing, it will help the government to achieve the Vietnamese Millennium Development Goals. The project will provide piped water and hygienic sanitation to about 350,000 people living in rural areas. The project has a strong poverty focus and its design is based on lessons from previous interventions in the sector. The implementation will follow a community-based approach and will focus on (i) improving hygienic behavior, (ii) strengthening operation and maintenance of the water supply works, and (iii) monitoring and evaluation of the outputs and impacts of rural water supply and sanitation investments.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||In 2006, about 46% of the rural population of Viet Nam had access to clean water, although at quantities barely sufficient to support their basic needs and not continuously throughout the year. About 83% of the population had latrines, but only 48% of these could be considered hygienic. About 37% of the rural population still practiced open defecation. In 2006, about 72% of public schools had latrines but only 12% of them were hygienic. Only 21% of commune health centers had latrines. Knowledge of individual sanitation was still poor. In 2006 only 2.3% of the rural population knew that hand washing with soap may prevent some communicable diseases, and only 13% of households and 11% of the students washed their hands with soap before meals and after urination or defecation. Better access to clean water and hygienic sanitation will improve public health. This in turn will reduce poverty by reducing medical expenses and productive days lost. In addition, the project will also reduce the burden on women and girls, who are traditionally tasked with water collection and caring for sick family members.
||Improved health and living conditions for the rural population in the project provinces.
|Description of Outcome
||Access to clean water and hygienic sanitation for the rural population of selected communities in the project area.
|Progress Toward Outcome
||Construction is on-going for first batch sub-projects. Second batch sub-projects have been selected and design is on-going.
|Description of Project Outputs
1. Sustainable piped water supply systems.
household and public
3. Improved hygiene practices.
4. Strengthened sector planning and implementation capacity.
5. Improved project management capacity.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
||Six provinces of the central coastal region of Viet Nam: Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Binh Dinh