fbpx 40364-013: Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project | Asian Development Bank

Viet Nam: Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 40364-013 Status: Closed

ADB is helping Viet Nam provide clean water and hygienic toilets to 350,000 people in six central coast provinces. Following a community-based approach, the project will construct piped water supply systems; build or rehabilitate hygienic toilets in homes, schools, and health centers; conduct hygiene awareness activities; and strengthen water supply management.

Project Details

Project Officer
Connett, Diana G. Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Viet Nam
Modality
  • Loan
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project Number 40364-013
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2609-VIE: Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 45.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The project will increase access to water supply and sanitation, improving the health and quality of life of the rural population in six selected provinces in the central coastal region of Viet Nam. The project will support the government in implementing its Socioeconomic Development Plan, 2006-2010, including reducing poverty to 10%-11% of households by 2010. In so doing, it will help the government to achieve the Vietnamese Millennium Development Goals. The project will provide piped water and hygienic sanitation to about 350,000 people living in rural areas. The project has a strong poverty focus and its design is based on lessons from previous interventions in the sector. The implementation will follow a community-based approach and will focus on (i) improving hygienic behavior, (ii) strengthening operation and maintenance of the water supply works, and (iii) monitoring and evaluation of the outputs and impacts of rural water supply and sanitation investments.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy In 2006, about 46% of the rural population of Viet Nam had access to clean water, although at quantities barely sufficient to support their basic needs and not continuously throughout the year. About 83% of the population had latrines, but only 48% of these could be considered hygienic. About 37% of the rural population still practiced open defecation. In 2006, about 72% of public schools had latrines but only 12% of them were hygienic. Only 21% of commune health centers had latrines. Knowledge of individual sanitation was still poor. In 2006 only 2.3% of the rural population knew that hand washing with soap may prevent some communicable diseases, and only 13% of households and 11% of the students washed their hands with soap before meals and after urination or defecation. Better access to clean water and hygienic sanitation will improve public health. This in turn will reduce poverty by reducing medical expenses and productive days lost. In addition, the project will also reduce the burden on women and girls, who are traditionally tasked with water collection and caring for sick family members.
Impact Improved health and living conditions for the rural population in the project provinces.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Access to clean water and hygienic sanitation for the rural population of selected communities in the project area.
Progress Toward Outcome The project is physically completed, including additional works utilizing loan savings. Project outcome has been achieved. Project Completion Report, currently under review, is anticipated to be finalized in 2018.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Sustainable piped water supply systems.

2. Improved

household and public

sanitation

3. Improved hygiene practices.

4. Strengthened sector planning and implementation capacity.

5. Improved project management capacity.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) All project outputs are complete.
Geographical Location Huyen Tay Giang, Tinh Binh Dinh, Tinh Ha Tinh, Tinh Nghe An, Tinh Quang Binh, Tinh Quang Nam, Tinh Thanh Hoa, Xa Dien Yen, Xa Tay Giang, Xa Tay Thuan, Xa Thach Bang, Xa Thach Kim, Xa Thanh Trach, Xa Tien Loc
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples A
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project was classified as category B for environment. Environmental assessments for all Batch 1 and 2 subprojects were undertaken in accordance with the environmental assessment and review framework (EARF). Safety, occupational health, and environmental measures were incorporated in all contracts. The project was implemented in accordance with all applicable domestic and ADB safeguards requirements, and the loan covenants for environmental safeguards were complied with. Contractors were initially slow to comply with requirements, but ongoing monitoring by ADB and the EA ensured compliance. Negative environmental impacts were short term, minor, and associated with construction activities. The required consents to establish and operate were obtained. Overall, the project has improved the environment and public health in the subproject areas. The objectives of the EARF and the EMP were fully realized, and there are no outstanding environmental safeguard issues.
Involuntary Resettlement The project was classified as category B for involuntary resettlement. Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plans were prepared for all subprojects and implemented in accordance with the ADB's policies. One exception was during initial implementation in four pilot subprojects. In Quang Nam, Nghe An, Thanh Hoa and Ha Tinh provinces, civil works were commenced while compensations to the affected households were made by PPMU based on the originally approved FS (rather than updated FS), resulting in a non-compliance. ADB instructed PPMUs to stop construction and suspended payments. Corrective actions were successful. The impacts on the project implementation were minor, however, the demonstration of leadership and commitment on safeguards compliance were an important outcome for the partners, beneficiaries, and ADB. After the plan's implementation, affected persons perceived improved economic activities and living conditions, and a higher quality of life. No pending involuntary resettlement issues remain and no complaints were received.
Indigenous Peoples The project was inappropriately classified as A for indigenous peoples and fully complied with the categorization. The Project's Ethnic Minority Development Framework (EMDF) required subproject plans where more than 50% of the population comprised of ethnic minorities; however, no subproject met this threshold.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation A central project management unit is established within the National Center for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation of MARD to coordinate project implementation. The provincial Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development have set up a provincial project management unit. The provincial Viet Nam women's unions is responsible for managing the revolving funds for sanitation improvement. At the commune level, water and sanitation commune committees are established and sanitation and health promoters identified to ensure community participation in project implementation and implement hygiene awareness activities.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Services for Project Implementation Assistance have been procured.
Responsible ADB Officer Connett, Diana G.
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (MARD)
C10 Nguyen Hong Street
Dong Ha, Hanoi Viet Nam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 20 Jul 2009
Fact Finding 13 Jul 2009 to 28 Jul 2009
MRM 27 Aug 2009
Approval 17 Dec 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Jul 2009
Last PDS Update 28 Mar 2018

Loan 2609-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Dec 2009 02 Feb 2010 02 Jun 2010 30 Jun 2017 - 09 May 2018
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 50.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.00 17 Dec 2009 36.87 0.00 98%
Counterpart 5.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Dec 2009 37.55 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thach Ha District, Ha Tinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thieu Hoa District, Thanh Hoa Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Yen Dinh District, Thanh Hoa Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Yen Thanh District, Nghe An Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Hoai Nhon District, Binh Dinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Le Thuy District, Quang Binh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dien Chau District, Nghe An Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Hau Loc District, Thanh Hoa Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Loc Ha District, Ha Tinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tay Son District, Binh Dinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tay Giang District, Quang Nam Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Bo Trach District, Quang Binh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thach Ha District, Ha Tinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tuyen Hoa District, Quang Binh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thieu Hoa District, Thanh Hoa Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Yen Dinh District, Thanh Hoa Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dien Chau District, Nghe An Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Yen Thanh District, Nghe An Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Hau Loc District, Thanh Hoa Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tay Son District, Binh Dinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Le Thuy District, Quang Binh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tay Giang District, Quang Nam Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Loc Ha District, Ha Tinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thanh Trach Commune - Bo Trach District, Quang Binh Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tay Giang, Tay Thuan Communes, Tay Son District, Binh Dinh Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thach Bang, Thach Kim and Thinh Loc Communes - Loc Ha District, Ha Tinh Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dien Yen Commune - Dien Chau District, Nghe An Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2016
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Water Supply and Sanitation of Dinh Long Dinh Lien Communes - Yen Dinh District, Thanh Hoa Province - Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Water Supply and Sanitation of Thach Bang-Thach Kim-Thinh Loc Communes, Loc Ha District, Ha Tinh Province - Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Binh Dinh Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Nghe An Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Quang Binh Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Quang Nam Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thanh Hoa Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Ha Tinh Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tay Giang District, Quang Nam Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Bo Trach District, Quang Binh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dien Chau District, Nghe An Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Loc Ha District, Ha Tinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tay Son District, Binh Dinh Province Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Hau Loc District, Thanh Hoa Province Safeguard Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Hoai Xuan, Hoai Huong, Hoai Hai and Hoai My Communes, Hoai Nhon District, Binh Dinh Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dien Phong, Dien Trung, and Dien Quang Communes - Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thieu Do Commune, Thieu Hoa District, Thanh Hoa Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dinh Long and Dinh Lien Communes, Yen Dinh District, Thanh Hoa Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Ngan Thuy and Son Thuy Communes and Le Ninh Farmtown, Le Thuy District, Quang Binh Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thach Kenh, Thach Lien, Viet Xuyen, Phu Viet Communes, Thach Ha District, Ha Tinh Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Tien Hoa, Chau Hoa and Van Hoa Communes, Tuyen Hoa District, Quang Binh Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Long Thanh, Khanh Thanh, Vihn Thanh and Trung Thanh Communes, Yen Thanh District, Nghe An Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2014
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Jan 2013
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Atieng Commune, Tay Giang District, Quang Nam Province - Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Resettlement Plans Nov 2009
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Resettlement Frameworks Sep 2009

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
Viet Nam: Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Oct 2019

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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