The investment program will construct to all-weather standard about 9,000 kilometers (km) of rural roads connecting around 4,200 habitations in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal. For the investments in physical infrastructure to be effective and sustainable, the investment program will also focus on improving institutional arrangements, business processes, and associated capacity building, especially in relation to design, operation, safeguards, finance, road safety, and asset management.
|Project Name||Rural Connectivity Investment Program (Facility Concept)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The investment program will construct to all-weather standard about 9,000 kilometers (km) of rural roads connecting around 4,200 habitations in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal. For the investments in physical infrastructure to be effective and sustainable, the investment program will also focus on improving institutional arrangements, business processes, and associated capacity building, especially in relation to design, operation, safeguards, finance, road safety, and asset management.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
ADB's country partnership strategy (CPS) for India is closely aligned with the priorities of India's Eleventh Five Year Plan, 2007 2012. The CPS reconfirms continuing ADB assistance for development of rural roads, which are critical for rural development as they provide access to markets, health, education, and administrative services. Absence of all-weather road connectivity is a serious problem, making rural communities inaccessible for up to 90 days a year. Poor road infrastructure affects economic growth in rural areas, agricultural productivity, and employment, and has a strong link to poverty. The Government of India is addressing this problem through implementation of a nationwide rural road investment program the Prime Minister's Rural Roads Program (PMGSY) aimed at providing all-weather road connectivity to currently unconnected eligible habitations in India's rural areas. The investment program will support the government's objectives under the PMGSY.
Strategic context and policy framework. The specific contribution of the PMGSY to the achievement of country strategic development goals includes reducing poverty (faster and more inclusive growth), expanding and strengthening rural infrastructure to accelerate agricultural growth and the rural economy, creating jobs, and social development (improved education, health, and social indicators). The PMGSY is also very relevant to the pillars of the policy framework in the road sector, including sustainability (promoting longer-term road maintenance), road safety (mainstreaming road safety audits and community awareness), and seamless connectivity (as rural roads provide the _last mile_ connectivity).
The PMGSY identified the investment program states among the 10 states with large rural populations that lack adequate coverage in terms of all-weather road connectivity. The poverty head count rates in these states are among the highest in India. The PMGSY started in 2000 and has thus far constructed 108,637 km of rural roads in the investment program states, connecting 39,721 habitations to a greater transportation network. Construction of an additional 32,158 km of roads is ongoing. According to the June 2011 program update, 85,690 km of roads to connect all remaining eligible habitations in the investment program states are yet to be constructed under the PMGSY.
The latest estimate for the remaining PMGSY financing requirement to achieve its goal by 2016 in the investment program states is about $7.95 billion, while available PMGSY funding for the same period is estimated to be around $5.04 billion. While exploring the possibilities for domestic borrowing to close the financial gap, the government has approached ADB to provide funding of $0.8 billion under the investment program to assist with the implementation of the PMGSY in the investment program states. The investment program is consistent with the strategic objective set out in the CPS, 2009 2012 and is included in ADB's country operations business plan, 2011 2013.
Apart from the need to provide all-weather road connectivity in India's rural areas, the investment program states need support in improving business procedures covering the whole life cycle of rural roads, and strengthening related capacities. Specifically, while the emphasis is shifting from construction to the operation and maintenance of the rural road network, the related capacities for rural road network management are lagging. There is also a mismatch between the extent of the rural road network (around 80% of the total road network) and supply of skills, as the training of civil engineers, technicians, and site supervisors is oriented towards high-category roads.
|Impact||Reduction in poverty and deprivation, and inclusive socioeconomic growth of the communities served by the investment program roads|
|Description of Outcome||Connectivity of selected rural communities in five investment program states of Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal to markets, district headquarters, and other centers of economic activity is improved and sustainable.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||About 1,362 km length of roads constructed in 5 states.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Selected priority rural roads in five investment program states are constructed to all-weather standard
2. Quality of design of the investment program roads is improved.
3. Maintenance of the investment program roads is improved and sustained.
4. Road safety measures are incorporated into the life cycle of the investment program roads.
5. Qualification and skills of PMGSY engineers, technicians, site supervisors, PRI staff concerned, design consultants, and contractors in the investment program states are improved and maintained.
6. Facility is managed effectively.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. Construction of roads ongoing in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Assam and West Bengal.
2. Fully complied with; designs follow standard DPR template.
3. The bids for the construction of pilot RRNMUs and RCTRCs in 5 states are on-going.
4. RSAs conducted during project preparation.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
This investment program is classified as category _B_ in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). In line with the approved environmental assessment and review framework (EARF), state level Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) of all road subprojects under tranche I have been prepared. These are disclosed at the ADB website. As per the provisions of the EARF, environmental assessment of non-road subprojects will be conducted during project implementation. The IEE rates the scale of environment impacts from the physical interventions of the investment program as minor. The predicted environmental impacts are minimal, temporary and reversible as they are mainly related to the occupational health and safety and minor issues of dust, noise and water pollution which occur mostly during construction. Mitigation measures for all impacts have been developed and integrated into construction works through incorporation of a standard environmental management plan (EMP) in the bidding documents and provision of road specific EMPs with the detailed project reports.
RCIP follows CPF (Community Participation Framework).
The social assessment of the sample subprojects identified the presence of scheduled tribes in all RCIP states, however, these groups are largely assimilated into the local population. The investment program will not have any differential impact on scheduled tribe population: they will receive similar benefits from the investment program as the non-scheduled tribe households, and impact on tribal and cultural identity will not be significant. To further mitigate the risks, CPF identifies special provisions for all scheduled tribe households ensuring that their living standards are not adversely affected as a result of land donation or in the event of any loss of non-land asset and impacts on their livelihoods.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||During the preparation stage, discussions, interviews, and small group meetings were conducted within the subproject-affected communities to ascertain their response to the investment program, their needs and demands, estimates of losses from their properties, and steps to mitigate them. Interviews and group meetings were held in groups comprising men, women, farmers, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other marginalized classes to obtain a comprehensive perspective of the investment program in all the five states. These processes revealed that the communities unanimously support the investment program because of the socioeconomic benefits that will result from it to the communities.|
|During Project Implementation||tbd|
|Consulting Services||All consultants financed by the loans under the MFF will be selected and engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time) and other arrangements for recruitment of national consultants acceptable to ADB. Prior ADB review for the recruitment process with quality- and cost-based selection with a quality cost ratio of 80:20 will be followed.|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works financed wholly or in part by ADB will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). Procurement of civil works for construction of RRNMU and RCTRC facilities will be based on the ADB standard bidding document for procurement of works (small contracts). For the road construction, the investment program states will be following the national competitive bidding procurement process with the use of the standard PMGSY bidding document (improved as needed in agreement with ADB) and electronic procurement (e-procurement).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Srivastava, Ashok|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||India Resident Mission|
Ministry of Rural Development
New Delhi 110001
India National Rural Roads Development Agency (Central Level) (Ministry of Rural Development)
5th Floor, 15-NBCC Tower,
Bhikaji Cama Place
New Delhi-110066 India Panchayat and Rural Development Department (Government of Chhattisgarh)
Room No.317, DKS Bhavan(Mantralay),
Raipur India Panchayat and Rural Development Department (Government of Madhya Pradesh)
5th Floor, B-Wing, Paryawas Bhawan,
India Panchayat and Rural Development Department (Government of West Bengal)
Department of Panchayats & Rural
Development, Jessop Building (1st Floor)
63 N.S. Road, Kolkata - 700001 India Public Works Roads Department (Government of Assam)
Assam India Rural Development Department (Government of Odisha)
Rural Development Department
Government of Odisha
Sanchivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar India
|Concept Clearance||23 Nov 2010|
|Fact Finding||06 Dec 2011 to 19 Dec 2011|
|MRM||20 Mar 2012|
|Approval||12 Jul 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Mar 2015|
MFF Facility Concept 0069-IND
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1,225.30||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Rural Connectivity Investment Program (Facility Concept): Project Data Sheet (हिन्दी)||Translated PDS||Oct 2012|
|Rural Connectivity Investment Program||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jun 2012|
|MFF - Rural Connectivity Investment Program (Facility Concept) - Framework Financing Agreement||Framework Financing Agreement||May 2012|
|Rural Connectivity Investment Program||Facility Administration Manual||Feb 2012|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.