The focus of the TA will be on preparing a detailed feasibility study of the proposed Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project which will include sector analysis, design and monitoring framework, economic and financial analysis, financial management assessment, cost estimates and financing plan. procurement plan, term of reference for consulting services, plan for improving economic opportunities for women and disadvantaged groups, social and environmental safeguards, resettlement framework, selection criteria for subprojects, plan for providing low cost water supply and renewable energy to remote areas, a capacity-building plan for local government institution and LGED, and implementation arrangement
|Project Name||Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Improvement|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The focus of the TA will be on preparing a detailed feasibility study of the proposed Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project which will include sector analysis, design and monitoring framework, economic and financial analysis, financial management assessment, cost estimates and financing plan. procurement plan, term of reference for consulting services, plan for improving economic opportunities for women and disadvantaged groups, social and environmental safeguards, resettlement framework, selection criteria for subprojects, plan for providing low cost water supply and renewable energy to remote areas, a capacity-building plan for local government institution and LGED, and implementation arrangement|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Rural infrastructure is needed to realize the full growth potentials of rural Bangladesh, where 75% of the total population and around 85% of the poor live. If planned and implemented properly, with the full participation of the target population, rural infrastructure development can make a significant contribution to poverty reduction in the country. Such rural infrastructure, which includes rural roads, bridges and culverts, growth center markets, and energy, are critical in addressing low rural productivity and low non-farm employment, which are the main factors causing rural poverty in Bangladesh. Based on recent experiences, increased productivity and higher employment lead to more rapid economic growth in the country, resulting in increased supply of goods and favorable prices that benefit the poor. As a result of the improved rural infrastructure, the mobility of the rural poor increases and a healthier and literate rural population gains access to a wide range of off-farm employment opportunities. Rural infrastructure development contributes to rural poverty reduction through a number of ways including (i) the migration of underemployed farm labor to alternative employment opportunities; (ii) the cost-effective transport of produce helps farm producers realize higher farm gate prices; (iii) improved roads enable easy access to rural areas for service providers including healthcare and education; (iv) the additional traffic volume gives rise to transport-related small businesses, such as, service stations, repair shops, food stalls, and guesthouses; (v) construction of project facilities and after construction maintenance generate direct employment for poor; and (vi) poor women have access to new jobs.
ADB has supported the government efforts to develop rural infrastructure through five projects in Bangladesh. The proposed Project will reduce poverty and raise incomes in selected rural districts in northwest of Bangladesh through fostering economic growth, governance and gender equity. The focus will be on widening access to markets and economic opportunities, improving local governance and promoting gender equity in economic opportunities. The design of the Project will be based on the lessons learned and the experience gained from earlier and ongoing support to the rural infrastructure development by various development partners including ADB. The lessons learned from previous projects stress the need for selecting project areas with high connectivity and poverty concentration, greater emphasis on stakeholders' participation in project design and implementation, strengthening local government capacity to manage and maintain rural infrastructure, fostering economic opportunities for poor and disadvantaged women and strengthening Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) in the areas of participatory development, contract management, and financial management. The project components will be assessed and finalized during PPTA implementation and project processing, but it is envisaged (in the Government's draft feasibility report) that these may include improving upazila and union roads, constructing bridges and culverts, improving rural markets, constructing boat landing stage, and institutional strengthening and capacity building of LGED and local government bodies. The feasibility of providing low cost rural water supply and renewable energy to remote rural markets will also be assessed. Based on the experience of the previous and ongoing projects, the sustainability of rural infrastructure has been an issue in respect to financing maintenance. The proposed Project will address sustainable road maintenance including preparing a maintenance plan covering alternative maintenance arrangement involving the private sector and local governments.
|Impact||The impact (outcome of the ensuing project) will be widened access to markets and economic opportunities. Key performance targets include reduced cost and time for project households to access markets, better access to economic opportunities and social services of poor including disadvantaged women and improved local governance.|
|Description of Outcome||The outcome of the PPTA will be a project design and feasibility study that the Government and ADB will have agreed upon for a project to be financed by ADB.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||The PPTA will refine and elaborate the draft feasibility study prepared by LGED which will include sector analysis, design and monitoring framework, economic and financial analysis, financial management assessment, cost estimates and financing plan, procurement plan, terms of reference for consulting services, plan for improving economic opportunities for women and disadvantaged groups, social and environmental safeguards, resettlement framework, selection criteria for subprojects, plan for providing low cost rural water supply and renewable energy to remote areas, an appropriate capacity-building plan for local government institutions and LGED, implementation arrangements, and implementation schedule.|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The PPTA will be formulated through a participatory process involving extensive consultations with stakeholders.|
|During Project Implementation||LGED prepared a draft feasibility report which helped in conceptualizing the assistance. Further consultation with Government/beneficiary was conducted during TA fact-finding. These include the Ministries of Finance, Planning, and Local Government, Rural development and Cooperatives of Government of Bangladesh. At the local level, consultations were held with the local administration, union councils, market management committees, transport owners and operators, market users, non-governmental organizations and general people of the project area.|
TA will require the following:
1) One international consultant for 5 pm (Rural Infrastructure Economist/Team Leader); and
2) 11 local consultants for 37 pm, all with substantial experience relevant to rural infrastructure development in Bangladesh
a) Rural Infrastructure Engineer/Deputy Team Leader
b) Local Governance Specialist
c) Participatory Development Specialist
d) Resettlement Specialist
e) Poverty Reduction Specialist
f) Gender and Development Specialist
g) Institutional Development Specialist
h) Financial Management Specialist
i) Environment Specialist
j) Rural Water Supply Specialist
k) Renewable Energy Specialist
|Responsible ADB Officer||Khan, Rezaul K.|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD|
Local Government Engineering Department
Mr. Md. Wahidur Rahman
LGED Bhaban (Level 6), Agargaon
Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
|Concept Clearance||13 May 2009|
|Fact Finding||21 May 2009 to 28 May 2009|
|Approval||05 Nov 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||11 Nov 2009|
|Last PDS Update||14 Mar 2011|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|05 Nov 2009||20 Dec 2009||20 Dec 2009||30 Jun 2010||31 Dec 2010||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||500,000.00||05 Nov 2009||269,156.90|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Oct 2010|
|Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Improvement: Final Report||Consultants' Reports||Aug 2010|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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