The Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (the Project) supports the improvement of urban governance and of infrastructure and service delivery in pourashavas (secondary towns). The Project adopts the performance-based allocation of investment funds as an incentive mechanism for governance reform. Performance criteria are defined in six key areas of urban governance: (i) citizen awareness and participation, (ii) urban planning, (iii) womens participation, (iv) integration of the urban poor, (v) financial accountability and sustainability, and (vi) administrative transparency. Investment funds will be utilized to improve municipal transport, drainage, solid waste management, water supply, sanitation, municipal facilities, and basic services in slums. The project design is based on the lessons from the ongoing Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (UGIIP-1).
|Project Name||Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban flood protection
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (the Project) supports the improvement of urban governance and of infrastructure and service delivery in pourashavas (secondary towns). The Project adopts the performance-based allocation of investment funds as an incentive mechanism for governance reform. Performance criteria are defined in six key areas of urban governance: (i) citizen awareness and participation, (ii) urban planning, (iii) womens participation, (iv) integration of the urban poor, (v) financial accountability and sustainability, and (vi) administrative transparency. Investment funds will be utilized to improve municipal transport, drainage, solid waste management, water supply, sanitation, municipal facilities, and basic services in slums. The project design is based on the lessons from the ongoing Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (UGIIP-1).|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Unplanned and rapid urbanization creates large unmet demand for urban infrastructure and services. Pourashavas have not managed to meet this challenge because of weak governance, limited financial and human resources, and a lack of proper planning. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has supported urban development with a series of projects. The most important lesson, in particular from the ongoing UGIIP-1, is that the improvement of urban infrastructure and service delivery can be achieved more effectively by linking it with governance reforms and creating a proper incentive mechanism. The performancebased allocation of investment funds creates a strong incentive for pourashavas to reform their governance, and the improved governance ensures the effectiveness and sustainability of the capital investments.|
The Project is expected to enhance sustainable human development, economic growth and poverty reduction by enhancing municipal governance and strengthening capacity to deliver municipal services and improving phsycial infrastructure and urban services in 35 secondary towns in Bangladesh.
|Description of Outcome||The expected outcomes will be (i) enhanced capacity of Pourashavas to implement, operate, manage and maintain basic urban services; (ii) increased accountability of Pourashavas towards their citizens; and (iii) improved physcial infrastructure and urban services.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Loan closed in June 2015. Government project completion report (PCR) prepared and submitted. ADB PCR has started in 2017 and ongoing.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Component A: Urban Infrastructure and Service Delivery- Developed infrastructure and improved service
Component B: Governance Improvement and Capacity Development Enhanced citizen awareness and participation
Improved urban planning
Enhanced womens participation
Enhanced participation of the urban poor
Improved accountability and sustainability of pourashava finance
Improved administrative transparency and efficiency
Component C: Project Management and Implementation Support Effective and operational project management system
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
An array of diverse subprojects had been undertaken under UGIIP-2 in phase 2 & 3, spanning a 5-year period (2010-15). They are Urban Transport (UT); Drain (DR); Municipal Facility (MF); Sanitation (SN); Water Supply (WS) ; Solid Waste Management (SWM) and Slum Improvement (SI).
Reiterating, a total of 500 pckgs have been implemented. The sector-wise packages were Urban Transport - 327 (Ph2 -202 & Ph3 -125); Drain- 57 ( Ph2-51 &Ph3- 6); WS - 9 (Ph-2); Sanitation - 18 (Ph2); Municipal Facilities - 42 (Ph2-32 & Ph3-10); SWM - 18 (Ph2) and Slum Improvement -29 (Ph2-21 & Ph3-8). In the 2nd phase 1,746 schemes (351 packages) were implemented in 35 PSs, while in the 3rd Phase 1,121 schemes (149 packages) were completed in 47 PSs.
The project constructed/improved/developed vis a vis new and rehabilitated /repaired: (1)1,083.6 km of roads, 39 m bridge, 313m box culvert (2) 4.531 km road divider, 4. river fronts/boat landing ghats (3) 130.811 km of drains (4) 9 PTWs; 177 HTWs; 30.44 km distribution/ transmission lines (5) 56 Public/community Toilets (6) 73 Transfer Stations; 146 Dust bins; 5SWdisposal grounds; 2 Compost plants (7) 4 municipal / super markets; 23 kitchen markets, 11 slaughterhouses (8) 4 community centres/auditorium (9) 3 bus terminals, 1 truck terminal, 10 parking areas (10) 5,353 Street-lights; 461 electric posts, 6beatification schemes (landscaping), 2 municipal parks(11) Improvement of living conditions in195 slums. This includes footpath - 58.40 km. drain 25.80km, community toilet 4,644 nrs, HTW 937, WS pipeline 0.69 km, dust bin 189, streetlight/area light 367.
Urban transport sector subprojects had been the dominant absorber of infrastructure investment under UGIIP II (both during phase 2 and 3), catering to 69.35% of the aggregate(6 sectors), followed by drains(14.73%),municipal facilities (9.94%), SWM (0.57%), sanitation (0.81%), water supply (1.18%) and slum improvement (3.42%).
The longest length of road-development had been in Jamalpur (60.912km) followed by Natore (57.85km), Satkhira (40.97km), Gaibandha (40.53km) and Faridpur (39.83km). These 5 PSs contributed to 24% of all the road lengths developed in the 51 PSs. For the drain sub-projects, the length of drain-length developed was in Kurigram (9.27km) followed by Jhalokati (8.77km), Chuadanga (6.85km), Comilla (5.78km), and Benapole (5.33km). These 5 PSs catered to 27.52 % of all the drain length developed in the 51 PSs.
|Geographical Location||Approximately 45 pourashavas|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||No adverse environmental impact was reported so far. Ongoing drainage, solid watse management activities, improvement of dilapated raods, slum improvement, etc. have made positive contribution to improved environment. Necessary measures are being taken for any adverse impact through properly locating, planning, and design proposed subprojects; controlling construction activity; properly maintaining systems following commissioning; and other mitigation measures. The principal cumulative, regional, and long-term environmental impacts are expected to be beneficial. To ensure compliance with the Governments and ADBs environmental guidelines and requirements, an environmental assessment review procedure and subproject environmental selection guidelines to guide the implementation is being followed. The Project strengthens citizens participation through the formation of Town-Level Coordination Committees (TLCCs) and Ward-Level Coordination Committees (WLCCs) with broad representation, including the poor and women. All subprojects to be funded under the Project are being selected in a participatory manner to ensure that benefits are shared by a broad range of socioeconomic groups.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No major involuntary resettlement was required except some minor temporary dislocation of road side shops. These dislocations were mainly done in agreement with the owners and they are either compensated or voluntarily agreed for the time being during construction.|
|Indigenous Peoples||There was no incidence of affecting indigenous peoples or communities of ethnic minorities reported under the project. An indigenous peoples development framework is in place that includes the project (a) background, (b) objectives, (c) strategy to ensure the participation of indigenous peoples, (d) strategy to ensure project benefits for indigenous peoples and mitigation measures for adverse impacts, (e) institutional arrangements, (f) budget for formulating and implementing an indigenous peoples development framework, and (g) programs for monitoring and evaluation.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The Project applies a participatory approach with parallel activities: stakeholder consultations, socioeconomic surveys, and initiation of PDPs by means of open, facilitated sessions for ward and pourashava visioning or planning. A wide range of stakeholders had the opportunity to make substantive ontributions concerning existing conditions and preferences. Within a given community, about 1,200 people have been exposed to the concept of the Project by their direct involvement and through citizens groups and ward committees. Public consultations on social safeguards were held in each of the pourashavas for phase 1 of the Project.4 A project brief was prepared for each pourashava that provided an overview of potential resettlement impacts and explained roposed entitlement for affected people. Participants came from the communities directly affected by the projects, members of ward committees, representatives of local NGOs, and representatives of local government agencies. No significant issues were raised during public consultations that have not been addressed in the resettlement plans, nor were there issues that pose a significant constraint on the implementation of proposed subprojects. A ramework for consultations and community participation has been described in the resettlement framework for continuing the process during implementation. All resettlement plans and other relevant documents are made available at public locations in the towns and are disclosed to a wider audience via the ADB website.|
|During Project Implementation||Grievances of affected people are being addressed by establishing a regulary instaitutional structure at each pourashava. Grievance Redress Cells (GRCs) are established and in most of the pourashavas a one-point service desk is also created to help the citizens particulalrly the poor people. GRCs are comprise representatives from the PIU, implementing NGO, office of the chairman of the pourashava, affected people, and a female elected member of the Pourashava council. Complaints are registered and resolved regulalrly. The GRC procedure includes an appeals procedure for the affected person, who can, if not satisfied with the GRC decision, attend the next meeting for reconsideration. Grievances not redressed by the GRC will be addressed by the project steering committee or, for grievances related to land acquisition, by the Office of the District Commissioner. Further grievances will be referred by affected people to the appropriate courts of law. Records will be kept of all grievances received, including the contact details of complainant, date that the complaint was received, nature of grievance, agreed corrective actions, date these were effected, and final outcome.|
Consulting services are being provided to support project implementation and strengthen the institutional capacity of the pourashavas and LGED. Major packages are package 1: governance improvement and capacity development, and package 2: management, design, and supervision. Consultants
have been selected and engaged in accordance with ADBs Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time), and the Governments Public Procurement Rules (2008). The firms has been selected using the quality- and cost-based selection method.
Procurement of goods and services under the Project are being carried out in accordance with the ADBs Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time), and the Governments Public Procurement Rules (2008). National competitive bidding procedures are being followed for works
contracted for less than $2.0 million and will be the major mode for civil works contracts, as the subprojects are small. International Competitive Bidding procedures are being followed for procurement of equipment and materials when the estimated cost is more than $500,000 equivalent.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Alam, Md. Shahidul|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Bangladesh Resident Mission|
Local Government Engineering Department
LGED Bhaban, Level 12, Agargaon, Dhaka-1207
|Concept Clearance||08 Mar 2007|
|Fact Finding||09 Mar 2007 to 21 Mar 2007|
|MRM||19 Aug 2007|
|Approval||28 Oct 2008|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||04 Apr 2008|
|Last PDS Update||13 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|28 Oct 2008||04 Nov 2008||19 Nov 2008||30 Jun 2015||-||09 Oct 2016|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||87.70||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||87.00||28 Oct 2008||80.63||0.00||98%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||28 Oct 2008||82.39||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project||Procurement Plans||May 2013|
|Loan Agreement for Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project between People's Republic of Bangladesh and ADB dated 4 November 2008||Loan Agreement (Special Operations)||Nov 2008|
|Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Oct 2008|
|Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||May 2008|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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