||Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Loan 2462-BAN: Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project|
|Asian Development Fund
|Grant: Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project|
|Germany (w/ LoA)
||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change
||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Other urban services
- Urban flood protection
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Gender equity
||The Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (the Project) supports the improvement of urban governance and of infrastructure and service delivery in pourashavas (secondary towns). The Project adopts the performance-based allocation of investment funds as an incentive mechanism for governance reform. Performance criteria are defined in six key areas of urban governance: (i) citizen awareness and participation, (ii) urban planning, (iii) womens participation, (iv) integration of the urban poor, (v) financial accountability and sustainability, and (vi) administrative transparency. Investment funds will be utilized to improve municipal transport, drainage, solid waste management, water supply, sanitation, municipal facilities, and basic services in slums. The project design is based on the lessons from the ongoing Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (UGIIP-1).
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||Unplanned and rapid urbanization creates large unmet demand for urban infrastructure and services. Pourashavas have not managed to meet this challenge because of weak governance, limited financial and human resources, and a lack of proper planning. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has supported urban development with a series of projects. The most important lesson, in particular from the ongoing UGIIP-1, is that the improvement of urban infrastructure and service delivery can be achieved more effectively by linking it with governance reforms and creating a proper incentive mechanism. The performancebased allocation of investment funds creates a strong incentive for pourashavas to reform their governance, and the improved governance ensures the effectiveness and sustainability of the capital investments.
The Project is expected to enhance sustainable human development, economic growth and poverty reduction by enhancing municipal governance and strengthening capacity to deliver municipal services and improving phsycial infrastructure and urban services in 35 secondary towns in Bangladesh.
|Description of Outcome
||The expected outcomes will be (i) enhanced capacity of Pourashavas to implement, operate, manage and maintain basic urban services; (ii) increased accountability of Pourashavas towards their citizens; and (iii) improved physcial infrastructure and urban services.
|Progress Toward Outcome
||Loan closed in June 2015. Government project completion report (PCR) prepared and submitted. ADB PCR will be start in 2017.
|Description of Project Outputs
Component A: Urban Infrastructure and Service Delivery- Developed infrastructure and improved service
Component B: Governance Improvement and Capacity Development Enhanced citizen awareness and participation
Improved urban planning
Enhanced womens participation
Enhanced participation of the urban poor
Improved accountability and sustainability of pourashava finance
Improved administrative transparency and efficiency
Component C: Project Management and Implementation Support Effective and operational project management system
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
For municipal transport and drainage, contract award approval completed and in most cases works under the second phase have been completed. Procurement of equipment and civil works almost completed
For solid waste management, ADB approval of transfer stations under phase-II completed and work in progress. ADB approval of construction of pump house and installation of pipe line completed and work started. ADB approval given and construction of community sanitary latrines and public toilets started.
Tubewell construction and leak management program completed.
TLCCs and WLCCs have been established with adequate representation of the poor in all the project pourashava. Citizen report cards introduced and implemented in all target PS by 2012 and Grievance-redress cell established.
Urban planners recruited for all project pourashavas. Annual Operation &Maintenance plan prepared and implemented. Gender action plan, including identified budget, prepared and implemented in all target pourashavas. Gender committee established.
Interim assessment of holding tax carried out. Computerized tax records and accounting system introduced and operational. Holding tax increased at least by 10%each year. Debts are fully repaid every year throughout the project period. Organizational development plans prepared. Quarterly progress report prepared on time by PIUs. PMO established in LGED and 0perational.
||Approximately 45 pourashavas
||No adverse environmental impact was reported so far. Ongoing drainage, solid watse management activities, improvement of dilapated raods, slum improvement, etc. have made positive contribution to improved environment. Necessary measures are being taken for any adverse impact through properly locating, planning, and design proposed subprojects; controlling construction activity; properly maintaining systems following commissioning; and other mitigation measures. The principal cumulative, regional, and long-term environmental impacts are expected to be beneficial. To ensure compliance with the Governments and ADBs environmental guidelines and requirements, an environmental assessment review procedure and subproject environmental selection guidelines to guide the implementation is being followed. The Project strengthens citizens participation through the formation of Town-Level Coordination Committees (TLCCs) and Ward-Level Coordination Committees (WLCCs) with broad representation, including the poor and women. All subprojects to be funded under the Project are being selected in a participatory manner to ensure that benefits are shared by a broad range of socioeconomic groups.
||No major involuntary resettlement was required except some minor temporary dislocation of road side shops. These dislocations were mainly done in agreement with the owners and they are either compensated or voluntarily agreed for the time being during construction.
||There was no incidence of affecting indigenous peoples or communities of ethnic minorities reported under the project. An indigenous peoples development framework is in place that includes the project (a) background, (b) objectives, (c) strategy to ensure the participation of indigenous peoples, (d) strategy to ensure project benefits for indigenous peoples and mitigation measures for adverse impacts, (e) institutional arrangements, (f) budget for formulating and implementing an indigenous peoples development framework, and (g) programs for monitoring and evaluation.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design
||The Project applies a participatory approach with parallel activities: stakeholder consultations, socioeconomic surveys, and initiation of PDPs by means of open, facilitated sessions for ward and pourashava visioning or planning. A wide range of stakeholders had the opportunity to make substantive ontributions concerning existing conditions and preferences. Within a given community, about 1,200 people have been exposed to the concept of the Project by their direct involvement and through citizens groups and ward committees. Public consultations on social safeguards were held in each of the pourashavas for phase 1 of the Project.4 A project brief was prepared for each pourashava that provided an overview of potential resettlement impacts and explained roposed entitlement for affected people. Participants came from the communities directly affected by the projects, members of ward committees, representatives of local NGOs, and representatives of local government agencies. No significant issues were raised during public consultations that have not been addressed in the resettlement plans, nor were there issues that pose a significant constraint on the implementation of proposed subprojects. A ramework for consultations and community participation has been described in the resettlement framework for continuing the process during implementation. All resettlement plans and other relevant documents are made available at public locations in the towns and are disclosed to a wider audience via the ADB website.
|During Project Implementation
||Grievances of affected people are being addressed by establishing a regulary instaitutional structure at each pourashava. Grievance Redress Cells (GRCs) are established and in most of the pourashavas a one-point service desk is also created to help the citizens particulalrly the poor people. GRCs are comprise representatives from the PIU, implementing NGO, office of the chairman of the pourashava, affected people, and a female elected member of the Pourashava council. Complaints are registered and resolved regulalrly. The GRC procedure includes an appeals procedure for the affected person, who can, if not satisfied with the GRC decision, attend the next meeting for reconsideration. Grievances not redressed by the GRC will be addressed by the project steering committee or, for grievances related to land acquisition, by the Office of the District Commissioner. Further grievances will be referred by affected people to the appropriate courts of law. Records will be kept of all grievances received, including the contact details of complainant, date that the complaint was received, nature of grievance, agreed corrective actions, date these were effected, and final outcome.