40563-013: Earthquake-Displaced People Livelihood Restoration Program | Asian Development Bank

Pakistan: Earthquake-Displaced People Livelihood Restoration Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 40563-013 Status: Closed

The Asian Development Bank is working with Pakistan to help people affected by the October 2005 earthquake that killed an estimated 80,000 people, injured more than 30,000, and left nearly 4 million homeless. 

Project Details

Project Officer
Shafi, Mian S. Central and West Asia Department Request for information
  • Pakistan
  • Loan
  • Finance
Project Name Earthquake-Displaced People Livelihood Restoration Program
Project Number 40563-013
Country Pakistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2335-PAK: Earthquake-Displaced People Livelihood Restoration Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 400.00 million
TA 4943-PAK: Earthquake-Displaced People Livelihood Restoration Program
Asian Tsunami Fund US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Finance / Housing finance

Public sector management / Social protection initiatives

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description Restoring basic services to the effected population through provision of housing.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Building of capacity in communities for seismic compliant construction and the strengthening of financial management, monitoring and evaluation (M&E), and social and environmental safeguards in the participating institutions.
Impact Earthquake-displaced people in KP and AJK will have their livelihood restored or improved.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Most earthquake-displaced people in KP and AJK will live in seismically compliant houses.
Progress Toward Outcome

The program did operate efficiently in many ways. The time taken by ERRA to carry out inspections and release payments was satisfactory. This included the time taken by ERRAs assistance and inspection teams to inspect the damaged houses, collate information from the field provided by the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), and release the payments to the beneficiaries personal accounts. Of the 351,234 completely destroyed houses whose reconstruction was managed and verified by ERRA, 323,396 (92.1%) were rebuilt, while 26,756 (7.6%) were in the no work started category and 1,082 (0.3%) are in final stages of completion. In addition to the completely damaged houses under ERRAs supervision, 90,576 houses were considered partially damaged and thus eligible for the prescribed subsidy of PRs75,000, and 43,119 houses were deemed negligibly damaged and eligible for the PRs25,000 subsidy.

ERRA trained a total of 783,314 people in seismic compliant building design and construction techniques at its training centers in the earthquake affected areas and through partner NGOs hired for this purpose. The NGOs that conducted the training included two that were contracted under the TA, which conducted their training sessions in 18 union councils of KP and AJK.

Two financial management specialists were hired under the TA to provide on the job training in accounting and internal financial control for ERRA personnel and staff of provincial, state, and district reconstruction and rehabilitation agencies. The TA also supported the reconciliation of accounts and the establishment of a financial management information system (FMIS) serving all earthquake related institutions. The last two annual external audits of ERRA and the allied institutions were conducted with the help of computerized statements of account generated by the FMIS. The system is now fully operational in all the affected districts and in all of ERRAs allied agencies.

A fully functional M&E system was established with support from the ADB loan and TA funds, and from other agencies such as the United Kingdom Department of International Development (DFID), World Bank and the UN. M&E reports, covering all activities managed or coordinated by ERRA and including special case studies on topics such as gender and vulnerability, have been generated regularly.

Also with support from the TA, ERRA conducted a targeted vulnerability survey in all earthquake affected areas. Relevant line departments received capacity building training to facilitate the survey, and the survey results were disseminated widely, for setting vulnerability baselines and gaining support for vulnerable populations through existing programs.

The housing reconstruction started on 16 July 2007, and the final tranche was released on 5 May 2008, well before the program closing date of 31 December 2008 provided in Article III of the loan agreement.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Seismically compliant houses completed without major delays

2. Capacity built in seismic building techniques, financial management, monitoring and evaluation, protection of vulnerable groups, and environmental and social safeguards

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

In total 92.1% of completely damaged rural houses affected by the earthquake have been rebuilt. Of a total of 351,234 completely damaged houses, 323,396have been rebuilt. The remaining 31,930 houses are in the _no work started (NWS)_ (7.6%) and _under process_ (0.3%) reconstruction category.

The ERRA rural housing reconstruction program trained a total of 783,314 people (32% in technical aspects and 68% in social aspects).

TA consultants conducted training in initial safeguard screening, preparation of screening checklists (due diligence), land acquisition resettlement planning, and environmental impact assessment.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement was involved in rural housing supported by ADB: Houses were contracted in-situ or household in vulnerable location relocated to safe locations on their own free will, based on guidance provided by ERRA or household were given finance to purchase additional land (while retaining the land that was in their possession before the earthquake) for constructing their houses at a safe location
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultative workshops in selected districts to review the experience of owner driven housing reconstruction currently underway and elicit the feedback of the community in the design of future interventions.
During Project Implementation Involvement of the communities in identification and assesment of damaged houses followed by community involvement in monitoring and evaluation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consultant recruitment will proceed under QCBS method. (Advance actions)
Procurement Not Applicable (Cash grants for housing)
Responsible ADB Officer Shafi, Mian S.
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Pakistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Statistics
Room 316, Block C
Secretariat Building
Islamabad, Pakistan
Concept Clearance 08 Sep 2005
Fact Finding 12 Mar 2007 to 27 Mar 2007
MRM 02 May 2007
Approval 27 Jun 2007
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Jan 2012

Loan 2335-PAK

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Jun 2007 04 Jul 2007 16 Jul 2007 31 Dec 2008 - 05 May 2008
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 559.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 400.00 27 Jun 2007 416.58 0.00 100%
Counterpart 159.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 27 Jun 2007 416.58 0.00 100%

TA 4943-PAK

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Jun 2007 28 Jun 2007 28 Jun 2007 31 Jul 2010 30 Jun 2011 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 27 Jun 2007 1,779,728.96

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
Pakistan: Earthquake-Displaced People Livelihood Restoration Program Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2013

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.


No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.