India : MFF - Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (Facility Concept)
The Asian Development Bank is working with India to promote tourism in rural areas in order to benefit the poor. The program is making rural tourist destinations more visitor friendly with improved water facilities, upgraded restrooms and sanitation systems, new signs and street lights, and more efficient garbage disposal methods.
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|Project Name||MFF - Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (Facility Concept)|
|Country / Economy||India
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other municipal services
|Gender||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The investment program targets inclusive economic growth and provision of livelihood opportunities for local communities in the tourism sector through tourism infrastructure development. It will focus on preservation and development of natural and cultural heritage, and incidental services linked to subprojects including municipal services, tourist support infrastructure and services, and tourist destination connectivity infrastructure. The proposed MFF is provided to support the four participating states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand to develop the tourism sector as a key driver for economic growth.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The investment program will assist the government in achieving its targets by tapping the tourism sector's potential to contribute to sustainable and inclusive economic growth. It will respond to the urgent need for developing tourism-related infrastructure in the four participating states Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttarakhand (the three main states of the North West Himalayan Heritage Circuit), and Tamil Nadu (the anchor state of the South Heritage Circuit) to promote the economic potential of the tourism sector within a planned framework and address weaknesses in management capacity. These four states voluntarily sought to participate in the implementation of the road map, and the government supported their participation. The government prepared a more specific road map along with a framework for necessary policy and sector reforms for each of the four states under follow-up ADB assistance, and proposed the MFF modality to support the government's medium- and long term goals.|
|Impact||Enhanced contribution of the tourism sector to sustainable and inclusive economic growth|
|Description of Outcome||Increased volume of domestic and international tourists to destinations within each participating state|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Volume of domestic and international tourists to destinations within each participating state have increased. The details of Tranche 1 and Tranche 2 are as follow: Tranche 1 - 26% increase in Himachal Pradesh and 420% increase in Punjab total domestic tourism. 823% increase in international tourists in Punjab and upward trend of international tourist visits in Himachal Pradesh till 2019, except 2014 and 2018.Tranche 2: 351% increase in Tamil Nadu and 73% increase in Uttarakhand in domestic tourist visits. 160% increase in Tamil Nadu and 45% increase in Uttarakhand in international tourist visits. The details of Tranche 3 and Tranche 4 would be assessed and provide during facility completion report preparation.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Enhanced quality of natural and cultural attractions
Strengthened capacity of sector agencies and local communities for planning, development, management, and marketing of tourist destinations and attractions
Greater participation by local communities in tourism-related economic activities
Improved basic urban infrastructure and services at tourist destinations and attractions
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||All four tranches completed and detailed assessment of the achievements of the outputs would be carried out during the facility completion report preparation. Tranche wise summarized outputs are as follow:Output: 1 Enhanced quality of natural and cultural attraction. The details are as follow:Tranche 1: In Himachal Pradesh, Kangra, Chintpurni and Shimla Clusters were undertaken. and 4 sub projects completed, which improved quality of attraction inclusive of managements of natural and cultural sites. These included landscaping, signages and civil works near Pong dam, landscaping and signages at Karu and Ranser island. In Shimla Mall road restoration and Town Hall rehabilitation was undertaken. In Punjab, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sultanpur, Lodhi and Kapurthala clusters were developed in Punjab. Total 25 packages completed (Attari, Gobind garh fort, Keshopur wet land etc) under these clusters. A tourism master plan for the state was prepared by UNWTO.Gender-sensitive community needs were incorporated in all sub-projects and plans. Stake holders including Women were consulted. Separate Toilets were constructed for Female Workers at all projects during Construction as well as in the Completed Projects, equal wages for equal work was also ensured.Tranche 2: In Tamil NAdu, Dansborg fort and museum at Tranquebar conserved to the standards prescribed by the ASI and/or relevant state authority with completion of conservation works as per best practices standards, provision of visitor amenities, landscaping of about 2,454 m2. IN Uttarakhand, Pithoragarh fort wall stabilized and conserved to the standards prescribed by the ASI along with conservation of buildings and structures inside the fort including landscaping. Water quality of the Naukuchiyatal lake ameliorated with installation of two submersible aeration plants improved and authenticated by the Dissolved Oxygen Levels at surface improving from 4.47 mg/l in 2015 to 24.72 mg/l in 2018 and Dissolved Oxygen Levels at bottom improving from 3.07 mg/l in 2015 to 24.22 mg/l in 2018. Tranche 3: Substantial works completed for all three participating states for enhanced quality of natural and cultural attractions and remaining works will be completed by 31 March 2021 by utilizing state's government fund.Tranche 4: Substantial works completed for enhanced quality of natural and cultural attractions and remaining works will be completed by 31 March 2021 by utilizing state's government fund.Output 2: Strengthened capacity of sector agencies and local communities for planning, development, management, and marketing of tourist destinations and attractions.Tranche 1: Both states have developed training programs on topics related to environment, gender, culture and tourism. Total 2,512 persons (1,474 - 59 % women) and Punjab: 1,871 persons (606 - 31% women) were trained. Total 150 community-based tourism created and details of functional units. Tourist information center developed at Pong Dam.Tranche 2: 294 staff (128 women) from the states' tourism offices and line agencies trained on environment, culture, tourism planning, and marketing. In Tamil Nadu, 4 staff training sessions with 150 staff and stakeholders with 45 women staff organized. In Uttarakhand, 1 staff training session with 144 participants with 83 women staff organized. 177 community members trained in tourism support activities (124 men and 53 women)Tranche 3: In all the three participating states, training and capacity building program were undertaken for strengthened capacity of sector agencies and local communities for planning, development, management, and marketing of tourist destinations and attractions.Tranche 4: 110 community members (F86/M24) have trained and employed in tourism support activities and Total 71 staff were participated in the training.Output 3: Improved connectivity.Tranche 1: In Himachal Pradesh, 1 km of Road was constructed in Naina Devi and access of 2.5 km Mall Road & Ridge in Shimla was also improved and in Punjab, 11 km connectivity improvement inclusive of roadside development (Chota Gallughara last mile connectivity was improved) for the pilgrims.Tranche 2: In Tamil Nadu, undertaken through state fund and in Uttarakhand, 4 km of trek trail connecting Pithoragarh to Chandak constructed and being used by locals and tourists.Tranche 3: In Himachal Pradesh, Shimla Mall Road Extension completed. In Punjab, 15.55 Km road length Completed. In Uttarakhand, Haridwar Pedestrian and 42.5 km of trekking trails in 3 natural areas completed.Tranche 4: All works completed for improved connectivity.Output 4: Greater participation by local communities in tourism-related economic activities.In Himachal Pradesh-A Town Tourism Development Committee and 12 Panchayat Tourism Development Committees were formed and provided institutional training. In Punjab-50 community-based bread & breakfast and farm stays were registered.Tranche 2:Uttarakhand: 46 community-based societies operational.93 awareness campaigns organized (Tamil Nadu hosted 14 consultation workshops/awareness campaign organised by trained community animators. Uttarakhand hosted 79 consultation workshops/awareness campaign organized by trained community animators Tranche 3-In Himachal Pradesh, Entry level workshops held at 14 Panchayats. In Punjab, Total 2 societies have been registered. In Uttarakhand, 37 societies are operational.Tranche 4- 10 community-based programs. 100 street plays completed. Output 5: Improved basic urban infrastructure and services at tourist destinations and attractionsTranche 1: In Himachal Pradesh, basic urban infrastructure services were set up in Kangra, Chintpurni and Shimla and In Punjab, Tourist facilities were developed in Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sultanpur, Lodhi and Kapurthala clusters in Punjab Attari, Amritsar and Gobindgarh Fort.Tranche 2: In Tamil Nadu, at 14 tourist clusters with total 115-person capacity sanitary complexes were constructed and drinking water facilities including rest shelters were provided at 3 tourist locations. About 12.91 km underground sewer network with 521 manholes, 7 ventilation shafts and 931 house service connections were constructed in 1 tourist destination town. Total of 2,245 energy efficient illumination units installed/retrofitted at 9 tourist cities/towns.1,465 tourists/month on average utilizing the facilities of the information center located at TTDC resort. In Uttrakhand, Basic amenities provided, including safe drinking water and adequate toilets (M/F) was achieved at 7 tourist destination/attractions with 34 person capacity toilets attached with bathing/changing facilities of which 17 were woman dedicated and drinking water fountain at 1 location and water supply and storage facility at 1 location.State of the art eco-tourism resort facility constructed at the North Corbett entry point at Kotdwar. Tranche 3: Substantially completed for all three states and remaining works is being completed by utilizing state's resources.Tranche 4: Substantially completed and remaining works is being completed by utilizing state's resources.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Majumder, Sourav|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||India Resident Mission|
|MRM||14 May 2010|
|Approval||28 Sep 2010|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||09 Apr 2010|
|Last PDS Update||18 Dec 2020|
MFF Facility Concept 0046-IND
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||250.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism||Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies||Sep 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism||Gender Action Plans||Sep 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Aug 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism||Facility Administration Manual||Aug 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism: Framework Financing Agreement and Periodic Financing Request for Project 1||Framework Financing Agreement||Aug 2010|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Inclusive Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - Himalayan Waters Sanctuary Destination sub-project||Initial Environmental Examination||Mar 2011|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism: Resettlement Framework (October 2010)||Resettlement Frameworks||Oct 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism: Punjab||Initial Environmental Examination||Jul 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism||Environmental Assessment and Review Framework||Jul 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism||Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks||Jul 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism: Himachal Pradesh||Environmental Assessment and Measures||Jul 2010|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism: Resettlement Framework||Resettlement Frameworks||Jul 2010|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
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Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
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