India : Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism - Tranche 1
ADB is helping India develop tourism as a driver of sustainable and inclusive economic growth in four states. The first tranche of a multitranche financing facility will upgrade infrastructure and services, and support policy reforms in two of these states, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. It will enhance the quality of natural and cultural attractions and increase community involvement in tourism.
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- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism - Tranche 1|
|Country / Economy||India
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Renovation and protection of cultural heritage
|Gender||Effective gender mainstreaming|
As part of the Investment Program, the Project aims to complete subprojects under four or five different components of the Investment Program in the State of Himachal Pradeesh (Part A).
A. Component 1: Urban Infrastructure and Service Improvement
B. Component 2: Connectivity Improvement
C. Component 3: Quality Enhancement of Natural and Cultural Attractions
D. Component 4: Community-based Activities
E. Component 5: Capacity Development, Community Participation and Project Management
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The investment program will assist the government in achieving its targets by tapping the tourism sector's potential to contribute to sustainable and inclusive economic growth. It will respond to the urgent need for developing tourism-related infrastructure in the four participating states - Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttarakhand (the three main states of the North West Himalayan Heritage Circuit), and Tamil Nadu (the anchor state of the South Heritage Circuit) - to promote the economic potential of the tourism sector within a planned framework and address weaknesses in management capacity. These four states voluntarily sought to participate in the implementation of the road map, and the government supported their participation. The government prepared a more specific road map along with a framework for necessary policy and sector reforms for each of the four states under follow-up ADB assistance, and proposed the MFF modality to support the government's medium- and long-term goals.
While infrastructure supporting tourism is being put in place, sector reform must be carried out in parallel to attain the goals of more sustainable and inclusive tourism sector development. Key challenges include existing limitations in (i) public sector financing, (ii) sector policies on , and institutional capacities for, heritage site management; (iii) an effective enabling environment for enhanced private sector participation; (iv) operation and maintenance of tourism infrastructure; and (v) effective mechanisms to engage local communities in the tourism value chain.
The investment program includes a number of policy-driven sector reforms. The participating states are committed to making investments in the tourism sector more attractive for private sector participation. They will also propmote homestay programs and other noncommercial or semicommercial lodging alternatives, such as bed and breakfast facilities. Each state will develop a tourism policy to mainstream (i) balanced distribution of economic opportunities across the state through the promotion of community-based, tourism-related economic and livelihood activities, and ecotourism development; (ii) financial sustainability of tourism destinations and their heritage assets, and connectivity infrastructure, and (iii) policy and regulatory reforms to provide for adaptive reuse of publicly owned heritage buildings so that additional means of cost recovery are established.
The MFF modality is considered suitable for the proposed intervention because developing the capacities of the sector agencies as facilitators and regulators of tourism development will be a gradual process requiring longer-term commitments.
|Impact||Enhanced contribution of the tourism sector to sustainable and inclusive economic growth|
|Description of Outcome||Increased volume of domestic and international tourists to destinations within each participating state|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Actions towards achieving the outcome are underway as explained further in the status of implementation progress of outputs below.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Enhanced quality of natural and cultural attractions
Greater participation by local communities in tourism-related economic activities
Improved basic urban infrastructure and services at tourist destinations and attractions
Strengthened capacity of concerned sector agencies and local communities for planning, development, management and marketing of tourist destinations and attractions
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Capacity development training program have been completed.
Punjab: 31 training programs undertaken with 1,208 participants (432 women).
Himachal Pradesh: 788 (587 women) participants trained.
Planning work has been completed.
Punjab: completed with O&M plans prepared for part of Gobindgarh fort, Ataari Multilevel car parking and partition museum at Townhall, Amirtsar.
Himachal Pradesh: Ongoing with SLBs defined for ULBs.
Foster Community participation program have been completed in
Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.
Marketing and promotion program have been completed.
Gender-sensitive community needs have been incorporated in all management plan-based investments.
All 15 works have been completed.
Works completed in Himachal Pradesh and improvement in quality of attractions in three tourist clusters would be assessed at the time of preparation of the project completion report.
work completed in Punjab and improvement in quality of attractions in three tourist clusters would be assessed during project completion report preparation.
Administrative framework in place of community-based tourism products etc work completed.
Punjab - 3 contract awarded. 2 contracts completed and 12 in progress.
Himachal Pradesh - 3 consulting contracts completed, 2 are under implementation.
Community based societies has been established and would be assessed during the project completion report preparation.
Completed for Punjab and Himachal and for Himachal Pradesh: 4,965 persons trained with 2,623 women (53%).For Punjab the achievement would be assessed during project completion report.
All works have been completed.
Improved access to tourist attractions by way of 5 km of last-mile connectivity work has been completed in Himachal Pradesh.
Improved access to tourist attractions by way of 5 km of last-mile connectivity work has been completed in Punjab.
Consultation process for women
for the selection of subproject sites has been organised and would be assessed during project completion report preparation.
|Geographical Location||Amritsar, Bilaspur, Gurdaspur district, Kangra, Kapurthala, Nagrota Surian, Naina Devi, Shimla, Shimla district, State of Himachal Pradesh, State of Punjab, Sultanpur Lodhi, Una|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||No significant environmental impacts are expected. Impacts can be mitigated through proper siting, design and good construction practices. These are identified in the subproject-specific initial environmental examinations (IEEs) and environmental monitoring plans (EMPs), which are prepared in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). A project management unit and a project management consultant are responsible for the coordination and implementation of the environmental and health and safety activities. Quarterly environmental monitoring reports are prepared. Key environmental benefits include improved on-site and off-site hygiene and sanitary conditions at tourist destinations and increased environmental awareness.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Subprojects are not expected to result in any physical or economic displacement due to involuntary acquisition of land, or involuntary restrictions on land use. In case of future unforeseen resettlement issues, the Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) will be followed and a resettlement framework has been prepared.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The initial screening concluded that no indigenous peoples issues are anticipated, as defined in the Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). An indigenous peoples planning framework has been prepared for future loans, in case the indigenous peoples framework would be triggered.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||Outreach and consultation is an ongoing process during implementation.|
|Consulting Services||All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's guidelines on the use of consultants. The indicative terms of reference for all consulting services are described in the facility administration manual for this investment program.|
|Procurement||All procurement and goods and civil works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's procurement guidelines.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Vishal, Vivek|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||India Resident Mission|
Dept of Tourism&Civil Aviation,Gov of Himachal Pra
Room No 101, Armsdale
Himachal Pradesh Secretariat
Chota Shimla - 171002 (HP), India Dept. of Tourism, Gov't. of Punjab
Room No 514, Mini Secretariat
Government of Punjab
Chandigarh - 160009, India
|Concept Clearance||22 Mar 2010|
|MRM||06 Mar 2009|
|Approval||04 Oct 2010|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||28 Apr 2010|
|Last PDS Update||26 Sep 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|04 Oct 2010||20 Jul 2011||26 Oct 2011||30 Jun 2017||30 Sep 2018||27 Mar 2019|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||62.03||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||43.42||17 Jun 2022||43.42||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||17 Jun 2022||43.42||0.00||100%|
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|India: Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism – Tranche 1||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2021|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Gender Equality Results Case Study: India – Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism in Himachal Pradesh and Punjab||Reports||Mar 2019|
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Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism - Project 1: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jul 2015|