||Jiangsu Yancheng Wetlands Protection Project
||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Loan 2838-PRC: Jiangsu Yancheng Wetlands Protection Project|
|Ordinary capital resources
|Grant 0311-PRC: Jiangsu Yancheng Wetlands Protection Project|
|Global Environment Facility
||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
- Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development
- Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Effective gender mainstreaming
The expected impact of the project will be improved ecosystem health and services in the coastal wetlands in Yancheng. The expected outcome will be increased capacity to manage and protect the wetland ecosystems in Yancheng. The project will adopt an integrated approach to address the degradation of the wetland ecosystems in Yancheng through habitats rehabilitation, invasive species control, sustainable forest management, waste management, and ecological services payments. The initial results and lessons learned from these efforts to rehabilitate wetland habitats will be replicated to other areas of the nature reserves and can be a good model for restoration of other wetlands in the PRC. The impact and outcome will be achieved through the following five project outputs: (i) wetland protection at the YRBNNR; (ii) wetland protection at the DMNNR; (iii) coastal forest improvement at the Sheyang forest farm; (iv) coastal forest improvement at the Dafeng forest farm; and (v) project management and capacity development.
The project activities will include (i) wetland habitat rehabilitation and restoration, including rehydration of dehydrated critical habitats for water birds; conversion of fish ponds into wildlife habitats; and improvement of the milu drinking water and food supplies; (ii) control of the Spartina alterniflora as an invasive species along the Jiangsu coast by the use of freshwater flooding; (iii) improvement and protection of coastal forests, including improvement of the irrigation and drainage systems; fire prevention; pest early warning system and integrated pest management; and reforestation; (iv) waste management, including collection and safe disposal of solid wastes in the nature reserves; (v) pilot and demonstration of ecological compensation and sustainable use of ecological services, including the promotion of sustainable financing mechanism through provincial and municipal program, and market-based instruments; the implementation of ecological compensation program in a pilot community; agroforestry, such as forest-crop intercropping; and eco-tourism; and (vi) capacity development for wetland ecosystem protection, including research; ecological monitoring; meteorological and hydrological observation; animal rescue; technical assistance on nature reserve management planning; and training on procurement and contract management, project management, and financial management. The proposed activities will have the benefit of mitigating climate change through carbon sequestration, and the project preparatory technical assistance (PPTA) will quantify this benefit.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||The government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) has requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide lending support for the proposed Jiangsu Yancheng Wetlands Protection Project. By drawing lessons from previous ADB-financed projects in reviving lakes and wetlands, the proposed project will pay particular attention to wetland restoration and ecosystem protection in a rapid developing region, ecological compensation for ecologically friendly farming practices, and control of invasive species. The project will finance part of the above two master plans for protecting the nature reserves, and introduce an integrated approach to address the current constraints in the wetland ecosystem protection. It will focus on (i) wetland restoration, rehabilitation, and protection; (ii) control of invasive species; (iii) ecological compensation; and (iv) management planning for nature reserves. The project is expected to play a demonstrative role for the restoration of other similar wetlands in the PRC. The project is consistent with the country partnership strategy, 2008-2010 for the PRC which aims to support environmental sustainability and inclusive growth.
||Improved ecosystem health and services in the coastal wetlands in Yancheng
|Description of Outcome
||Coastal ecosystems of the Yancheng Wetlands conserved with reduced rural poverty and greater environmental sustainability
|Progress Toward Outcome
||The project implementation was relatively slow since the project inception in December 2012, mainly because the domestic engineering design took longer time than originally planned. The expected project impact and outcome keep unchanged. A minor change in scope and ADB financing percentage was approved by ADB in February 2015. A mid-term review mission is scheduled to be fielded in 1st half of 2016 to speed up project implementation.
|Description of Project Outputs
1. Wetland Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation in YRBNNR and DMNNR
2. Sustainable Natural Resources Management and Sustainable Livelihoods
3. Ecological Monitoring and Evaluation
4. Environmental Governance and Knowledge Dissemination
5. Project Management and Monitoring
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Component 1: Wetlands Protection at YRBNNR. The progress of the component is about 64.4%. Wetland restoration works started in July 2014 and have progressed about 50%. Wetland management and protection facilities are being constructed. Construction of environment education exhibition building was completed and opened to the public in September 2015. Sanitation and community co-development facilities have been completed about 60%.
Component 2: Wetlands Protection at DMNNR. The progress of the component is about 64%. Bidding of Milu water supply improvement works was completed and construction is expected to start in January 2016. Food supply and resting ground improvement have been completed 80% using government funds. Fences were completed. Tick control equipment was procured using government funds. About 85% of research, monitoring and rescue facilities were completed. The land for the public education center is ready and the bidding is expected to be conducted in January 2016.
Component 3: Coastal Forest Improvement at YFF. The component progress is about 24.7%. Birds habitat restoration has been completed 20% (about 40 ha). Seedling nurseries plantation started in March 2015 and has been completed 30%. Bidding for agroforestry is expected to be conducted in June 2016. Bidding for fire roads was opened in October 2015 and construction is expected to start in March 2016. About 20% of fire control and prevention works was completed.
Component 4: Costal Forest Improvement at DFF. The component progress is about 23.8%. The contract for wetland forestry improvement has been tendered and the implementation is expected to start in March 2016. Wetland restoration was completed. Works for canal drainage is under bid preparation and are expected to open in March 2016 with contract award in May 2016. Works for fire prevention are expected to start in March 2016. Works for growing ecological protection forest for coastal wetland was advertised and expected to open in January 2016.
Component 5: Project Management and Capacity Development. The progress of the component is about 76.5%. The PMO and the PIAs' project management offices have been established and staffed. All consultants under the loan were recruited. Training is being implemented. The consultant team for wetland management environmental governance was fielded in November 2015. A training plan for capacity building activities will be prepared and submitted to ADB for approval by March 2016.
||The project is expected to achieve significant environmental benefits: (i) restoring and protecting wetlands of international and national importance; (ii) conserving biodiversity of global significance by protecting endangered species; (iii) improving the national coastal ecological protection forest network; (iv) increasing carbon sequestration; (v) enhancing the resilience under climate change of local communities, particularly against the threat of tsunamis and storm surges; and (vi) reducing coastal pollution. Possible adverse environmental impacts and risks during construction are noise, air, and water pollution; solid waste mismanagement; soil borrow and spoil; and their possible effects on protected species and their habitats. Major potential impacts for the two nature reserves and the two forest farms during operation will be noise from water pumps; noise, water, and solid waste pollution from the operation of the other project facilities (e.g., the wetland science education center, research, and monitoring); and their possible effects on the protected species and their habitats. All impacts are expected to be prevented or acceptably minimized by effectively implementing the EMP and monitoring program. Additional specific assurances related to upstream pollution control and the safe transfer of milu deer to the third core zone and/or other protected sites have been agreed with the JPG to ensure that project outcomes are sustained.
||The population in the project area is ethnically homogenous mainstream Han. The nonrenewal of land use leases for 1,235 ha of land expiring before the commencement of the project will see 493 people in 156 households economically displaced. The livelihoods of these people will be safeguarded by providing new land leases, and additional measures will be undertaken as necessary. Detailed mitigation and livelihood restoration measures, including training for alternative employment, are outlined in the resettlement plan. The Jiangsu PMO and the local PMOs and PIUs are responsible for preparing, reviewing, financing, implementing, monitoring, and reporting on resettlement. The Jiangsu PMO will engage an agency for external monitoring. Loan implementation consultants will develop the capacity of offices responsible for implementing the resettlement plan and of the external monitoring agency. A grievance redress mechanism has been established to provide affected people with sequential steps to follow in case of grievance. Affected people have been informed of the measures in the resettlement plan and grievance steps through public meetings and other means to ensure that they are aware of their entitlements and legal rights.
||No indigenous people concerned.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design
The main initial stakeholders are ADB, the Jiangsu provincial government; the governments of the Yancheng and project districts/cities/counties; and the population in the project areas, including farmers and fishermen. The PPTA is currently undertaking stakeholder consultations to identify opportunities for effective stakeholder participation. Their needs and perceived benefits are being identified and assessed through stakeholder meetings at various levels. The ensuing project will provide opportunities for participation in the ecological compensation program, eco-tourism, and alternative livelihoods programs. The level of participation envisaged for project design include information sharing, consultation, and collaborative decision making.
The project may be classified as biodiversity conservation in nature, for which consultation process will primarily include needs assessment of the beneficiaries to be fed into the project design during PPTA. An overall C&P plan will be prepared; and C&P will form part of the design of the various outputs, and part of the monitoring and evaluation of the project's environmental and social impacts.
|During Project Implementation
||The project involves local communities regarding land use planning, habitats protection, and household ecotourism. Local communities are frequently consulted. Monitoring reports for safeguard implementation are disclosed in the ADB's website.
||Consultants are recruited in line with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants 2013. Five individual consultants were recruited under the loan in areas of ecosystem project management, wetland restoration and management, ecosystem protection project management and performance monitoring, environment safeguards, and social safeguards. The rest of consulting services will be recruited under GEF grant. Consulting services funded through the GEF grant include (i) a comprehensive team for wetland management and environmental governance; (ii) two studies on community-based pilots and operational management plans for nature reserves; (iii) a policy research on eco-compensation; (iv) a training of trainers program for wetlands management; (v) a national training specialist to oversee the training of trainers program; and (vi) miscellaneous individual consultants to support PMO with project management and evaluation. The consulting firm for component (i) was recruited in November 2015.
||All procurement of goods and works are carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines 2015. Contracts for goods estimated to exceed $3.0 million and contracts for works estimated to exceed $40.0 million will be procured using international competitive bidding procedures. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost less than the international competitive bidding values, but more than $100,000, will be procured through national competitive bidding procedures in accordance with the PRC Tendering and Bidding Law, 1999, subject to modifications agreed upon with ADB. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost $100,000 or less shall be procured using shopping procedures. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy (1998, as amended to date) will be included in all procurement documents and contracts.