Nepal: Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 41022-022 Status: Active

Summary

ADB is helping Nepal improve access to water and sanitation services in small towns throughout the country. The project will strengthen the urban water supply and sanitation sector, assist in establishing policies and service standards, upgrade infrastructure and services in about 20 towns, and improve governance and capacity for project management and operation.

Latest Project Documents

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project Number 41022-022
Country Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0157-NEP: Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 45.10 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Project has three components. Component 1 will develop an efficient, effective, and accountable urban water supply and sanitation sector by establishing and implementing policies, establishing service standards, and enhancing sector coordination. Component 2 will entail development of safe, accessible, and adequate water supply and sanitation facilities in about 20 small towns. Component 3 will strengthen governance and capacity for project management and operation.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Although Nepal is considered ahead of its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of 73% (95% for urban and 72% for rural) in terms of access to an improved water source, the Nepal Millennium Development Goals: Progress Report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) published in 2005 cautions against optimism because of serious functionality problems. Based on a survey in 2002, it was reported that water availability was only intermittent in many areas, half of the gravity flow systems in the hills needed major repair, and more than half of the tubewells in the Terai were contaminated. UNDP concludes that Nepal's coverage could be considerably lower if the strict definition of access to safe drinking water were applied. Access to improved sanitation services was estimated to be only 27% in 2006 according to the World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, and the MDG target of 53% (67% for urban and 52% for rural) for sanitation will not be met, if the rate of increase in coverage between 2000 and 2006 is maintained until 2015. Currently, 265 towns (153 Terai and 112 hill towns) are classified as small towns in Nepal, with a total population of 3.6 million. These towns are being developed haphazardly, although they are playing an important role in creating economic links between the rural areas and the country's urban economy. Water supply in many small towns is deficient both in terms of coverage
and water quality. There is serious and urgent need to improve water supply and sanitation services in small towns.
Impact Improved health and economic and environmental living conditions of people in small towns in Nepal.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Improved, affordable, and sustainable water supply and sanitation services which are governed and managed by locally accountable representative bodies.
Progress Toward Outcome Water supply system has been expanded to 16 town projects that are currently supplying water with benefitting population of 207,338 against the target of 240,000. Sanitation component has been designed and preparation for procurement is ongoing. Household latrine construction has started. WUSCs have been formed in all project towns. It is likely that the project will achieve its outcome to provide an improved water supply services to about 240,000 population.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Efficient, effective, and accountable urban water supply and sanitation sector developed.

2. Safe, accessible, and adequate water supply and sanitation facilities developed in 20 towns.

2.1 Water supply facilities expanded and rehabilitated

2.2 Sanitation facilities expanded and improved

2.3 Households connected to the water supply and sanitation system

3. Governance and capacity strengthened for project management and operation.

3.1 WUSCs strengthened and fully address concerns of the diverse groups of users

3.2 Regional monitoring and supervision offices/WSSDOs strengthened

3.3 Public awareness on health and hygiene increased

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Efficient, effective, and accountable urban water supply and sanitation sector developed.

1.1 SEIU established.

Progress: GON has established SEIU on 31 July 2009 and institutionalized it as a permanent unit of the MOUD in June 2012.

1.2 Service standards established, performance monitored for 80% of the urban water supply system, which are documented and published by 2012.

Progress: GON has approved the operational directives for WS schemes > 50 taps and has developed guidelines. For small towns and larger water supply schemes, SEIU has started benchmarking of Water Supply Service Providers and providing workshops and trainings to the Service Providers. The first Data Book published in March 2014, covered 32 water supply service providers. The second Data Book covering 63 schemes was published in April 2015.

1.3 Service standards improved against initial performance (collected by 2012) for 30% of the water supply system by 2015.

Progress: Performance assessment of 29 small towns were conducted. TDF and DWSS are providing support to improve water service standard. Inventory and assessment of issues in sewerage and wastewater management has been in progress.

1.4 National standards for sewerage and wastewater management formulated by mid-2012.

Progress-- National standard for sewerage and wastewater management has been drafted in consultation with Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MOSTE). MOSTE is pursuing the matter further.

1.5 Regional water quality and meter calibration laboratories test water quality on regular basis for all 29 towns under STWSSSP-I by 2011

Progress: After assessing the status of laboratories and recommending different operation modalities by using individual consultant in 2010, Government approved guideline for the operationalization of Water Quality Laboratories in 2011. The laboratories and meter calibration workshops have been handed over to DWSS for operation. The laboratories are staffed with trained chemists and have adequate equipment and field test kits to undertake routine water quality tests.

2. Safe, accessible, and adequate water supply and sanitation facilities developed in 20 towns

2.1 Water supply facilities expanded and rehabilitated

Progress-- Water supply system has been expanded to 16 town projects that are currently supplying water with expanded and rehabilitated systems. Progress is being made in remaining 5 towns but water supply has not started.

2.1.1 Water extraction (surface/groundwater), treatment, and storage, transmission, and distribution facilities constructed in 20 towns by 2014

Progress: 21 contracts for water supply and sanitation subprojects have been awarded (6 in 2011, 7 in 2012 and 8 in 2013). Storage (7 completed and 20 ongoing); rehabilitation of reservoir tank (2 completed); tube well installed and partly developed (18 completed and 13 ongoing); and 2 intakes completed

2.1.2 --1,400 km of network for water supply pipes installed or upgraded by 2014

Progress: 2,100 km of network of water supply pipes have been installed.

2.2 Sanitation facilities expanded and improved.

2.2.1 Sanitation (household, on-site sanitation, public toilet, septic tank sludge disposal, and storm water drainage) facilities constructed in 20 towns by 2014.

Progress--5,081 household latrines have been constructed, 48 public/ institutional toilets have been constructed, 23.2 km storm water drainage construction has also been completed.

2.3 Households connected to the water supply and sanitation system

2.3.1 --16,000 households newly connected to piped water supply within the first year of operation.

Progress: 41,410 households have been connected to piped water supply (meter yet to be installed).

2.3.2--12,000 households served through OBA for water and sanitation connections.

Progress: 8,491 HHs served through OBA for water and sanitation connection.

2.3.3 Wastewater management facilities constructed in at least three towns by 2014.

Progress: Construction is under progress for wastewater management facilities at Indrapur and Vyas.

2.3.4--1,500 cubic meter (40% of the wastewater in these towns) collected and treated to meet environmental standards by 2015.

Progress: Contractors have been mobilized for wastewater management facilities at Indrapur and Vyas.

2.3.5--24,000 households served with new sanitation connections within the first year of operation.

Progress: Ten towns declared ODF during the period

3. Governance and capacity strengthened for project management and operation

3.1 WUSCs strengthened and fully address concerns of the diverse groups of users.

3.1.1 At least 33% representation of women among WUSC members upon first election.

Progress: Target has been fulfilled. All WUSC have minimum of 33% women representation. They have occupied the positions of Vice Chairperson and Treasurer in many WUSCs.

3.1.2 Women, poor, and vulnerable groups appropriately represented in general assembly or other WUA subgroups in accordance with GESI action plan

Progress: 67%, 23%, 4% and 6% Brahman/Chhetri, Janajati, Dalit and others are respectively represented in WUSC so far. In Batch I & II, WUSC composed of 64 (34%) female and 124(64%) male member respectively. Altogether in key position 64(77%) male and 19 (23%) female members are working in 21 town projects respectively.

3.1.3 At least 50% of WUSC members trained on project implementation, operation, and management by commissioning

Progress: WUSCs have been provided with required support training/orientations to enhance their capacity. Total 95 numbers of training (54 numbers in Batch I & 41 numbers in Batch II) were conducted in eighteen town projects.

3.1.4 At least two key managers for operation engaged by WUSCs and trained before construction completion.

Progress: The process has been started and is ongoing.

3.2 Regional monitoring and supervision offices/WSSDOs strengthened 3.3 Public awareness on health and hygiene increased.

3.2.1 Technical support of regional monitoring and supervision offices/WSSDOs to WUSCs increased.

Progress: PISUs are established in WSSDOs. Monitoring team established

3.2.2 Gender/social development officer designated in PMO/WSSDOs

Progress: Three Social Development Officers (two females and one male) have been designated in PMO for M&E of all small towns projects activities. Similarly, one Social Development and Safeguards Specialist consultant has been working since 2010. One female Social Mobilizer in each WSSDO/PISU has been mobilized. Local NGOs have submitted final socio-economic profile report of 20 town projects and one is remaining.

3.3 Public awareness on health and hygiene increased.

3.3.1 Personal and communal hygiene behavior improved.

Progress: Awareness has been raised through various training organized by NGOs and PMO. Local NGOs and social mobilizers are deeply involved in raising awareness.

Geographical Location whole country

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The Project's category for Environment is B. IEE with EMP for all the town projects have been prepared. Project Management Office monitors the status of environmental aspects as per EMP.
Involuntary Resettlement The Project's category for involuntary resettlement is B.
Indigenous Peoples The Project's category for indigenous people is B.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with various stakeholders were done during PPTA. The comments and suggestions made have been reflected in the design of sub projects.
During Project Implementation Stakeholder participation and consultation during the project implementation is ensured through the likes of grievance redress mechanism at town level. GESI action plan is being implemented and also regularly updated.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

Consultants will be recruited in line with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Consulting services will be provided to (i) support sector development; (ii) support project management, monitoring, and evaluation at the central level; (iii) carry out design and construction supervision for individual subprojects, including monitoring for safeguards compliance; and (iv) provide training and capacity development programs for WUSCs and other institutions on financial, technical, and managerial aspects. An estimated 2,170 person-months (56 international and 2,114 national) of consulting services are needed.

Sector efficiency improvement unit consultant has been mobilized. A project management consultant is working at the central level. 8 local NGOs and 3 design and supervision consultants have been mobilized for Batch I towns. 9 NGOs and 4 design and supervision consultants have been mobilized for Batch II towns. A design and supervision consultant to enhance functionality of small towns has been recruited.

Procurement

All procurement to be financed under an ADB grant will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). The civil works contract, which will include the technical operation of the system for 1 year after completion of the construction, will be made for each town, combining water supply and sanitation facilities. Civil works contracts valued at more than $1 million equivalent and equipment contracts valued at more than $500,000 will be undertaken through international competitive bidding procedures, while civil works contracts valued at $1 million equivalent or less and equipment contracts valued at $500,000 or less will be procured following national competitive bidding procedures generally in accordance with the Government's Public Procurement Regulations 2007 and Public Procurement Act 2007 and acceptable to ADB. Packages valued at $100,000 or less will be procured under shopping procedures.

21 contracts for civil works in town sub projects and 2 civil works contracts for sanitation have been awarded and the constructions are under progress.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Mohan Karkee
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Urban Development
Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal
Department of Water Supply and Sewerage
Mr. Ram Deep Sah
[email protected]
Panipokhari, Kathmandu
Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
Mr. Krishna Acharya
[email protected]
Singhdurbar, Kathmandu

Timetable

Concept Clearance 23 Feb 2009
Fact Finding 01 Mar 2009 to 16 Mar 2009
MRM 29 May 2009
Approval 17 Sep 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Apr 2009
Last PDS Update 13 Sep 2016

Grant 0157-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Sep 2009 27 Nov 2009 14 Jan 2010 31 Mar 2016 30 Jun 2017 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 71.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.10 17 Sep 2009 44.08 0.00 98%
Counterpart 26.60 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Sep 2009 35.62 0.00 79%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Environmental Compliance Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2016
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-December 2015) Social Monitoring Reports May 2016
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report Volume 2 (January-December 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2015
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-December 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2015
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Khandbari Town Initial Environmental Examination May 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Baitadi Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dhankuta Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Letang Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Rampur Town Water Supply and Sanitation Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Meghauli Town Initial Environmental Examination Sep 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Duhabi Town Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Vyas Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Bhasi Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Narayan Nagarpalika Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Darakh-Sukhad Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Mukundapur Town Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2012
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Phidim Town Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2012
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Kakarvitta Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2012
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Shivanagar Town Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Damak Town Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Lamahi Town Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Sandhikharka Town Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Baglung Town Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Karaiya-Makrahar Town Initial Environmental Examination Sep 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Indrapur Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Duhabi Water Supply and Sanitation Sub-project Resettlement Plan (Draft) Resettlement Plans Mar 2009
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Khadbari Water Supply and Sanitation Sub-project Resettlement Plan (Draft) Resettlement Plans Mar 2009
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Resettlement Framework (Draft) Resettlement Frameworks Mar 2009

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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