The goal of the Project is to improve health, nutrition status, and cognitive and social development of children. The aim is to identify an integrated early childhood care and development (ECCD) model, especially for children under 3 years of age, with a community and poverty targeted focus for selected ethnic minorities and migrant workers. The specific objectives are to (i) identify and pilot cost-effective programs that are accessible for these poor target groups; and (ii) strengthen the capacity of central and local governments in the planning, financing, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation of integrated ECCD interventions.
|Project Name||Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Health / Mother and child health care
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming|
|Description||The goal of the Project is to improve health, nutrition status, and cognitive and social development of children. The aim is to identify an integrated early childhood care and development (ECCD) model, especially for children under 3 years of age, with a community and poverty targeted focus for selected ethnic minorities and migrant workers. The specific objectives are to (i) identify and pilot cost-effective programs that are accessible for these poor target groups; and (ii) strengthen the capacity of central and local governments in the planning, financing, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation of integrated ECCD interventions.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The Government of Viet Nam remains committed to ensuring faster and sustainable poverty reduction as part of its 5 year Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) 2006-2010 and Comprehensive Poverty Reduction Strategy. The Government has recognized the importance of child development as key to develop an educated labor force for future economic development. ADB aims to assist Government efforts to implement SEDP and promote social inclusiveness.|
|Impact||Improved health, nutrition status, and cognitive and social development of children.|
|Description of Outcome||Integrated early childhood care and development model especially for children under 3 years of age|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The pilot project was implemented in Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Binh Duong provinces. The pilot compared several options of providing ECD in Viet Nam. ECD is in serious short supply, expensive, and often outdated and of poor quality. Good ECD is one of the key challenges for sustainable socio-economic development, as it grooms pre-school children intellectually, socially and physically. Four EECD models were (i) public, (ii) urban private-home based, (iii) factory-based, and (iv) community-based. Public nursery schools in which teachers are under the government payroll, and the facilities are fully subsidized. These schools are usually located in administrative centers, easily accessible and typically serve the non-poor. Urban private home nursery schools are more modest in facilities but some provide excellent school services. While community-based schools typically serve the poor in remote rural areas, they only receive small support and communities cannot afford better schools. Children in these schools may lack lunches, teachers, and toys. The Government may want to consider shifting subsidies to these schools. With upgrading of basic ECD facilities, in particular the attendance at home-based schools has increased rapidly. By project closing, EA was able to achieve most project activities, including improvement of facilities and equipment and supplies, and training of teachers. It will be difficult to assess learning impact of the models. Indicators will assess results, in terms of (i) use of nursery schools, (ii) quality of nursery schools, and (iii) learning of children. A simple project monitoring and evaluation tool has been used for a baseline survey in sample schools of project provinces. The survey in particular focused on quality of teaching, teaching materials, school feeding, and monitoring. A end line survey was conducted by end of project to measure the impacts. Final workshops for dissemination of project results and lessons learned and recommendations were organized at national level.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Pilot Early Childhood Care and Development Interventions
Capacity Building for Early Childhood Care and Development
Advocacy and Communication
Project Management, Monitoring and Operations Research
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The EECD models were piloted and assessed. EECD activities at commune level were implemented by village health workers with support of the district technical team. Lunch and fortified supplementary food were organized and provided to children in schools under 3, in particularly malnourished children in Quang Binh and Quang Tri, the poorer provinces with high malnutrition rate among children in project areas. Toys, EECD materials were procured, developed and provided to schools. Growth monitoring was conducted on monthly basis. Parental education was conducted through meetings and cooking lunches in the commune. School readiness and impact assessment were conducted.
The project was approved for extension until 25 September 2013 together with reallocation of grant proceeds.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
The Project Management Office (PMO) will engage consultants for specific aspects of project implementation. Individual international and national consultants will be contracted in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). ADB will approve all terms of reference for individual consultants prior to recruitment by the PMO. International consultants are as follows (i) ECCD specialist (2pm; 2pm) (ii) food fortification and supplementation specialist (1.5 pm), and (iii) communication and advocacy specialist (2.5 pm).
National consultants are as follows: (i) communication and behavior change specialist (9pm); (ii) ECCD curriculum specialist (2pm) (iii) curriculum and training specialist for ECCD (2.5 pm) (iv) planning and budget specialist (6 pm) (v) financial analyst (1 study) (vi) ECCD specialist (2 pm)
|Procurement||Civil works, equipment and office supplies will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Thomas, Elaine C.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Human and Social Development Division, SERD|
Government Office for Population & Family Planning
Dr. Tran Van Chien
Ministry of Health 138A Giang Vo, Hanoi, Viet Nam Government Office for Population & Family Planning
Dr. Tran Van Chien, Director
138A Giang Vo Hanoi, Viet Nam
|Concept Clearance||28 Feb 2007|
|Fact Finding||16 Mar 2006 to 21 Mar 2006|
|Approval||19 Feb 2008|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||27 Mar 2007|
|Last PDS Update||01 Oct 2014|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|19 Feb 2008||26 Sep 2008||26 Sep 2008||25 Sep 2011||25 Sep 2013||22 Jan 2015|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||2.14||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||19 Feb 2008||0.00||1.73||91%|
|Cofinancing||1.90||19 Feb 2008||0.00||1.73||91%|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development: Implementation Completion Memorandum||Implementation Completion Memorandum||Jan 2016|
|Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development||Grant Implementation Manuals||Apr 2009|
|Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction)||Grant Assistance Reports||Jan 2008|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development in Viet Nam||Papers and Briefs||Dec 2010|
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