Lao People's Democratic Republic: Alternative Livelihood for Upland Ethnic Groups in Houaphanh Province
The Asian Development Bank is working with the Lao People’s Democratic Republic to help people in Houaphan, one of the poorest provinces in the country. The project is improving the livelihoods and rice self-sufficiency of upland ethnic groups in 26 villages in the province.
Southeast Asia Department
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Lao People's Democratic Republic
|Project Name||Alternative Livelihood for Upland Ethnic Groups in Houaphanh Province|
|Country / Economy||Lao People's Democratic Republic
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources / Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
(i) Provide a sound foundation by builidng community capacity in development planning and natural resource management.
(ii) Support detailed preparation and implementation of alternative livelihood opportunities.
(iii) Improve local infrastructure to facilitate introduction of alternative livelihood activities and access to social services.
(iv) Provide facilities and organizational management.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The Lao PDR is classified as a highly indebted poor country (HIPC) and is currently eligible to receive 50% of total project financing from ADB as grants. In this context, Houaphan is one of the poorest provinces in the country, and the villages to be targeted by the project are among the poorest in the province.|
|Impact||Poverty reduction for upland ethnic groups in Lao PDR.|
|Description of Outcome||Improved livelihoods of upland ethnic groups in 26 villages in Houaphanh Province|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Main outcome achievements are: (i) total wet season production was 1,370 tons showing an increase of 30.4% from the 2007 baseline; (ii) families with rice sufficiency increased by 11.42% compared to the baseline and the number of households with a marketable surplus increased by 100% from 2007, (iii) Natural resource management (land use, forest management, NTFP extraction) regulations adopted in all project villages ; (iv) production of crops other than rice increased by 111% from the baseline, and the overall paddy area increased by around 26% as shifting cultivators adopt alternative production systems and livelihood activities. Overall the number of poor families in the target villages has been reduced by 20.11% from the baseline. Vegetable and rice production have been the main drivers of the improvements.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Strengthened Village Capacity Development
Generated Alternative livelihoods
Improved infrastructure in access to market and social services.
Efficient Project Management
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The Project has made good progress, with the physical progress of 91% and financial progress of 99%. It is considered to be on track and satisfactory.
Component A: The Project has established 26 Village Development Committees (VDCs), and 26 village develpment plans. The VDCs have a total of 132 representatives that include 41 women (31%). Land use planning completed in all project villages and family level land allocation completed in 12 villages.
Component B: Main acheivements include: (i) 54 village agriculture volunteers, 39 village veterinary workers, 143 village foresters were elected and trained; (ii) 143 agriculture production groups, 36 livestock and fishery production groups were formed and supported by the Project. Three Community enterprise groups (CEGs) with total members of 80 families have been formed in the Project area. The CEGs are collecting savings from the members and start to collect the local products to supply to the local market in district town.
Component C: A total of 16 water supply schemes (gravity-fed system) had been constructed and water user groups were formed; 946 latrines have been constructed. 11 irrigation schemes have been improved by the Project. The irrigation improvements are leading to increased crop diversification and also dry season cultivation of rice and other crops such as vegetables. Village access road opening have been completed for 20.15 kms. Village track improvement schemes planned for total 74.08 kms (10 roads), 8 roads have been completed with a total lengh of 63.5 km with operation and maintenance trainings provided to the villagers;
Component D: The Project has 34 staff including 19 Provincial Project Office staff and 15 district-based staff. The Project Coordination Committee has met regularly.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project will support the construction of some village infrastructure, including village tracks, rural water supply systems, latrines, small-scale community-managed irrigation systems, and construction of a Local Development Center (LDC). The construction sites will be determined by villagers during participatory consultation meetings. No negative environmental effect is expected. The site selection for construction of these infrastructures will be carefully addressed to avoided or minimized environmental impact wherever possible.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No IR impact, no actions are required.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Project has been prepared with close coordination with ethnic minority villagers and they will be solicited from the earliest stages of project implementation in view of extending its positive impacts on ethnic groups' livelihood without negatively affecting their customary rights of use and access to land and natural resources, cultural and communal integrity, and the recognition of their indigenous knowledge. All project beneficiaries belong to an ethnic group and with no group being predominant over the other. As the Project beneficiaries and indigenous peoples are synonymous, the Project itself serves as an Indigenous Peoples' Development Plan (IPDP). Therefore, no separate IPDP is required.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
(i) The project was prepared in consultation with representatives from the ethnic groups in the project area, villagers, relevant provincial and district staff.
(ii) The concepts and drafts have been shared with the Japanese Embassy in Vientiane through email exchanges since December 2006 with Minister Counselor and Advisor.
(iii) Representative of UNODC, WFP, WB, JICA and CCL.
|During Project Implementation||During project implementation, government, UNODC and ADB joint project reviews.|
|Consulting Services||The selection of consultants will be carried out by the EA according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). A total of 94 person-months of consulting services (10 person-months of international, and 84 person-months national) will be provided for the services of project implementation specialists/agronomist, community development specialist, agriculture extension specialist, and community health specialist.|
|Procurement||All goods and civil works will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). National competitive bidding (NCB) and Shopping will be the procurement methods to be used. ADB will make direct payments to consultants based on recommendations by the EA. Goods and civil works equivalent to or below $100,000 will be procured using ADB's shopping procedure, and above $100,000 will be procured using ADB's NCB procedure. No International Competitive Bidding is envisaged under the project.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Souannavong, Souadalay|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Lao Resident Mission|
Provincial Government of Houaphanh
Mr. Siviengxam Phengphomma
Xamneua, Houaphanh Province Provincial Government of Houaphanh
Xam Neua (Office of the Secretary of the Governor) Vientiane Lao, PDR
|Concept Clearance||22 Feb 2007|
|Fact Finding||26 Mar 2007 to 11 Apr 2007|
|Approval||13 Feb 2008|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||30 Jun 2008|
|Last PDS Update||15 Dec 2011|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Feb 2008||09 Apr 2008||09 Apr 2008||08 Apr 2011||29 Feb 2012||27 Jun 2012|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1.82||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||17 Jun 2022||0.00||1.82||100%|
|Cofinancing||1.82||17 Jun 2022||0.00||1.82||100%|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Alternative Livelihood for Upland Ethnic Groups in Houaphanh Province: Implementation Completion Memorandum||Implementation Completion Memorandum||Mar 2014|
|Alternative Livelihood for Upland Ethnic Groups in Houaphanh Province (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction)||Grant Assistance Reports||Jan 2008|
|Proposed Grant Assistance Lao's People Democratic Republic Alternative Livelihood for Upland Ethnic Groups in Houaphanh Province (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction)||Procurement Plans||Jan 2008|
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