Building the capacity of Pacific supreme audit institutions (SAIs) is fundamental to improving regional governance. Public auditing in the Pacific region overall has advanced substantially in the past decade. Numerous audit backlogs have been cleared, and both audit quality and the performance of almost all Pacific SAIs have improved. These gains have been made in the face of intimidating challenges. Sustaining such gains is difficult in smaller country settings because auditing in tight-knit social and cultural environments involves significant political, professional, and personal pressures. In addition, Pacific SAIs are at different stages of development and, for some, much more remains to be done to reach uniformly high standards.
|Project Name||Implementing the Pacific Regional Audit Initiative|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Public sector management / Public administration - Public expenditure and fiscal management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||Building the capacity of Pacific supreme audit institutions (SAIs) is fundamental to improving regional governance. Public auditing in the Pacific region overall has advanced substantially in the past decade. Numerous audit backlogs have been cleared, and both audit quality and the performance of almost all Pacific SAIs have improved. These gains have been made in the face of intimidating challenges. Sustaining such gains is difficult in smaller country settings because auditing in tight-knit social and cultural environments involves significant political, professional, and personal pressures. In addition, Pacific SAIs are at different stages of development and, for some, much more remains to be done to reach uniformly high standards.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
In October 2005, Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) leaders endorsed for further study and analysis the Pacific Plan initiative 12.1, which included the Pacific Regional Audit Initiative (PRAI). The PRAI design was subsequently developed by the Pacific Association of Supreme Audit Institutions (PASAI), with support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), under the coordination of the PIF Secretariat. The August 2008 PIF Leaders' meeting endorsed the PRAI design. Following this endorsement, ADB, AusAID, and the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI) Development Initiative supported the successful initial implementation and delivery of PRAI outputs from 2008 to 2010.
The proposed regional capacity development technical assistance (TA) will support the continued implementation of the PRAI in Pacific island countries and has been developed in consultation with the PASAI secretariat and development partners
|Impact||Public entities in Pacific island countries improve transparency and accountability in managing and using their public resources.|
|Description of Outcome||Supreme audit institutions (SAIs) operate in accordance with uniform standards at a measurably higher level.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||ADB's Independent Evaluation Department has been working with AusAID and the New Zealand Aid Program to undertake an independent review of PASAI and the PRAI. The final report confirms that the PRAI was highly relevant, effective (on major outputs), and efficient, and is likely to be sustainable.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Regional cooperation and coordination of audit activities between SAIs is strengthened.
SAIs' organizational capacity is enhanced.
SAIs' technical ability to undertake financial and performance audits is strengthened.
SAIs collectively advocate transparency and accountability.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Output 1: Regional cooperation and coordination of audit activities between SAIs is strengthened
Under this output: (i) four manuals covering human resource management, quality assurance guidelines, reporting guidelines, and performance audit have been produced and are being used by audit institutions in the region; (ii) three regional cooperative performance audits, covering solid waste, access to safe drinking water, and management of sustainable fisheries, have been completed; and (iii) annual PASAI Congresses have been held to support regional coordination on audit issues.
Output 2: SAIs organizational capacity is enhanced
Training workshops on auditing fundamentals; intermediate auditing; supervisory auditing; and audit management; have been developed, piloted, and then conducted with a total of 101 staff trained from 17 audit institutions in the Pacific. A total of 15 coordinators from within the region have been involved.
Output 3: SAIs technical ability to undertake financial and performance audits is strengthened
Under this output the SAS program has been completed. The SAS program is using an innovative model to deal with public auditing challenges in small island states by the pooling of resources on a subregional basis. The program is working to raise the quality of public auditing in Kiribati, Nauru, and Tuvalu, through the establishment of a team of secondees from each of the participating countries, supported by specialist audit expertise.
Output 4: SAIs collectively advocate transparency and accountability
A second report on the state of accountability and transparency in the Pacific was published by PASAI in July 2012. The report is being used as a basis for communication with governments and regional organizations; and broader advocacy about the role of SAIs and associated governance mechanisms in achieving the accountable and transparent use of public resources.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||ADB has been working with AusAID and the INTOSAI Development Initiative in supporting the design and implementation of the PRAI.|
|During Project Implementation||As above.|
|Consulting Services||The TA will require international consultants (estimated 31 person-months of inputs) with skills and expertise in public auditing, performance auditing, and undertaking peer reviews. All consultants will be engaged as individuals. The consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||Disbursements under the TA will be made in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Everett, Hayden B.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Pacific Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||13 Aug 2010|
|Fact Finding||08 Nov 2009 to 12 Nov 2009|
|Approval||29 Mar 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||24 Sep 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|29 Mar 2011||-||29 Mar 2011||31 Aug 2013||31 Dec 2013||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||1,300,000.00||200,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,500,000.00||29 Mar 2011||1,107,209.63|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Implementing the Pacific Regional Audit Initiative||TA Completion Reports||Jun 2014|
|Implementing the Pacific Regional Audit Initiative||Technical Assistance Reports||Mar 2011|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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