ADB is helping the Kyrgyz Republic improve environmental management and urban service delivery in the Issyk-Kul Oblast or Province. The project will upgrade and expand water supply and sanitation services in the cities of Balykchy, Cholpon-Ata, and Karakol. It will improve service delivery through better enterprise resource management in cities and water and sewerage utilities.
|Project Name||Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban sewerage - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
The Issyk Kul Sustainable Development Project (the Project) is the first phase in a longer-term initiative by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to support environmental management and to improve urban service delivery in the Issyk-Kul Oblast. ADB and government collaboration in Issyk-Kul will ensure that urban services interventions will increase access to potable water and safe sanitation, including use of proven technologies for treatment and disposal of solid and liquid waste. The Project will (i) improve urban infrastructure, including sewerage and sanitation, solid waste management, water supply, and community upgrading; and (ii) improve service delivery through better enterprise resource management.
The Project covers the cities of Balykchy, Cholpon-Ata, and Karakol. Its outputs are:
(i) replacing a 13.4-kilometer (km) sewer network (specifically addressing pumping mains to sewage treatment plants); rehabilitating pumping stations in Balykchy and Karakol; extending the sewer network by 12 km to uncovered areas in Karakol; and supplying relevant tools, equipment, and vehicles for sewer maintenance;
(ii) management of 42.5 hectares of existing waste dumps improved to increase environmental safety and sites operation lifetime and solid waste collection service coverage increased in three project cities;
(iii) installing 8,550 water meters, training vodokanal enterprises in meter reading and leak control, constructing a presedimentation treatment tank at the Karakol water headworks, replacing a 2 km corroded transmission main in Balykchy, and reconstructing 10 boreholes (with treatment, energy efficient pumps, storage, and protection facilities) in Balykchy and Cholpon-Ata;
(iv) providing in the three project cities, water and sanitation facilities in pre-schools, schools and health care organizations; and
(v) implementing an enterprise resource management component comprising a management information system, accounting and financial management, geographic information system, asset inventory and management, and institutional effectiveness program for cities, vodokanal enterprises and tazalyk enterprises.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Lake Issyk-Kul ("warm lake" in Kyrgyz) is the world's second largest saline lake; a Ramsar site of globally significant biodiversity; and a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)-designated biosphere reserve. The lake forms a significant part of Issyk-Kul Oblast and contributes to its economic growth by providing tourism opportunities. Attracting approximately 1 million tourists annually, equivalent to 70% of the country's annual tourist of 1.4 million persons, the lake is a major economic driver in the region.
Increasing tourism has resulted in the construction of many resorts that are now sprawled around the lake's northern shores. However, existing water supply and sanitation infrastructure, ncluding solid waste management, is decrepit, dysfunctional, and poorly maintained. Current infrastructure is unable to serve the high number of tourists, which exceeds the resident population by a factor of four. Excessive pressure on existing infrastructure is partially responsible for the lake's pollution.
The country development strategy, 2009 2011, emphasizes environmental sustainability. The Project, and its focus on protecting the lake, features under the strategy's investment project for the Issyk-Kul region. In February 2009, the Concept of Sustainable Development of the Ecological and Economic System of Issyk-Kul was passed through a presidential decree. Subsequently, the Government of Kyrgyz Republic passed a resolution in May 2009 that prioritizes implementation of the Project.
ADB-led investment and policy dialogue in the region will improve the infrastructure and quality of urban services, foster tourism, and preserve the lake's environment. Institutional, legal, and municipal finance assessments in Issyk-Kul will provide a suitable platform for developing ADB's urban services sector development strategy for Kyrgyz Republic. Development of performance-based service contracts through the Project will also improve opportunities for public private partnerships in the water supply and sanitation sector.
|Impact||Improved health of resident population in the Issy-Kul Oblast and environmental preservation of Issyk-Kul|
|Description of Outcome||Improved urban basic services comprising sewerage and sanitation, solid waste management, and water supply in the cities of Balykchy, Cholpon-Ata, and Karakol|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
Performance targets remain on track:
(i) Achieved. Population access to safe sanitation increased from 43.0 thousand in 2010 to 108.6 thousand person in 2016 (73.5 thousand citizens and schools pupil through sewage system, and 35.1 thousand citizens and school pupil through onsite sanitation).
And this is a pessimistic evaluation not included number of tourist equivalent population estimated as 52.5 thousand by the Consultant. Then it will be around 161.1 persons.
(ii) Close to be achieved. Capacity of solid waste collection improved through supply of collection vehicles (8) and 600 collection bins, benefitting 110,000 persons. In 2016 Municipal solid waste collection cover 122.5 thousand populations including 70 thousand populations in 3 cities and tourist equivalent of 52.5 thousand people. Additionally 900 waste collection bins supplied would further increase coverage. Additional equipment for SW management will be supplied in Q4 2017 that will enhance the services of Tazalyks.
(iii) Improved reliability in water supply through rehabilitation of 6 boreholes in Balykchy and Cholpon-Ata and constructing 2 new ones. Rehabilitation work of 4 boreholes in Balykchy and 2 boreholes in Cholpon-Ata completed at the end of 2014. Construction of new borehole in Balykchy -1 and Cholpon-Ata -1 was completed in June 2017. Water Supply in Karakol receives Swiss Aid (SECO) and Project completed in July 2017 the construction of water intake facilities. The state commissioning is planned in October 2017. Improvements estimated by IEC consultant will be submitted in October 2017.
|Description of Project Outputs||
A. Infrastructure Improvement
Sewerage: 13.43 km of sewer lines replaced in Balykchy and Karakol, 12 km of new sewer lines laid in Karakol, and 6 pumping stations rehabilitated in Balykchy and Karakol
Solid waste management: Management of 42.5 hectares of existing waste dumps improved to increase environmental safety and sites operation lifetime and solid waste collection service coverage increased in three project cities.
Water Supply: 8,550 domestic water meters installed in three project cities, 2 km of water transmission pipeline replaced in Balykchy, presedimentation treatment tank at Karakol water headworks constructed, and 10 boreholes with treatment, energy efficient pumps, storage, and protection facilities constructed in Balykchy and Cholpon-Ata
Community Upgrading: Community water and sanitation facilities constructed
Part B: Enterprise Resource Management
Accounting systems developed for all cities, vodokanal enterprises, and tazalyk enterprise
GIS developed for each city and infrastructure assets mapped
Management capacity of vodokanal enterprises enhanced
Performance-based service contracts for water supply and sewerage awarded
Part C: Project Assistance Facility
IEC campaign effectively implemented, materials on hygiene and sanitation disseminated, and women developed as hygiene and sanitation advocates
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
(i) Achieved. 108,600 persons (73,500 people thru sewage system, 35,100 people thru onsite sanitation). Replacement and installation of new sewer lines is completed in 2016. 3 sewage pump stations rehabilitated in Karakol, 1 new SPC in Balykchy in 2016. 15 units of special vehicles and trucks were delivered to 3 vodokanals in 2014. Additional equipment will be supplied in Q4 2017.
(ii) 8 collection vehicles and 600 bins were delivered in 2014. The additional SWM equipment and special vehicles will be delivered in Q4 2017. 122,500 people were benefitted (70K populations, 52,5K tourists).
(iii) Bulk meters and 6250 domestic meters procured for Balykchy and Cholpon-Ata. Karakol under purview of Swiss Aid. Construction of dual water main in Balykchy completed in December 2015. The pre-sedimentation tank in Karakol was constructed and accepted by Vodokanal in August 2017. Total of 6 boreholes rehabilitated and 2 new constructed in Balykchy and Cholpon-Ata.
(b) Power consumption records to be examined. (c) UV treatment applied.
(iv) The city councils required that all schools in their cities have their sanitary provisions improved, in lieu of the original planning of dealing with the schools over the planned three phases of the project. Total more than 27,800 students and teachers are benefitting from this approach.
Rehabilitation of sanitary facilities in 10 schools in Balykchy completed in 2014. 9 schools in Karakol and 2 schools and 1 kindergarten in Cholpon-Ata completed at the end of 2015.
Part B. (i) .Operation ratio for MEs steel higher than 1. For example, in average among 3 vodokanals the level of subsidies accounted 14% of revenue from 2010 to 2014, in Cholpon-Ata 22%, in Balykchy 17% and in Karakol 7%. In 2015 the situation in this respect slightly improved. They estimate the situation as to be a planned unprofitable enterprises, because the level of tariff almost half of the cost of the services. Karakol not received subsidies' from the city, their earnings cover operation and only 25% of the amortization cost. The level of yearly subsidies in Cholpon-Ata Vodokanal decreasing to 1,3 soms. Balykchy Vodokanal received more than 6 mln soms, and also has a debt for electricity for the previous period about 50 mln soms (debt about 16 mln soms and penalty about 34 mln soms).
(ii) Close to be achieved. The three Vodokanals revenue collection efficiency are improving the average rate close to 90%: with collection efficiency for 2013 for Balykchy 90%, for Cholpon-Ata -100% and Karakol 74%.
(iii) Achieved. Gender disaggregated database created for Vodokanal and Tazalyk enterprises.
(i) Achieved. Satellite images have been purchased for three towns, cadastral maps obtained
(ii) Close to be achieved. GIS maps installed in all 3 cities Vodokanal. Network model prepared for water supply network in Balykchy and Cholpon-Ata. Calibration was provided within contract ICB-3.15. Additionally Ultrasonic water meters were provided in September 2017.
(i) Partly achieved. Twinning program entered into, cancelled because of cultural mismatch. Vodokanal and Tazalyk management all of 3 cities made study tour to New Zealand's Water and Solid Waste processing plants in March 2014.
(iv) Achieved. About 32 women staff trained in 3 cities by GIS and MIS program: 13 in Karakol, 9 in Cholpon-Ata and 10 in Balykchy. Additional trainings arranged by PMO in November 2015 February 2016, in April June 2017.
Not achieved yet. As some performance base indicators as NRW not yet measured as well as rehabilitation of Sewage treatment plants for all 3 cities will be in Phase II. So this task could be shifted to Phase II.
Part C. Ongoing. The IEC services being provided by FNT Consultants are renewed in 3 quarter 2016 and contract extended till June 30 2017.
Additionally all relevant information is disclosed through the project web-site in Russian and English: www.isdp.kg
|Geographical Location||Balykchy, Cholpon-Ata, Issyk Kul, Karakol|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
The Project was classified as environmental category A under ADB's Environment Policy (2002) as its subcomponents are located in the Issyk Kul Biosphere Reserve, which includes several protected wetlands registered under the Ramsar Convention. As part of the project preparatory technical assistance an environmental impact assessment (EIA) was carried out for all subcomponents. Early in the environmental assessment process, relevant environment information was disclosed to likely affected people through stakeholder consultations, workshops, and focus group discussions. The summary EIA report in Russian was also disclosed by city governments and reviewed by SAEPF and its regional departments. News articles in local newspapers preceded the consultations, indicating the EIA content and availability with the city governments. Stakeholder comments from consultations were integrated into the Project. In accordance with ADB's Public Communications Policy (2005), the summary EIA was posted on the ADB website on 1 June 2009 to meet the 120-day disclosure requirement before Board consideration of the Project.
To ensure that the biosphere reserve is not affected, subcomponents have been suitably located.
An efficient, engineering design will mitigate any localized or temporary impacts. Impacts during operations will be mitigated through effective implementation of the environmental management plan. The following measures will mitigate key impacts.
Construction. Good construction techniques, provision of standby equipment in case of power failures and disruptions, soil surface stabilization, and safe disposal of contaminated water and oil will mitigate moderate to severe impacts. The impacts are anticipated from groundwork and transport activities; exhaust, gas, oil, and fuel spills; and soil excavation and storage causing runoffs and soil-level alteration.
Seismic activity. Hydrogeological and geotechnical investigations will form the basis for designs, choice of materials, and construction methods to mitigate severe impacts through structural damage and sinking of foundations and soil.
Operations. Effective implementation of sludge management plans, occupational and safety plans, and emergency response plans will mitigate system operations impacts resulting from leaks, spillovers, and sludge disposal; windblown waste; gases emitted from landfills; and improper closure of existing dumps.
The state ecological expertise, complying with Kyrgyz Republic laws on environmental clearance, will be made mandatory before bidding. The independent ecological expertise will provide third-party quality assurance and ensure effective environmental management plan implementation; it will also address public grievances through the public ecological expertise process.
The environmental management and monitoring plan will be implemented by BRD and IDEP. IDEP will be directly responsible for mitigating and monitoring impacts during project design, construction, and operation. BRD will complement IDEP's activities through a parallel monitoring function and ensure that project activities comply with environmental regulations within the biosphere reserve. The Project will ensure both IDEP and BRD are adequately equipped and trained.The international and national environment specialists at the PIO will provide training to staff members on monitoring and mitigation activities and ensure that the plan is updated as required.
|Involuntary Resettlement||The Project will not have any land acquisition and resettlement impact as documented in due diligence reports prepared for each of the three project cities. The Project has chosen existing sites for siting bulk facilities and made all efforts to avoid land acquisition and resettlement impacts by choosing appropriate design options and by prioritizing rehabilitation and reconstruction of existing facilities. New construction, to the extent feasible, will be done on unused land already owned by the Government. The due diligence reports were prepared recognizing ADB's Policy on Involuntary Resettlement (1995) and applicable laws and regulations of Kyrgyz Republic.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Project is not expected to affect indigenous people as defined under ADB's Policy on Indigenous Peoples (1998). The project areas are fairly homogenous, with majority Kyrgyz and other ethnic minorities comprising Kazakhs, Russians, and Uzbeks. These ethnic groups do not differ in their needs or levels of water supply or sanitation services, and all will benefit from project activities.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholder consultation workshops held in all three towns, with participation from government entities, media, individuals, NGOs and local buisnesses.|
|During Project Implementation||Project Steering Committee was convened when necessary. Public awareness campaign is being conducted along the project implementation.|
|Consulting Services||Consultants are selected and engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended to date) using quality-and cost-based selection for firms ang government procedures acceptable to ADB for individuals. Simplified technical proposals or full technical proposals, as appropriate, were required from firms. The EA ensures that position-based terms of reference (for each expert) will be used when it invites shortlisted consultants. The PMO appointed six individual specialists to support the PMO and PIO in overseeing consulting services. Three international specialists (40 person-months of water and sewerage, environmental management, and solid waste management strategy development) will provide third-party quality assurance on engineering designs and construction supervision, update the environmental impact assessment and accordingly, revise the environmental management plan, and develop a waste management strategy to reduce waste generation and disposal. Three domestic specialists (90 person-months of project performance monitoring, social and gender development, and procurement expertise) will assist the PIO.|
|Procurement||Procurement of works, goods, and services are in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended to date) based on the procurement plan. Civil works, equipment, and material were procured through international competitive bidding (ICB) and national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures as appropriate. (i) Civil works includes rehabilitation of sewerage systems (two ICB contracts) water supply improvement (two ICB contracts, two NCB), and construction of community water and sanitation facilities (three NCB contracts, 2 shoppings for works). (ii) Goods include equipment and selected materials for vodokanal enterprises, tazalyk enterprises, and the PMO (four ICB contracts, two NCB, 11 shopping), environmental monitoring equipment for IDEP and BRD (shopping) and waste collection and associated equipment (one ICB contract). ADB's shopping procedures apply to off-the-shelf items and standard products costing the equivalent of $100,000 or less.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Razaev, Mamatkalil|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Kyrgyz Resident Mission|
Ministry of Finance
Public Debt Department Room 500
58 Erkindik Boulevard
Bishkek 720040, Kyrgzy Republic
|Concept Clearance||02 Jan 2009|
|Fact Finding||08 Jul 2009 to 01 Aug 2009|
|MRM||19 Aug 2009|
|Approval||30 Sep 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||27 Jul 2009|
|Last PDS Update||27 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Sep 2009||05 Nov 2009||29 Jan 2010||30 Jun 2015||31 Dec 2017||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||13.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||13.50||30 Sep 2009||12.12||0.00||90%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||30 Sep 2009||12.67||0.00||94%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Sep 2009||05 Nov 2009||29 Jan 2010||30 Jun 2015||31 Dec 2017||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||24.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||16.50||30 Sep 2009||11.66||0.00||77%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||30 Sep 2009||11.86||0.00||78%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project||Procurement Plans||Oct 2013|
|Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Jan 2010|
|Financing Agreement for Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project between Kyrgyz Republic and Asian Development Bank dated 05 November 2009||Financing Agreement||Nov 2009|
|Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2009|
|Проект Устойчивого Развития Иссык-Куля||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2009|
|Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project||Gender Action Plans||Sep 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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