The Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management Project (the Project) aims to promote sustainable natural resource management (NRM) and contribute to poverty reduction in rural Mongolia. These goals will be achieved through policy strengthening and implementation in support of sustainable NRM in the Onon River Basin at the basin, soum (district), and bag (subdistrict) levels, and by creating an enabling environment for community-driven poverty reduction.
|Project Name||Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change|
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management Project (the Project) aims to promote sustainable natural resource management (NRM) and contribute to poverty reduction in rural Mongolia. These goals will be achieved through policy strengthening and implementation in support of sustainable NRM in the Onon River Basin at the basin, soum (district), and bag (subdistrict) levels, and by creating an enabling environment for community-driven poverty reduction. Specifically, the Project will (i) provide capacity building and resources to foster the development of effective environmentally-focused community-based organizations (CBOs) that will increase local stakeholders' input in NRM decisions, (ii) strengthen local government capacity and resources to effectively implement NRM policies, (iii) develop new or enhanced sources of livelihoods for poor households in protected areas and buffer zones through revolving funds and business development assistance for unsustainable extraction of flora and fauna from protected areas, and (iv) enhance environmental conservation planning and management in the Onon River watershed through investments in technical research and strategy development.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy|
|Impact||Poverty is reduced in areas surrounding the Onon-Balj Natural Protected Area.|
|Description of Outcome||Improved livelihoods among project families involved in community-based organizations.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
The project made substantial progress towards project outcome 2: Strengthened Integrated natural resource management (NRM) and conservation in the Onon River Basin (ORB), and project outcome 3: Strong local institutions developed in communities around the Onon-Balj National Park (OBNP). Community mobilization and institutional setting necessary for NRM of the ORB are mostly done. Respective NRM plans were prepared and to be approved by concerned authorities shortly. Nevertheless, institutions established with the project assistance need to be further strengthened, and actual implementation of NRM plans by those institutions is yet to be seen.
Solid groundwork has been accomplished for project outcome 1: Improved livelihoods among families living in areas surrounding the OBNP. Likelihood to achieve the outcome is yet to be assessed once loan guarantee funds are being utilized by project beneficiaries. Establishment of grant funds for subprojects already approved and disbursed to project beneficiaries.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Establishment of an effective Onon River Basin Council (ORBC)
A strategy for integrated management of the ORB is adopted as government policy.
Environmentally-sustainable small-scale enterprises established to provide alternative sources of livelihood that reduce harmful resource extraction from protected areas.
Effective project implementation, monitoring, and assessment.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Buffer zone councils in 7 soums located in buffer zones of Onon-Balj Natoinal Part and buffer zone fund has been established.
A training center in Dadal soum and eco-clubs for all project soums were established.
Demarcation of the OBNP border using signs, post and information boards has been completed.
Preparatory work in progress.
Preparatory work in progress.
Preparatory work in progress.
Project closing date extended from 7 Oct 2012 to 31 May 2013.
|Geographical Location||Onon River Basin (Khentiy Aimag and bordering portions of neighboring aimags), Mongolia|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
Local government representatives in the five target soums, the aimag government, protected area administrators, CBO representatives engaged in NRM and conservation, and other rural stakeholders have been involved in participatory consultations and workshops related to the project design. These consultations focused on soliciting stakeholder input regarding the causes of poverty; identifying barriers to poverty reduction; defining entry points for interventions through environment-poverty links, capacity building, and social development; and capitalizing on value-chain development opportunities.
The Project was formulated following extensive consultations with local stakeholders and key informants, and after participatory analysis with groups of target beneficiaries in all soums. Introductory and preparatory meetings included representatives of the environmental and social policy departments of the aimag government, officers of soum governments, and members of aimag and soum khurals (legislative bodies). In each soum, participatory rural appraisal techniques were employed by two field teams to analyze environment-poverty links with CBOs in rural areas and rural centers. Participatory action research included social mapping and wealth ranking to identify poverty profiles and dimensions and group analysis on opportunities for poverty reduction through community-based NRM. A series of meetings was held with representatives of local NGOs and citizens' movements.
|During Project Implementation||Planned as detailed in Grant Assistance Report|
The Project will require 4.25 person-months of international and 660 person-months of national consulting services. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) will be engaged following the single source selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Engagement of the international consultants will be undertaken by the project management unit (PMU), while engagement of the national consultants will be undertaken by WWF through the nongovernment organization (NGO) program.
As the specific activities to be undertaken under components A and B will be driven by the interests and demands of the participating communities, the consultancy requirements for the Project will be reviewed and adjusted, as necessary, to meet the requirements of implementation and to help ensure the successful completion of the Project.
|Procurement||Procurement under the Project will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost the equivalent of $100,000 or less will be procured using ADB's shopping procedure. Contracts for goods with estimated value of more than $100,000, but not equal to or exceeding $500,000, and contracts for works with estimated value of more than $100,000, but not equal to or exceed $1.0 million will be awarded using the national competitive bidding (NCB) procedure. Items costing $10,000 or below may be purchased directly from the supplier. In such cases, ADB should be satisfied that the price paid is reasonable. The use of international competitive bidding is not envisaged under the Project. NCB procurement will be done on the basis of NCB procedures, in accordance with the Mongolian Procurement Law, subject to modifications agreed with ADB. The PMU will be responsible for procurement, with technical inputs from the Ministry of Nature and Environment (MNE) and WWF.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Ueda, Takeshi|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Ministry of Nature and Environment
Mr. Ayush Namkhai
Administration Department, Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism (MNET)
|Concept Clearance||25 Oct 2007|
|Fact Finding||01 Dec 2007 to 12 Dec 2007|
|Approval||05 Aug 2008|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||04 May 2009|
|Last PDS Update||19 Mar 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|05 Aug 2008||08 Oct 2008||08 Oct 2008||07 Oct 2012||30 Jun 2013||22 Jul 2013|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||2.17||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||05 Aug 2008||0.00||2.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||2.00||05 Aug 2008||0.00||2.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction)||Grant Assistance Reports||Jul 2008|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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