The proposed project includes: (i) upgrading National Highway (NH) 22 and NH23 sections from their present single 2-lane carriageway to 4-lane carriageways with a median; and (ii) strengthening capacity in road safety management. The project road sections span about 142.422 kilometers (km) traversing the four provinces of Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom, Roi Et, and Yasothon of northeastern Thailand covering 10 districts, 29 sub-districts, and 64 villages. Road sections for expansion are 54.514 km for NH22 and 55.057 km for NH23. The works for road safety purpose under all civil works packages have a total length of 32.851 km, as a result of technical adjustments at the time of bid documents finalization and reflected in the contractors' contracts. They involve median works, and improvement of pavement within the existing right-of-way (ROW). Furthermore, three truck rest areas will be established to offer quality driving environment.
|Project Name||Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Knowledge solutions
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The proposed project includes: (i) upgrading National Highway (NH) 22 and NH23 sections from their present single 2-lane carriageway to 4-lane carriageways with a median; and (ii) strengthening capacity in road safety management. The project road sections span about 142.422 kilometers (km) traversing the four provinces of Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom, Roi Et, and Yasothon of northeastern Thailand covering 10 districts, 29 sub-districts, and 64 villages. Road sections for expansion are 54.514 km for NH22 and 55.057 km for NH23. The works for road safety purpose under all civil works packages have a total length of 32.851 km, as a result of technical adjustments at the time of bid documents finalization and reflected in the contractors' contracts. They involve median works, and improvement of pavement within the existing right-of-way (ROW). Furthermore, three truck rest areas will be established to offer quality driving environment. To enhance the road safety features of the upgrading of the sections, the road design will be subjected to detailed road safety audits before construction commences, during construction, and before final acceptance of the completed roads. The project will also strengthen the government's capacity in road safety management through safety awareness training and hands-on experience in road safety audits.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
According to Thailand 4.0 and 12th National Economic and Social Development Plan, 2017 -2021, the Government of Thailand has been further promoting its economic reform by rehabilitating, modernizing, and expanding Thailand' transport infrastructure, which will in turn upgrade key business clusters, attract new industries, and enhance competitiveness of the country in the region. The government's strategic goal is to strengthen connectivity throughout the country by expanding the road network, transforming railway lines from single track to double track, introducing high-speed rail, and building an urban mass rapid transit system.
The ADB's country partnership strategy' (CPS) and related country operations business plans with Thailand are fully aligned with these Government's priorities, including on strengthening connectivity and facilitating regional cooperation and integration (RCI) through infrastructure development. Thailand also accords importance on RCI through its active engagement with the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) program in promoting connectivity, competitiveness and community through economic corridor development, among others.
The proposed project will improve National Highway (NH) 22 and NH 23, both of which are located in northeast Thailand contributing to better domestic connectivity, and serving as key link roads in the vicinity of the GMS East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC) running from Viet Nam through the Lao PDR and Thailand to Myanmar, linking economic centers in the GMS providing increased opportunities for trade and investment flows toward greater regional integration.
|Impact||Access to social and economic opportunities enhanced (the Twelfth National Economic and Social Development Plan 2017 -2021)|
|Description of Outcome||Efficiency and safety of movements of goods and people improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
Results of project's review mission in Jan 2020 were satisfactory, which are also in line with the five quarterly progress reports from the EA (Oct-Dec 2018, Jan-Mar 2019, Apr-Jun 2019, Jul-Sept 2019, and Oct-Dec 2019).
Output delivery has been noteworthy. As of January 2020, Output 1 (civil works) recorded 49.79% progress and is 17.9% ahead of schedule. Output 2 (road safety management) activities are also being timely implemented. Compliance to covenants is noteworthy as presented below.
Safeguards: A Grievance Redress Working Group (GRWG) has been established for each package, which meets every two months. Issues and complaints to date, all minor ones, have been addressed. EA has also established an online web-based complaint system, which is managed by the EA's main office, and referred to the relevant field office for action. Feedback/complaints are being systematically recorded and reported in semi-annual safeguard reports for ADB. CSC has organized regular GRWG meetings to follow up on previous agreements and continue gathering feedback (complaints and requests for assistance). It has been observed that contractors have taken appropriate actions to address issues.
Environment: Three semi-annual environmental monitoring reports (SEMR) have been completed in May 2019 (Oct 2018-Mar 2019), August 2019 (Jan-Jun 2019), and March 2020 (Jul-Dec 2019). The next SEMR (Jan-June 2020) is expected to be completed in Mid-August 2020. Contractors' environmental management plans (CEMPs) have been completed in Dec 2018 and updated in Jul 2019, which are in line with the project's EMP. The CEMPs cover the additional works as a result of technical adjustments in the interest of efficiency and road safety considerations. Since all the works will be executed within EA's right of way, there would be no impacts except for temporary impacts on traffic and neighboring communities due to traffic diversion during civil works, and CEMPs shall address the impacts. Monthly site inspections have been done by CSC to follow-up on contractors' implementation of mitigation measures and remedial actions for campsites, workshops and construction sites. Environmental quality measurements on surface water, noise and vibration were carried out per EMP during construction. Based on recommendations during the Jan 2020 review mission, (i) issues on occupational and community safety; and (ii) suitable animal crossing locations/structures/measures/ signs to be installed under the Project are being addressed. Diligent attention to safeguards reviews and compliance should be continuing, particularly in comprehensively documenting and reporting actions being taken to implement the environmental management plans.
Social: Two semi-annual social safeguard monitoring report (SSMR) in July 2019 (Jan-June 2019), in Feb 2019 (Jul-Dec 2019) including the supplementary due diligence report (DDR) of Mar 2019 and the implementation of the resettlement plan of Jan 2020 were completed. Further social due diligence was conducted in June 2019 in relation to additional works as a result of technical adjustments in the interest of efficiency and road safety considerations within the EA's right of way, confirming no involuntary resettlement impacts. Relevant specialists have been supporting road safety campaigns and have been closely monitoring provision of assistance to affected households. Awareness campaigns on HIV/AIDS and human trafficking have been continuing, which recently included information on communicable disease such as tuberculosis in coordination with local health officers. Vulnerable AHs and severely AHs are entitled to receive livelihood assistance initiated by the Community Development Office of the Local Government, which is being duly coordinated. Finalization of the revised DDR to incorporate views during the January 2020 review is expected in March 2020.
Labor Standards, Health and Safety: Core labor standards and its applicable laws and regulations, including health and safety concerns, are being complied with.
Gender: Gender and development elements are mainstreamed in the resettlement plan to include sex-disaggregated indicators for monitoring of social benefits, economic opportunities and resettlement activities. For all contracts, there are 17.7% female workers for skilled labor and 32.4% for unskilled labor. Payment is differentiated based on skills in accordance with relevant Thai laws, and there is no gap in the wages of male and female.
Financial Management (FM): FM requirements have been fully complied with to date. Two project audit reports for FY 2018 and FY 2019, financial statements (APFS), audit opinion, and management letter compliant with ADB's requirements have been received. The required quarterly liquidation of withdrawal applications through Statement of Expenditures has also been complied with.
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Sections of NH 22 and NH 23 upgraded
2. Capacity in road safety management strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
As of Jan 2020, overall progress is 49.79%, which is 17.9% ahead of schedule. All six civil works packages are progressing well and exceeding their targets. With this favorable progress, EA and CSC expressed optimism for earlier completion of project during the year. The packages have completed the works for the engineers' field offices and housing, canteen, and testing laboratories. Main work items included earthworks, subbase and base course, surface course, concrete bridges and pedestrian are ongoing. One package was affected by the 50-year record high flooding in the northeast part of Thailand in October 2019, which caused damages on the bridgeworks, but the restoration works will not cause any increase in the contract amounts nor project implementation delay. To avoid further damages to the structure, the contractor confirmed that slope protection will be finalized prior to the incoming rainy season, starting June.
The project's overall road safety program was prepared in June 2019.
Road safety audit at the pre-construction stage (Sep-Dec 2018) and the first audit during construction (Jul-Aug 2019) have been completed. The third audit is planned in Jun-Jul 2020.
Road safety awareness campaign was conducted at two primary schools and four secondary schools along the construction sites of the six packages in Jul, Sept, and Nov 2019 involving 555 students, 62 teachers and 12 community members. The next campaign is planned in June August 2020, targeting 850 students and 85 teachers at schools different from the last campaign.
The first road safety training was held in Aug-Oct 2019. The second and third training sessions are planned in May-Aug 2020 and Jan-Apr 2021.
Statistics on road traffic accidents surrounding the construction sites have been gathered and analyzed, and causes were not associated with the project. EA and contractors will continue monitoring accident data and carefully analyze them. Any relevant finding will be considered in the updating of road safety program campaigns and traffic management plan.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Environment (category B). The project is not anticipated to cause significant adverse environmental impacts as road expansion activities will be confined within the ROW of the project with only minor and short-term environmental impacts during construction. The project road sections in NH 22 and NH 23 are not within any ecologically protected area. An initial environmental examination (IEE) has been prepared to meet the requirements of the ADBs Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and this includes an environmental management plan (EMP). The recommended environmental mitigation measures and monitoring activities set out in the EMP cover the preconstruction, construction, and operation stages of the project. DOH has a unit for resettlement and environmental protection. The unit is well staffed with specialists for environmental protection and has experience in ADB project. DOH will be assisted by the construction supervision consultants' environmental specialists during project implementation. The EMP, which also defines the institutional arrangements and responsibilities for implementation of the plan, will be included in the bidding documents and in the ensuing contracts. The contractors will be required to prepare site-specific Contractors EMP (CEMP) before commencing construction. Public consultations have been conducted to inform the stakeholders about the project and know their concerns so that these may be adequately addressed. The highlights of the public consultations are included in the IEE with additional consultations scheduled during project implementation. A grievance redress mechanism (GRM) for resolving environmental complaints has been developed for the project. An updated IEE will be prepared should there be major changes in the project design while additional mitigation measures will be added to the EMP and/or CEMP to address unanticipated environmental impacts that were not identified in the original IEE. The IEE and updated IEE, if any, will be disclosed in ADBs website.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Involuntary resettlement (category B). The project will not entail any further land acquisition as the land acquisition for the ROW of the project has been completed since 1967. The involuntary resettlement safeguard is to mainly mitigate and address minor impacts that will occur within the ROW. Based on the detailed inventory prepared during project preparation, a total of 155 potentially affected households were determined. Out of this number, 11 will be severely affected. All of these households are currently unlawfully using government's land within the ROW. Impacts are all characterized as economic displacements of shop owners and paddy farmers. A resettlement plan has been prepared in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The plan will ensure measures for affected persons to assist them in maintaining if not improving on their socio-economic pre-project conditions. Measures in the plan include the (i) gradual transfer of shops by DOH and contractors on the residual area along the road; (ii) farmers encroaching and tilling the land within the ROW will have to discontinue farming activities; (iii) linking affected households with livelihood assistance programs. Consultations with affected households were carried out during preparation of the plan and the households acknowledged willingness to terminate and transfer their income generating activities when the project commences. The plan was disclosed to the affected persons prior to ADB appraisal. A grievance mechanism and monitoring system have been established per Thai legal framework. With the assistance of a resettlement specialist, DOH will be responsible for implementing the plan.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Indigenous peoples (category C). No indigenous peoples are present in the area as the project roads do not cross or affect any communities of indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Public consultations with stakeholders and with project-affected people were held during project planning. The results of these consultations were incorporated in the resettlement plan, environmental impact assessment, and the environmental management plan.|
|During Project Implementation||Public consultations with stakeholders and with project-affected people will be held during project implementation. The results of these consultations will be incorporated in the resettlement plan, environmental impact assessment, and the environmental management plan.|
|Consulting Services||The two consulting services packages under this project (i.e., construction supervision consultants or CSC, and the external independent financial auditor) have been awarded in August 2018 following loan effectiveness, consistent with the advance actions per project design. Their services commenced on 1 October 2018.|
|Procurement||All the six civil works packages under this project have been awarded in August 2018 following loan effectiveness, consistent with the advance actions per project design. Their services commenced on 1 October 2018. Remaining procurement activities only cover small-value items under the provisional sum contract of the CSC, to which ADB's no objection is requested per procurement activity. To date, ADB provided no objection to all seven requests for purchases/expenses for environment equipment and project evaluation equipment, seven SUV survey vehicles, financial report system and computers, CSC Office renovation, purchase of necessary furniture for CSC office and two domestic training programs.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Concepcion, Rhodora B.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Thailand Resident Mission|
Department of Highways
Ministry of Transport and Communications
Rama VI Road, Khet Ratchthevee
Bangkok 10400, Thailand
|Concept Clearance||28 Mar 2017|
|Fact Finding||24 Apr 2017 to 05 May 2017|
|MRM||23 Jun 2017|
|Approval||20 Oct 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||18 Mar 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Oct 2017||04 Jul 2018||27 Aug 2018||30 Sep 2022||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||213.60||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||99.40||20 Oct 2017||88.39||0.00||97%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||20 Oct 2017||90.80||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Resettlement Due Diligence Report||Safeguards Due Diligence Reports||Mar 2020|
|Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019)||Social Monitoring Reports||Dec 2019|
|Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Social Safeguard Monitoring Report (January-June 2019)||Social Monitoring Reports||Jun 2019|
|Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2019)||Environmental Monitoring Reports||Jun 2019|
|Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (October 2018-March 2019)||Environmental Monitoring Reports||Mar 2019|
|GMS Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Initial Environmental Examination||Environmental Assessment and Measures||Oct 2017|
|GMS Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Jun 2017|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|External Independent Financial Auditor Consultant||Firm - Consulting||Closed||11 Nov 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|Construction Supervision Consultant||Firm - Consulting||Closed||11 Nov 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|41682-039-THA: Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project [Packages I, J, K, L, M, N]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||20 Oct 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|41682-THA: Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project||Advance Notice||Active||06 Oct 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|CS1 - CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION CONSULTANT||Loan 3582||28 Aug 2018||KOREA ENGINEERING CONSULTANT CORP.||KOREA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF||Department of Highways||Consulting Services||8,347,688.00||4,047,507.00|
|PACKAGE N - CIVIL WORKS FOR HIGHWAY 23 ROI ET-YASOTHON SECTION 2 KM 142 412.000 TO KM 175 500.000||Loan 3582||28 Aug 2018||CH. THAVEE-THONGMA JOINT VENTURE||244 MOO 6, LAMNARAI, CHAIBADAN LOPBURI PROVINCE THAILAND||Department of Highways||CONSTRUCTION||33,635,155.00||15,920,349.00|
|PACKAGE I - CIVIL WORKS FOR HIGHWAY 22 A. NONG HAN - A. PHANG KHON SECTION 1 KM60 000 TO KM74 850 / KM79 420 TO 88 00||Loan 3582||28 Aug 2018||BANCHAKIJ CO., LTD||BANGKOK, THAILAND THAILAND||Department of Highways||CONSTRUCTION||30,035,655.00||15,060,437.00|
|PACKAGE M - CIVIL WORKS FOR HIGHWAY 23 ROI ET-YASOTHON SECTION 1 KM 115 512.000 TO KM 141 412.00||Loan 3582||28 Aug 2018||CHINA RAILWAY 20TH BUREAU GROUP CORPORATION||NO.89 TAIHUA NORTH ROAD, XI'AN CITY SHAANXI PROVINCE CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Department of Highways||CONSTRUCTION||29,227,105.00||14,655,015.00|
|PACKAGE J - CIVIL WORKS FOR HIGHWAY 22 A. NONG HAN - A. PHANG KHON SECTION 2 KM 88 000 TO KM 104 700||Loan 3582||28 Aug 2018||THAIWAT ENGINEERING CO. LTD||BANGKOK, THAILAND THAILAND||Department of Highways||CONSTRUCTION||29,030,091.00||14,556,229.00|
|PACKAGE L - CIVIL WORKS FOR HIGHWAY 22 SAKON NAKHON-NAKHON PHANOM SECTION 2 KM197 676 TO KM 223 073.635||Loan 3582||28 Aug 2018||PHRANAKORNSRIAYUTHAYA COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRY||2 SOI CHOKCHAI 4, LADPHRAO, BANGKOK THAILAND||Department of Highways||CONSTRUCTION||26,376,840.00||13,225,839.00|
|PACKAGE K - CIVIL WORKS FOR HIGHWAY 22 SAKON NAKHON - NAKHON PHANOM SECTION 1 KM155 480 TO KM156 950,KM180 540-188 400,189 100||Loan 3582||28 Aug 2018||SERMSANGUAN CONSTRUCTION CO. LTD.||44/10 MOO 5 PINKLAO-NAKHON CHAISI RD TAWI WATTHANA DISTRICT, BANGKOK THAILAND||Department of Highways||CONSTRUCTION||25,182,584.00||12,627,017.00|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|GMS Highway Expansion Phase 2 Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Dec 2018|