ADB is helping Wuhan municipality in the People's Republic of China develop sustainable solutions for wastewater sludge management. The project will build small on-site sludge units integrated with the city master plan and rehabilitate polluted lakes and water channels. Sludge will be dried and treated using biogas from an ADB-financed wastewater facility and steam from a thermal power plant.
|Project Name||Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Water-based natural resources management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed project is a key urban environmental initiative of Wuhan municipal government (WMG) with nationwide demonstration potential. The project will help WMG to (i) design and implement sustainable solutions for the management of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) sludge, including its energy recovery and reuse of biosolids; (ii) improve water quality in urban lakes and water channels; (iii) reestablish water circulation and improve resilience to floods; (iv) improve the environment, living conditions, and public health standards; and (v) enhance public awareness of urban environmental and related public health issues.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The project has a strong rationale both in terms of urban development and environmental improvement. It follows and complements two previous Asian Development Bank (ADB) loans, which have the objective of building the necessary wastewater treatment infrastructure in Wuhan. The project supports the PRC's country partnership strategy (2008-2010): promoting efficient infrastructure, strengthening environmental management, supporting inclusive growth, and balanced development. The project is part of Wuhan's master plan priorities on sanitation, environment improvements, and urban development and will contribute to establishing Wuhan City as a model for sustainable development in the PRC.
The project is the first ADB-assisted project to pursue comprehensive sludge management while fully attending to environmental concerns such as circular economy and climate change mitigation. The policy discussion between the executing agency and the project team introduced a decentralized and integrated approach for the sludge facilities---based on sludge digestion and drying for beneficial reuse through land application---fully complying with ADB policies and recognized by the PRC as the best practice to support the 3Rs policy of reduce, reuse, and recycle. By doing so, the project has also guided and reoriented the long-term original sludge master plan of the city based on centralized treatment and solo incineration, which is controversial in terms of compliance with ADB's climate change agenda.
The project will provide facilities to treat sludge from five of Wuhan's WWTPs and handle about half (or 350 tons/day [t/d]) of Wuhan's total sludge production. Three of these WWTPs were built under the earlier ADB-funded loans. Each of the three proposed sludge treatment plants will be built on site and will take advantage of the urban master plan advocating for an integrated, practical, and sustainable concept of urban environmental development. The project promotes environmentally friendly sludge digestion by (i) capturing and using clean biogas of an existing sludge facility financed by ADB, and (ii) using the steam of an existing thermal power plant to dry sludge at the sludge treatment plant. Both approaches reduce reliance on external energy sources required for the drying process. Subject to proper analysis monitoring and environmental safeguards, treated sludge will be used as soil conditioner, as construction material, and for rehabilitating damaged urban land.
The project will also pioneer the optimization of WWTPs' performance. This task will be carried out for the whole of Wuhan. It will improve the performance of infrastructure financed by two previous ADB projects (Wuhan Wastewater Management Project and Wuhan Wastewater and Stormwater Management Project [WWSMP]) in Wuhan. The core task will be to ensure the steady performance of the WWTPs, to achieve design effluent parameters, as well as improve sludge quality for its beneficial disposal.
The project will address key ecological and social needs to restore the ecological capacity, the natural hydraulic circulation, and water quality in urban surface water systems. It will increase water system resilience and promote integrated surface water management to improve the urban environment and reduce the risk of flooding. The project will unblock the channels connecting the lakes, and support the construction of wetlands to increase water regeneration and flood retention capacities in the Hanyang and Wuchang areas. In parallel, it will promote point source and nonpoint source pollution control, raise community environmental awareness, and conduct institutional strengthening. The creation of healthy and well-managed water systems in Wuhan will allow urban expansion in flood-safe and environmentally clean areas to support the city's sustainable development. The Yangtze flood plain area where Wuhan City is located is significantly vulnerable to climate change. The project will allow the restoration of the retention capacity of lake areas to mitigate climate change impacts and increase the resilience of the city to natural hazards, such as floods and drought, associated with climate change.
The project, which builds on experience of lake rehabilitation in the PRC, will be a model for lake rehabilitation and integrated surface water management in Wuhan and for the entire country. In addition, the project will support the development of a water quality model that will assist in long-term planning, water quality assurance and forecast, promoting water balance and emergency response.
The project will enhance environmental awareness to ensure the sustainability of infrastructure investments and to maximize long-term social benefits. The environmental awareness program will focus on three stakeholders who generate and are affected by point and nonpoint source pollution: (i) small businesses operating adjacent to the lake system, (ii) communities living in the project area, and (iii) schoolchildren in the project area. This program will help ensure that regulatory practices are well understood and that necessary behavior changes regarding nonpoint source pollution are addressed. A capacity building subcomponent will support further tariff reforms and will conduct a willingness-to-pay survey for sludge tariff setting in selected focus group and communities. These initiatives will assist WMG to achieve full cost recovery of both wastewater and sludge management services over the medium term (2018).
|Impact||Improved urban environment, public health, and living conditions in Wuhan Municipality|
|Description of Outcome||Integrated wastewater sludge treatment and disposal, and urban water resource management in Wuhan Municipality|
|Progress Toward Outcome||All contracts were awarded besides the output 1, integrated sludge treatment and disposal component which was delayed by the scope change. The revised feasibility study report (FSR) for the change of output 1 was approved by Hubei Development and Reform Commission (HDRC) on 1 April 2015. The change in scope of output 1 was also approved by ADB on 2 September 2016. All bidding completed.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Integrated Sludge Treatment and Disposal
1.1 Wuchangnan Sludge Treatment Plant
1.2 Hankou Sludge Treatment Plant
1.3 Nantaizihu Sludge Treatment Plant
1.4 Improvement of existing sludge treatment and transportation
2. Wuhan New Zone Lakes and Channels Rehabilitation and Pumping Station
2.1 Longyang Lake rehabilitation
2.2 Moshui Lake rehabilitation
2.3 Nantaizi Lake rehabilitation
2.4 Longkou Channel rehabilitation
2.5 Longxin Channel rehabilitation
2.6 Zhujiaxin Channel rehabilitation
2.7 Zong Channel rehabilitation
2.8 Liantong Channel rehabilitation
2.9 Huoyan Channel rehabilitation
2.10 Sixin Pumping Station
3. Yangchun Lake Secondary Urban Center Lake and Channel Rehabilitation
3.1 Yangchun Lake rehabilitation
3.2 Heping Channel rehabilitation
4. Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening
4.1 Strengthening implementation capacity
4.2 Improving WUDDC operational management
4.3 Enhanced pollution source control
4.4 Improvements in public awareness
4.5 Implementation of advanced water management systems
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||As of 20 January 2018, the amount of contract awards reached $97.9 million (97.9% of total amount) and disbursement reached $78.5 million (78.5% of total amount). The loan closing is extended to 31 December 2018.|
|Geographical Location||Hankou, Longyang Lake, Moshui Lake, Wuchang Qu, Wuhan, Wuhan Shi|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
The project is classified as category "A" in ADB's environmental categorization. Extensive public consultation involving surveys, meetings with stakeholders, and focus group discussions were undertaken during the preparation of each environmental impact assessment (EIA). Four EIAs were prepared, one for each of the three main structural components, together with the EIA for Sixin pumping station. The EIAs are based on the national laws, regulations, and standards applicable in the PRC. According to the EIAs, the current water quality in the lakes and channels to be rehabilitated under the Project indicates that they are badly polluted (Grade V or worse), with serious eutrophication in the lakes.
The project will have substantial positive environmental and socioeconomic benefits, and by facilitating economic development will provide lasting benefits to assist in poverty reduction.
|Involuntary Resettlement||Category A. The land acquisition and resettlement impact for the project will be significant. Only components 2 and 3 of the project will entail land acquisition and resettlement impacts. Hongshan and Hanyang districts will be directly affected by the project, involving three street committees and 16 administrative villages. Resettlement plans for the Wuhan New Zone lakes/channels rehabilitation and pumping station component and Yangchun Lake secondary urban center lake/channel rehabilitation component have been prepared in accordance with government regulations and ADB policy, and disclosed to the affected people and the public. Internal and external monitoring arrangements are on-going.|
|Indigenous Peoples||About 1% of the population in the project area is from an ethnic minority. The social analysis determined that they are well integrated economically and socially into the broader society. No adverse impacts, particularly on ethnic minorities, have been identified or are anticipated but employment of ethnic minorities is prioritized in the assurances. On the impact on indigenous peoples, the project is classified as category C.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||During project preparation, local government and line agencies, villagers, enterprises, local groups, and other people likely to be directly affected by the project were consulted. A total of 504 households and 100 businesses were surveyed during project preparation. Consultations indicate that the project has a high level of public support. A consultation and participation plan for the project has been prepared.|
|During Project Implementation||
Public disclosure of all project documents at the PMO and on the ADB website including the project information document, DMF, RPs, summary environmental impact assessment (SEIA), Report and Recommendation of the President, project administration memorandum, and social and environmental monitoring reports.
Consultation with local government and line agencies, villagers, enterprises, local groups and people to be affected by the project is on-going.
Provision has been made for about 42 person-months of international and 164 person-months of national consulting services, grouped into three packages to be funded under the Project to support the WPMO and the IA in project implementation and for capacity development of other key stakeholders. Consulting firms will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). One consulting firm will be selected in accordance with the quality- and cost-based selection method (QCBS) for package 1 and two consulting firms will be selected in accordance with the quality based selection method (QBS) using full technical proposal procedures or simplified technical proposal procedure subject to the amount of proposed packages for package II and III. A fixed quality-cost ratio of 80:20 will be applied for QCBS. Consulting services will comprise three packages grouping various activities.
The consultancy services will involve international and national experts, with an international team leader and national deputy team leader. The Consultants would assist the PMO and IA in liaising and coordinating with ADB, assist with establishing PPMS procedures and preparation of semiannual reports to ADB, assist in safeguard issues, and promote the adoption of international standard practice for project management and monitoring systems. Capacity building and training activities would be provided to strengthen the PMO and IA's design and supervision, tariff setting and O&M procedures, public awareness program and dissemination of key knowledge products of the Project. The Consultants will work with the IA, Operational Unit (OU) and with other relevant government agencies and academic institutes as necessary, to provide assistance and advice on the tasks outlined below.
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). The Project includes 42 packages: 36 will be procured under NCB, 6 will be procured under ICB, and 2 will be procured under Shopping.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Zheng, Baochang|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Wuhan Municipal Government
Ms. Yu Jingling
No. 40 Chang Qing Road, Wuhan, Hubei, P.R. China
|Fact Finding||21 Oct 2009 to 06 Nov 2009|
|MRM||15 Dec 2009|
|Approval||30 Jun 2010|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||13 Nov 2009|
|Last PDS Update||24 Jan 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Jun 2010||15 Oct 2010||11 Jan 2011||30 Jun 2015||31 Dec 2018||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||225.40||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||100.00||30 Jun 2010||98.69||0.00||99%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||30 Jun 2010||78.46||0.00||78%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jun 2017|
|Project Agreement for Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project between ADB and Hubei Provincial Government and Wuhan Municipal Government dated 15 October 2010||Project/Program Agreements||Oct 2010|
|Loan Agreement for Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project between People's Republic of China and Asian Development Bank dated 15 October 2010||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Oct 2010|
|Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Jun 2010|
|Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jun 2010|
|Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project||Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies||Jun 2010|
|Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Jan 2010|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
No tenders for this project were found.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|WST-G1.1B SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION OF HUANGJIAHU SL UDGE TREATMENT PLANT SLUDGE EQUIPMENT||Loan 2647||27 Dec 2017||CHINA ELECTRIC IMPORT & EXPORT CO., LTD.||BEIJING CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Wuhan Municipal Government||SUPPLY OF GOODS||2878733||2859402|
|WST-C1.2 SANJINTAN SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT CONSTRUCTION||Loan 2647||03 Jul 2017||EIGHT CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD.||HUBEI PROVINCE CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Wuhan Municipal Government||Construction||1863538||1325436|
|Wst-C1.1 Huangjiahu Sewage Treatment Plant Construction||Loan 2647||29 Jun 2017||Wuhan Qingshan District, Municipal Engineering||Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, People's Rep. of||Wuhan Municipal Government||Construction||2152165||1514081|
|WST-G1.2 Sanjintan Sewage Treatment Plant - Modified Conditioning Frame Dehydration Process||Loan 2647||10 May 2017||Jingjin Environmental Protection Limited By S||Wuhan, Hubei, China, People's Rep. of||Wuhan Municipal Government||Supply of Goods||1147403||1147403|
|WST-G1.3 Sanjintan Sewage Treatment Plant Dehydration Drying Integration Process||Loan 2647||07 Mar 2017||Hubei Guorun Industry Investment Co., Ltd.||Wuhan, Hubei Province China, People's Republic of||Wuhan Municipal Government||Supply of Goods||6037192.9||6010613.894|
|Procurement of Sludge Transport Vehicle and Pipeline Dredging Vehicle (WST-G1.5)||Loan 2647||06 Mar 2017||JV of Wuhan Hengxingborun and Wuhan Municipal||Wuhan Hubei Province China, People's Republic of||Wuhan Municipal Government||Supply of Goods||701991.06||698036.379|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Wuhan Urban Environmental Improvement Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jun 2017|