ADB is helping the People's Republic of China improve water efficiency in three agricultural counties in Qinghai province. The project will convert the aged small lift irrigation systems to gravity irrigation systems Hualong, Jianzha, and Xunhua counties. It will also help set up Water Users Associations to boost water use efficiency, and strengthen agricultural extension services.
|Project Name||Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed Project will help to (i) convert the existing lift irrigation schemes to gravity irrigation by making use of the two existing reservoirs in the area; and (ii) improve agricultural extension services and institutional capacity, and empower farmer associations for irrigated agricultural service and management. The Project will increase water-use efficiency and is in line with ADB's water policy in improving and expanding the delivery of water services, fostering water conservation and increasing system efficiency.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Reducing poverty and increasing rural incomes remain daunting challenges in the PRC though national economic growth has been more than 9% annually during the past two decades. Agriculture remains an important sector in Qinghai where irrigation water management is essential to sustain agriculture throughout the year. Meeting water needs and improving irrigation water management has become the major priority of agriculture development in this province.
There is considerable potential to increase irrigation water use efficiency and agricultural productivity by improving irrigation management and agronomic practices, which would allow farmers to grow cash crops in addition to subsistence crops, and thus increase their incomes.
|Impact||Increased farmers' income and reduced poverty in the counties of Hualong, Jianzha, and Xunhua in Qinghai Province|
|Description of Outcome||Increased agricultural productivity and irrigation water use efficiency in the project area|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
Four main canals and irrigation system are under construction. The accumulative progress of the Climate-resilient irrigation infrastructure by the water resources department was 73%; the progress on branch canals and on-farm irrigation facility by the provincial land resources department was 99%.
11 model water user associations (WUAs) have been established against the target of 12 WUAs. Training on improving agronomic practices and the productivity of staple grain crops, and diversifying into higher-value crops were delivered by local government and consultant. Seven pilot sites were selected by the LC for crop and livestock farming after field survey and consultation to help local households in agriculture development including the poor. Soil samples were tested and training workshop was delivered to provide specific advices on soil improvement including fertilizer prescription.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Participatory irrigation management
Improved project management
Climate-resilient irrigation infrastructure, including conversion of the existing lift irrigation schemes to gravity irrigation using two existing reservoirs in the area
Strengthened agricultural service support
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
By 13 March 2017, the contract awards amount is 57.9 million, accounting for 96.5% of the total loan amount; the disbursement amount is 42.4 million, accounting for 70.7% of the total loan amount.
Construction of the four main canals is still ongoing; Gongboxia North Canal completed by 98%; Gongboxia South Canal completed by 66%; Lijiaxia North Canal completed by 55%; Lijiaxia South Canal completed by 77%.
Construction of branch canals and on-farm irrigation facility by the Provincial Land Resources Department was completed by 99%.
11 model water user associations (WUAs) have been established against the target of 12 WUAs.
|Geographical Location||The proposed project area is in the counties of Jiaza, Hualong, and Xunhua in the eastern part of Qinghai province|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
During project preparation, a domestic environmental impact assessment report and a summary initial environmental examination report (including an environmental management plan) were prepared following the PRC regulatory framework, and ADB's safeguard requirements. A due diligence assessment of safety and environmental management for the two existing dams of Gongboxia and Lijiaxia shows that the operators comply with national regulations and apply adequate environmental management procedures acceptable to ADB.
The project is expected to achieve significant environmental benefits in the project area, including (i) reduced energy use; (ii) improved water resources management; and (iii) increased vegetation coverage. The main possible adverse environmental impacts and risks include (i) impacts associated with the construction of the canals, notably safety risks during tunnel construction and disposal of large volumes of spoils; and (ii) potentially, increased usage of agrochemicals during operation. It is expected that all impacts will be prevented or minimized to an acceptable level through implementation of the environmental management plan and monitoring program.
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project will involve 110.8 ha of permanent land acquisition, of which 28 ha (25%) is cultivated land, with impacts spread over 68 villages. The impacts on villages are small because about 75% of the land acquired is wasteland. The 28 ha of farmland acquired affects 6,776 persons, and the average degree of loss is about 6%. In addition, 16 households with 101 persons will need to be relocated. The Qinghai Provincial Water Resources Department has prepared two resettlement plans. All affected people will be project beneficiaries, as they will receive improved irrigation as well as resettlement entitlements to offset their losses. As compensation, affected households can choose between replacement of irrigated land or cash compensation. A due diligence assessment for the associated Gongboxia and Lijiaxia reservoirs found no outstanding resettlement issues.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project will benefit almost exclusively poor and near-poor ethnic minority households, improving their economic status and livelihoods without negatively impacting their social security status. The three main ethnic groups in the project counties_Hui, Salar, and Tibetan_have inhabited this area for more than 700 years. They account for 96% of the beneficiaries of the project. There have been no recorded social conflicts in the project area based on ethnicity. There seem to be few, if any, distinct customs related to agriculture; but traditional decision-making structures will be integrated into the project activities in the villages. Four ethnic minority development plans have been prepared to mainstream pro-minority activities and measures into the project and safeguard the interests of ethnic minorities.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultations were held with government agencies, including the Ministry of Finance (MOF); Ministry of Water Resources; National Development and Reform Commission; Qinghai Provincial Development and Reform Commission (QPDRC); and the provincial departments of agriculture and livestock, civil affairs, environmental protection, finance, land and resources administration, and water resources. Several meetings were held with municipality and county governments as well as local communities, including ethnic minority groups. The poverty and social assessment, environmental impact assessment (EIA), and preparation of ethnic minority development plans (EMDPs) and resettlement plans undertook participatory processes to solicit input from all concerned stakeholders, including farmers. More than six consultation and training workshops were conducted during PPTA implementation.|
|During Project Implementation||Public consultation and participation of the IAs, ethnic minority groups, farmer households, local government agencies, and other stakeholders, which have been the key elements of the project formulation and design, will continue during project implementation. Consultation with stakeholders will continue through a series of workshops and meetings planned throughout the project period. Moreover, farmers and farmer associations will receive intensive training on group mobilization, organization, and marketing management skills to enhance their capacities to participate and contribute to the project design and implementation. Similarly, government officials from the provincial, municipal, and county levels will receive support through staff training, workshops, and study tours to strengthen their project management capacity. Close coordination between government agencies, farmer associations, and farmers will be maintained as part of the regular PPMS and ADB review processes, with emphasis on social dimensions, poverty, and gender. The PPMS will closely monitor any negative impacts emanating from the Project, including involuntary resettlement and/or exclusion of indigenous peoples. As part of the EMP, regular monitoring and public consultations will also be held.|
|Consulting Services||The Project will require a total of 60 person-months (pm) of international consulting services and 190 pm of national consulting services to (i) support project implementation and provide capacity development of the EA and IAs (25 pm of international and 70 pm of national consulting services), (ii) support the WUAs in the implementation of the PIM (20 pm of international and 60 pm on national consulting services), and (iii) support the implementation of the irrigated agricultural support (15 pm of international and 60 pm of national consultants). These consulting requirements will be further reviewed with the EA to streamline their composition, operation, and contract packaging. Consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Detailed design and engineering and construction supervision, financed with the Government's counterpart funds, will be carried out by qualified local design institutes recruited by the EA or the IAs.|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works to be financed under the ADB loan will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). Contracts for goods estimated to exceed $1 million and contracts for works estimated to exceed $10 million will be procured using international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost less than the above ICB values but more than $100,000 will be procured through national competitive bidding procedures in accordance with the PRC Tendering and Bidding Law (1999), subject to modifications agreed with ADB. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost $100,000 or less will be procured using shopping procedures. Small on-farm civil works contracts of $100,000 or less may be carried out through community participation to ensure sustainability and achieve the Project's social objectives. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy (1998, as amended to date) will be included in all procurement documents and contracts.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Shen, Xin|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Qinghai Provincial Government (QPG)
18 Kunlun Road, Xining Qinghai Province 81001
People's Republic of China
|Concept Clearance||17 Aug 2009|
|Fact Finding||17 Aug 2009 to 24 Aug 2009|
|MRM||13 Jan 2010|
|Approval||17 Mar 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||13 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|17 Mar 2011||19 Apr 2011||28 Jul 2011||31 Mar 2017||31 Mar 2019||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||223.60||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||60.00||17 Mar 2011||58.24||0.00||97%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||17 Mar 2011||42.43||0.00||71%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project||Procurement Plans||Mar 2014|
|Project Agreement for Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project between Asian Development Bank and Qinghai Provincial Government dated 19 April 2011||Project/Program Agreements||Apr 2011|
|Loan Agreement for Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project between People's Republic of China and Asian Development Bank dated 19 April 2011||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Apr 2011|
|Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Feb 2011|
|Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project||Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies||Feb 2011|
|Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Jan 2011|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
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