The project is located in the northwest of Heilongjiang province. It will improve the transport capacity of the province's East-West 2 corridor (Qiangfeng Farm-Nenjiang) by completing a key missing section between Yichun and Wudalianchi, improving the capacity of the existing road section between Longzhen and Nenjiang, and connecting these improved road sections to the other parts of the road network. This will complete the Yichun-Wudalianchi-Harbin tourism loop connecting prominent tourism destinations for forest tourism and geological scenery, and the provincial capital city.
By optimizing the road alignment and shortening the travel distance by 400 km, the project will help to develop a more resource-efficient transport infrastructure with significantly reduced energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and road traffic accidents.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Heilongjiang province needs more efficient transportation to support economic growth, foster domestic and international trade, facilitate interregional integration, and reduce poverty. Through the Northeast Region Development Strategy, which is the key theme of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan, the PRC government aims to reduce development disparities between the northeastern and coastal regions. Through the project it will complete an important missing link between the northeast and northwest of Heilongjiang province.
Over the past 30 years, the government has given priority to expanding the road network to improve connectivity. Now an improved system for maintaining the road asset base is needed. This requires better approaches to the planning, budgeting, and execution of road maintenance works, including the introduction of more effective methods of maintenance contracting.
Efficient road transport services are needed to realize the full benefits of road infrastructure. In some parts of Heilongjiang province, rural villages lack adequate bus services in terms of availability, frequency, cost, reliability, and safety. Rural passenger transport services can be improved by introducing more effective approaches to licensing and upgrading stations.
The project is part of ADB's ongoing policy dialogue in the PRC transport sector, which includes (i) financing new roads that connect major growth centers, supported by a system of local roads; (ii) developing and improving urban transport and rural roads; (iii) promoting road safety; (iv) reducing vehicle emissions and raising energy efficiency; (v) improving commercial orientation and efficiency of expressway organizations; and (vi) promoting sustainable transport.
The project is consistent with the PRC's development priorities and ADB's country partnership strategy for the PRC (2008-2010), which seek to promote inclusive growth and environmentally sustainable transport.