ADB is helping the People's Republic of China develop an integrated road transport system in Anhui, one of the poorest provinces in the country. The project will build a 139-kilometer expressway and associated facilities in the province's neglected northern region, upgrade 452 km of existing roads, improve village bus services, and strengthen capacity in the province's transport departments.
|Project Name||Anhui Integrated Transport Sector Improvement Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Anhui is a landlocked province located in the central PRC with a land area of 139,400 km2. It has a population of 65 million, of which 63% are classified as rural (among the highest in the country), and is substantially higher than the eastern provinces (an average 45% rural population). The population density of 470 persons per km2 is significantly higher than the national average of 138, and higher than the average for the Central Region (355). Anhui is one of the least developed provinces, ranked 28th among all provinces in terms of GDP per capita, only ahead of Gansu, Guizhou, and Yunnan. The GDP per capita was about 63% of the national average in 2006. Poverty and urban-rural disparity are major issues. Of the province's 61 counties, 26 are officially designated poverty counties. In 2006, the average annual disposable income was CNY9,771 for an urban resident, but only CNY2,969 for a rural inhabitant. Out of 61 counties, 51 had GDP per capita lower than the provincial average, and only one reached the national average.
Inadequate road infrastructure has been a major obstacle for economic development and poverty reduction in Anhui. The total road network reached 148,372 km by the end of 2007. Expressways and high-standard highways (Class I and Class II) amounted to 12,392 km (8.3%) of the road network in the province, which was lower than the national average of 10.6%. More than 82% of the roads are Class IV or unclassified. Compared to the six surrounding provinces, the density of the network (km per population) is about the average, while the percentage of paved roads (as a proxy for the quality of the infrastructure) is the lowest (44.2%). Other major issues regarding the current highway network include: (i) the province's eastern corridors are confined to lower-class types of roads; (ii) the poor quality of pavements, and (iii) the unbalanced distribution of the road network across the province.
As part of the national goal to "coordinate and harmonize" development between the eastern, central, and western regions as identified in the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP), the PRC Government has initiated the strategy of the "Rising Central Region Plan". This provides a growth strategy for the six Central Region Provinces?Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Anhui, Hunan and Jiangxi?based on the region becoming a key transport hub linking east and west, and north and south. The strategy assigns high priority to the development of transport networks as a way to promote economic growth and poverty reduction. The transport networks will serve both the populations of the central region and those to the west who depend on trade with the central and costal provinces.
|Impact||Integrated road transport system that supports the central region development strategy.|
|Description of Outcome||An efficient, safe, and sustainable transport system developed in the project area|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Construction of expressway, upgrading of local roads and capacity building have all completed.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Improved road infrastructure in the Xuzhou-Mingguang corridor
2. Improved local roads and traffic safety practices
3. Improved rural village bus services
4. Strengthened institutional development and capacity building of APDOT, its related agencies, and Anhui Communications Investment Group Company Limited (ACIG)
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. the Xuming Expressway has completed the construction and started operations.
2. local roads improvement and safety enhacement have completed and started operations.
3. improvement of rural village bus services has completed.
|Geographical Location||Anhui Province|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||A summary EIA, including an environmental management plan (EMP) for the Project was discussed and endorsed by APDOT, and made public on 4 July 2009. Construction of the project expressway and local roads was being carried out in accordance with the environmental mitigating measures recommended in the EIA, and the environmental management plan (EMP) has been implemented by the IAs to prevent any adverse environmental impacts.|
the expressway project has permanently acquired 11,035 mu (735.6 ha) of land. A total of 71,617 m2 of buildings were demolished. A total of 10,114 households or 38,444 people were affected by land acquisition and 495 households or 1,865 people were relocated by house demolition.
For local roads components, (i) a total of 2529.3 mu lands were permanently acquired. A total of 164,474M2 of buildings were demolished. The compensation payments for S105 Feidong,S312 and X056 Ling Bi are completed and the remaining three (S105 Chao Lake, X056 Si Xian and X056 Yongqiao) are on track.
|Indigenous Peoples||No ethnic minority group is in the project area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
Stakeholder participation and consultation methods employed during Project design include a sample household socioeconomic survey, sample EIA questionnaire survey, focus group discussion and consultation meeting, key informant interview, and stakeholder consultation workshops.
DMF workshops were organized and conducted to include a wide range of stakeholders. Two workshops were organized to raise awareness about ADB's safeguard issues and obtain feedback on resettlement plans, social development action plan, and EIAs. Development of the environmental management plan (EMP), environmental impact assessment (EIA) involved two rounds of public consultations from February to April 2009. The first round of consultations took place in February 2009, shortly after the start of preparation of EIAs. This round was conducted by the local EIA institutes through web information disclosure, questionnaire, and public meetings. The stakeholders who attended or investigated included representatives from various government departments, nearby residents or their representatives. The second round of public meetings were held in April 2009 with the participation of the PPTA consultants, stakeholders, various government departments, and nearby residents or their representatives. The purpose was to introduce the Project and the relevant components to a range of stakeholders, and to solicit their views on the Project and its potential environmental implications, so that the EIA could take these into account during impact assessment.
From January-April 2009, about 2,500 households were surveyed in the project areas by the resettlement planning team to gather information on their socioeconomic profile, their concerns, development priorities and suggestions towards the project design and implementation.
|During Project Implementation||
Public disclosure of all project documents on the ADB website include the project information document (PID), DMF, resettlement plans (RPs), summary environmental impact assessment (SEIA), EIAs, Report and Recommendation of the President, project administration memorandum, and social and environmental monitoring reports.
All the updated RPs have been finalized and disclosed to the local officials and affected villages and a resettlement information booklet including the scope of the resettlement impacts, compensation policy and entitlements, and grievance redress channel will be provided to affected households directly. The land acquisition and house demolition contracts have been signed with affected villages and APs prior to land acquisition or civil works.
The IAs under the supervision of PEO are responsible for public participation during project implementation. The IAs have established environmental and resettlement management units for supervising EMP and RP implementation, continuing public consultation, monitoring progress, and responding to grievances. In addition, the established feedback mechanisms will ensure timely feedback and measures to address any concerns raised by the project affected communities.
|Consulting Services||The project will finance 24 person-months of international consulting services, including 7 person-months each for the following specialist: (i) road safety management, (ii) rural transport services, and 5 person-months for each for (iii) road asset management, and (iv) environmental specialist. Considering the need for continuing the previous work carried out and application of background studies and analysis, the international consultant engaged for preparing this project under the PPTA will be recruited using single source selection method to provide the road safety and rural transport services. The project will also provide $100,000 each to finance supervisory consulting services for (i) a rural transport services demonstration project supervision; (ii) local road traffic safety project supervision; and (iii) road sector financing and maintenance study. All other international consultants will be selected and engaged based on a Quality-Cost Based Selection (QCBS). Anhui Provincial Communications Department (APCD) will engage and entirely finances 6,000 person-months of national consultants. The national consultants, not financed by ADB, will be recruited in accordance with government procedures acceptable to ADB.|
|Procurement||For ADB financing, ICB will be used for the expressway civil works and some local road works and NCB for some local road works and shopping for bus stops. For government financing, NCB will be used for expressway pavement, traffic control facility, electricity and machinery, ancillary facility and greening.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Lu, Lanlan|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Anhui Provincial Department of Transport
Mr. Lou Jie
|Concept Clearance||08 May 2009|
|Fact Finding||21 May 2009 to 27 May 2009|
|MRM||21 Jul 2009|
|Approval||10 Dec 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||14 Apr 2010|
|Last PDS Update||22 Sep 2016|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|10 Dec 2009||30 Mar 2010||16 Jul 2010||31 Dec 2015||-||21 Jun 2016|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1,355.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||200.00||10 Dec 2009||200.00||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||598.80||10 Dec 2009||200.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Anhui Integrated Transport Sector Improvement Project||Procurement Plans||Sep 2013|
|Project Agreement for the Anhui Integrated Transport Sector Improvement Project between Asian Development Bank and Anhui Provincial People's Government dated 30 March 2010||Project/Program Agreements||Mar 2010|
|Loan Agreement for Anhui Integrated Transport Sector Improvement Project between People's Republic of China and Asian Development Bank dated 30 March 2010||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Mar 2010|
|Anhui Integrated Transport Sector Improvement Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2009|
|Anhui Integrated Transport Sector Improvement Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Jul 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.