Afghanistan: Water Resources Development Investment Program - Project 2

Sovereign Project | 42091-043 Status: Active


ADB is helping Afghanistan upgrade ageing irrigation systems to increase agricultural production in Kunduz and Takhar provinces, considered the breadbasket of the country. The project will improve water resources management in the Lower Kokcha Irrigation System. It will rehabilitate and improve the Shahrawan and Archi main canals.

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Water Resources Development Investment Program - Project 2
Project Number 42091-043
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0362-AFG: Water Resources Development Investment Program - Project 2
Concessional ordinary capital resources / Asian Development Fund US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The proposed Lower Kokcha Irrigation Project (LKIP) will rehabilitate and improve the Shahrawan and Archi canals. Both canals suffer under both scour and sedimentation and water levels (Shahrawan canal) and capacity (Archi canal) are compromised if no works are undertaken. The Shahrawan intake, the approach channel and outflow channel have degraded significantly and are in danger of being washed away. Failure of water delivery would negatively impact around 46,000 ha of crops. The Shahrawan intake headworks will be rehabilitated and upgraded to fully discharge its design flow (60 m3/s) in a controlled manner into the Shahrawan canal. The Archi main canal will be rehabilitated and upgraded to its original design capacity of 36 m3/s (current flow rate is estimated at 30 m3/s). The flow capacity of the canal will continually degrade in the future in the absence of the project, further reducing the current area of crops of 23,041 ha (ie 85.3% crop intensity). The technology proposed is compatible with local conditions and comprises mostly unlined canals, with lined canals in areas of high flows. The project will strengthen water management institutions through creating irrigation and water users associations, and strengthening river basin and sub-basin authorities. To ensure sufficient operations and maintenance (O&M) the concept of an irrigation service fee will be introduced in Lower Kokcha Irrigation Scheme (LKIS), tied to equity and reliability of water supply and incremental benefits.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Project area and he adjoining areas were historically considered the bread basket for the country. Nonetheless, the 30 years of conflict situation severely degraded the water resources infrastructure in the country, particularly in the project area. Over the period the capacity of the institutions to manage and also weakened and severely impaired the productivity of the agricultural sector, and the rural livelihoods for the communities largely dependent on the farming sector. The main objective of the Project is to enhance farm productivity through efficient and equitable irrigation distribution system, safe disposal of drainage effluent and hill torrents, reduction in waterlogging and salinity, and fostering better on farm water management practices. It is anticipated that the investment will have a positive impact of farm productivity both through horizontal and vertical expansion, vis- -vis increase in the cropped area, cropping intensity, and higher yields per ha and per m3 of water.
Impact Increased agricultural production in Kunduz and Takhar provinces in northern Afghanistan

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Improved water resources management in the Lower Kokcha Irrigation System
Progress Toward Outcome ADB on 7 July 2016 issued no objection to the MEW's recommendation to award the contract to the winning bidder. The contract is under review by the Government.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. The Shahrawan and Archi main canals deliver reliable irrigation supplies

2. Improved capacity of water management and agricultural extension institutions

3. The project is implemented on time and within the budget

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Construction activities have not commenced. The contract for civil works is with the Government for their review. The recruitment of consultants to comprise the contract administration and engineering support unit (CAESU) is ongoing. Activities are expected to pick up once the contractor for civil works is mobilized and the consultants for the CAESU are on board.
Geographical Location Kunduz and Takhar Provinces

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The project is category B for environment. An IEE has been prepared which comprises descriptions of (i) the LKIP area baseline environment; (ii) the physical and non-physical works; (iii) the potential impacts of these works; (iv) an environmental management plan (EMP); (v) a description of residual impacts remaining after EMP implementation; and (vi) recommendations for additional studies if required. The key findings of the IEE are that potential impacts are expected to be satisfactorily managed through EMP measures, which include attention to (i) land acquisition and resettlement; (ii) typical construction-phase dust, noise and solid waste impacts; (iii) impacts of construction on physical cultural resources including archaeological sites and artifacts and local biodiversity; (iv) impacts of altered irrigation and drainage operation on (a) vulnerable groups including but not limited to Kuchi and tail-end communities and (b) domestic water supply.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is Category B for involuntary resettlement. The estimated area of land acquisition for the project is 172 ha, which is comprised of land required for construction of canals (84 ha) and drains (88 ha). The number of affected persons requiring resettlement as a result of these activities is estimated at 195 (40 households). Under the LARF, prepared and agreed for the Investment Program following the Government's laws and regulations, and ADB's Safeguards Policy Statement (SPS) (2009) and subsequently updated, all displaced persons will be entitled to compensation for land acquired and lost assets at their replacement cost. They will also be assisted in improving, or at least restoring, their pre-intervention income and livelihood standards, and productive capacity. A draft LARP has been prepared which will be updated after the detailed designs and sent to ADB for approval. The PMU will supervise LARP updating and implementation by the PIO staffed by a Resettlement Specialist, with the support of the detailed design and supervision consultants and with a supporting NGO for LARP implementation. Before implementing the LARP a qualified and experienced external monitoring and evaluation expert will also be engaged to assess performance and impacts. The LARP will be disclosed in Dari at MEW PMO and local offices and amongst the APs in the project area. In accordance with ADB's public communications policy, monitoring reports on LARP implementation will be posted on the ADB website.
Indigenous Peoples The project is Category C for indigenous peoples impact. The Project does not trigger safeguards for and requirements from indigenous peoples under SPS (2009) and no indigenous development framework or plan is required.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design A survey of project area was undertaken during feasibility study. A further survey and community consultation of affected persons was undertaken during preparation of the land aquisition and resettlement plan.
During Project Implementation Community workshops will be held by resettlement specialists to discuss LARP and any resettlement issues. Formal coordination with Community Development Councils (CDCs) will take place to prioritize and plan rehabilitation of secondary and tertiary structures. CDCs and local mirabs will be involved in development of WUAs. Two NGOs will be contracted to undertake community consultation.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

Firm (resettlement, M&E) $1.10 m QCBS (80:20)

Firm (water management, pilot watershed) $5.86 m QCBS (80:20)

Consultant (International) $0.48 m ICS

Consultant (National) $53,000 ICS


Civil works :

1. Rehabilitation of main canals and intakes $70.78 million ICB

2. Rehabilitation of secondary and tertiary canals $5.07 million Community Contracting


Motorcycles $12,000 Shopping

Field Survey Instruments $5,000 Shopping

Water measurement instruments $25,000 Shopping

Computer Sets $8,820 Shopping

Office furniture $4,820 Shopping

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Woldring, Hans Siewert
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance
[email protected]
Pashtunistan Watt,
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan


Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM 15 Jul 2013
Approval 08 Oct 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 18 Sep 2016

Grant 0362-AFG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Oct 2013 04 Dec 2013 30 Jul 2014 31 Dec 2018 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 103.39 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 100.00 08 Oct 2013 0.49 0.00 0%
Counterpart 3.39 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 08 Oct 2013 0.72 0.00 1%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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