Regional: Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute, 2009-2012

Sovereign Project | 42111-012 Status: Closed

Summary

The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Institute will coordinate the CAREC Program's overall capacity building strategy by preparing and updating a training agenda for selected CAREC government officials initially. Selected modules and courses will be developed and delivered by the CAREC Institute's network partners, while other training needs will be coordinated with donor agencies. The CAREC Institute research initiatives will have practical application to the CAREC Program and the participating countries. The CAREC Institute will develop a research network to carry out its research program. Prospective members of this network include universities, think tanks, research/policy institutes, and other entities in the CAREC countries and beyond. The CAREC Institute will conduct various outreach activities intended to extend its training and research impact more broadly and to foster a broader understanding of the benefits of regional cooperation and the costs of non-cooperation.

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Project Name Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute, 2009-2012
Project Number 42111-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6488-REG: Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute, 2009-2012
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 4.00 million
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 500,000.00
People's Republic of China Regional Cooperation and Poverty Reduction Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Industry and trade - Industry and trade sector development

Public sector management - Economic affairs management

Transport - Rail transport (non-urban) - Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Institute will coordinate the CAREC Program's overall capacity building strategy by preparing and updating a training agenda for selected CAREC government officials initially. Selected modules and courses will be developed and delivered by the CAREC Institute's network partners, while other training needs will be coordinated with donor agencies. The CAREC Institute research initiatives will have practical application to the CAREC Program and the participating countries. The CAREC Institute will develop a research network to carry out its research program. Prospective members of this network include universities, think tanks, research/policy institutes, and other entities in the CAREC countries and beyond. The CAREC Institute will conduct various outreach activities intended to extend its training and research impact more broadly and to foster a broader understanding of the benefits of regional cooperation and the costs of non-cooperation.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Ministers representing the countries participating in the CAREC Program endorsed the Comprehensive Action Plan (CAP) at the 5th Ministerial Conference (MC) in October 2006. The CAP has four action pillars (i) knowledge and capacity building; (ii) regional infrastructure networks; (iii) trade, investment, and business development; and (iv) regional public goods. The CAP knowledge and capacity building pillar proposes the formation of the CAREC Institute to coordinate and expand research, training and dialogue activities for the CAREC Program. The mission of the CAREC Institute, a virtual institute supported by the CAREC Secretariat, is to enhance the quality of regional cooperation by generating world-class knowledge resources to support regional infrastructure networks in the priority areas of transportation, trade, and energy, which will lead to greater capacities for regional cooperation and accelerated economic growth in Central Asia.

Ministers endorsed the CAREC Institute Prospectus at the 6th MC held in November 2007 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. The CAREC Institute now provides the foundations for a more coordinated approach to the design and implementation of learning activities, and the harnessing of local knowledge and research capabilities with the support of the six CAREC participating multilateral institutions.

The CAREC Institute's main outputs are (i) a capacity building training program to improve knowledge and skills of government officials in areas related to regional cooperation; (ii) an applied research program, to generate new knowledge, innovation, and recommendations that will support more effective regional cooperation; and (iii) an outreach program, to extend the impact of the institute s training and research more broadly. Partnerships and collaboration with institutes, experts, and researchers from the CAREC countries will be a central element of the institute's work in each of these areas. The institute will regularly report on its activities to senior officials meetings and will prepare a progress report on its activities and resource utilization to be submitted annually to the ministerial conference. This TA will be sufficiently flexible to accommodate the evolving nature of the CAREC Program.

Impact Closer economic cooperation among CAREC Program participating countries

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Enhanced capacity of CAREC government officials and development institutions to support regional economic cooperation through better policy formulation and implementation
Progress Toward Outcome

Implementation of the RETA started in January 2009. The CAREC Institute is proceeding with implementation of its 2009-2011 work plan, endorsed at the 7th Ministerial Conference on Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) in November 2008, to provide training for government officials in areas related to regional economic cooperation and support research related to regional initiatives. Details of these training programs may be found at www.carecprogram.org.

At the 11th Ministerial Conference held in Wuhan, People's Republic of China (PRC) on 30 October 2012, the Ministers agreed to establish the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Institute physical base in the region by 2014. Further, the member countries have agreed to locate the CAREC Institute (CI) in Urumqi, PRC at the 12th Ministerial Conference held in Astana, Kazakhstan on 24 October 2013.

The TA has supported various trainings and capacity development programs.

The CAREC Institute Leadership Development Initiative (LDI), launched with the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore comprises (i) an Executive Leadership Development Program (ELDP) which were held annually for 2009-2011; and (ii) a Public Sector Management Short Course, for upper and mid-level government officials covering public sector management (principles and practice) and public sector finance, which were held in the CAREC countries for 2009-2011.

Awareness Workshops on Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) were held in Kyrgyz Republic; Kazakhstan; and Mongolia in June 2009; and in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in 2010. A Workshop on 'Public-Private Partnership Workshop: Lessons from Asian Experience' was held in Chengdu, People's Republic of China, on 3-5 November.

Other capacity building initiatives held to support second-tier areas include (i) a study visit to Tajikistan by officials from PRC's Ministry of Health as part of continual efforts on avian influenza; (ii) awareness workshops on climate change mitigation and adaptation held in Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan in September 2010; and a training workshop for Strengthening Laboratory Services in Harbin, PRC in November 2010.

The CAREC Institute supported the following capacity building activities in 2012:

" The CAREC Institute supported the International Energy Agency (IEA) Caspian Energy Policy Dialogue and Training held in Astana, Kazakhstan last 3 5 July 2012. The event engaged Caspian countries in discussing perspectives on energy technology, delivering energy-training modules, and sharing best practices in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

" On 24 -26 July 2012, the CAREC Institute co-organized the Third Seminar on World Trade Organization Accession: Managing WTO Accession Process - Strategies, Challenges, and Practices in Shanghai, People's Republic of China. The seminar helped trade officials in non World Trade Organization (WTO) CAREC countries learn about their key functions before, during, and after the accession process in areas such as identifying goals, assessing options based on model simulations, formulating negotiating strategies and fallback options, and managing the negotiating team and national committee.

" The First Training in Implementing Performance-Based Maintenance Contracts was held in Beijing, People's Republic of China on 27 -29 November 2012. The CAREC Institute, the transport division of the Asian Development Bank's Central and West Asia Department, and the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China discussed the concept and best practices of performance-based road maintenance. Decision makers and practitioners, including senior transport officials, engineers, and procurement officers from the 10 CAREC countries, attended the training, which was the first held on implementing performance-based contracts.

With the extension of the RETA's completion date, the following activities were funded in 2013 -2015:

" The CAREC Institute supported the Integrated Trade Facilitation "At the Border" and "Behind the Border": Reforms and Implementation on 10- 13 April 2013 in Georgia. National focal points, customs officials, and representatives of border management agencies from CAREC countries joined a study tour that highlighted Georgia's trade facilitation reforms and showed the benefits of replicating them. Georgian officials discussed customs institutional reforms, border management strategy, and other measures to integrate trade facilitation, while participants presented similar reforms by their own governments. The participants observed reforms in action at the Batumi Seaport and Customs Clearance Zone, and at the Sarpi Customs Border Crossing Point, where they saw how technology enables transparent and efficient customs procedures, minimizing the time required for goods to cross between Georgia and Turkey.

" On 19- 21 August 2013, about 60 people from all CAREC member countries attended the 3-day training on Supply Chain Management, Logistics, and FIATA Standards in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Together with the CAREC Institute, the CAREC Trade Facilitation program is piloting professional education courses on supply chain management, logistics, and FIATA (International Federation of Freight Forwarders Association) standards.

" On 10- 12 September 2013, the CI supported the capacity building activity of CAREC energy sector officials in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The event reviewed the progress in implementing the CAREC Energy Work Plan (2013-2015) and finalized the priority investment project list in preparation for the 12th CAREC Ministerial Conference.

" On 25 November- 6 December 2013, the CAREC Institute co-sponsored the CAREC Train the Trainers Workshop for Kazakhstan Customs, a joint initiative with the PRC's General Administration of Customs. The workshop aimed to develop training and participative classroom skills of customs trainers and officers which will provide support in the design and delivery of national and local customs trainings in Kazakhstan. The training presented a modular approach, and combined classroom learning and interactive discussions on best practices and to be delivered by tutors with extensive practical training experience.

" In the CI-supported Energy Efficiency Training Seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia last 28- 30 May 2014, some 50 participants from the 10 CAREC member countries, and Armenia and Georgia--composed of representatives from ministries of energy, finance and economy/planning, together with state-owned utility companies and financial institutions-- discussed challenges and opportunities for energy efficiency as a driver of economic growth in the region.

On separate occasions, the CAREC Institute co-organized activities with the World Trade Organization, Agence Francaise de Developpement and ADB Institute, to improve the national capacities of civil servants in the implementation of projects involving the CAREC priority areas, including managing public-private partnership programs and projects:

" On 5 December 2013, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), in partnership with the World Trade Organization (WTO), conducted a session on the CAREC Program at the Bali Trade and Development Symposium on the sidelines of the 9th WTO Ministerial Conference. The session, Regional Cooperation and Trade in Central Asia: Integrating into the Global Economy, introduced the CAREC Program,

discussed new strategies for trade policy and trade and transport facilitation in Central Asia, and discussed successful and ongoing efforts by CAREC countries to accede to the WTO.

" On 3- 7 February 2014, The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Institute, the Agence Francaise de Developpement, and ADB, through the CAREC Institute, jointly organized a training workshop on Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in Infrastructure Development. Topics discussed in other sessions include institutional, economic, legal, and contractual aspects of PPP projects; identification and planning of PPP projects; preparation of a PPP project; and overview of PPP contractual and financial structure.

" CAREC IMT-GT Workshop on Economic Corridor Development, April 2014, Kuala Lumpur

" Energy Efficiency Training, May 2014, Kuala Lumpur

" National Workshop on Tajikistan's Accession Requirements to WTO, June 2014, Dushanbe

" CAREC SPS Learning Opportunities, October 2014, Mongolia

" Regional Energy Trade Workshop, September 2014, Manila

" CAREC National Consultation Workshop, September 2014, Turkmenistan

" High Level Planning Workshop, January 2015, Mongolia

" Central Asia's Economic Opportunities: Economic Corridors and Global Value Chains, Inaugural Knowledge Sharing Workshop of the CAREC Institute, March 2015, Urumqi. The workshop focused on how CAREC countries can develop effective policies and programs to develop and benefit from economic corridor development and plugging into global value chains. The workshop was done in conjunction with the launching of CAREC Institute physical base in Urumqi in March 2015.

" CAREC Trade Logistics Training" on 15-17 June 2015 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Effective functioning and consolidation of the CAREC Institute as a premier virtual institution in regional cooperation for (i) training and capacity development; (ii) research, and (iii) dialogue to support the CAREC Program.

2. Midterm independent performance review of the CAREC Institute

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

CAREC Institute work program 2009-2011 was endorsed at the 7th Ministerial Conference on CAREC held in Baku, Azerbaijan in 2008.

The Flagship Research Program is being implemented with world-renowned academic institutions in collaboration with highly regarded research centers in the CAREC countries. Research grant papers were finalized and submitted to the secretariat.

Details of training programs participated in by CAREC government officials may be found at www.carecprogram.org.

The CAREC Institute Leadership Development Initiative was launched with the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore. Executive Leadership Development Programs (ELDP) were held annually for 2009-2011. Public Sector Management Short Courses for upper and mid-level government officials covering public sector management (principles and practice) and public sector finance were also delivered in CAREC countries for 2009-2011.

The CAREC Institute Foundation Study: Transport and Trade Facilitation was prepared. The study was a key input to the 'CAREC Partnership Forum: Maximizing Impact of Transport and Trade Facilitation Investments' in May 2009. Rigorous impact evaluation exercises are pilot-tested for two CAREC transport projects as part of the flagship research programs. Sector studies on Trade and Institutional Environment in Central Asia and the Diagnostic Study for Energy Demand and Supply Balance and Infrastructure Constraints were completed in September 2010.

The second round of the CAREC Institute Small Research Grants Program (SRGP) was initiated in December 2008. The six research outputs have been submitted to the secretariat.

The Institute supported the preparatory work for (i) the CAREC Program Results Framework; (ii) the 2009 CAREC Development Effectiveness Review; (iii) Part I of the CAREC 10 Years of Cooperation and Moving Forward; and (iv) CAREC Economic Corridor Developmet Study.

The CAREC Institute Performance Assessment Review (CIPAR), on the other hand, has developed recommendations for the next phase of the CAREC Institute.

The CAREC Institute provided technical and legal expertise to the drafting and negotiation of the Cross Border Transport Agreement between Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan.

On separate occasions, the CAREC Institute provided technical and financial support to capacity building efforts in the CAREC region. The CI co-organized activities with the World Trade Organization, Agence Francaise de Developpement and ADB Institute, to improve the national capacities of civil servants in the implementation of projects involving the CAREC priority areas, including managing public-private partnership programs and projects.

The CAREC Institute provided support to the conduct of the following workshops:

"CAREC IMT-GT Workshop on Economic Corridor Development, April 2014, Kuala Lumpur

"Energy Efficiency Training, May 2014, Kuala Lumpur

"National Workshop on Tajikistan's Accession Requirements to WTO, June 2014, Dushanbe

"CAREC SPS Learning Opportunities, October 2014, Mongolia

"Regional Energy Trade Workshop, September 2014, Manila

"CAREC National Consultation Workshop, September 2014, Turkmenistan

"High Level Planning Workshop, January 2015, Mongolia

"Central Asia's Economic Opportunities: Economic Corridors and Global Value Chains, Inaugural Knowledge Sharing Workshop of the CAREC Institute, March 2015, Urumqi

The CAREC Institute and ADB Institute jointly organized a training workshop on Economic Corridors and Global Value Chains. The workshop focused on how CAREC countries can develop effective policies and programs to develop and benefit from economic corridor development and plugging into global value chains. The workshop was done in conjunction with the launching of CAREC Institute physical base in Urumqi in March 2015.

The TA also supported the "CAREC Trade Logistics Training" on 15-17 June 2015 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.

A memo to financially close the TA was submitted on 31 July 2015. Subsequent memo issued on 14 August 2015.

Geographical Location CAREC Participating Countries include Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholders have been consulted during the development of training programs, and after the implementation.
During Project Implementation Research have been disseminated and feedback sorted out.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The technical assistance will require approximately 34 person-months of international and 138 person-months of domestic consultant inputs. Experts will also be engaged for short-term assignments / studies. A leading university or business school with significant experience in customized, multi-cultural executive education, including delivery of multi-language, multi-country programs, will be engaged to develop and deliver an executive leadership development program.
Procurement Equipment budgeted under the TA consists of a limited number of computers and office equipment that will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time) and left with the CAREC Unit upon completion of the TA.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Hong Wang
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination Div, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
Mr. Ronald Antonio Q. Butiong
[email protected]
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines

Timetable

Concept Clearance 16 Apr 2008
Fact Finding 10 Mar 2008 to 24 Mar 2008
MRM -
Approval 24 Sep 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Apr 2008
Last PDS Update 17 Sep 2015

TA 6488-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Sep 2008 - 24 Sep 2008 31 Mar 2012 30 Jun 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
4,500,000.00 500,000.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,200,000.00 24 Sep 2008 4,829,122.83

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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