During the Country Programming Mission (10-12 December 2008) held in Manila, the Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) confirmed its request to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for a new facility-type technical assistance (TA) project for the period 2009-2012. Beginning in 2004, ADB has provided four facility-type TA projects to the PRC to deliver flexible and timely knowledge products and services to the government to respond effectively to emerging policies and capacity development needs. The first two facility-type TA, closed respectively in 2006 and 2010, were rated as successful and their outputs were used in formulating emerging policies and strengthening government capacity. In addition to the country-specific facility TA, ongoing regional TA (RETA 6428) also supports the governments of the PRC and Mongolia to develop strategic and timely knowledge products and services (KPS).
|Project Name||Facility for Policy Reform and Capacity Building III|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Land-based natural resources management
Education / Technical and vocational education and training
Energy / Energy efficiency and conservation
Health / Health sector development and reform - Health system development
Industry and trade / Trade and services
Public sector management / Economic affairs management - Public administration - Public expenditure and fiscal management - Social protection initiatives
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban housing - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming|
During the Country Programming Mission (10-12 December 2008) held in Manila, the Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) confirmed its request to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for a new facility-type technical assistance (TA) project for the period 2009-2012. Beginning in 2004, ADB has provided four facility-type TA projects to the PRC to deliver flexible and timely knowledge products and services to the government to respond effectively to emerging policies and capacity development needs. The first two facility-type TA, closed respectively in 2006 and 2010, were rated as successful and their outputs were used in formulating emerging policies and strengthening government capacity. In addition to the country-specific facility TA, ongoing regional TA (RETA 6428) also supports the governments of the PRC and Mongolia to develop strategic and timely knowledge products and services (KPS). ADB's responsiveness to the PRC's government requests for policy advice will be critical over the next few years, when the government will (i) prepare the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (12th FYP) (2011-2015), (ii) formulate policy measures and reforms to mitigate the adverse effects of the economic slowdown, and (iii) support the rebalancing of its growth strategy.
Despite the considerable progress the PRC has made in terms of overall economic growth, critical gaps and imbalances remain, including between economic and social development, rural and urban areas, and western and coastal regions. The 2008 global economic crisis has further exacerbated these imbalances, which could pose an obstacle to the achievement of social harmony. The key development constraints to be addressed include (i) low productivity growth, particularly in rural areas and remote regions; (ii) inadequate provision of social services and social protection, particularly in rural areas, remote regions, and among the poor and vulnerable groups; and (iii) weak institutions and capacity as well as constrained knowledge among responsible government agencies.
The government continues to have a critical need for assistance relating to policy recommendations and capacity building, to enable it to quickly and effectively formulate and execute policies to mitigate adverse impacts on its citizens and vulnerable groups in particular during the economic slowdown. The implementation period of the proposed TA will coincide with the period during which the Government formulates the policy directions for the 12th FYP. The proposed TA will strengthen the strategic partnership and cooperation between the PRC and ADB on the country's development agenda, based on the PRC's needs and ADB's strengths. Cooperation under the proposed TA will contribute to achieving the goals of the Government's development agenda and ADB's long-term strategic framework 2008-2020 (Strategy 2020), which incorporate the same strategic agendas: inclusive growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The strategic goal of ADB's Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) (2008-2010) is to help PRC build a harmonious and moderately prosperous (xiao kang) society through inclusive growth and environmentally sustainable development. While this goal remains unchanged, current global economic turmoil has caused uncertainty that has inevitably changed PRC's priorities in the sequencing of its policies. This TA project builds in flexibility, timeliness, and quality support for reforms and capacity building in priority areas as they arise, and provides leveraged support to the strategic focus areas of ADB operations in PRC. This proposed TA helps to further align ADB assistance with PRC's changing priorities. Particularly, it aims to provide additional knowledge required for efficient and effective project operations and policy formulation and implementation, through policy research, workshops and seminars, research networks, and an up-to-date capacity building program.|
|Impact||Expected impact of this TA is effective policy/strategy formulation and enhanced capacity of relevant government agencies, based on timely and high-quality policy research and capacity building programs. Indicators and performance targets are those set out in the relevant ADB CPS for PRC. Targets and directions are those set in the Government's five-year plan, particularly those related to average income increase for the poor and strengthened capacity of executing agencies.|
|Description of Outcome||The outcome of the TA will be policy reforms, regulations, and new ideas and practices introduced or recommended under the TA to be adopted by relevant government agencies, along with capacity building in priority areas.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The outcome will be assessed upon completion of the TA.|
|Description of Project Outputs||1. Policy Advice: The central and selected provincial governments are informed by policy advice on priority development issues in different sectors and subjects, including (i) the preparation of the 12th FYP, (ii) rural development, (iii) social sector reform (especially regarding health and education), and (iv) other priority sectors agreed jointly by the Government and ADB ; 2. Capacity Building: The development and management capacity of selected central and provincial government agencies is strengthened through organizational diagnostics, capacity assessments, training program implementation, workshops, conferences, and knowledge management interventions.|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
As of August 2015, the accomplished subprojects under Component 1 include: (i) SP1.1 Assessment of Application of the Labor Contract Law to Informal Sector Employment; (ii) SP1.2 Internal Audit Roles and Best Practices; (iii) SP1.3 Quality Supervision and Control of Health Reform Projects; (iv) SP1.5 Application of International Best Practices of Social Welfare Reforms to Social Assistance Policy in the PRC; (v) SP1.6 Fiscal Policy for Rural Environmental Protection in Liaoning Province; (vi) SP1.7 Evaluation of Models for Urban Medical and Health Institutions to Support Township Hospitals in Hebei Province; (vii) SP1.8 Development of China Voluntary Emission Reduction Standards Related to Trading Platform; (viii) SP1.9 Impact of Fiscal and Monetary Policies on the Employment under Financial Crisis in the PRC; (ix) SP1.10 Research on Hunan Tourism Industry Impact on Economic Development;(x) SP1.11 Elimination of some Major Problems of Poverty Belt around Beijing and Tianjin;(xi) SP1.12 Pilot Testing Project on School-Enterprises Cooperation for Skills Development in the PRC;(xii) SP1.13 Study on Legal System for Low-and-middle-income Housing Supply in the PRC;(xiii) SP1.14 Policy Options to Develop Service Institutions for the Elderly in the PRC;(xiv) SP1.15 Research on the Strategy of Coordinated Development of Urban Agriculture, Urbanization and Industrialization;(xv) SP1.16 Policy Studies on Speeding Up the Opening-up of Hunan Economy;(xvi) SP1.17 Research on Central China Taking in Industrial Transfer and Promoting Industrial Upgrading;(xvii)SP1.19 Coordination and Development of Urban and Rural Medical and Health Service System-Chongqing Exploration and Innovation;(xviii) SP1.20 Consulting Service Development in Underdeveloped Area in the Industrial Transition and Upgrading Process; (xix) 1.21 Mechanism of Economic Compensation for Arable Land Protection (xx) SP1.22 Quality Supervision and Control of Agricultural Projects; (xxi) SP1.23 Innovation Mechanism of Hebei Green Lighting Project; (xxii) 1.24 Enhancing Real Sector Cooperation and Integration with Good Practices of the GMS; (xxiii ) 1.25 Midterm Evaluation of the 12th Five-year Plan. and (xxiv) 1.26 Study on Finance & Taxation Policies for Accelerating Development of Tourism. All above completed subprojects are well received by related government agencies.
Thirteen workshops under Component 2 were conducted and accomplished with expected results: (i) SP2.1 The 2009 Dissemination of ADB TA Best Practice; (ii) SP2.2 PRC-ADB Conference on TA cooperation and sharing experiences; (iii) SP2.3 ADB-PRC TA Award Ceremony and Knowledge Sharing Workshop on TA Cooperation; (iv) SP2.4 Workshop on Non-Sovereign and Private Sector Operations; (v) SP2.5 Training Workshop for EA for Delegated TAs; (vi) SP2.6 Public-Private Partnerships in Urbanization; (vii) SP2.7 PRC-ADB Strategic TA Programming Workshop; (viii) 2.8 The 2nd PRC-ADB Strategic TA Programming Workshop; (ix) 2.9 Workshop on Results Based Lending and Policy Lending; (x) SP2.10 Public-Private Partnerships Capacity Buidling in Gansu Province; (xi) SP2.11 PPP Capacity Building of the Chongqing Municipal Government; (xii) SP2.12 Introducing Third-party Review Mechanism in ADB TA Management; and (xiii) 2.13 2015 PRC Country Programming.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||During country programming mission discussions in December 2008, MOF noted that ADB's responsiveness to Government requests for policy advice will be critical over the period of 2009-2012 when the Government is expected to formulate and decide on various policy measures and reforms to mitigate adverse effects from economic slowdown, and to prepare the 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015). The TA concept was formulated in close consultation with MOF, related government agencies who will be potential IAs, and key think-tanks and academic institutions.|
|During Project Implementation||Throughout the TA implementation period, ADB and the EA will continue consulting and accepting subproject proposals from government organizations, various institutions, NGOs, and, in special cases, a unit within the EA or ADB.|
|Consulting Services||The TA requires 120 person-months of international and national consultants/resource persons. The areas of expertise include poverty reduction, rural finance and development, private sector development, project evaluation, macroeconomic management, public administration management, public service provision, social insurance and social safety net, law and regulations in the related areas, and capacity building.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Wu, Aihua|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Ministry of Finance
TA Division, International Department, Ministry of Finance Sanlihe, Xicheng District Beijing, 100820, PRC
|Concept Clearance||23 Mar 2009|
|Fact Finding||21 Apr 2009 to 01 Jun 2009|
|Approval||20 Jul 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||15 May 2009|
|Last PDS Update||17 Sep 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Jul 2009||02 Sep 2009||02 Sep 2009||31 Aug 2012||30 Sep 2015||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|2,000,000.00||0.00||420,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,420,000.00||20 Jul 2009||1,786,286.85|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening the Antipoverty Effects of Welfare Service Programs in the People's Republic of China||Papers and Briefs||Sep 2010|
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