ADB is helping the Lao People's Democratic Republic expand and improve its higher education system. The project will focus mainly on upgrading standards at the country’s three public universities: National University of Laos, Champasak University, and Souphanouvong University. It will also improve access to higher education for disadvantaged groups, particularly for women and ethnic minorities.
|Project Name||Strengthening Higher Education Project|
|Country||Lao People's Democratic Republic
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education - Tertiary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy|
|Impact||Improved economic competitiveness and increased employment opportunities for higher education graduates|
|Description of Outcome||An expanded, improved, and equitable higher education system|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
44 university teaching staff undertook master and doctoral degrees in foreign countries and 96 teaching staff undertook master degrees in the country, this support will directly contribute to the higher education quality improvement.
Champasack university campus was developed with laboratories, resource center, e-learning center to expand opportunities for secondary students in Southern provinces access to higher education.
4,979 person times (28% female) received training on strategic planning, leadership and management, curriculum development, research planning, credit system development, and others.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Strengthened management, financing, and governance of higher education system
Enhanced relevance and capacity for quality improvement
Increased equity and access in higher education
Effective project management and implementation
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
20 packages were procured and delivered.
54 teaching staff received training on Strategic management, of which 11 (20%) were female.
Establishment of university councils for CU and SU approved on 5 May 2014.
CU council consists of 23 members: 10 female (44%), and 5 from private sector (22%).
SU council consists of 24 members: 6 female (225) and 3 from private sectors (12.5%).
(i) Quality assurance roadmap and framework developed.
(ii) National minimum standard and assessment checklist developed.
(iii) Assessment of teaching quality of 53 private institutes was conducted in Q2 2013; the findings were discussed during the national higher education administrators in October 2013. The findings have been incorporated in the development of core textbooks.
Champasack University Council consists of 23 members, of which 10 (44%) members are women (44%), and 5 (22%) members are representatives from private sector.
Souphanouvong University Council consists of 24 members, of which 6 (22%) are women and 3 (12.5%) members are representative from private sectors.
Development of Higher Education Information System (HEMIS) including registration and financial management system was developed.
Installation of software adaptation completed and being implemented.
MOES and Universities introduced tuition fee in 2011/2012, the tuition fee is between kip 800,000 to 1,200,000 kip.
The ratio of fee paying and non-fee paying students has changed year by year based on the government's policy.
2011/2012: 21% was non-fee paying and 79% fee paying students
2012/2013: 28% was non-fee paying and 72% was fee paying students
2013/2014: 33% was non-fee paying and 67% was fee paying students.
2014/2015: 33% was non-fee paying and 67% was fee paying students.
2015/2016. 30% of non-fee paying students and 71% of fee paying students.
Construction completed in 2013.
46 teaching staff received matching scholarships in Japan, Republic of Korea, China, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Of which 15 are women (36%).
- 11 scholars undertake Master degree (14 women)
- 9 scholars undertake Doctoral degree (1 women).
Construction completed in 2013
Training courses for new university faculty were designed. 60 master trainers at CU, NUOL, and SU were trained. 135 faculty staff received training on curriculum development, 54 of which (40%) are female
Training courses for new university faculty were designed. 60 master trainers at CU, NUOL, and SU have been trained. A curriculumn review of common subjects taught in early stages of degree programs at NUOL, CU and SU was carried out. 207 from three universisties attend dissemination workship on new curriculum framework, and 53 of which are female
Analysis of existing programs completed for baseline. Development and publication of 12 new textbooks being planned.
Training coursesfor new university faculty were designed. 60 master trainers at CU, NUOL, and SU have been trained. A curriculumn review of common subjects taught in early stages of degree programs at NUOL, CU and SU was carried out.
Scholarship program under way: necessary implementation changes to matching scholarships program communicated to ADB and now 1st MoU approved and signed with Sophia University. Candidates identified for national scholarships and awaiting confirmation from NUOL on course availability.
Baseline data collated: research capacity study prepared; on-line journal systems being established.
Initial HE LAN for DHE, CU, NUOL & SU established through National fiber-optic backbone. Operational in Q2.11. National network and internet access concept paper prepared together with costings (for discussion with review team in November). The system was installed and being implemented.
Universities updated their MOUs tracking system, and identified list of valid MOUs.
Baseline data to be established no mechanisms as yet in place to achieve this target.
The allocation of quota students has fluctuated based on the government's policy. Quota student includes top students, disadvantaged students. The quota students receive stipend and get tuition fee exception.
2011/2012 : the quota stood at 21%
2012/2013: the quota was 28%
2013/2014: the quota increased to 33%
2014/2015 : the quota remains 33%
2015/2016, the quota students was 30% .
Construction of CU Campus was completed in Feb 2014.
Enrollment at CU has decreased compared with the enrollment in 2010 as a result of termination of special courses, intake ceiling instructed by MOES to improve the quality of entry exams.
2011/12 Total enrollment was 3,525, 1,377 students were women
2012/13 - Total enrollment was 3,322, of which 1,311 were women
2013-14- Total enrollment is 3,227 and 1,360 are women.
2014/15, the female enrollment was 15,916 (44%)
2015/2016, female enrollment was 10,203 (30%).
Construction of dormitories completed. Furniture was delivered.
|Geographical Location||National University of Laos (Vientiane),Souphanouvong University (Luang Prabang),Champasak University (Pakse)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Project has been classified as Category B (non-sensitive). An initial environmental examination for the Project was carried out and showed no significant adverse environmental impact.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No involuntary resettlement involved at NUOL and Souphanouvong University. Development of the CU campus and facilities takes place within CU's existing site of 66 hectares in which there are no households to be relocated and no households using agricultural land.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Project will most likely have positive impacts on equitable access to tertiary education by ethnic groups, especially ethnic females. This will be achieved by more effectively targeting ethnic students; and increasing opportunities for ethnic groups to work as faculty members and university staff.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
The design of the Project has resulted from extensive discussion with stakeholders through various workshops. Higher Education Master Plan 2010-2020 is participatory developed. Numerous discussions have been held at central and provincial levels with officers, university presidents and administrators, instructors, students and parents, to assist to identify needs and possible solutions. Tracer study of graduates and employer survey were conducted better understand the employers' expectation and labor market demand,
Multiple meetings with development partners have been held to ensure consensus around key issues and future actions.
|During Project Implementation||The Project will be implemented with close consultations with the central and local stakeholders. Universities are the principal owner and beneficiaries of the Project and will be fully involved in decisions related to the project implementation. The participation of other local stakeholders including the provincial governments, private sector and local industries, communities, and households in the project activities is essential for effective implementation of the Project. Department of Higher Education with the Project team share and consult with the key development partners and 4 public universities relating higher education strategy, policies, and assessment .|
|Consulting Services||The Project is supported by consultant services mobilized via three modalities. First, the Project has engaged a firm to provide 185 person-months of consulting services (73 person-months international and 112 person-months national), which has been selected using the full technical proposal and quality- and cost-based selection method, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). The quality- and cost-based selection weighting followed the standard quality-cost ratio of 80:20. This package of consulting services provides technical support for the Project as well as build longer-term local capacities for planning, management, research, and delivery of higher education. Consulting services will span a broad array of expertise, including (i) strategic planning, project management, and monitoring; (ii) governance and management of higher education; (iii) higher education financing; (iv) higher education quality assurance; (v) curriculum and textbook development; (vi) human resources and professional development; (vii) research capacity building; (viii)information and communications technology (ICT)-based teaching and learning; (ix) higher education MIS development; (x) campus and facilities development, and equipment improvement; (xi) gender and social development; (xii) environment; (xiii) procurement; and (xiv) project financial management. In addition to the firm that augments consulting services in specific and needs-tailored areas, international scholars and/or professionals (a total of 70 person-months) will be invited as short-term consultants on an individual basis to assist participating universities in developing academic and research programs and in teaching support. The Project has also locally recruited administrative assistants and accountants on an individual basis as needed to help the PIUs with project administration, accounting, and other tasks including reporting.|
|Procurement||All procurement to be financed under the ADB grant will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). The Department of Higher Education project implementation unit (D-PIU) will be responsible for all procurement, except for civil works, equipment, furniture, and vehicles at Champasak University (CU), which will be done by the CU project implementation unit (PIU), in close consultation with the D-PIU. Procurement of goods such as computers and laboratory equipment will use international competitive bidding procedures if more than $1.0 million; national competitive bidding if $1 million or less, but more than $100,000 equivalent; or shopping if less than $100,000 equivalent. Civil works will use international competitive bidding if more than $2.0 million; and national competitive bidding if less than $2 million, but more than $100,000.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chanthy, Khamtanh|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Lao Resident Mission|
Ministry of Education and Sports
Dr. Phonephet Boupha
Avenue Lane Xang, Vientiane, Lao PDR
|Concept Clearance||11 Jun 2009|
|Fact Finding||11 Jun 2009 to 19 Jun 2009|
|MRM||20 Jul 2009|
|Approval||05 Oct 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||24 Jun 2009|
|Last PDS Update||15 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|05 Oct 2009||23 Oct 2009||17 Dec 2009||30 Jun 2016||31 Dec 2016||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||28.80||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||24.80||05 Oct 2009||24.80||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||05 Oct 2009||24.80||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening Higher Education Project||Procurement Plans||Sep 2013|
|Strengthening Higher Education Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Dec 2009|
|Grant Agreement for Strengthening Higher Education Project between Lao People's Democratic Republic and Asian Development Bank dated 23 October 2009||Grant Agreement||Oct 2009|
|Strengthening Higher Education Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2009|
|Strengthening Higher Education Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Jul 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.