The project area will tentatively include Serei Saophoan, Siem Riep, Kampong Thom, Battambang, Pursat, and Kampong Chhnang, which all have important roles as service centers for surrounding agriculture and value chain development. The project will support about two subprojects per town, which are yet to be decided. Options for private sector participation in infrastructure financing and management will also be studied. The details of each output will be determined following the priorities identified by the strategic urban development plans that will be prepared under the project preparatory technical assistance (TA). A grant by ADB will support capacity development for urban management as a parallel activity.
|Project Name||Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project area will tentatively include Serei Saophoan, Siem Riep, Kampong Thom, Battambang, Pursat, and Kampong Chhnang, which all have important roles as service centers for surrounding agriculture and value chain development. The project will support about two subprojects per town, which are yet to be decided. Options for private sector participation in infrastructure financing and management will also be studied. The details of each output will be determined following the priorities identified by the strategic urban development plans that will be prepared under the project preparatory technical assistance (TA). A grant by ADB will support capacity development for urban management as a parallel activity.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The project will promote integrated urban environmental management of towns around the Tonle Sap Basin in Cambodia by providing priority infrastructure and strengthening the institutional capacity of local authorities. These interventions will develop these towns to complement agricultural and industrial development. These towns will become support centers for the proliferation of the rural economy, trade, and industrial value chain development. Priority subsectors for intervention are sanitation, solid waste management, and flood control.
Cambodia has recorded sustained growth in recent years. The economy grew by about 8% per annum between 2000 and 2003 and just over 10% per annum between 2004 and 2007. The national poverty ratio stands at 34%. The main determinants of economic growth since the mid-1990s have been a relatively stable macroeconomic environment, prudent domestic financial policies, and the creation of critical market economy institutions following years of conflict and socialist economic orientation. Recent economic growth derives from a narrow base comprised of garment, tourism, construction, and, to a more limited extent, agriculture. Agriculture's contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) is declining with the economy's structural shift toward industry and services. The urban-based economy in Cambodia constitutes the most important share of the national economy. The bulk of the secondary and tertiary establishments and employment are located in towns and cities, while all primary sector employment is in the villages. Deliberate urban growth policies in secondary cities and smaller towns are expected to contribute to poverty reduction in those provinces. Further, rural households in most countries derive a considerable percentage of their incomes from non-agricultural and non-rural activities through informal employment and petty trade. While the current urban population ratio stands at 20% with 2.6 million in 2008 (census of 2008), the urban sector probably accounts for about 50% of GDP. The urban-based labor force is much more productive than the agricultural labor force, which accounts for 75% of the total population.
There is strong economic justification for investment in Cambodia's urban development. Urban areas, which have made a major contribution to economic growth and poverty reduction, are growing rapidly yet unevenly across the country. Medium-sized urban areas, where economic specialization is taking place, are growing in importance. Also, the urban development agenda is closely linked with development of agriculture and natural resources, transport, and water and sanitation. The urbanization trend is further strengthened by the market orientation of the economy and the regional policy of open borders.
|Impact||Cities and towns in the Tonle Sap Basin realize their development potential to support growth of economy and services|
|Description of Outcome||Imrpoved urban environment (and climate change resilience) in cities and towns in the Tonle Sap Basin is achieved|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Solid waste management facilities are improved
Riverbanks are protected
Sanitation infrastructure is developed
Institutional capacity of EA and IA are strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Participatory and stakeholder workshops conducted during the project preparation to determine design to understand beneficiaries' views and expectations of the proposed project. A stakeholder analysis has been completed and a draft stakeholder participation and communication plan has been prepared. Consultations are ongoing in the selected towns during the due diligence period.|
|During Project Implementation||A draft stakeholder participation and communication plan has been prepared and will be confirmed. It will be implemented during project implementation.|
|Consulting Services||All consultants will be engaged through firm(s). The TA will require 7 positions and 13 person-months (pm) of international consulting services and 10 positions and 45 pm of national consulting services. ADB will select and engage consultants according to ADB's Guidelines on Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time). An international consulting firm shall be hired by following quality and cost-based selection (QCBS) method, using the QCBS (80:20). A simplified technical proposal will be required.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Jain, Anupma|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SERD|
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
4th Floor Eastern Building
Corner Norodom Boulevard Street 106
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
|Concept Clearance||12 Aug 2011|
|Approval||13 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||22 Sep 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Dec 2011||17 Jan 2012||17 Jan 2012||31 Oct 2012||01 Dec 2015||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|700,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||700,000.00||13 Dec 2011||666,702.47|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin: Final Report||Consultants' Reports||Jun 2014|
|Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin||Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2012|
|Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Dec 2011|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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