||The provision of potable piped-water supply and wastewater collection and treatment will improve the environment in each participating town. The designs involve simple, appropriate, low-cost technology and do not pose any significant adverse environmental consequences. The tranche 1 project has been categorized as B under ADB's Environment Policy (2002). Potential negative environmental impacts for each project are mainly short term during the construction period and can be minimized by the proposed mitigation measures and environmentally sound engineering and construction practices. An environmental assessment and review framework, prepared following ADB procedures (Appendix 13 and Supplementary Appendix G), follows the environmental assessment and review procedures in ADB's Environmental Assessment Guidelines (2003). The EAs will prepare initial environmental examinations for each project, as appropriate. The examination for the tranche 1 project shows no significant adverse environmental impacts (Appendix 14 and Supplementary Appendix H). As these examinations, including environment management plans, were prepared based on field reconnaissance survey and secondary reports, they will be updated during the detailed engineering design stage. The design and environment consultant will prepare contract-level and site-specific plans based on the updated and final environmental management plan. This will form the basis for issuance of bidding documents, and the environmental requirements will be reflected in the contractors' contracts. The contract-level and site-specific environmental management plan will guide the contractors during construction and will also assist the supervision consultant in tracking the contractors' implementation progress. The 2 EAs (AZERSU and SAWMC) regularly submit bi-annual environmental monitoring reports.
|During Project Design
||Extensive consultations have been undertaken with stakeholders, including project towns, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations, elected representatives, administrative departments, rayon (town) administrations, and representatives of various government ministries. Meetings, focus group discussions with NGOs, and structured interviews were undertaken with stakeholders.
|During Project Implementation
Extensive consultations have been undertaken with stakeholders including affected persons (emphasizing women and the disadvantaged), beneficiary communities, NGOs and community-based organizations, elected representatives, administrative departments, rayon administrations, and representatives of various government ministries. Meetings, focus group discussions, public awareness campaigns, and structured interviews were undertaken with stakeholders to enable transparency of project works and operations.
To date, consultations were held with six sample project towns. The meetings involved municipal officials, elected representatives, NGOs, and a sample of randomly selected citizens (of which at least 50% were female). In these meetings, mayors and project engineers familiarized the towns with the designs. The towns' environmental concerns and ideas on improving the water and sanitation systems have been analyzed and incorporated where appropriate into the project designs and mitigation measures. All towns showed interest in participating in the town water users' associations to liaise with the program management facility and administrative officials to address any water- or wastewater-related concerns or issues. All public consultation notes are attached to the initial environmental examinations included as supplementary appendixes.
The consultation and participation plan comprises three distinct components: (i) the community awareness and participation program, (ii) hygiene and sanitation education program, and (iii) training program. A major feature of the proposed institutional development and capacity building component includes enabling SuKanals (town water supply and sanitation agencies) and joint stock companies to take a more participatory approach to water supply and sanitation development and service delivery. Implementation support has been developed, including the provision of a social development specialist within the executing agencies and provisions supporting the creation of town water users' associations.
Ongoing consultations and participatory monitoring will take the form of community forums or focus group discussions combined with annual surveys including disaggregated gender, internally displaced persons, refugee, and poverty surveys to notice effects on women and the disadvantaged. The media for this public information mechanism will include local television, newsletters, and community meetings.