fbpx 42496-013: Emergency Assistance for Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction Project | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Emergency Assistance for Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 42496-013 Status: Closed

ADB is helping the People's Republic of China rebuild roads and schools that were damaged by the magnitude 8.0 earthquake in May 2008. The project will rehabilitate and reconstruct 354 high-priority roads in the worst hit counties of Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces. It will also rebuild 12 schools in Shaanxi. The reconstruction work will incorporate earthquake-resistant designs.

Project Details

Project Officer
Xiao Guangrui East Asia Department Request for information
  • China, People's Republic of
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
  • Transport
Project Name Emergency Assistance for Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction Project
Project Number 42496-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2508-PRC: Emergency Assistance for Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 400.00 million
TA 7238-PRC: Providing Capacity Building Support for Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 700,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The project comprises two components: (i) reconstruction and upgrading of damaged roads and bridges in Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces, and (ii) reconstruction and improvements of damaged schools in Shaanxi Province. The project will rehabilitate and reconstruct 354 high-priority earthquake damaged roads in the nineteen worst-affected counties of Sichuan Province and 10 subprojects in the four worst-affected counties of Shaanxi Province. The project will rehabilitate and reconstruct 12 high-priority earthquake-damaged education facilities in the three worst-affected counties in Shaanxi Province. These components are designed to be mutually supporting in achieving the overall objective of restoring the affected communities' access to infrastructure to pre-earthquake levels, and ensuring restored infrastructure is in strict compliance with the latest seismic code.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Based on the Government's damage and needs assessment and the request of the Government, the Project identifies specific sectors requiring emergency assistance in two of the worst earthquake-affected provinces in the PRC. The Project seeks to (i) build on the immediate relief provided by the Government in the earthquake-affected provinces; (ii) contribute to coordinated rehabilitation and reconstruction by different development partners and the Government; and (iii) specifically address sustainable recovery priorities by providing indirect livelihood support through public infrastructure rehabilitation and reconstruction, which generates public employment and underpins the restoration of livelihood activities by rehabilitating roads, bridges, and schools. The Project will contribute to reversing the devastating impact of the Wenchuan earthquake and to reviving economic activity, and enable people to resume and improve their livelihoods and return to normal life. This will be achieved primarily by rehabilitating and reconstructing damaged and destroyed infrastructure as quickly as possible, which will particularly assist the poor and other vulnerable people.

Accelerated restoration of transport and education infrastructure in the earthquake-affected areas of

Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome People's access to transport and education infrastructure is restored to pre-earthquake levels in 19 counties of Sichuan Province and 4 counties in Shaanxi Province.
Progress Toward Outcome To be assessed at project completion.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Rehabilitation of 3,500 km earthquake-damaged roads and bridges in 19 counties of Sichuan Province.

Rehabilitate 12 earthquake damaged educational institutions in three counties of Shaanxi Province.

Rehabilitation of 317 km roads in 4 counties of Shaanxi Province

Capacity development support through a technical assistance to be completed by October 2011.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Sichuan Component: By 31 December 2011, the government had approved 347 local roads with a total length of 3,480.3 km under the project. All physical works for all 347 local roads were completed by mid-January 2012. ADB has completed post-facto review of all BER and contracts by March 2012.

Shaanxi Component-transport subprojects: the transport part included 10 subprojects with a total length of 317 km comprising 32 packages. As of 31 December 2011, procurement for 10 subprojects with 32 packages was completed. The Shaanxi PMO reported that heavy floods in the summer of 2010 and 2011 had caused significant damages to ongoing and completed works thus a delay in implementation schedule is anticipated.

Shaanxi Component: Education Subprojects: The education part consisted of six subprojects with 12 packages. Procurement of all packages were completed by March 2012. There are eight goods and equipment packages for education component. Procurement these packages commenced in August 2011 and were completed in 2011 and all education equipment were supplied and installed in the reconstructed schools by June 2012.

Shaanxi Component: Consulting Services: There are 30 consulting service packages. As of 31 December 2011, recruitment of all 30 consulting services packages were completed, and consulting firms were fielded.

Geographical Location Baoxing Xian, Cangxi Xian, Chaotian Qu, Chencang Qu, Dayi Xian, Fucheng Qu, Guanghan Xian, Jingyang Qu, Langzhong Shi, Lueyang Xian, Luojiang Xian, Lushan Xian, Mian Xian, Nanjiang Xian, Ningqiang Xian, Santai Xian, Shimian Xian, Wangcang Xian, Yanting Xian, Youxian Qu, Yuanba Qu, Zhongjiang Xian, Zitong Xian
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

Given the nature of the project's physical works (i.e., reconstruction of damaged road sections and school buildings), the Project is classified as environmental category B in accordance with ADB's Environment Policy (2002). The project component initial environmental examinations (IEEs) have been provided by the county governments on the basis of

environmental assessment documents required by the PRC's Environmental Impact Assessment Law (2002). The Project's IEEs indicate that the Project is not expected to have significant adverse environmental impacts; any adverse environmental impacts will be mainly limited to the construction stage. These impacts will be reversible in the short term and will

affect a limited area, and are therefore manageable.

Involuntary Resettlement

Rural road reconstruction generally involves upgrading the width and quality of existing roads within the available rights-of-way. Based on the feasibility study investigation, no land acquisition or demolition of structures is anticipated for the roads in Sichuan. This will be confirmed by the local land and resources bureaus once the designs are finalized. If land does need to be acquired, it will require approval by the land and resources bureaus, in which case a resettlement plan will be prepared and submitted to ADB for review and concurrence. A small amount of land may be occupied temporarily by contractors during construction; however, such land occupation will not be involuntary and the use of such land will also require approval from the land and resources bureau. Since the temporary land use will be determined during construction, such use will be monitored and included in the external monitoring and evaluation reports.

Of total 16 subprojects in Shaanxi, 9 subprojects in Ningqiang, Lueyang and Chencang involve land acquisition and resettlement. All the resettlement plans have been approved by ADB.

ADB's Involuntary Resettlement Policy (1995) key policy requirements and procedures for preparing resettlement plans and conducting due diligence are set out in the resettlement framework (Appendix 14). Any resettlement plans for subprojects should be submitted to ADB for review and concurrence prior to commencement of land acquisition for that particular subproject. A national resettlement expert(s) acceptable to ADB will be engaged by the EAs. The cost of the national resettlement expert will be included in the project cost and will be financed from the loan.

Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultation meetings held with local government, affected people, transport user, teacher and school children.
During Project Implementation Consultation will be continued during implementation of the project.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project will require a total of 1,698 person-months of national consulting services to monitor project implementation of civil works, environmental protection, resettlement, and project performance. Given the emergency nature of the projects, the consultants will be recruited through single source selection.

Procurement of goods, services, and works will be carried out in accordance with ADB Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time) and the contemplated implementation schedule. ADB's procedure for providing reconstruction assistance after disasters allows for flexibility so that project activities can start promptly. National competitive bidding procedures will be the preferred mode of procurement. The local procurement procedures of the provincial governments are acceptable.

Goods and related services estimated at more than $1 million will be procured following international competitive bidding procedures. Shopping procedures will be followed for procurement of goods and related services estimated at between $100,000 and $1 million. For small, specialized equipment and materials contracts valued less than $100,000, direct contracting acceptable to ADB will be followed. Due to the nature of this Project, the bidding period for international competitive bidding will be shortened to 30 days and for national competitive bidding to 14 days.

Civil works contracts over $10 million will be procured through international competitive bidding and those estimated to cost $10 million or less will be procured through national competitive bidding procedure. Prequalification with single stage: one-envelope procedures for complex works, and using the existing contractor registration system or contractors previously prequalified for works of similar size and nature is acceptable. Further, in order to effectively respond to the urgent project needs, contracts estimated at less than $100,000 may be awarded to local contractors or those contractors who are working in the affected region on direct contracting basis at negotiated rates or at rates of ongoing contracts. Civil works estimated between $100,000 to $1 million may be awarded following shopping procedures by inviting a limited number of registered or qualified contractors to participate in the bidding, including where practicable by advertising the invitation for bids in a national or provincial newspaper.

Responsible ADB Officer Xiao Guangrui
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Baoji City Government
Mr. Yang Jianmin
[email protected]
8th Floor of Building No. 1 Administration Center, Chencang Street, Jintai District, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province, PRC
Hanzhong City Government
Mr. Xu Zongli
[email protected]
No. 43 Minzhu Street Hantai District, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province, PRC
Sichuan Provincial Communications Department
Mr. Huang Hao
[email protected]
No. 180 Wuhouci Street, Chengdu, Sichuan, PRC
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2009
Fact Finding 20 Nov 2008 to 27 Nov 2008
MRM 12 Jan 2009
Approval 19 Feb 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 13 Apr 2009
Last PDS Update 26 Mar 2013

Loan 2508-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Feb 2009 23 Mar 2009 24 Jun 2009 30 Jun 2012 30 Jun 2013 18 Dec 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 441.75 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 400.00 19 Feb 2009 400.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 41.75 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Feb 2009 400.00 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

TA 7238-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Feb 2009 18 Mar 2009 18 Mar 2009 31 Oct 2011 30 Jun 2012 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 700,000.00 19 Feb 2009 621,040.15
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Related Publications

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Procurement Plan