ADB is helping the People's Republic of China rebuild roads and schools that were damaged by the magnitude 8.0 earthquake in May 2008. The project will rehabilitate and reconstruct 354 high-priority roads in the worst hit counties of Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces. It will also rebuild 12 schools in Shaanxi. The reconstruction work will incorporate earthquake-resistant designs.
|Project Name||Emergency Assistance for Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education - Education sector development
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The project comprises two components: (i) reconstruction and upgrading of damaged roads and bridges in Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces, and (ii) reconstruction and improvements of damaged schools in Shaanxi Province. The project will rehabilitate and reconstruct 354 high-priority earthquake damaged roads in the nineteen worst-affected counties of Sichuan Province and 10 subprojects in the four worst-affected counties of Shaanxi Province. The project will rehabilitate and reconstruct 12 high-priority earthquake-damaged education facilities in the three worst-affected counties in Shaanxi Province. These components are designed to be mutually supporting in achieving the overall objective of restoring the affected communities' access to infrastructure to pre-earthquake levels, and ensuring restored infrastructure is in strict compliance with the latest seismic code.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Based on the Government's damage and needs assessment and the request of the Government, the Project identifies specific sectors requiring emergency assistance in two of the worst earthquake-affected provinces in the PRC. The Project seeks to (i) build on the immediate relief provided by the Government in the earthquake-affected provinces; (ii) contribute to coordinated rehabilitation and reconstruction by different development partners and the Government; and (iii) specifically address sustainable recovery priorities by providing indirect livelihood support through public infrastructure rehabilitation and reconstruction, which generates public employment and underpins the restoration of livelihood activities by rehabilitating roads, bridges, and schools. The Project will contribute to reversing the devastating impact of the Wenchuan earthquake and to reviving economic activity, and enable people to resume and improve their livelihoods and return to normal life. This will be achieved primarily by rehabilitating and reconstructing damaged and destroyed infrastructure as quickly as possible, which will particularly assist the poor and other vulnerable people.|
Accelerated restoration of transport and education infrastructure in the earthquake-affected areas of
Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces
|Description of Outcome||People's access to transport and education infrastructure is restored to pre-earthquake levels in 19 counties of Sichuan Province and 4 counties in Shaanxi Province.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||To be assessed at project completion.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Rehabilitation of 3,500 km earthquake-damaged roads and bridges in 19 counties of Sichuan Province.
Rehabilitate 12 earthquake damaged educational institutions in three counties of Shaanxi Province.
Rehabilitation of 317 km roads in 4 counties of Shaanxi Province
Capacity development support through a technical assistance to be completed by October 2011.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Sichuan Component: By 31 December 2011, the government had approved 347 local roads with a total length of 3,480.3 km under the project. All physical works for all 347 local roads were completed by mid-January 2012. ADB has completed post-facto review of all BER and contracts by March 2012.
Shaanxi Component-transport subprojects: the transport part included 10 subprojects with a total length of 317 km comprising 32 packages. As of 31 December 2011, procurement for 10 subprojects with 32 packages was completed. The Shaanxi PMO reported that heavy floods in the summer of 2010 and 2011 had caused significant damages to ongoing and completed works thus a delay in implementation schedule is anticipated.
Shaanxi Component: Education Subprojects: The education part consisted of six subprojects with 12 packages. Procurement of all packages were completed by March 2012. There are eight goods and equipment packages for education component. Procurement these packages commenced in August 2011 and were completed in 2011 and all education equipment were supplied and installed in the reconstructed schools by June 2012.
Shaanxi Component: Consulting Services: There are 30 consulting service packages. As of 31 December 2011, recruitment of all 30 consulting services packages were completed, and consulting firms were fielded.
|Geographical Location||In 19 counties of Sichuan and 4 counties of Shaanxi provinces|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Given the nature of the project's physical works (i.e., reconstruction of damaged road sections and school buildings), the Project is classified as environmental category B in accordance with ADB's Environment Policy (2002). The project component initial environmental examinations (IEEs) have been provided by the county governments on the basis of
environmental assessment documents required by the PRC's Environmental Impact Assessment Law (2002). The Project's IEEs indicate that the Project is not expected to have significant adverse environmental impacts; any adverse environmental impacts will be mainly limited to the construction stage. These impacts will be reversible in the short term and will
affect a limited area, and are therefore manageable.
Rural road reconstruction generally involves upgrading the width and quality of existing roads within the available rights-of-way. Based on the feasibility study investigation, no land acquisition or demolition of structures is anticipated for the roads in Sichuan. This will be confirmed by the local land and resources bureaus once the designs are finalized. If land does need to be acquired, it will require approval by the land and resources bureaus, in which case a resettlement plan will be prepared and submitted to ADB for review and concurrence. A small amount of land may be occupied temporarily by contractors during construction; however, such land occupation will not be involuntary and the use of such land will also require approval from the land and resources bureau. Since the temporary land use will be determined during construction, such use will be monitored and included in the external monitoring and evaluation reports.
Of total 16 subprojects in Shaanxi, 9 subprojects in Ningqiang, Lueyang and Chencang involve land acquisition and resettlement. All the resettlement plans have been approved by ADB.
ADB's Involuntary Resettlement Policy (1995) key policy requirements and procedures for preparing resettlement plans and conducting due diligence are set out in the resettlement framework (Appendix 14). Any resettlement plans for subprojects should be submitted to ADB for review and concurrence prior to commencement of land acquisition for that particular subproject. A national resettlement expert(s) acceptable to ADB will be engaged by the EAs. The cost of the national resettlement expert will be included in the project cost and will be financed from the loan.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultation meetings held with local government, affected people, transport user, teacher and school children.|
|During Project Implementation||Consultation will be continued during implementation of the project.|
|Consulting Services||The Project will require a total of 1,698 person-months of national consulting services to monitor project implementation of civil works, environmental protection, resettlement, and project performance. Given the emergency nature of the projects, the consultants will be recruited through single source selection.|
Procurement of goods, services, and works will be carried out in accordance with ADB Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time) and the contemplated implementation schedule. ADB's procedure for providing reconstruction assistance after disasters allows for flexibility so that project activities can start promptly. National competitive bidding procedures will be the preferred mode of procurement. The local procurement procedures of the provincial governments are acceptable.
Goods and related services estimated at more than $1 million will be procured following international competitive bidding procedures. Shopping procedures will be followed for procurement of goods and related services estimated at between $100,000 and $1 million. For small, specialized equipment and materials contracts valued less than $100,000, direct contracting acceptable to ADB will be followed. Due to the nature of this Project, the bidding period for international competitive bidding will be shortened to 30 days and for national competitive bidding to 14 days.
Civil works contracts over $10 million will be procured through international competitive bidding and those estimated to cost $10 million or less will be procured through national competitive bidding procedure. Prequalification with single stage: one-envelope procedures for complex works, and using the existing contractor registration system or contractors previously prequalified for works of similar size and nature is acceptable. Further, in order to effectively respond to the urgent project needs, contracts estimated at less than $100,000 may be awarded to local contractors or those contractors who are working in the affected region on direct contracting basis at negotiated rates or at rates of ongoing contracts. Civil works estimated between $100,000 to $1 million may be awarded following shopping procedures by inviting a limited number of registered or qualified contractors to participate in the bidding, including where practicable by advertising the invitation for bids in a national or provincial newspaper.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Xiao, Guangrui|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Baoji City Government
Mr. Yang Jianmin
8th Floor of Building No. 1 Administration Center, Chencang Street, Jintai District, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province, PRC Hanzhong City Government
Mr. Xu Zongli
No. 43 Minzhu Street Hantai District, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province, PRC Sichuan Provincial Communications Department
Mr. Huang Hao
No. 180 Wuhouci Street, Chengdu, Sichuan, PRC
|Concept Clearance||08 Mar 2009|
|Fact Finding||20 Nov 2008 to 27 Nov 2008|
|MRM||12 Jan 2009|
|Approval||19 Feb 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||13 Apr 2009|
|Last PDS Update||26 Mar 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|19 Feb 2009||23 Mar 2009||24 Jun 2009||30 Jun 2012||30 Jun 2013||18 Dec 2013|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||441.75||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||400.00||19 Feb 2009||399.86||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||19 Feb 2009||400.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|19 Feb 2009||18 Mar 2009||18 Mar 2009||31 Oct 2011||30 Jun 2012||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|700,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||700,000.00||19 Feb 2009||621,040.15|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|People’s Republic of China: Emergency Assistance for Wenchuan Earthquake Reconstruction Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2016|
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Rebuilding PRC Schools after the Wenchuan EarthquakeThe 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in Southwest People's Republic of China was so severe that some of the affected areas are still recovering today. This video shows how part of a $400 million ADB emergency assistance loan was used to rebuild roads, bridges and schools in Shaanxi Province. Watch the Chinese version
People's Republic of China: Recovering from the Wenchuan EarthquakeThe Wenchuan Earthquake of 2008 shook mountainous Southwest People's Republic of China so hard that some areas are still recovering, but a government effort assisted by ADB and other international organizations is rebuilding roads and communities.