China, People's Republic of: Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project

Sovereign Project | 43049-013 Status: Active


ADB is helping the People's Republic of China increase agricultural productivity in some of its most important grain-producing regions. The project will improve irrigation and drainage in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin and Yunnan provinces. It will provide agricultural support, including training for farmers, and capacity building support to agencies.

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project
Project Number 43049-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2943-PRC: Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 200.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural drainage - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural market infrastructure - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The impact of the project will be enhanced food security and increased farmers' income. The outcome will be increased agricultural productivity in the project area. The project outputs include improved (i) irrigation and drainage infrastructure, (ii) agricultural support, and (iii) project management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The project will support the comprehensive agricultural development (CAD) program of the Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 69 counties or cities in five provinces (Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, and Yunnan provinces) and one autonomous region (the Ningxia Hui autonomous region) to improve agricultural productivity and enhance the nation's food security. The project comprises three components: (i) improved irrigation and drainage infrastructure, (ii) improved agricultural support, and (iii) improved project management.
Impact Enhanced food security in the PRC

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Increased agricultural productivity in the project area
Progress Toward Outcome

The main focus of the project is farmland infrastructure including irrigation and drainage infrastructure, agricultural support, and project management improvement.

As of Q4 2015, 61 counties in the 6 provinces have started project construction: 16 subprojects in Heilongjiang Province, 8 subprojects in Anhui Province, 9 subprojects in Henan Province, 8 subprojects in NHAR, 12 subprojects in Jilin Province, and 8 subprojects in Yunnan Province.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved irrigation and drainage infrastructure

2. Improved agricultural support

3. Improved project management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Agricultural support for the project has improved the soil quality, rural roads and agricultural practices, reduced land degradation, enhanced farmer capacity, and demonstrated modern agricultural technologies.

Irrigation and drainage system with the project, the surface water irrigation system for the 6 provinces has increased by 15,465.79 hectares from 58,252.41 hectares to 73,718.20 hectares.

Tube well irrigation systems 3,313 new tube wells were constructed and 304 existing tube wells were upgraded; 686.62 km rural electric cables and 131 accessories were installed.

Water-saving technology - Water-saving technology was applied in 32,557.90 hectares of croplands, including 1,048.69 km canals, 570.71 km low-pressure pipelines installed, 294 sprinkle irrigation equipment installed, 4 micro drip irrigation equipment installed, and 18 small reservoirs were upgraded.

Supporting WUAs the project supports 11 water users association (WUA) including 2 WUAs in Heilongjiang province, 3 in Anhui province, and 4 in NHAR. Farmers were trained on irrigation management, measurement of water, water fee collection and other aspects, and improve capacity building and management level of WUAs.

Geographical Location TBD

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The environmental assessment confirmed that the project will generate multiple environmental benefits. The major anticipated environmental benefits include (i) water savings from existing irrigated lands, (ii) reduced use of agrochemicals per hectare, (iii) reduced soil loss and improved soil quality, (iv) reduced salinization and waterlogging, (v) recovery of plastic mulch, and (vi) increased climate resilience. No major adverse impacts were identified. Construction and rehabilitation works are small and relatively simple. Some counties, which are located in areas where water resources are more abundant, may increase their overall water use. Groundwater will only be used in areas where sufficient recharge is available, and a detailed monitoring program will be implemented. No project activities will be carried out in environmentally sensitive areas. It is expected that all impacts will be prevented or minimized to an acceptable level through implementation of the environmental management plan and monitoring program.
Involuntary Resettlement The initial screening of project sites for resettlement impacts indicates that there would be little permanent land loss and no house demolition. All impacts (canals and ditches, farm access roads, tube wells, etc.) will be within the villages on land that remains under village ownership, so no formal land acquisition will be necessary. The impact of land loss, temporary or permanent, to each affected household will be minor, as construction will mainly upgrade and use existing structures. Most land that will be needed temporarily or permanently for the project will be compensated through land adjustments in the villages.
Indigenous Peoples According to a preliminary screening, sizeable ethnic minority populations live in about 16 counties in Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Yunnan provinces and the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and are among the project beneficiaries. Based on the social assessment, the project is not expected to have significant negative impacts on ethnic minorities.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project preparation technical assistance (PPTA) team conducted rural household interviews, including key informant interviews and female focus group discussions. The project will support capacity development for public consultation and participatory planning targeting the project management office and local communities in the subproject areas.
During Project Implementation Integral features of the project are increased C&P through the formation and/or strengthening of farmer professional associations (FPAs) and water users associations (WUAs) to (i) improve governance and management of water resources, and (ii) make O&M more efficient through the involvement of the primary stakeholders. To facilitate interaction among stakeholder groups and improve project planning and implementation, the design of the participation strategy stresses gender equality; and includes three elements: (i) Information sharing--stakeholders will not be able to provide meaningful participation if they are not fully informed about the objectives and intended outcomes of the project; (ii) consultation will be held with primary stakeholders to let them participate in the preliminary and detailed design, formation and/or strengthening of FPAs and WUAs; and O&M implementation where WUAs will have primary responsibility for irrigation management; and (iii) public meetings and stakeholder panels will provide forums for collaboration in decision making. If mitigation of negative impacts is required, consultation will be conducted and monitored, particularly under the implementation of the resettlement plans and the ethnic minority development plans (EMDPs). The EMDPs will particularly ensure that ethnic minorities are consulted and can actively participate in the project.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services All consulting services required for the project will be financed by the counterpart funds, and will follow the government procedures and regulations on use of the consulting services. The terms of reference for the consulting services will be developed and consultants recruited by SOCAD and POCADs according to needs.
Procurement All ADB-financed procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). Major contracts for goods valued at $1 million equivalent or more will be awarded through ADB's international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures. Smaller contract packages for goods valued at less than $1 million equivalent will be procured following national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures in accordance with the PRC's Tendering and Bidding Law (1999), subject to modifications agreed upon with ADB. Civil works contracts estimated to cost $10 million equivalent or more will be procured using ICB procedures, while those costing less than $10 million equivalent will be procured using NCB procedures. The shopping method will be allowed for contracts valued at $100,000 equivalent or less for civil works and for goods. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy (1998, as amended to date) will be included in procurement documents and contracts.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Robertson, Suzanne Kay
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
State Office for Comprehensive Agricultural Devt
3# Nan San Xiang, Sanli He
Xi Cheng District, Beijing 100820


Concept Clearance 16 Mar 2011
Fact Finding 25 Mar 2011 to 08 Apr 2011
MRM 07 Sep 2011
Approval 20 Nov 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 10 Mar 2017

Loan 2943-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Nov 2012 05 Dec 2012 14 Mar 2013 31 Dec 2018 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 354.83 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 200.00 20 Nov 2012 175.45 0.00 88%
Counterpart 154.83 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Nov 2012 125.09 0.00 63%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project: Dumeng County, Heilongjiang Province Ethnic Minority Development Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Dec 2013
Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project: Dunhua City, Jilin Province Ethnic Minority Development Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jul 2013
Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project: Hailin City, Heilongjiang Province Ethnic Minority Development Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jun 2013
Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project: Helong County, Jilin Province Ethnic Minority Development Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jun 2013
Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project Environmental Assessment and Measures Sep 2011
Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project (Draft) Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Sep 2011
Comprehensive Agricultural Development Project Resettlement Frameworks Sep 2011

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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