Assam is the most severely affected area in India in terms of floods and erosion, accounting for 9.4% of the country's total flood-prone area. In Assam, damage due to floods has been caused by two river systems: the Brahmaputra and the Barak. In the subproject areas, flood and riverbank erosion has been a chronic problem, causing enormous damage to lives, crops, livestock, land and property. These impacts cause massive displacement of people, increase landlessness, and force local governments to focus scarce resources on relief operations rather than development. Major floods have occurred in 1954, 1962, 1966, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1988, 1998, 2002 and 2004, while floods of lesser magnitude occur almost yearly. As a result, in spite of having vast natural resources, Assam has been unable to meet its development goals. The people in the subproject areas (Palasbari, Kaziranga and Dibrugarh) have lost land and lives to floods and riverbank erosion, which is now an annual phenomenon.
|Project Name||Livelihood Improvement for River Erosion Victims in Assam|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
Assam is the most severely affected area in India in terms of floods and erosion, accounting for 9.4% of the country's total flood-prone area. In Assam, damage due to floods has been caused by two river systems: the Brahmaputra and the Barak. In the subproject areas, flood and riverbank erosion has been a chronic problem, causing enormous damage to lives, crops, livestock, land and property. These impacts cause massive displacement of people, increase landlessness, and force local governments to focus scarce resources on relief operations rather than development. Major floods have occurred in 1954, 1962, 1966, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1988, 1998, 2002 and 2004, while floods of lesser magnitude occur almost yearly. As a result, in spite of having vast natural resources, Assam has been unable to meet its development goals. The people in the subproject areas (Palasbari, Kaziranga and Dibrugarh) have lost land and lives to floods and riverbank erosion, which is now an annual phenomenon. In many cases, entire villages have been shifted and relocated away from their original location after the land has eroded.
Dikes or embankments have been erected throughout Assam along the riverbanks to protect people and assets from flooding. Such embankments are used by the victims of both riverbank erosion and floods, as their raised platforms provide better shelter than living on the floodplain. Entire families and villages in need of land have built their houses on existing or retired embankments. Many of these families, especially in Dibrugarh, live on side of the embankment nearest the river, increasing their vulnerability. Although the embankments are built on government land, the government of Assam has not taken a hard line approach towards the illegal settlements. It would be complex and costly to resettle the riverbank inhabitants on private land, and the government has supported the provision of limited facilities (e.g., basic drinking water supplies, and in some instances electricity and some educational facilities).
The impact of the project is the improved incomes of vulnerable victims of river erosion, in the subproject areas of Kaziranga, Dibrugarh and Palasbari, Assam. The expected outcome is improved incomes of vulnerable female river erosion victims in three subproject sites in Assam.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction project is linked to the ADB-financed Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program.
Linkage to ADB Strategy
Country Partnership Strategy 2009-2012
Document Number: Sec.M16-09
Objectives: Support for inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth; catalyze investment though the use of innovative business and financing solutions; increase results orientation and emphasize knowledge solutions; support for regional cooperation.
Strategy 2020: The Long-Term Strategic Framework of ADB 2008-2020
Objectives: Promotes inclusive growth and poverty reduction; supports rural infrastructure development for irrigation, water resources, and agriculture marketing
|Impact||Reduced poverty of communities vulnerable to river erosion in Dibrugarh, Palabasri and Kaziranga|
|Description of Outcome||Increased livelihood opportunities and incomes of river erosion victims in 3 subproject sites in Assam, including women.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Too early to assess.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
(1) Improved skills in spinning and increased market access; (2) Improved weaving skills and increased market access.
(3) Improved vegetable production skills and market access.
(4) Educated youth learn new employable skills, and (5) Youth learn to set up microenterprises
(6) Increased capacities of project management and implementation of NGOs
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Activities on-going. NGOs have been recruited to support the communities.|
|Geographical Location||Within Assam, Palasbari, Kaziranga and Dibrugarh|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Project activities focus on beneficiaries' skills improvement and capacity building to access services and market opportunities. No social or environmental safeguard issues are envisaged.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Project activities focus on beneficiaries' skills improvement and capacity building to access services and market opportunities. No social or environmental safeguard issues are envisaged.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Project activities focus on beneficiaries' skills improvement and capacity building to access services and market opportunities. No social or environmental safeguard issues are envisaged.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||During project design, local NGOs and several women's SHGs were consulted to assess the extent and level of participation in existing programs by beneficiaries. Local NGOs have a high level of participation, and potential project beneficiaries were generally satisfied with the extent to which their views and ideas were considered.|
|During Project Implementation||Local NGOs will be contracted to implement the main activities relating to the development of economic opportunities and livelihoods, largely through building and expanding successful participatory programs. Much of the work by local NGOs has been through producer groups and SHGs.|
|Consulting Services||The project includes the engagement of two national individual consultants (a project management and livelihood specialist, and a monitoring and evaluation specialist), and five national NGOs to assist in implementing the project's components on improved Eri silk spinning and weaving in Palasbari (Component A), improved vegetable cultivation and marketing in Kaziranga and Palasbari (Component B), and skills training and placement of youth in Dibrugarh (Component C). The recruitment of all packages has been completed, and activities are on-going.|
|Procurement||All procurement activities will be carried out according to ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Only minor procurement is envisaged under the project. Civil works will involve construction of cocoon central store for the proposed Eri silk production in Palasbari. Goods to be procured include Eri silk production equipment, farm implements, office furniture, fixtures, computer equipment, and other minor equipment for supporting community activities. The executing agency will also purchase motorcycles for field staff. These and other equipment will be turned over to the executing agency after project completion.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Tai, Lee Ming|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD|
Flood and River Erosion Management Agency of Assam
Office of the CEO, FREMAA
4th floor, Nayantara Supermarket Building
Six Mile, Guwahati, Pin - 781022
|Concept Clearance||01 Sep 2008|
|Fact Finding||27 Jan 2009 to 05 Feb 2009|
|Approval||05 Oct 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||31 Mar 2009|
|Last PDS Update||15 Aug 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|05 Oct 2012||10 Jan 2013||10 Jan 2013||31 May 2016||31 Jul 2018||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||2.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||05 Oct 2012||0.00||0.71||28%|
|Cofinancing||2.50||05 Oct 2012||0.00||0.25||10%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Livelihood Improvement for River Erosion Victims in Assam: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Aug 2015|
|Livelihood Improvement for River Erosion Victims in Assam: Project Data Sheet (हिन्दी)||Translated PDS||Jan 2013|
|Livelihood Improvement for River Erosion Victims in Assam||Grant Assistance Reports||Sep 2012|
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