ADB is helping Viet Nam enhance sanitary and phytosanitary systems and food safety management. The project will support the design and implementation of food safety surveillance, including a pilot project in four northern provinces. Improved import handling, grading of restaurants in tourist areas, and strengthening of food laboratories will help build a more rigorous food safety management system.
|Project Name||Trade Facilitation: Improved Sanitary and Phytosanitary Handling in Greater Mekong Subregion Trade Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade
Industry and trade - Trade and services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||Compliance with global SPS requirements requires national specialists to undertake tasks related to surveillance, risk analysis, testing, diagnostics, pest identification, standards, and conformity assessment. Trading partners and private companies often require application of good agricultural practices, good manufacturing practices, and quality assurance management (such as hazard analysis critical control points). Cambodia and the Lao PDR lack specialists who can perform these tasks. These specialists need to come (in part at least) from graduates of national higher education systems that train SPS specialists. Strengthening capacities of SPS agencies is urgently needed to meet the increasing requirements for exports and trade facilitation, and to protect health.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The project is in line with the GMS 10-year strategic framework, 2012'-2022 and supports the thrust to facilitate cross-border trade and investment. The project will contribute to pillar 4 (cooperation in regional public goods) of ADB's Regional Cooperation and Integration Strategy. The project is aligned with the targets of the National Strategic Development Plan Update, 2009-2013 of Cambodia and the National Socio Economic Development Plan VII, 2011-2015 of the Lao PDR. Improving SPS management is explicitly reflected in various Cambodia and Lao PDR sector strategies and plans, and in the GMS core agriculture support program.
Trade facilitation remains a challenging agenda in the GMS. Previous experience shows the need to adopt a phased approach to formulate well-targeted and sequenced projects to ensure implementation of bilateral and regional commitments on cooperation and harmonization. Inadequate capacities at the country level are major constraints for effective regional cooperation in SPS arrangements. Development partners, such as the United Nations agencies, the World Bank and bilateral agencies support various aspects of SPS capacity building in the GMS, but ongoing projects have not addressed SPS issues in a comprehensive manner. Preparatory work has been firmly anchored in the lessons of international experiences that stress the need for prevention rather than end-of-pipe controls, which have proven to be costly and frequently ineffective. Involvement of the private sector and civil society in SPS capacity building is necessary to ensure the right technical issues and challenges are addressed and for longer-term sustainability. During the project preparation phase, workshops to consult the private sector on SPS issues were held in Cambodia and the Lao PDR, which contributed to the overall project design. Likewise, coordination with the GMS working group on agriculture has been maintained.
|Impact||Food products become safer, more efficiently produced, and traded in greater quantities|
|Description of Outcome||Enhanced SPS food safety management system|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Being on track.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Strengthened food safety surveillance, handling and inspection system designed and implemented
Improved regional cooperation and harmonization
Effective project management
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Draft National Food Safety Surveillance System was developed, incorporating comments from the consensus workshop in 2015, and is to be reviewed after implementation of the Action Plan for Food Safety Surveillance System in Pilot provinces.
Documents for import handling developed and consulted, including document on risk base categorization, step wise introduction of risk based inspection, FTMA document and inspection manual.
The new restaurant grading system was developed, the scorecard system is being developed.
The laboratory equipment of ICB No.1 was provided and installed to the Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (IPH), National Institute of Food Center (NIFC), National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Pasteur Institute in Nha Trang (PINT) and Quang Ninh Preventive Medicine Center (TNPMC).
Representatives of Vietnam Food Administration participated in International Foods Authorities Network (INFOSAN) workshops in Hong Kong and Singapore, keep abreast with international initiatives to apply in development of the national alert system for effective involvement.
PMU was established, fully staffed and project management systems set up.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||All procurement will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. No works are foreseen. No advance action was undertaken.|
|Procurement||All procurement will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. No works are foreseen. No advance action was undertaken.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Do, Hoang Nhat|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Viet Nam Resident Mission|
Ministry of Health
138A Giang Vo Str.
Hanoi, Viet Nam
|Concept Clearance||23 Nov 2010|
|Fact Finding||10 Oct 2011 to 14 Oct 2011|
|MRM||07 Aug 2012|
|Approval||20 Nov 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Nov 2012||17 Jan 2013||16 May 2013||31 Dec 2018||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||11.72||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||11.00||20 Nov 2012||4.34||0.00||44%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||20 Nov 2012||3.97||0.00||40%|
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